- What is Karate? Facts about karate and karate rules
- Karate is an abbreviated term commonly used for unarmed warfare karate-do (空手道:からてどう) and consists of Japanese kara (空: か ら) 空 + te (手: て) el + do (道) 道, art words. Karate is the way of the unarmed hand. Zen Buddhism and karate, cultivated with Japanese culture, are based on the principle of one’s physical and mental training. Karate is a discipline that provides a peaceful emotional feeding through the system of education, which removes people from violence.
- If you are going to any part of the world today, you can find published editions about the history of far eastern fighting arts on almost every level. However, when these publications are examined with some careful attention, they draw attention that authors often base their research on publications from other new times. It is not the concrete written documents that will shed light on the history of far eastern fighting arts. As a result, the necessity of originating folklore and folklore legends arising from generation to generation arises. In that sense, I would like to mention here that it is a priority task to warn those who are interested in the subject of data incompleteness on historical documents …
- “Karate is a martial art that has begun to shape itself thousands of years ago, when in reality the first person has discovered that first human beings can use their hand as an instrument, and that the hard fist is a good tool when defending itself.” The discipline of these movements, which are the common culture of human history, has become reality in Japan at the beginning of the century when we were modernized by distillation in the strainer for centuries. Even the karate movements shaped and enriched in the grand march of millions of years of great humanity are extracted and summarized from this great historical adventure, and we are faced with the obligation to examine the information and document of tens of thousands of pages. From that point of view, this small yet striking narrative under the heading “Overview” will not be enough to understand how karate history has a dizzying depth.
|Rank / Belt||Description|
|White belt||The generation you started Karate (8th Kyu)|
|Yellow belt||The second received belt (7th Kyu)|
|Orange belt||The third received belt (6th Kyu)|
|Green belt||The fouth received belt (5th Kyu)|
|Blue belt||The fifth received belt (4th Kyu)|
|Brown belt||The sixth received belt. There are 3 levels within this zone (3-1. Kyu)|
|Black belt||It’s mastery level of karate. Starts with Dan 1, continues until Dan 10|
- The Silk Road, which extends from China, India, Mesopotamia, Istanbul to Europe (Italy), has fulfilled the duty of introducing and meeting many cultures in history together with being a commercial route. It is a logical approach to flow to China during the cultural exchange on this route of war disciplines specific to Turkey and Indians and certain close combat techniques. These techniques, which China has combined with its own unique disciplines of authentic struggle, have been transferred to Okinawa in the near future. In the Pacific Sea, Okinawa is the largest island in the chain of Formosa islands. And because of his geopolitical position, he has been constantly exposed to Chinese and Japanese occupations throughout history. The island natives have formed a powerful system called Okinawa-Te by combining many different fighting games they have met along with the invasions with their unique combat understanding. When Okinawa-Te karate developed in a process that spans centuries is well examined, it is clear that the island has a function as a laboratory based on modern karat …
- FUNAKOSHI GICHIN
- Funakoshi GICHIN is the founder of the “SHOTOKAN” Karate school and the name of the father of modern karate. Funakoshi, a son of a samurai family based on traditions from the locals of Okinawa, was given the education of Itosu and Azato from the most important karate masters of the devolution when he was in elementary school. Okinawa National Education is appointed as a teacher to elementary school classes when he graduates from F. GICHIN graduation which does not disturb his collegial life with his continuous work under the supervision of AZATO and Anko ITOSU masters. By taking advantage of the accumulation of the teaching profession during this period of transition in the population, the problem of systematization of Okinawa karates is emphasized. Karatei shows in a different way that every resultant accomplished in this process where he or she is going to synthesize and methodize, shares with their professors and enriches them with their knowledge and experience. F. GICHIN ‘s successful teaching graphics and studies based on this research and development work are closely watched in Okinawa National Education. The karate method, which the master has put forth with great effort before too long, allows his karate work in the Okinawa national education started by his teacher Itosu to be taken into the curriculum of the planned course curriculum. The civilian and military man of the island is greatly influenced by F. GICHIN’s demonstrations of Karatei ceremonies arranged on special occasions. In a short time, Funakoshi GICHIN has become a karate expert who has been mentioned a lot in the name.
