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League of Nations

  • The League of Nations was founded in Switzerland on January 10, 1920, after World War I, an organization that could be considered the basis of the present United Nations. The aim was to solve the problems that might happen between the countries peacefully. I worked for a while; But he did not have much presence. II. It disintegrated in 1946 after World War II.

 

  • The League of Nations The capital city of Geneva, Switzerland
  • The League of Nations Language (s) English, French, Spanish
  • The League of Nations Secretary General
  • – 1920-1933 James Eric Drummond
  • – 1933-1940 Joseph Louis Anne Avenol
  • – 1940-1946 Seán Lester
  • The League of Nations assistant Secretary General
  • – 1919-1923 Jean Monnet
  • – 1923-1933 Joseph Avenol
  • – 1937-1940 Seán Lester
  • The League of Nations Historical
  • – Between Two War Periods
  • Versailles Treaty January 10, 1920
  • First meeting 16 January 1920
  • Dissolution April 20, 1946

 

 

  • League of Nations History
  • At the Paris Peace Conference held on January 25, 1919, It was decided to establish a League of Nations to provide and maintain international peace and security. A special commission was set up to carry out this decision.
  • The final Treaty of the League of Nations prepared by the Commission was adopted by the Treaty of Versailles Peace signed on 28 June 1919.
  • On 10 January 1920, the Treaty of Versailles entered into force and the League of Nations was established. Six days later, on January 16, 1920, the Society held its first council meeting in Paris.
  • This community, serving the world nations for 26 years, despite all the struggle II. He could not prevent World War II. The post-war conference on April 18, 1946 in Geneva, XXI. The General Assembly decided to dissolve the society.
  • The Law of the League of Nations, which introduces the condition of being put as a preface to every post-war treaty; It consisted of a Startup Department and 26 items.

 

 

 

 

  • The Nature and Organs of the League of Nations
  • In the beginning of the Treaty of the League of Nations, the general objectives of the society and the responsibilities of its members are defined as follows:
  • Adhere to certain obligations not to resort to war to maintain international peace and security and to maintain international, equitable and honorable international relations, strictly obeying international law rules which are now accepted as normative acts of action by governments; To protect justice and to respect all obligations arising out of treaties …
  • According to the text of the contract, which consists of 26 items, the structure of membership and organization, the continuity of peace, agreements, international cooperation and international administration, the amendment of contract provisions:
  • The acceptance of members of the Cemiyete will be decided by two-thirds majority of the General Assembly (Article 1).
  • The Society would consist of a General Assembly, a Council and a Permanent Secretariat to assist them (Article 2).
  • Members of the Society accepted the obligation to reduce national arms to a minimum level in order to ensure the continuity of peace (Article 8).
  • The Association will be able to arbitrate or examine them at the Council in disputes between members (Article 12).
  • International obligations, such as arbitration agreements, which establish peace continuity, and regional agreements such as the Monroe Doctrine, would not be deemed incompatible with any provision of this Convention (Article 21).
  • Until the time they were able to govern themselves, countries that had their independence after the war and that were still lacking in their ability to govern themselves, would have been able to choose a mandate to their administration on behalf of the community (Article 22).

 

  • Causes of Failure of the League of Nations
  • There were gaps in the war preventive measures within the society and sanctions were insufficient.
  • Since Article 10 of the Convention did not designate aggression, this article was insufficient for peacekeeping.
  • The implementation of the principle of vote-unity in important matters prevented the resolution of political and legal problems.
  • The international mindset to protect and sustain peace is inadequate and inadequate.
  • The Abyssinian incident, the Japanese attack on 1937, and the attack on the German armies of Poland on September 1, 1939 II. World War II, the League of Nations can be considered as a cause of ineffective.
  • Be part of treaties prepared in Paris Peace Conference
  • On the one hand, trying to protect human rights, on the other hand, was a guarantee of colonization and the mandate system was creating a contradiction.
  • The separation of the United States from the League of Nations led to the loss of a significant international power and the loss of the efficacy of the community.
League of Nations
Author: wik Date: 12:18 am
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