Home » Culture and Art » Novel


  • What is Novel? Information about Novel types and styles
  • A novel is a long fictional narrative that tells one person or a group of people what they are going through, taking into account their chronological, logical, emotional or artistic relation to their internal and external experiences. It is a kind of person-centered writing that is longer and louder than the story. Genji’s Story from the masterpieces of Japanese literature is considered the world’s first novel.


  • The novel is written in large format, but may contain verse. The events described are not heroic stories, but daily experiences of ordinary people. The events described are not just epic spaces like palaces and battlefields like the ones before them, but they usually pass through ordinary places like streets, houses, orchards. The language used is not asymptomatic as it is in verse types, but daily and ordinary.


  • Novel is the kind of literature most connected to history. Social and political events are closely related to developments.
  • The novel is a product of a cultural transformation that wants to expel philosophy and idleness beliefs in the sanctuary and replace them with reason and truth. For this reason, the development of the societies, that is, the tarihe is inextricably linked. Human beings are the first kind of art that firstly treats them as a social and historical entity.
  • Thats first examples were François Rabelais, Dante, Miguel de Cervantes.


  • Novel types
  • Novels: subject, style, can be divided into various types in terms of the written period. In terms of style, “romantic novel“, “realistic novel“, “naturalistic novel“, “aesthetic novel“, “impressionistic novel“, “expressionist novel“, “new novel” types can be considered.
  • In style
  • Romantic
  • It sees people’s feelings, desires, feelings, and thoughts as only their own, natural and true phenomena that are genuine. They include thought, love, emotion, imagination. At the same time pain, sorrow and sadness are the subjects of this novel. Examples include Sir Walter Scott‘s historical novels, works by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Goethe‘s Wrath of Young Werther, Victor Hugo‘s Notre Dame’s Kamburu.


  • Realistic
  • Separate from the romantic novel, a dry and skeptical narrative and thought structure is overflowing. The novels of Balzac and Stendhal are in this style.


  • Aesthetic
  • They are novels written with certain form and expression concerns. Gustave Flaubert is the most important writer of aesthetic novel.


  • Impressionist
  • Apart from the other styles, it tries to reveal the differences between the ways in which people perceive them by their objective reality of the contingent and the external events. That is, it gives priority to the description of the inner life to the senses and feelings rather than the external facts.


  • Expressionist
  • It emerged in the 20th century. Expressionism is determined by the rejection of social identities and by emphasizing anti-social or anti-civilization forces that determine human life. The novels of Dostoevsky, Franz Kafka, Samuel Beckett and Bertold Brecht are examples of this.






  • New
  • In fact, it traces the expressionism. Especially after 1930 the first examples began to be seen. They are novels which are nothing like those of previous traditions, which make writing experiment, even the impossibility of the novel, the main theme of the novel. The new novel tends to question the writing itself. Writers such as Alain Robbe-Grillet, Michel Butor, Claude Simon, Philippe Soller and Julio Cortazar have tried it.


  • Historical
  • In terms of the subject, the novel is divided into “historical novel picaresque novel emotional novel, gothic novel, psychological novel, custom novel, formation novel“. Historical novels deal with events of different periods of history. Heroes can be real or imaginary. However, they are often suitable for the facts of history. This novel type is actually a product of Romantism. The first example of this practice in world literature was given by the English writer Walter Scott.


  • Emotional novel
  • They are novels depicting a person’s emotional life in a highly attentive style. Sometimes this type of writer is at the forefront of exploiting his feelings with his own feelings. Laurence Sterne‘s Travel in France and Italy, Rousseau‘s novel, Madame de La Fayette‘s novel Princess de Cleves.


  • Psychological novel
  • They are novels that try to solve the mental states of people in detail. It is separated from emotional romance by being cooler and more controlled. Abbe Prevost’s Manon Lescaut, a psychological novel in French literature, has also influenced other country novelists. Paul Bourget’s novels are also examples of this genre.


  • Whodunit
  • Murder, mystery, murder, crime, corpses and so on. Is a type of novel that deals with topics such as. Agatha Christie has a reputation in this sense. She was chosen as the ‘Queen of Whodunit Novels‘ in her novel. In these novels, the subject that stood out was ‘Who killed who?‘, ‘How did he die?‘, ‘Why did he die?‘ … can be selected as.


  • Fantastic novel
  • They are novels based on imagination. It has become widespread with the development of science in the 19th century.


  • Comic book
  • A comic book or picture novel is an art form in which consecutive panels (framed pictures) are used to tell a story with a line.
Author: wik Date: 11:15 pm
Culture and Art

Wik's Random Content