- JAPAN KARATES
- For the first time in 1906, F. GICHIN made the method appear in front of OKINAWA TANG TE. The approval and encouragement he gives him the courage to take the “SHORIN” and “SHOREI” synthetic method to wider expansions. In Japan, great attention is paid to the fighting arts. And with the courage you find in positive incentives from the master’s circle, turn it into Japan. It evaluates the invitations to the Japanese “BUDO” and “BODY DEVELOPMENT” festivals held on different dates. The people and many struggles won the appreciation and praise of the master craftsman of the arts with the shows he made in these festivals in Japan he went with his students. Dr.Jigaro KANO, the creator of modern Japanese judo, and the chairman of the Tokyo Painter’s Association, artist Hoan KASUGI, both of Japan’s leading names, suggest that they settled in Japan. Because the Japanese society has to adopt and adopt a culture from the outside, it requires very difficult and resident facilities. The master informed his family that he had settled in Japan after living in Okinawa for a while.
- The fact that Funakoshi is in good dialogue with the ruling class in Tokyo soon sets the stage for the establishment of the Tokyo Military Karate Dojosu. When it came to 1922, he published his first book, which no other Okinawan expert had ever tried, with the contributions of Painter KASUGI. This book, which was broken by the pressure patterns in the Tokyo earthquake, is reprinted with the name of “Rentan Goshin Karate Jitsu” with the contributions of painter Kasugi three years later. In the same year, the first official club of karate world “Keio University karate club” is established. In 1928, he made a fascinating demonstration by evaluating the invitation he received from the Japanese Imperial Palace. In 1930, the Tokushoku University Karate Club was established to carry the current Shotokan to the summit. It follows over two hundred Japanese universities and college dojos like Chodo, Shodei, Gokuhu, Hosei, Nihotu, Meigi. In 1936, the union formed by the students opened up to the SHOTOKAN (Shoto’s school), which built the world’s first karate dojo and stood at its door. Shotokan name remains here as the name of the method it develops.
- 4 TRADITIONAL JAPAN SCHOOL
- The long struggles of Master F. GICHIN make karate a basic struggle discipline that is suppressed by Japanese culture. These closely followed Okinawan masters come to Japan’s major cities such as Tokyo, Osaka and Kyoto to create a base for their schools, following Funakoshi’s path. In this movement, Kenwa Mabuni (1893-1957) established “Shito Ryu“, and Chojun MIYAGI (1888-1953) established “Goju Ryu” schools. Hironori OHTSUKA (1893-1957), a student of Master Funakoshi, established the fourth major school, based on the present world karate, together with the Shotokan, making his “Wado Ryu” method work.
- KARATE COMPETITIONS WITH RULES
- In Japan, karate practice is almost exclusively a cata study until 1940. In spite of the fact that all day long cata-centered studies have been carried out in that process, the learning of a given course is spreading over a period of 3 to 5 years. In those days when the concept of free kumite has yet to emerge, it is a great way to make karate as it is in other Japanese traditional fighting arts. Professor Funakoshi advised that in the years he came to Japan, he would give action to the structure of the karate. For this purpose, Jigaro KANO says that it would be useful to take the Yoku Soku Kumite work into his system in his method. Starting from these suggestions, the master who goes into the method of San Bon Kumite, Kihon Hippo Kumite, Jiyu Hippo Kumite style works forms the cornerstones of the free competition that will appear in the future without realizing it.
