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Thomas Edison

  • Whos is Thomas Edison?
  • Thomas Alva Edison (born February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) is an American inventor and business man who has greatly influenced 20th-century life with his inventions. Some inventions belong to hundreds of workers who are under the development or management of old inventions, being completely original. Nevertheless, Edison is regarded as one of the most important and most efficient inventors in history with his American patent bearing his name. Most of the patents also have the approval of Germany, France and England besides America.


  • Thomas Edison’s Life
  • Childhood and youth
  • Edison’s birthplace
  • Thomas Edison’s childhood
  • Thomas Alva Edison was born in Milan, Ohio. Your seven brothers are the youngest. His father Samuel “The Iron Shovel” Edison, Jr. (1804-1896) (Canada), anneside Nancy Matthews Elliott (1810-1871). He is thought to be Dutch. When he was seven, he moved to Port Huron in Michigan with his family and started his primary education here; But after about 4 months from the start it was removed from school because of the slowness of its perception.


  • Meanwhile, he built a chemistry lab in his house. He was especially interested in chemistry experiments and investigations to obtain electric current from Volta pots. After a while, he made a telegraph on his own and learned Morse’s alphabet. At the age of 12, he was selling a trendy magazine and fruit while he was printing a weekly newspaper with a small printing machine that placed the train cargo. But one day when one of the things that contained chemicals was broken and a fire broke out in the vagina, Edison was both a trendy job and injured to lead to a lifelong hearing.


  • Later, Edison decided to learn telegraphism and worked in several telegraphs in the USA and Canada between 1863-1868. He set up a workshop in 1868, but one year after he failed to sell the patent on his electric recorder, he went from Boston to New York as free and indebted.


  • In the 1880s, Fort Myers bought a plot from Florida, and then built a little house to stay here for the winters. Henry Ford, the automobile industry’s greatest man, soon moved a few hundred meters beyond Edison’s home. That’s why Edison and Ford have been friends until death. February 24, 1886 Edison realized his second marriage with Mina Miller, 20 years old.


  • This marriage also has three children:
  • Madeleine Edison, John Eyre Sloane
  • Charles Edison (after his father was killed he’s New Jersey manager .)
  • Theodore Edison.


Birth Thomas Alva Edison
February 11, 1847
Amerika Birleşik Devletleri Ohio, ABD
Death October 18, 1931 (84 years old)
Amerika Birleşik Devletleri New Jersey, ABD
Nationality Amerika Birleşik Devletleri American
Branch Chemistry
  • Thomas Edison’s Inventions
  • In 1879, Edison invented an electric light bulb. After making experiments with charred yarn from firams, the carbonized paper decided on the flambe. In 1880, he started to sell 2.5 dolars by producing bulbs which could be used safely at home. But in 1878 Joseph Wilson Swan, a British scientist, invented an electric light bulb. There was a bulb glass and a charred filament inside. Swan drained the air inside the ampoule; Because in the airless environment the flares did not run out. These two scientists decided to unite their strengths and set up Edison and Swan Electrical Lighting Company.






  • In 1883 he performed the so-called Edison effect, the greatest invention of his life; That is, the spread of electrons in the molecular space of a heated filament. This event, found in 1883, formed the basis of the hot cathode tubes. Later he succeeded in developing the production of incandescent lamp. This has allowed the ampoule to spread among the people.


  • Edison and Nikola Tesla
  • When he met Thomas Edison in New York, who was busy searching for a market for incandescent lamps at Pearl Street’s first laboratory, Nikola Tesla explained the alternative current system he found with his youth excitement. “You’re wasting time on theory,” Edison said.
  • Tesla talks to Edison about their work and the alternate current plan. Edison does not care much about alternating currents and gives Tesla a mission.
  • Although Tesla does not like the task given to him by Edison, he finds out that Edison will give him $ 50,000 and completes the task within a few months. Direct current has solved the problems in the power plant. When Edison asks for the price he promised him, Edison surprisingly says he can “understand American jokes when he starts thinking like a full American” and does not pay a fee. Tesla resigns immediately. Short-term co-work will follow a long-running competition. Even after Nikola Tesla and Thomas Edison were announced to share the $ 40,000 Nobel Prize in 1912, Nikola Tesla announced that he had rejected the prize.


  • Menlo Park
  • Edison’s most important discovery was Menlo Park, the first industrial research lab in New Jersey. It was the first institution established for a special purpose such as constantly making technological discoveries and improvements. Edison officially produced many inventions in these laboratories, many of whom worked in the research and development of these inventions in the direction of his directives.


  • Electrical engineer William Joseph Hammer began his career as a laboratory assistant to Edison in December 1879. Phone, phonograph, electric train, iron mine separator, electric lighting and many other inventions have made great contributions. Hammer’s special work is the development of the electric bulb and the development and testing of this tool. The Hummer became the chief engineer of Edison’s lamp work in 1880, and in the first year of this position, Francis Robbins produced Upton’s general directorate, which produced 50,000 bulbs. According to Edison, Hammer is the forerunner of the electric bulb. There are nearly 1000 prisoners.


  • Death of Thomas Edison
  • Thomas Edison died on October 18, 1931 in New Jersey, West Orange, at his home in Llewellyn Park, Glenmont, for diabetic complications. Edison is buried behind his house. In the city where he lived in memory of his death, the lights were turned off for 1 minute.


  • Biographies written about Edison
  • Albion, Michele Wehrwein. (2008). The Florida Life of Thomas Edison. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.
  • Adams, Glen J. (2004). The Search for Thomas Edison’s Boyhood Home.
  • Angel, Ernst (1926). Edison. Sein Leben und Erfinden. Berlin: Ernst Angel Verlag.
  • Baldwin, Neil (2001). Edison: Inventing the Century. University of Chicago Press.
  • Clark, Ronald William (1977). Edison: The man who made the future. London: Macdonald & Janès: Macdonald and Jane’s.
  • Conot, Robert (1979). A Streak of Luck. New York: Seaview Books.
  • Essig, Mark (2004). Edison and the Electric Chair. Stroud: Sutton.
  • Essig, Mark (2003). Edison & the Electric Chair: A Story of Light and Death. New York: Walker & Company.
  • Jonnes, Jill (2003). Empires of Light: Edison, Tesla, Westinghouse, and the Race to Electrify the World. New York City: Random House
  • Josephson, Matthew (1959). Edison. McGraw Hill.
  • Pretzer, William S. (ed). (1989). Working at Inventing: Thomas A. Edison and the
  • Menlo Park Experience. Dearborn, Michigan: Henry Ford Museum & Greenfield Village.
  • Stross, Randall E. (2007). The Wizard of Menlo Park: How Thomas Alva Edison Invented the Modern World. Crown.


Thomas Edison
Author: wik Date: 1:34 pm
History, Science and Mathematics

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