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Why we don’t travel to the Moon again?

  • Why we don’t travel to the Moon again? Why don’t repeat again?
  • On December 11, 1972, Apollo 17 landed on the Moon. This humanity was the last landing on the Moon and the last coming out of the Low Earth Orbit (that is, 2000 km above the Earth’s surface). With the successful launch of the Orion capsule, NASA is preparing to go further. So it’s important to know how to go to the Moon and why not go back.

 

  • For the first time, a scientist joined the crew with the mission of Apollo 17. The primary purpose of the mission was therefore to be geological research and sampling in the pre-determined Taurus-Littrow area of ​​the Moon. In addition, the moon’s surface was on the list of objectives and experiments on flying and photography.

 

  • Harrison Schmitt, a missionary scientist, completed his doctorate in geology in 1964 at Harvard and joined geological surveys at Harvard University for the US government before attending astronaut trainings in 1965. Apollo 17 was his first space expert, and he was a long-running scientist. Eugene Cernan accompanied Schmitt on his journey as an astronaut, formerly a space expert (first to go out in 1966 with the Gemini IX-A mission, and then to approach the surface of the Moon for 145 miles at the Apollo 10 mission in 1969). Commander Eugene A. Cernan, Commander Pilot Ronald E. Evans also took part in the journey.

 

  • Schmitt landed the Challenger space vehicle on the moon south of Mare Serenitatis in the Taurus-Littrow region of the moon. The mission planners hoped that the region was full of useful information to discover. Observations began to be made on the moon’s surface after the descent.

 

  • The two astronauts started exploring with the vehicle they used to make explorations on the lunar surface (known as the lunar rover). They carried out seismic experiments with the explosives they brought with them. They also analyzed the samples they got from the Moon with the spacecraft. In the following days, the astronauts who performed a few more hits on the Moon continued to sample the Moon.

 

  • Schmitt then transferred the landing area to Carol Butler, saying: “It was a region that had more diversity than all Apollo zones, and was specifically chosen for it. There were many places to see and sample to collect. For example, the bases of the mare and mountainous places above … For example, we found the volcanic remains visible in photographs as orange soil in the short-named crater.

 

  • Why did we go to space?
  • The Apollo 17 scientific initiative was the finalization of a major program that began in 1963. After World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union entered a military race that provided military gains to both sides. Thus, rockets emerged that could cross the borders and go to enemy territory. In the next step of the race, the atmosphere was overcome and the Moon was reached. He then used his capital in two countries to perform human space missions. The Soviet Union succeeded in sending Yuri Gagarin long in 1961. A few years later, the orbiter placed the first satellite.

 

 

 

 

 

  • While space programs continued with decisive steps, they also received a lot of research and scientific support for their use in the defense industry. The expenditures made in the Cold War competitive environment were mostly made for political, capital and government strength. Meanwhile, the optimistic and peaceful message reached by the idea of ​​developing science and space travel was spreading.

 

  • In 1966, the space race peaked and NASA reached its highest budget that day (about $ 43 billion). Apollo missions were being completed while the project was being produced. However, support from social and political spheres has begun to diminish. Especially after a successful landing on the Apollo 11 Moon, the interest in the space has been greatly reduced. NASA still continued to run its projects and five Apollo missions (Apollo 13 could not land due to technical difficulties).

 

  • Changing priorities
  • After the success of Apollo 11, NASA looked ahead to its priorities and plans for a space station were re-emerged. In 1970, the Apollo 20 mission was annulled for a new venture: Skylab. The rest of the Apollo missions before that (Apollo 15, 16 and 17) were mentioned. But the press had made it difficult. The US government has canceled Apollo missions after Apollo 15. Nevertheless, the NASA team did not lose their enthusiasm to continue their work.

 

  • Eugene Cernan could not go back to the Moon even 43 years later when he was taking his final steps on the Moon, turning to the Moon again and saying his words about the reconnaissance. Naturally, global problems such as the oil crisis were also important factors. NASA continued to develop the Skylab project, which is unable to carry out experiments on the ground due to financial problems. In addition to the project, many spacecraft, robot probes and satellite have begun to develop and design.

 

  • This change in priorities allowed later strategists to make plans to go to the Moon and even further. The sweet dreams of the journey to Mars disappeared a long time ago, but NASA concentrated on space shuttle construction. Rockets from canceled missions and no longer functioning were exhibited in the museums. During the Cold War, the two countries that entered the race had a technological sense when it came to 70’s.

 

  • Since then, the presidents of America talk about their desire to return to the Moon, but they are saying that they can do it in the next decades. It is not hard to think about the logic of it when you think about it. Making space vehicles, sending devices / shuttles out of the world, especially sending people is extremely costly. It is unlikely to allocate budget for countries that are dealing with more vital issues, especially terrorism.

 

  • The reason for humanity to go to the Moon basically comes from the love of curiosity and learning that comes from being human, just like our desire to go to other planets in our system. Apart from this, the benefits of the information to be obtained can not be ignored. More importantly, such initiatives also reveal the character and future of that country and the point of view of consciousness. The journey to the discovery of new worlds will also include methods to protect our planet as our scientific research deepens.
Why we don’t travel to the Moon again?
Author: wik Date: 9:04 pm
Science and Mathematics


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