• What does religion mean?
  • Religion is a collection of beliefs and wisdoms with various rituals, practices, values ​​and institutions, usually carrying supernatural, sacred and moral items.
  • Sometimes it is used in place of the word of faith, and sometimes the word of faith is used in the place of the word of religion. When we look at the history of religions, it can be seen that the concept of religion in different cultures, communities and individuals has different forms, and that religions have been redesigned according to their values ​​of geography and culture at every age by menstruation. The word religion, which is an Arabic word, has meanings such as “way, judgment, reward” in its origin.


  • Definitions
  • In other words, religion is defined as “a social institution that systemizes the belief in God, supernatural powers, various sacred beings, and worship” and “an order that collects these qualitative beliefs in the form of rules, institutions, customs and symbols.”
  • When the common denominators of different religions are combined, it is the institution that offers a way of life to religion people and collects them into a certain worldview; The willingness to join the creator, the hearing of certain things, believing in them, and acting in accordance with them; May be defined as the effects of the interrelated experience between the supreme being and the person who believes it in the life of the believer.
  • In general, religion is of a supernatural nature, relativistic, dogmatic, and requires enthusiasm, ie submission. Of course, the definition of religion, in particular from a religious point of view, varies from one religious group to another. The qualities and items that religion carries also show a great variety and diversity in different religions.
  • Religion can not be fully defined as the concept, understanding and development of its genres are not fully known. The biggest reason for this is that it does not have clearly distinguishable circuits. Nonetheless, a chronology could be developed, although a chronology could not be obtained, especially due to the knowledge and observations of the anthropological and historical structures of the archaeological excavations and the cultures isolated from the rest of the world, especially after the 1800s.
  • Today’s findings and existing cultural diversity define both old and new forms of religion, forms and understandings. Although these definitions vary among academicians, they are similar in some way.
  • World religion map
  • World religion map

    World religion map

  • Some Subjects and Insights Related to Listening
  • Religion and Science
  • Religious knowledge is earned by religious leaders, sacred texts and / or personal inspiration, according to most religious people. According to some religions, this kind of information is of an unlimited nature and is the answer to all kinds of questions and problems. According to some religions, religious knowledge has a particularly religious and practical impact, and is complementary to the knowledge gained by observation. According to some religions and religious groups and individuals, the religious knowledge obtained from the mentioned ways is definite, undoubtedly and never infallible. The definition, understanding and analysis of religious knowledge often vary from religion to religion, sectarian to sectarian, and individual to individual.
  • Scientific knowledge and method, on the contrary, are based on a one-to-one basis with the world and can only respond to cosmological questions and problems related to the physical universe – the answer is sought. All scientific knowledge has the possibility of doubt and development and change that is to endure more sound proofs is obvious.


  • Religion, Philosophy and Metaphysics
  • Among the religious and scientific doctrines are the philosophical perspective of metaphysical cosmology. This approach sought to make logical judgments about the nature of the universe, humanity, and the concept of God in antiquity. One of the important philosophical tools developed to solve the disagreement between religion and science is “Occam’s masquerade,” developed by William of Occam to defend religion. But this argument is often used to advocate knowledge in the philosophy of science.


  • One thing to note in this regard is the epistemology of philosophy. This branch questions how we will understand or accept that the nature and limits of human knowledge as well as beliefs are true or false.


  • Esotericism and Mysticism
  • Mysticism, contrary to philosophy and metaphysics, suggests that logic is not the most important way of exaltation and enlightenment. It focuses more on a variety of physical disciplines; Yoga, hunger, rotation (for example, Sama (Sufism)), the use of the ordeal and even psychoactive substances.






  • Mysticism, absolute truth, divine, spiritual truth, or to work with God or his being to unite with consciousness, to follow various ways and teachings for it, and to declare that it can not be reached by rational thought. Mystics believe in the existence of various realities beyond experimental and intellectual understanding and think that personal experience (experience) can be reached.


  • List of Religions -Religion list in world
Symbol  Name of Religion Number of Followers

(Billion) – (million)

Cultural Tradition Was established
Christian cross.svg
Christianity 2.2b Abraham religions Levant region
Islam 1.6b Abraham religions Arabian Peninsula, 7th century
Buddhism 1.0b Hindi religion India
Hinduism 0.5b Hindi religion India
  Folk religions 0.4b Folk religions Worldwide
Shinto 27m–65m Japanese religions Japan
Sikhism 24m–28m Hindi religion India
Black Star of David.svg
Judaism 14m–18m Abraham religions Levant region
Jainism barnstar award.png
Jainism 8m–12m Hindi religion India
Bahai star.svg
Bahaism 7.6m–7.9m Abraham religions Iran, 19th century
Cao Dai white.png
Kaodaizm 2m–6m Vietnamese religions Vietnam, 20th century
Cheondoist flag.PNG
Chondoism 3m Korean religions Korea, 19th century
USVA headstone emb-28.svg
Echinacea 0,5m – 3m New religious movements United States, 20th century
Tenrikyo emblem.svg
Tenrikyo 2m Japanese religions Japan, 19th century
USVA headstone emb-37.svg
Vika 1m-3m Neopaganism England, 20th century
Flag of Ethiopia (1897-1936; 1941-1974).svg
Rastafaryanism  1m New religious movements, Abraham religions Jamaica, 20th century
USVA headstone emb-23.svg
Sekanova 1m Japanese religions

Japan, 20th century

USVA headstone emb-24.svg
Church of World Messianity 1m Japanese religions

Japan, 20th century

  • Medium Scale Religions
Symbol  Name of Religion Number of Followers Cultural Tradition Was established
Flaming Chalice.svg
Unitarian universalism 630,000 New religious movements United States, 20th century
Scientology Cross Logo.png
Scientology 500,000 New religious movements United States, 1953
Kokturk Tengri.gif
Tengrichism 500,000 Neopaganism Tatarstan, 1990
Zoroastrianism 190.000 Persian culture Persian empire, 600 – 650 BC
Satanism 30,000 – 100,000 New religious movements United States, 1966
Raelian symbol.svg
Raëlism 80,000 – 85,000 UFO religious France, 1974
Druidism  50,000 Neopaganism England, 18th century
Author: wik Date: 6:10 pm
Philosophy and Religion

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