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September 14

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  • What happened on September 14
  • September 14 is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 108 days remaining until the end of the year.

 

  • Events on September 14
  • AD 81 – Domitian becomes Emperor of the Roman Empire upon the death of his brother Titus.
  • 629 – Emperor Heraclius enters Constantinople in triumph after his victory over the Persian Empire.
  • 786 – “Night of the three Caliphs”: Harun al-Rashid becomes the Abbasid caliph upon the death of his brother al-Hadi. Birth of Harun’s son al-Ma’mun.
  • 1180 – Battle of Ishibashiyama in Japan.
  • 1402 – Battle of Homildon Hill results in an English victory over Scotland.
  • 1607 – Flight of the Earls from Lough Swilly, Donegal, Ireland.
  • 1682 – Bishop Gore School, one of the oldest schools in Wales, is founded.
  • 1723 – Grand Master António Manoel de Vilhena lays down the first stone of Fort Manoel in Malta.
  • 1741 – George Frideric Handel completes his oratorio Messiah
  • 1752 – The British Empire adopts the Gregorian calendar, skipping eleven days (the previous day was September 2).
  • 1763 – Seneca warriors defeat British forces at the Battle of Devil’s Hole during Pontiac’s War.
  • 1791 – The Papal States lose Avignon to revolutionary France.
  • 1808 – Finnish War: Russians defeat the Swedes at the Battle of Oravais.
  • 1812 – Napoleonic Wars: The French Grande Armée enters Moscow. The Fire of Moscow begins as soon as Russian troops leave the city.
  • 1814 – Battle of Baltimore: The poem Defence of Fort McHenry is written by Francis Scott Key. The poem is later used as the lyrics of The Star-Spangled Banner.
  • 1829 – The Ottoman Empire signs the Treaty of Adrianople with Russia, thus ending the Russo-Turkish War.
  • 1846 – Jang Bahadur and his brothers massacre about 40 members of the Nepalese palace court.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The Battle of South Mountain, part of the Maryland Campaign, is fought.
  • 1901 – U.S. President William McKinley dies after an assassination attempt on September 6, and is succeeded by Vice President Theodore Roosevelt.
  • 1914 – HMAS AE1, the Royal Australian Navy’s first submarine, was lost at sea with all hands near East New Britain, Papua New Guinea.
  • 1917 – Russia is officially proclaimed a republic.
  • 1939 – World War II: The Estonian military boards the Polish submarine ORP Orzeł in Tallinn, sparking a diplomatic incident that the Soviet Union will later use to justify the annexation of Estonia.
  • 1940 – Ip massacre: The Hungarian Army, supported by local Hungarians, kill 158 Romanian civilians in Ip, Sălaj, a village in Northern Transylvania, an act ofethnic cleansing.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Wehrmacht starts a three-day retaliatory operation targeting several Greek villages in the region of Viannos, whose death toll would eventually exceed 500 persons.
  • 1944 – World War II: Maastricht becomes the first Dutch city to be liberated by allied forces.
  • 1954 – In a top secret nuclear test, a Soviet Tu-4 bomber drops a 40 kiloton atomic weapon just north of Totskoye village.
  • 1958 – The first two German post-war rockets, designed by the German engineer Ernst Mohr, reach the upper atmosphere.
  • 1959 – The Soviet probe Luna 2 crashes onto the Moon, becoming the first man-made object to reach it.
  • 1960 – The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is founded.
  • 1960 – Congo Crisis: With CIA help, Mobutu Sese Seko seizes power in a military coup, suspending parliament and the constitution.
  • 1969 – The US Selective Service selects September 14 as the First Draft Lottery date.
  • 1975 – The first American saint, Elizabeth Ann Seton, is canonized by Pope Paul VI.
  • 1979 – Afghan President Nur Muhammad Taraki is assassinated upon the order of Hafizullah Amin, who becomes the new president.
  • 1982 – President-elect of Lebanon, Bachir Gemayel, is assassinated.
  • 1984 – Joe Kittinger becomes the first person to fly a gas balloon alone across the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 1985 – Penang Bridge, the longest bridge in Malaysia, connecting the island of Penang to the mainland, opens to traffic.
  • 1992 – The Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina declares the breakaway Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia to be illegal.
  • 1994 – The Major League Baseball season is canceled because of a strike.
  • 1997 – 81 killed as five bogies of the Ahmedabad–Howrah Express plunge into a river in Bilaspur district of Madhya Pradesh, India.
  • 1998 – Telecommunications companies MCI Communications and WorldCom complete their $37 billion merger to form MCI WorldCom.
  • 1999 – Kiribati, Nauru and Tonga join the United Nations.
  • 2000 – Microsoft releases Windows ME.
  • 2001 – Historic National Prayer Service held at Washington National Cathedral for victims of the September 11 attacks. A similar service is held in Canada onParliament Hill, the largest vigil ever held in the nation’s capital.
  • 2003 – In a referendum, Estonia approves joining the European Union.
  • 2007 – Late-2000s financial crisis: The Northern Rock bank experiences the first bank run in the United Kingdom in 150 years.
  • 2015 – The first observation of gravitational waves was made, announced by the LIGO and Virgo collaborations on 11 February 2016.

