Medicine, healthsciences. It is the name of the umbrella of many scientific disciplines that are involved in the maintenance of human health or for restoring the health of the disease, diagnosis of diseases, treatment of diseases (diseases) and protection from diseases and injuries. It is a domain of knowledge – the knowledge of the body systems and their illnesses and treatments – and the profession to which this knowledge applies.
Another word used for medicine is the worn-out medicine today. Merriam-Webster defines medicine as “science and art (medicine) that deals with the protection of health and the elimination, relief, or prevention of disease”. (Merriam-Webster).
Throughout history, different medical systems have been introduced in different parts of the world. Today, contemporary biomedicine seems to be a system that is active all over the world, but social scientists speak of medical pluralism (medical pluralism). In addition to Ayurvedic medicine, traditional Chinese medicine and other complex medical systems with very old roots, simpler medical systems found in tribes continue to exist today, together with biotypes. In terms of medical systems, modern biomedicine is important because of the spread that both characteristics require. It is preferable to use the term “biomedicine” instead of this term, especially if it is referred to as “Western medicine” by the medical system and tradition, since it is sometimes Western-based. Sometimes the terms “scientific medicine” and “Hippocratic medicine” are used for this medical tradition. In Western countries, too, there are various medical traditions, such as naturapathic medicine, which have different sources, which persist in contemporary time. However, a lot of such traditions in the West that feel their presence in the modern age do not have a scientific background, and in official sense their situation is not as clear as biomedicine.
Medical systems and the characteristics of these systems are specifically addressed in social studies of medical science and in social-medicine disciplines (such as medical anthropology or medical sociology). These studies aim to provide an overview and classification of medical systems as well as the characteristics of the medical systems. For example, the well-known medical anthropologist Allan Young divides medical systems into “inbound medical systems” (ie, inward-facing) and “isolated medical systems” (ie outward-facing), in which excitatory medical systems return to the body in the face of disease, (Young), who returned to the outside of the body in response to the disease and directed the attention to the outside of the body. The fact that the inbuilt medical systems usually emerge over time in communities with more complex social and political backgrounds indicates that the main interest is physiological. Accordingly, ayurvedic medicine or contemporary biomedicine can be given as an example of medical systems. According to Young’s work, there is a relatively simple social and political back- ground in secular medical systems, and the main interest is not physiological but etiologic. These systems are exemplified by the traditional medical system of the Gnau community.
History of Medicine
In many cultures, medicine is based on the use of plants (Herbalism) and some animal elements for healing. Although medical or medical traditions have emerged in every society, medicine that develops systematically and develops into a ‘profession‘ has emerged in different regions, especially in Egypt, India, China, Greece and Iran. The conceptual structure of medical view, the application of medicine and medicine is very intensive in every region. Medical systems, which have been applied for thousands of years in some areas, still occupy themselves with biotics. Modern (bio) medicine, the mostcommon medical system of the present day, has developed on a European basis in the late 18th century. In the early 1900s, the countries that formed the center of the development of clinical medicine were the United Kingdom and the United States.
Modern medicine, which has recently been undergoing a second phase of change and development, has gained the importance of gathering all the evidence on a particular topic and developing standard protocols from it, using the scientific method and global knowledge, often referred to as evidence-based medicine. In this context, meta-analysis and random controlled trial are especially important. However, evidence-based medicine has also come to be criticized, with particular limitations and possible conceptual errors of the methods used, For example, in a meta-analysis, only published articles are put on the table as ‘evidence’ so that negative results are obtained, ie, systematic mistakes that would result in failure to be included in ‘evidence’ of unpublished articles that have been unsuccessful but may be important for achieving a correct result.
Developments in genetics and molecular biology have led to a different perspective on societal trivia and to the formation of different trends, and profoundly different influences on trivia.
In the old terms, Medicine, Medicine, is a profession which aims to “improve” physically and mentally by understanding the “Doctor” person correctly. In addition, doctors make Hippocratic Ordinance to change the health of the individual positively.
In addition to having many different disciplines (scientists), many different disciplinary professionals work together during the professional practice of medicine; Nurses, pharmacists, physiotherapists, dietitians, audiologists. Apart from this, dentistry (or dentist in other words), veterinary medicine and psychology are considered as medical fields, although they are separate professions.
The following lists include interdisciplinary or medical branches within the medical profession. This list does not include all the disciplines and branches, nor does the particular discipline and branches have subdivisions that they have in themselves. Furthermore, the distinction between branches in every country and in the local traditions of modern medicine (such as in the national medical tradition) can vary greatly.
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