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Inquisition

  • What does inquisition mean?
  • Inquisition (Latin: inquisitio, investigation) was a court system attached to the Catholic Church. Both the decisions and the political and religious views of the four great in the name of the inquisition made a lot of mention.
  • Characteristics of the Inquisition Judicial System
  • It is a religious judicial system that adopts cruel torture methods.
  • He removed the cults he saw as a threat to the Church.
  • From the 15th century onwards he punished the people he described as wizards with brutal methods.
  • The crime is based on the idea of ​​making a confession.

 

  • Inquisition Origin
  • Before 1100, the Catholic Church suppressed what they believed to be heresy, usually through a system of ecclesiastical proscription or imprisonment, but without using torture, and seldom resorting to executions. Such punishments had a number of ecclesiastical opponents, although some countries punished heresy with the death penalty.
  • In the 12th century, the spread of Catharism, prosecution of heretics becomes more frequent. The Church charged councils composed of bishops and archbishops with establishing inquiries (the Episcopal Inquisition).
  • The first Inquisition was temporarily established in Languedoc (south of France) in 1184. The murder of Pope Innocent’s papal legate Pierre de Castelnau in 1208 sparked the Albigensian Crusade (1209-1229). The Inquisition was permanently established in 1229, run largely by the Dominicans in Rome and later in Carcassonne in Languedoc.

 

  • Medieval Inquisition
  • Historians use the term “Medieval Inquisition” to describe the various inquisitions that started around 1184, including the Episcopal Inquisition (1184–1230s) and later the Papal Inquisition (1230s). These inquisitions responded to large popular movements throughout Europe considered apostate or heretical to Christianity, in particular the Cathars in southern France and the Waldensians in both southern France and northern Italy. Other Inquisitions followed after these first inquisition movements.
  • The legal basis for some inquisitorial activity came from Pope Innocent IV’s papal bull Ad extirpanda of 1252, which explicitly authorized (and defined the appropriate circumstances for) the use of torture by the Inquisition for eliciting confessions from heretics.  
  • By 1256 inquisitors were given absolution if they used instruments of torture

 

 

 

  • Spanish Inquisition history
  • The Spanish Inquisition is on the verge of Castilla’s queen Isabella I, Pope IV. It was approved by Sixtus in 1483. It was targeted to Christianize Jews with Muslims. For this reason, close to 200,000 Jews abandoned Spain in 1492. Many of them were in favor of the Ottoman Empire. Muslims were treated well in the beginning, but this did not last a year. Muslims and Jews composed of indigenous peoples of the region that we know as hundreds of thousands of Arabic descent or today Spain are massacred in inquisition courts or formed groups called “morisko” in Christianity. In the following periods, all those who could not be assimilated were driven to other parts of the world, especially to North Africa.

 

  • Portuguese Inquisition
  • The Portuguese Inquisition formally started in Portugal in 1536 at the request of King João III. Manuel I had asked Pope Leo X for the installation of the Inquisition in 1515, but only after his death in 1521 did Pope Paul III acquiesce. At its head stood a Grande Inquisidor, or General Inquisitor, named by the Pope but selected by the Crown, and always from within the royal family.
  • The Portuguese Inquisition principally targeted the Sephardic Jews, whom the state forced to convert to Christianity.
  • Spain had expelled its Sephardic population in 1492; many of these Spanish Jews left Spain for Portugal but eventually were targeted there as well.
  • The Portuguese Inquisition held its first auto-da-fé in 1540. The Portuguese inquisitors mostly targeted the Jewish New Christians (i.e. conversos or marranos). 

 

  • Roman Inquisition
  • The Roman Inquisition, the Roman Catholic Church defended the teachings of Pope III. It was founded in 1542 by Paulus. In general, Calvinism and Luthercilere waged war. The Roman Inquisition has also struggled with witchcraft and witchcraft for many years. The inquisitor of the inquisition, who settled in a monastery or a bishop’s palace, later gathered the people into the church and gave a long preaching. The aim was to warm up the local people and gain their confidence.
Inquisition
Author: wik Date: 12:13 am
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