 

 

 

  • Births on September 14
  • 208 – Diadumenian, Roman emperor (d. 218)
  • 1032 – Emperor Daozong of Liao, emperor of the Liao dynasty (d. 1101)
  • 1246 – John FitzAlan, 7th Earl of Arundel (d. 1272)
  • 1384 – Ephraim of Nea Makri, Greek martyr and saint (d. 1426)
  • 1388 – Claudius Clavus, Danish geographer and cartographer (d. 1438)
  • 1401 – Maria of Castile, Queen of Aragon, Queen consort of Aragon and Naples (d. 1458)
  • 1486 – Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa, German theologian, astrologer, and alchemist (d. 1535)
  • 1543 – Claudio Acquaviva, Italian priest, 5th Superior General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1615)
  • 1547 – Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, Dutch politician (d. 1619)
  • 1580 – Francisco de Quevedo, Spanish poet and politician (d. 1645)
  • 1656 – Thomas Baker, English historian and author (d. 1746)
  • 1713 – Johann Kies, German astronomer and mathematician (d. 1781)
  • 1721 – Eliphalet Dyer, American colonel, lawyer, and politician (d. 1807)
  • 1736 – Robert Raikes, English philanthropist, founded Sunday school (d. 1811)
  • 1737 – Michael Haydn, Austrian singer and composer (d. 1806)
  • 1769 – Alexander von Humboldt, German geographer and explorer (d. 1859)
  • 1774 – Lord William Bentinck, English general and politician, 14th Governor-General of India (d. 1839)
  • 1791 – Franz Bopp, German linguist and academic (d. 1867)
  • 1804 – John Gould, English ornithologist and illustrator (d. 1881)
  • 1804 – Louis Désiré Maigret, French bishop (d. 1882)
  • 1837 – Nikolai Bugaev, Georgian-Russian mathematician and philosopher (d. 1903)
  • 1847 – Fanny Holland, English actress and singer (d. 1931)
  • 1850 – Anton Mahnič, Slovenian bishop, philosopher, and theologian (d. 1920)
  • 1853 – Ponnambalam Arunachalam, Sri Lankan civil servant and politician (d. 1924)
  • 1860 – Hamlin Garland, American novelist, poet, essayist, and short story writer (d. 1940)
  • 1864 – Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, English lawyer and politician, Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
  • 1867 – Charles Dana Gibson, American illustrator (d. 1944)
  • 1868 – Théodore Botrel, French singer-songwriter, poet, and playwright (d. 1925)
  • 1869 – Kid Nichols, American baseball player and manager (d. 1953)
  • 1872 – John Olof Dahlgren, Swedish-American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1963)
  • 1879 – Margaret Sanger, American nurse and activist (d. 1966)
  • 1880 – Benjamin, Russian bishop and missionary (d. 1961)
  • 1880 – Archie Hahn, American sprinter, football player, and coach (d. 1955)
  • 1883 – Richard Gerstl, Austrian painter and illustrator (d. 1908)
  • 1885 – Vittorio Gui, Italian conductor, composer, and critic (d. 1975)
  • 1886 – Jan Masaryk, Czech soldier and politician, Czech Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1948)
  • 1887 – Paul Kochanski, Polish violinist and composer (d. 1934)
  • 1891 – Ivan Matveyevich Vinogradov, Russian mathematician and academic (d. 1983)
  • 1892 – Laurence W. Allen, English lieutenant and pilot (d. 1968)
  • 1896 – José Mojica, Mexican tenor and actor (d. 1974)
  • 1898 – Lawrence Gellert, Hungarian-American musicologist and song collector (d. 1979)
  • 1898 – Ernest Nash, German-Italian photographer and scholar (d. 1974)
  • 1898 – Hal B. Wallis, American film producer (d. 1986)
  • 1902 – Giorgos Papasideris Greek singer-songwriter (d. 1977)
  • 1902 – Alice Tully, American soprano and philanthropist (d. 1993)
  • 1903 – Mart Raud, Estonian poet and author (d. 1980)
