Human rights

  • What is the human rights?
  • Human rights are the fundamental rights and freedoms that all people have. Human rights are the rights that all people can enjoy regardless of race, nationality, ethnicity, religion, language and gender. Everyone is equal in using these rights. On the other hand, human rights have a contingent ideal. Those who use this vociferous voice, not the one in this area, should express it as it should.

 

  • Human rights are based on the understanding that all people are born equal and free in terms of rights and dignity. Human rights give each individual freedom to make independent choices and to develop their skills. These freedoms are balanced by the obligation to respect and exercise the rights of others. In other words, there are many responsibilities as well as a responsibility.

 

  • All people are born free, equal in dignity and rights. They have reason and conscience and must act with the mentality of brotherhood against each other.

 

  • History of Human Rights
  • It is the sofism that expressed the sensitivities of human and human rights for the first time on a philosophical level. The history of human rights covers thousands of years and has evolved in religious, cultural, philosophical and legal sense within the recorded history. Many ancient documents, religions and philosophy contain a wide variety of concepts that can be associated with human rights.
  • The most notable of these are; After the conquest of the New Babylon Empire by the Persian Emperor, Great Cyrus, the Kiros Civilization of 539 BC, in which he wrote his intentions in writing, the Asoka Fermans of Great Ancient Asoka from 272 BC to 231 BC, and the Yathrib of Muslims, Jews and Pagans in 622 Medina Convention prepared by the Prophet Muhammad bin Abdullah as an official treaty between the prominent tribes and their families in the city (later the name Medina)
  • Nowadays, it is also a big issue for international law and constitutional law as Magna Carta of 1215 is a distinctive point for the history of English law.

 

  • Modern human rights
  • Much of the modern human rights law and the most modern interpretations of human rights can be traced in the near future. The British Citizenship Charter of 1689 (or the “Declaration of the Rights and Freedoms of the People and the Order of the Order of the Crown”) in the United Kingdom (in the United Kingdom) was a violation of repressive government practices. Two great revolutions took place in the 18th century; In France in 1776 and in France in 1789: They led to the achievement of two conclusions which provided serious rights, the American Declaration of Independence and the Declaration of the French Teacher Human and Citizenship. In addition, the Declaration of Virginia ‘s Declaration of Rights of 1776 established a number of fundamental rights and freedoms.

 

  • These were followed by progress in the 18th and 19th centuries, carried out by thinkers such as Thomas Paine, John Stuart Mill and Hegel in the philosophy of human rights. The human rights episode was most likely to be used when Paine published the manuscript titled Human Rights and published by William Lloyd Garrison in 1831, which appeared in The Liberator and described “the reader is trying to write the main cause of human rights.”

 

  • Human rights in the 20th century
  • Many groups and movements carried out massive social changes in the 20th century on behalf of human rights. In Western Europe and North America, trade unions have enacted legislation that guarantees the right of employees to go to work, establishes minimum working conditions, and regulates or prohibits the employment of child workers. The women’s rights movement succeeded when the woman won the right to vote.

 

 

 

  • National independence movements have taken them from the countries of the colonial powers. One of the most impressive movements of independence is the movement of Mahatma Gandhi, who derives India from the British colonization. In many parts of the world, the movement of long-time racist and religiously oppressed minorities has been successful; As well as the civil rights movement in the US and, more recently, various identity politics movements.

 

  • The establishment of the International Committee of the Red Cross, the Lieber Speech of 1864 and the first Geneva Conventions of 1864 have laid the foundations of the International Law on Humanity, which will be further developed after the two world wars.

 

  • World Wars, incredible human loss and major human rights violations have been the driving forces behind the development of modern human rights instruments. The League of Nations was established in talks held in the 1919 Versailles Peace Treaty following World War I. The objectives of the Society were to disarm disputes between countries through diplomacy and negotiations, and to increase global welfare, including disarmament, war prevention under common security. Later in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, most of the rights that were to be found were in defense of the establishment. At the Yalta Conference in 1945, a decision was taken to establish a new structure in order to play the role of the Allied Forces Society. This structure would be the United Nations. It has played an important role in the implementation of international human rights law since the foundation of the UN.

 

  • Reviews
  • Marxism
  • Various Marxist thinkers find that “All people are born equal in terms of freedom, dignity and rights” in Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and that “No one can be arbitrarily deprived of his property” The Marxist view which argues that every human being is not economically equal and that a situation without it can not be regarded as freedom and right, and that this is a deception, and that the bourgeois class must be expropriated. According to those advocating this view; In the context of capitalism, these concepts are hollowed out and only shown. Therefore, states with imperialism and class societies that dominate the world, while trying to convince people that they are in favor of human rights by stating how respectful one’s rights are from one side, on the other side, to poverty policies, attacks on detention, demands for rights and freedom, They continue. However, some thinkers, particularly referring to the Maoist view, claim that the concept of human rights, which does not view the violence of the oppressed as legitimate, stands bourgeois. Indeed, the Cuban Revolution leader Fidel Castro, who states that he is a Marxist,

 

  • We often talk about human rights, but at the same time we have to talk about people’s rights, why do some people have to walk with their bare feet because others can not ride in luxury cars, why others have to live 35 years so that they live 70 years? Why do some of them have to be poor in ruin? I speak for the children of the world who can not even have a piece of bread.

 

  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights
  • The United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, in which basic human rights and freedoms for men, women and children were defined. This declaration forms the basis of many national and international laws.
  • International civil society organizations working on human rights
  • Amnesty International
  • Human Rights Watch
  • International Commission of Jurists
  • Poets, Essayist, Novelists
  • International Committee of the Red Cross
  • International League of the Rights of Man
Human rights
Author: wik Date: 4:53 pm
Social sciences and society

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