- In 1954, the followers of the university’s dojo and the Funakoshi-educated senior students organized a meeting to formulate the necessary funding and to formulate the conditions for more serious organization in order to gain an institutional structure. JKA is established on the basis of the decisions taken at this meeting (1955). The primary agenda of the JKA (Japanese Karate Union) is to seek a solution to the irregular kumite encounters, which are becoming increasingly problematic. This will also prevent the encounter between the dojors from experiencing hard and hurtful contacts that are unofficially sustained and result in abundant injuries. Permission of Master Funakoshi is required for the passage of the rules of the practical competition. Funakoshi relies patiently on the search for a solution and gives conditional approval by expressing that “a kumite competition that can take place without harming the spirit of fundamental struggle is organized and wants to observe this experience”. As a result of the rigorous work of Hideteka Nishiyama Sensei, the chairman of the training committee of JKA, the JKA competition regulation, which is made into a 16-item document, is announced all year round in order to prepare contests planned to be done according to these rules. Thus, the first regular kumite competitions took place at the Tokyo Gymnasium in June 1957. However, the master Funakoshi unveiled his dreams on April 26, 1957, without seeing these competitions. The leading figures of Shito, Goju and Wado schools (1964) form this FAJKO-named institution. Unlike JKA, a radical SHOTOKAN organization, FAJKO organizes an organization that collects under the roof of a traditional school.
- KARATE DO CULTURE
- With the end of the Pacific War, the conservative Japanese mentality prefers to open its doors to the West more. Ohshima Sensei, who goes to the US for college education, also starts her Karate Do studies there with her college life. Supporting the formation of American university clubs rapidly during his years in America, Ohshima advises the American and European JKA to open full squad by reporting to the interesting JKA he has seen. JKA experts arrange karate-like promotional tours to the west. Soon after, Hideteka NISHIYAMA and OHSHIMA Sensei settled in the United States as the US JKA, and Kanazawa Sensei in Hawaii. Europe, Italy Shirai, Germany Ochi, France Kaze, England The responsibility of the Enoeda Sensei. Talented young people identified by these senses were sent to Japan’s central dojo to receive special education. There is a great interest especially in European-bound karate. The Japanese senseiler has been very careful not to have a technical level difference between a black belt that grows in the West and a black belt that grows in Japan. However, the same Japanese masters have remained indifferent to karate’s international underground organizations as they are in other sports. Thus, the sporting organization of the world karate growing rapidly between countries and continents was left to the western world. In the same year, the 4th dan black generation Jacgues DELCOURT founded the French Karate Federation in 1961, leading the necessary bureaucratic initiatives as a good lawyer. Following this pioneering movement, from 1961 to 1963, the number of karate federations in Europe reached 7 with the national federations that were behind each other.
- KARATE FEDERATION (European Karate Association – EKA , EKU)
- 1- The national karate federations that are established one after the other in the European countries are increasingly preparing the ground for the formation of the Continental Karate Union. When it comes to December 15, 1963, the first European Karate Congress is held in France. Just as Okinawa is a concoction of modern karaatas, this congress has a historical significance as it constitutes the driving point of the world karate. In this congress, it is concluded that “the establishment of a joint refereeing board with the search for solutions for the styles and techniques that change the country from country to country” is taken.
- 2- The European Karate Congress is held on 24 May 1964 in France / Paris. Topics such as international referee seminars, official karate journal publishing, technical support from Japanese masters, and international tournament contests are the topics of the 2nd European Karate Congress.
- 3- France is once again hosted by the European Karate Congress. The most important subject in the calendar of the 3rd karate convention dated November 21, 1965 is the establishment of the European Karate Association (EKU). After discussion of the items created by long and meticulous evaluations of the delegates, Jack DELCOURT is elected to the EKU presidency with a vote. Fannoy (Belgium) will be elected as vice-president, Cherix (Sweden) as 2nd president, Sebban (France) as secretary general and Belgium as Goetz secretary general.
- KARATE AND WORLD
- Finally, on 7 May 1966, the first European Championship (Paris) was held. The concerted work of the organization and the boards is highly appreciated in competitions. The President of the British Karate Federation, Sommers, will host the next competition. 5-6 May 1967 The 2nd European Karate Championship in London at the Chiristal Palace results in an excellent organization.
- Western people have succeeded in bringing the Japanese karate discipline to Europe as an organizing sporting event. Now it is the ideal to establish a bigger target, namely the “World Fate of Karate” and to “Discover the Worlds in a World of Sports and Recreation”.