  • 1904 – Richard Mohaupt, German composer and Kapellmeister (d. 1957)
  • 1907 – Yuri Ivask, Russian-American poet and critic (d. 1986)
  • 1909 – Peter Scott, English ornithologist, painter, and sailor (d. 1989)
  • 1909 – Stuff Smith, American violinist (d. 1967)
  • 1910 – Lehman Engel, American composer and conductor (d. 1982)
  • 1910 – Jack Hawkins, English actor and producer (d. 1973)
  • 1910 – Yiannis Latsis, Greek businessman (d. 2003)
  • 1910 – Rolf Liebermann, Swiss-French composer and manager (d. 1999)
  • 1911 – William H. Armstrong, American author and educator (d. 1999)
  • 1913 – Jacobo Árbenz, Guatemalan captain and politician, President of Guatemala (d. 1971)
  • 1913 – Rubby Sherr, American physicist and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1914 – Mae Boren Axton, American composer and educator (d. 1997)
  • 1914 – Clayton Moore, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1915 – John Dobson, Chinese-American astronomer and author, designed the Dobsonian telescope (d. 2014)
  • 1916 – Eric Bentley, English-American singer, playwright, and critic
  • 1916 – John Heyer, Australian director and producer (d. 2001)
  • 1917 – Rudolf Baumgartner, Swiss violinist and conductor (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Georges Berger, Belgian race car driver (d. 1967)
  • 1918 – Cachao López, Cuban-American bassist and composer (d. 2008)
  • 1919 – Deryck Cooke, English musicologist and broadcaster (d. 1976)
  • 1919 – Gil Langley, Australian cricketer, footballer, and politician (d. 2001)
  • 1919 – Olga Lowe, South African-English actress (d. 2013)
  • 1919 – Kay Medford, American actress (d. 1980)
  • 1920 – Mario Benedetti, Uruguayan journalist and author (d. 2009)
  • 1920 – Lawrence Klein, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
  • 1920 – Alberto Calderón, Argentinian-American mathematician and academic (d. 1998)
  • 1921 – Constance Baker Motley, American lawyer, judge, and politician (d. 2005)
  • 1921 – A. Jean de Grandpré, Canadian lawyer, businessman, and academic
  • 1921 – Paul Poberezny, American pilot and businessman, founded the Experimental Aircraft Association (d. 2013)
  • 1921 – Dario Vittori, Italian-Argentinian actor and producer (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Michel Auclair, German-French actor (d. 1988)
  • 1922 – Frances Bergen, American model and actress (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – Alfred Käärmann, Estonian soldier and author (d. 2010)
  • 1923 – Nicholas Georgiadis, Greek painter and costume designer (d. 2001)
  • 1924 – Patricia Barringer, American baseball player and accountant (d. 2007)
  • 1924 – Jerry Coleman, American baseball player and manager (d. 2014)
  • 1924 – Abioseh Nicol, Sierra Leonean-English physician, academic, and diplomat (d. 1994)
  • 1924 – Wim Polak, Dutch journalist and politician, Mayor of Amsterdam (d. 1999)
  • 1926 – Michel Butor, French author and critic
  • 1926 – Richard Ellsasser, American organist, composer, and conductor (d. 1972)
  • 1927 – Martin Caidin, American author and screenwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1927 – Janet Davies, English actress (d. 1986)
  • 1927 – Gardner Dickinson, American golfer (d. 1998)
  • 1927 – Jim Fanning, American-Canadian baseball player and manager (d. 2015)
  • 1927 – Edmund Szoka, American cardinal (d. 2014)
  • 1928 – Jay Cameron, American reed player and saxophonist (d. 2001)
  • 1928 – Alberto Korda, Cuban photographer (d. 2001)
  • 1928 – Angus Ogilvy, English businessman (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Larry Collins, American-French journalist, historian, and author (d. 2005)
