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Protestantism

  • What is Protestantism? Facts and information about Protestantism:
  • Protestantism is one of the three major denominations of Christianity. It was born in the 16th century as the result of the Reform movement against the authority of the Catholic Church and the Pope under the leadership of Martin Luther and Jean Calvin (1529).

 

  • The Protestants, who believed that every baptized believer was a priesthood authority without intermediaries, because they could read the Bible without the need of priests, considered the Bible as the sole source for Christianity.

 

  • Religious movements that emerged after the reform were first divided into 3 main branches in themselves. These:
  • Lutheranism
  • Calvinism
  • Anglicism (not defined as a Protestant sect and defined as an independent Western Church)

 

  • Other Protestant sects: Pentacostalism, Baptists, Methodism and Adventism.

 

  • Protestantism shows some distinctions from other Christian denominations. It lacks spiritual leaders such as Catholic and Orthodox. Protestantism; Contrary to the centralist conception of Catholic and Orthodox churches, it is an un-institutionalized community among various churches or sects. The corpses of the majority of the Catholic faith system have also been separated from the Catholic Church for not recognizing the broad interpretation and authority of the Catholic Church to the Pope, living their religious beliefs on a more personal level, and diverting from the liturgical practices and practices of the Catholic Church.

 

  • In particular, the Reform Churches and the Presbyterian sects, led by John Calvin, who are attached to the Calvinism arm, are carved idols for the Self in the Ten Commandments of the Old Testament; They do not keep pictures, sculptures and portraits on their churches in order to comply with the law that you will not bow to them and worship them, if you will never do the overthrow of the heavenly above or under the earth or under water.

 

  • In this respect, the Lutheran churches remained attached to the Catholic heritage and preserved the decorations and decorations of the church buildings to a certain extent.

 

 

 

  • The Lutheran movement was mostly based in northern Europe, in the majority of Germany under the name Evangelische Kirche, and in Scandinavian countries such as Sweden, Norway, Finland and Denmark, on the basis of the national state church.

 

  • In contrast to Catholics, Protestant priests can marry, and in some Protestant denominations, women are also entitled to be priests. The ability to read the Bible on the main level is another characteristic of Protestantism. Catholics and Orthodox were obliged to read the Bible in Greek and Latin in church rituals; But in the Catholic churches after the gathering of the Second Vatican Consul, the freedom of consecration on the mainland was accepted under a new church law called Novus Ordo.

 

  • In Protestantism, the saints and Mother Mary are not prayed and no wishes are made. Protestants define some books apocryphalized and not accepted as the Word of God, which is accepted by the Catholic Church of the Holy Bible but does not appear in the Jewish canon that was fixed before the Milatos (canon: list of sections of the Bible).

 

  • Anglicism and Protestantism
  • Anglicism, which separates from Catholicism, differs from the sects following the other Reform movements and maintains its bishopric system and defines itself as Apostolic, ie, rooted in the Havaril, together with other Catholic and Orthodox sects. It is more correct to define Anglicanism as a reformed autonomous / independent Western Church outside of Protestantism.

 

  • Distribution
  • In terms of religious geography, the position of the Protestant in the intercontinental distribution is just after Catholicism. The most Protestant in the world is in North America; European countries are in second place. Protestantism is the largest religion in North America and Oceania. The largest Protestant communities in the world are USA, UK, Germany, Nigeria, South Korea, Canada, Australia, Brazil, Netherlands, Sweden, Denmark, Finland and Indonesia.

 

  • In total, 590 million Protestants live worldwide. Of these, 170 million live in North America, 160 million in Africa, 120 million in Europe, 70 million in Latin America, 60 million in Asia and 10 million in Oceania. Approximately 27% of the total Christian population constitutes a Protestant population.
Protestantism
Author: wik Date: 12:35 am
Philosophy and Religion

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