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Tour de France


  • What are the rules of the Tour de France?
  • The most prestigious bicycle tournament in the world is the undisputed Tour de France. While most of us enjoy watching, we can not concentrate fully on the grounds that the rules are not known precisely. In this article we will try to pass the rules of the Tour de France.


  • Classification
  • There are also three different strife for the drivers first overall goal; Points, mountain and best young driver. Each one wears a different color jersey. The driver, who leads in more than one class, selects the most prestigious league.


    Tour de France

  • General Classification
  • The general classification leader is entitled to wear yellow jersey. The first is determined by considering the total amount of time for each driver. At the end of the last stage, the driver, who has the lowest total time, takes the seaweed by ceremony. This process is repeated according to the current sequence at the end of each stage. At the end of the race in Paris, the driver, who is entitled to wear the yellow jersey, becomes the general leader of the race.


  • Rating class
  • The rating classifier is entitled to wear the first green jersey. At the end of each stage, the stage is first, second, etc. The drivers who finish draw points. While more points are awarded in straight stages, fewer points are awarded in mountainous stages.


  • Mountain Classics
  • The first of the mountain passes the king ‘s nickname of the mountains, while the first one deserves to wear a white polka dot.


  • Helmet
  • In order to reduce the risk of accidental deaths in the races, the driver must wear a helmet at every stage of the race, including races against time. Only during the last climbing race, the top five kilometers, cyclists can take risks and remove their helmets. The point at which the cyclists can remove their helmets is indicated by marks on the track. It is absolutely forbidden for cyclists to take off their helmets before climbing on mountain tours.


  • Swimwear Colors
  • Each driver must wear his team’s official equipment (shorts, swimsuits, socks, gloves, shoes and helmets). Unless there are any incidents, 9 drivers of every 21 players are dressed exactly the same at the beginning of the race. However, there are some exceptional cases. The general classification leader (yellow), the best climber (scored), the short distance first (green), the best young driver (white) wear color swimwear that symbolize these positions. These drivers have their own team’s flag at a suitable location in their athletic range. In race against time, race leaders can wear jerseys of different colors.
  • If the drivers get first place in more than one stage, they are dressed according to the priority order of the jerseys: yellow jersey, green jersey, point jersey and white jersey. In this case the second or the next highest rated driver is entitled to wear the leader’s leathers in the remaining categories.
  • In addition to the clothes of the drivers, there are items such as raincoats, tights or stockings to keep the feet warm under or over the swimsuits. At the beginning of the race or during the race. Racers can be obtained from the team during the stage through the team or motorcycle drivers sent by the race organizers.






  • Form Numbers
  • Competitors are identified by race numbers. The defense race champion wears number 1 and his teammates follow it to number 9. Drivers who are thought to be placed in the top row in the team are given form 1. Subsequent numbering is done according to the alphabetical order of the names of the drivers. The drivers’ numbers are placed on both sides of the bicycle’s chassis. Likewise, one of the drivers must wear number two clothing, one on the hip. Racing against time uses smaller back numbers instead of smaller hip numbers.


  • Recording
  • Before each round, the drivers have to sign in the pre-race operation area. This procedure is made because it has become a tradition and in this way the audience gathered at the start point will be able to meet their favorite drivers a few minutes before the stage starts. On the street, drivers and team managers need to arrive at least ten minutes before registration. Drivers who do not sign will be fined 100 Swiss Francs, ie about $ 85. If the driver has caused traffic or other obligatory conditions at the signature stage, he will not be penalized.


  • Nutrition Areas and Rules
  • Drivers have to eat and replenish liquids during the races. Except for some exceptions, the athletes’ food needs are their own responsibility. Regions called nutritional areas have been identified in each street. In these regions, team representatives carry food or tote bags containing sandwiches, chocolates, fruits and energy drinks. As the drivers pass through the feeding area, they ignite these drives in the hands of the drivers. Likewise new bottles of water in this region are also given to the drivers but these waters must be in the marks allowed by the tour sponsors or tour managers. Outside of the feeding area, the drivers can leave the group and get water or food reinforcement from the team or from the tour motorcycles, but these reinforcement areas must be suitable for the tour rules.


  • Team Tools
  • Vehicles that travel in groups at every stage along with their drivers are known as caravans. Television, radio and newspaper reporters, race officers, police escorts and advertising vehicles must comply with tour rules. Caravan vehicles are defined by colored labels affixed to the windshields. Vehicles are given priority according to the liability of the race, how many people are in the car and how the car is equipped. The same rules apply to tooling, but these tools are subject to some mixed and extra rules. Team vehicles include spare bicycles, wheels, water, food and medicines. The first team vehicles are used by the administrators and travel on the right side of the road. The additional vehicles of each team are also grouped. Additional vehicles are positioned as the same primary vehicles, but have to keep a distance of at least 200 meters between them.
  • Each team must have a radio tuned to the frequency of the tour announcements. The position of each team vehicle is determined before the race. When necessary, team vehicles must obtain permission from racing operators to overtake the race management vehicle.
  • The teams and drivers must comply with the rules and rules of the International Bicyclists Association. In case of any violation, the penalties in the sanctions section of the race legislation will be punished. In addition to the rules of the race, the vehicles are also obliged to act in accordance with French law.


  • Timing
  • Tour organizers know very well how long the race will end. A year before the tour is held, the tours will be run numerous times on the tracks to be organized. After these trial tours, the tour organizers set an accurate time period on mountain climbing and descents, on long straight roads and on openwind streets. Many races are set up on this number at 5 or 6 o’clock in the evening. Information such as which city will be executed in which city, and the travel schedule are set in advance. These charts will be published in French newspapers, on the official website of turun and in different publications. Thus, the viewers know when the drivers will go where they are. Except in some exceptional cases, the time estimates of the stages are surprisingly precise. Particularly in the races where the race is completed faster than expected the tempoda will arrive at the driving cities and finish line beforehand. In severe accidents, in extreme weather conditions and in unforeseen situations, the opposite ends up being delayed from a few minutes to a half hour later.
  • In the interurban stages, there is also a topographical profile in each travel plan. In this profile, feeding areas, climb (length and slope) and speed steps are specified in detail. There are also alternative routes to the finish line from the start to the finish line.
  • Although the race organizers carefully choose the race schedule and time, some conditions may cause one or more cancellations. Natural disasters or serious accidental tour organizers may change the course of the race, temporarily stop the race, convince the race that the race is not valid and may invalidate the results, reinstate the race from where the race has occurred, ignoring any part of the race and ignoring intermediate stage results.


  • Awards
  • Since 1990, prizes have been given only as money. Previously, different awards such as house, car and art were tried. The amount of the prize can change every year since it varies according to the parameters such as interest shown on the tour, sponsor support. Today, the first prize of the race is 450000 Euros, the first of each stage is 8000 Euros (10000 Euros in the race against the team). Besides, the best young driver is awarded € 20000, € 25,000 for the mountain range and points class winner, and € 50000 for the team winner (calculated by adding cumulative times of the top three drivers of all three teams).


  • Doping test
  • Before the races, each driver is subject to testing against prohibited items. After the races, many drivers are retested according to the pre-race selection process. According to the rules currently in force, at least 180 urine samples are taken, including race winners, stage winners and eight randomly selected drivers
  • Doping tests are carried out in accordance with the rules of the International Cyclists Association and the French Cyclists Federation. Specially equipped vehicles wait in a zone close to the finish line and carry samples taken immediately after the race to a special zone. From here, samples are sent to the laboratory where the test will be done. Reports resulting from the tests are quickly communicated to tour operators.


Tour de France
Author: wik Date: 1:43 am
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