  • 1930 – Allan Bloom, American philosopher and academic (d. 1992)
  • 1930 – Romola Costantino, Australian pianist and critic (d. 1988)
  • 1930 – Eugene I. Gordon, American physicist and engineer (d. 2014)
  • 1932 – Harry Sinden, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager
  • 1932 – John Tembo, Malawian politician
  • 1933 – Zoe Caldwell, Australian actress
  • 1933 – Harve Presnell, American actor and singer (d. 2009)
  • 1934 – Sarah Kofman, French philosopher and academic (d. 1994)
  • 1934 – Paul Little, New Zealand rugby player (d. 1993)
  • 1934 – Kate Millett, American author and activist
  • 1934 – Don Walser, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2006)
  • 1935 – Fujio Akatsuka, Japanese illustrator (d. 2008)
  • 1936 – Harry Danielsen, Norwegian educator and politician (d. 2011)
  • 1936 – Terence Donovan, English photographer and director (d. 1996)
  • 1936 – Walter Koenig, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1936 – Ferid Murad, American physician and pharmacologist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1936 – Lucas Samaras, Greek-American painter and photographer
  • 1937 – Renzo Piano, Italian architect and engineer, designed The Shard and The New York Times Building
  • 1938 – Franco Califano, Libya-born Italian singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1938 – Nicol Williamson, Scottish actor (d. 2011)
  • 1939 – DeWitt Weaver, American golfer
  • 1940 – Larry Brown, American basketball player and coach
  • 1941 – Bruce Hyde, American actor and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1941 – Ian Kennedy, English lawyer and academic
  • 1941 – Alberto Naranjo, Venezuelan drummer, composer, and bandleader
  • 1941 – Alex St. Clair, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1942 – Oliver Lake, American saxophonist, flute player, and composer
  • 1942 – Roger Lyons, English trade union leader
  • 1942 – Bernard MacLaverty, Irish author, playwright, and screenwriter
  • 1943 – Irwin Goodman, Finnish singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1991)
  • 1943 – Marcos Valle, Brazilian singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer
  • 1944 – Joey Heatherton, American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1944 – Günter Netzer, German footballer and manager
  • 1945 – Martin Tyler, English sportscaster
  • 1946 – Jim Angle, American soldier and journalist
  • 1946 – Wolfgang Sühnholz, German-American soccer player and coach
  • 1947 – Jon Bauman, American singer
  • 1947 – Sam Neill, Northern Ireland-born New Zealand actor and director
  • 1948 – Marc Reisner, American environmentalist and author (d. 2000)
  • 1949 – Steve Gaines, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1977)
  • 1949 – Tommy Seebach, Danish singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (d. 2003)
  • 1949 – Fred “Sonic” Smith, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 1994)
  • 1949 – Eikichi Yazawa, Japanese singer-songwriter
  • 1950 – Paul Kossoff, English guitarist and songwriter (d. 1976)
  • 1950 – Masami Kuwashima, Japanese race car driver
  • 1950 – Mike Nifong, American lawyer and politician
  • 1950 – John Steptoe, American author and illustrator (d. 1989)
  • 1953 – Tom Cora, American cellist and composer (d. 1998)
  • 1953 – Judy Playfair, Australian swimmer
  • 1954 – Barry Cowsill, American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer (d. 2005)
  • 1954 – David Wojnarowicz, American painter and photographer (d. 1992)
