• Facts About Yoga, What is Yoga?
  • Yoga (Sanskrit) is a term used to describe the physical and mental disciplines of India. At the same time, Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism are also called yoga, with various meditative practices [in Hinduism, considered as one of six traditional philosophical schools.]
  • In Sanskrit language, yoga has many meanings; Derived from the Sanskrit word “yuj“, which means “to control“, “to subjugate” or “to combine“. “Conversation” can be translated as “coming together“, “unity“, “encounter” and “method“. It is called yogi or yogi that applies yoga or follows the yoga philosophy. Yogini expression is the use of feminine “yogi“.


  • According to Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras, eight parts of Yoga
  • Patanjali’s writings were also the basis of the system referred to as yoga (Eight-step yoga). These eight steps, taken from the 29th Sutras of the second book, constitute the characteristic bases of today’s Raja yoga style.
  • Eight steps:
  • Patch (Five “retreats“): Not harming, correcting, not stealing, controlling sensual pleasures, not hoarding
  • Niyama (Five “observations“): Becoming a bee, being happy with it, ardent desire, reading, remembering
  • Asana: the word “sitting place” refers to the sitting posture used in meditation in Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras.
  • Pranayama (“Hanging hanger“): Prāna means breathing, “āyāāma“, stopping. It can also be interpreted as the control of life power.
  • Pratyahara (“Isolation“): withdraws sensory organs from external objects.
  • Dharana (“Concentration“): Focuses on one object.
  • Dhyana (“Meditation“): intense contemplation on the nature of the meditation object.
  • Samādhi (“Liberation“): It is the unification of the object of meditation and consciousness.



  • History of Yoga
  • The Vedic Samhitas are mentioned in some of the strawberries, Brahmanas (900-500 BC), the early interpretations of the Vedas, the practices of these strawberries (tapas). Numerous seals found in the areas of Indus Valley of Pakistan (3300-1700 BC in average) have found figures depicting the similarity of known yoga or meditation postures. According to archaeologist Gregory Possehl, these positions suggest “the form of a linguistic discipline pointing to yoga“. Although no conclusive evidence has yet been found, the relationship between Indus Valley seals and yoga and meditation practices has been discussed by many scientists since then.


  • The higher consciousness techniques in the meditation have been developed by shamana traditions and the Uyanishad tradition.






  • Wynne claims to have been formed in the Brahminik tradition of elementless and formless meditation, based on the closeness between the cosmological expressions of the Upanishads and the oldest recorded Buddhist texts of Buddha, although there is no clear evidence for meditation in pre-Buddhist early Brahminic texts. There are also some claims that are less likely to be true. He claims that the expressions of cosmology in Upanishads are also reflected in the modern tradition, suggesting that Nasadiya Suqtan in the late Rg Vedik period included evidence of modern tradition.


  • Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra
  • In the Indian Philosophy, yoga is the name of one of six orthodox philosophical schools. The Yoga philosophical system is very closely related to the Samkhya school.


  • The Yoga school, which is described by Patanjali, accepts Samkhya’s psychology and metaphysics, but Samkhya is more theatrical than Samkhya because he adds the divine presence to the twenty-five elements of truth. The parallels between Samkhya and Yoga are so great that Max Müller says, “The difference between the two philosophies is that Samkhya with God and Samkhya without God …”
Author: wik Date: 10:20 pm
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