- With the maturation of preparations up to 1970, this ideal is awarded to all the countries that have established 5 karate federation. The first reaction comes from the Japanese Karate Federation. FAJKO president Ryoichi Sasakawa arrives in Paris to meet J.DELCOURT. Sasakawa reports that they are interested in the institutionalization of the world scale but that this is not possible due to prestige reasons. Sasakawa is persuaded to the end of the tough negotiations. The two leaders held a press conference and from that date FAJKO and EKU declared their decision to work together for the development of the world around the world. Jack DELCOURT recommends Sasakawa to the presidency. Sasakawa thinks that J.DELCOURT will be better suited to the presidency. Following this gentleman’s statement, the World Karate Federation (WUKO) is established under the presidency of J.DELCOURT (16.06.1970). Sasakawa is brought to honorary president. He has now come to the final preparations of the World Karate Championship. For this purpose, a conference is organized in Paris. Sports karate, which has completed its evolution in Europe, finally descends to the world for its career (10-10-1970) in Tokyo. One of the features of this world championship, which has been held since 7 years after the first European Karate Championship in international qualification, is that the mainland of karate has been realized in Japan.
- The 2nd World Championship is held in Paris (21.4.1972) when it is hosted by France. When the competitions are complete, the Japanese team will return to Japan with dismissal of the boards, rules and referees.
- The emergence of the idea leads the JKA administration to change the scissors and to form another alternative world organization to WUKO. By 1974 the International Amateur Karate Federation (IAKF) established a new organization named. This unfavorable development has already made the world karate two heads at the beginning of the road. While some of the countries have decided to go on the road with WUKO, others prefer the membership of IAKF. In 1975, while the WUKO took its place in the World Championships, the IAKF went to Los Angeles for the 1st World Championship in the same year.
- KARATE FOR OLYMPIC SPORTS NAME WHO IS A WAR ART
- It is now time to take its place among the olympic sports in order, if the decisions of the centuries-long development of Karatein as a battle art have been left in a section of human history and that all these warrior accumulations in time should be moved as a peaceful personal development art. This dissertation, which has been put forward by history, gives speed to the dissociations that have occurred in WUKO in the first half of 1970. The desire to meet the West’s own sense of life with the requirements of the past reflects the basic world view of the WUKO administration. And WUKO proclaims that the ultimate and ultimate goal is to carry the greatest sporting event embracing karate world people to the olympics. This ideally makes GAISF a subsidiary of the CIO. IAKF, which is a champion of tradition, is also a follower of WUKO as an institution. They also appeal to the GAISF, claiming that there is only one and only one representative of the video itself. Having observed the activities of these two karate institutions named WUKO and IAKF for 9 years, GAISF reports to the CIO that WUKO has more appropriate expansions to universal sporting values. Since then, WUKO has been on the agenda of the CIO as the official representative of the sports car (1985). With this development, the IAKF (International Amateur Karate Organization), which was established as an alternative to WUKO in 1974, renounces itself and goes to a new organization named ITKF. This time, they are re-applied to the GAISF, arguing that they are the actual representatives of the ITFF. GAISF rejects the ITKF like IAKF after completing the examination of the application made. The ITKF lawyers will file a lawsuit complaining to the Lausanne International Sports Court against GAIFS. The court once again proves that WUKO is a more open institution for universal sports values. Organized later as the World Karate Organization, WUKO reorganizes its corporate structure as WKF-World Karate Federation. EKU, that is, all continental karate associations such as the European Karate Association, EKF, namely the European Karate Federation in the form of a new organization enters.
- STARTING AGE of KARATE
- The average age of Karate sports license is 7 years. However, there is no inconvenience in starting to work under the supervision of an instructor (pedagogical formation) who has opened a class of games and gymnastics based karate work that children of older ages can address totheir entire age group.
- WHAT KARATE SPORTS DOES BENEFITS OF CHILDREN AND YOUTH PROVIDE?
- Karate is a branch of sports that encourages children and young people to develop their creative skills and nurture their spiritual, physical and mental development, develop their ability to control their aggressive attitudes and socialize.