  • 1955 – Steve Berlin, American saxophonist, keyboard player, and producer
  • 1955 – Geraldine Brooks, Australian-American novelist and journalist
  • 1955 – William Jackson, Scottish harp player and composer
  • 1955 – Edu Manzano, American-Filipino actor and politician
  • 1956 – Paul Allott, English cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1956 – Kostas Karamanlis, Greek lawyer and politician, 181st Prime Minister of Greece
  • 1956 – Nathalie Roussel, French actress
  • 1956 – Ray Wilkins, English footballer and manager
  • 1956 – Lefteris Zagoritis, Greek lawyer and politician
  • 1957 – Tim Wallach, American baseball player and coach
  • 1957 – Kepler Wessels, South African cricketer and coach
  • 1958 – Paul Clark, English footballer and manager
  • 1958 – Jeff Crowe, New Zealand cricketer, referee, and manager
  • 1958 – Arlindo Cruz, Brazilian singer-songwriter
  • 1958 – Beth Nielsen Chapman, American singer-songwriter
  • 1959 – John Berry, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1959 – Morten Harket, Norwegian singer-songwriter
  • 1960 – Ronald Lengkeek, Dutch footballer
  • 1960 – Melissa Leo, American actress
  • 1960 – Callum Keith Rennie, English-Canadian actor and producer
  • 1961 – Freeman Mbowe, Tanzanian politician
  • 1961 – Wendy Thomas, American businesswoman
  • 1962 – Robert Herjavec, Croatian-Canadian businessman
  • 1962 – Tom Kurvers, American ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1962 – Bonnie Jo Campbell American novelist and short story writer
  • 1963 – Robin Singh, Trinidadian-Indian cricketer and coach
  • 1964 – Faith Ford, American actress
  • 1965 – Emily Bell, English journalist and academic
  • 1965 – Dmitry Medvedev, Russian lawyer and politician, 3rd President of Russia
  • 1965 – Kevin O’Hare, English ballet dancer and director
  • 1966 – Aamer Sohail, Pakistani cricketer and politician
  • 1967 – Jens Lien, Norwegian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1968 – Grant Shapps, English politician
  • 1968 – Michelle Stafford, American actress, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1969 – Denis Betts, English rugby league player and coach
  • 1969 – Konstandinos Koukodimos, Australian-Greek long jumper and politician
  • 1970 – Francesco Casagrande, Italian cyclist
  • 1970 – Ben Garant, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1970 – Jason Martin, Australian rugby league player, singer, and guitarist
  • 1970 – Craig Montoya, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1970 – Mark Webber, English guitarist
  • 1971 – Jeff Loomis, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1971 – Andre Matos, Brazilian singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1971 – Christopher McCulloch, American voice actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1971 – Kimberly Williams-Paisley, American actress, director, and producer
  • 1972 – Notah Begay III, American golfer
  • 1972 – David Bell, American baseball player and coach
  • 1973 – Nas, American rapper
  • 1973 – Tony Bui, Vietnamese director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1973 – Terrell Fletcher, American football player
  • 1973 – Andrew Lincoln, English actor
  • 1973 – Linvoy Primus, English footballer
  • 1973 – Mike Ward, Canadian comedian and actor
  • 1974 – Chad Bradford, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Hicham El Guerrouj, Moroccan runner
  • 1974 – Mattias Marklund, Swedish guitarist
  • 1974 – Helgi Sigurðsson, Icelandic footballer
  • 1974 – Patrick van Balkom, Dutch sprinter
  • 1976 – Agustín Calleri, Argentinian tennis player
  • 1977 – Mattias Agabus, Estonian architect
  • 1977 – Malik Bendjelloul, Swedish director and producer (d. 2014)
  • 1977 – Miyu Matsuki, Japanese voice actress and singer (d. 2015)
  • 1978 – Ben Cohen, English rugby player
  • 1978 – Carmen Kass, Estonian model and actress
  • 1978 – Danielle Peck, American singer-songwriter
  • 1979 – Ivica Olić, Croatian footballer
  • 1979 – Stefan Stam, Dutch footballer
  • 1980 – Ayọ, German singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1980 – Gareth Maybin, Northern Irish professional golfer
  • 1981 – Miyavi, Japanese singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1981 – Katie Lee, American chef, author, and critic
  • 1981 – Stefan Reisinger, German footballer
  • 1981 – Yumi Adachi, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1982 – SoShy, French-American singer-songwriter
  • 1982 – Petr Průcha, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Arash Borhani, Iranian footballer
  • 1983 – Josh Outman, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Frostee Rucker, American football player
  • 1983 – Amy Winehouse, English singer-songwriter (d. 2011)
  • 1985 – Paolo Gregoletto, American bass player and songwriter
  • 1985 – Trevis Smith, American football player
  • 1985 – Aya Ueto, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1985 – Delmon Young, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Jonathan Monaghan, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1986 – Steven Naismith, Scottish footballer
  • 1986 – Barış Özbek, German-Turkish footballer
  • 1986 – Alan Sheehan, Irish footballer
  • 1986 – Ai Takahashi, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1987 – Michael Crabtree, American football player
  • 1987 – Tinchy Stryder, Ghanaian-English rapper and producer
  • 1988 – Martin Fourcade, French biathlete
  • 1988 – Diogo Salomão, Portuguese footballer
  • 1989 – Jessica Brown Findlay, English actress
  • 1989 – Logan Henderson, American singer-songwriter
  • 1989 – Jesse James, American actor
  • 1989 – Lee Jong-suk, South Korean actor and model
  • 1990 – Douglas Costa, Brazilian footballer
  • 1990 – Petar Filipović, German-born Croatian footballer
  • 1990 – Belinda Hocking, Australian backstroke swimmer
  • 1990 – Cecilie Pedersen, Norwegian footballer
  • 1991 – Dee Milliner, American football player
  • 1991 – Nana, South Korean singer, actress and model
  • 1992 – Connor Fields, American cyclist
  • 1994 – Brahim Darri, Dutch footballer
  • 1994 – Daniel O’Shaughnessy, Finnish professional football central defender
  • 1994 – Krasimir Stanoev, Bulgarian footballer
  • 1996 – Hugh Bernard, English cricketer
  • 1996 – Myles Wright, English professional footballer

 

 

 

 

 

  • Deaths on September 14
  • AD 23 – Drusus Julius Caesar, Roman son of Tiberius (b. 13 BC)
  • 258 – Cyprian, African bishop and saint (b. 200)
  • 407 – John Chrysostom, Byzantine archbishop and saint (b. 347)
  • 585 – Emperor Bidatsu of Japan (b. 538)
  • 619 – Gongdi, last emperor of the Sui dynasty (b. 605)
  • 775 – Constantine V, Byzantine emperor (b. 718)
  • 786 – Al-Hadi, Iraqi caliph (b. 764)
  • 820 – Li Yong, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty
  • 891 – Pope Stephen V
  • 1146 – Imad ad-Din Zengi, Syrian ruler (b. 1087)
  • 1164 – Emperor Sutoku of Japan (b. 1119)
  • 1214 – Albert Avogadro, Italian lawyer, patriarch, and saint (b. 1149)
  • 1321 – Dante Alighieri, Italian writer (b. 1265)
  • 1404 – Duke Albert IV of Austria (b. 1377)
  • 1435 – John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford, English politician, Lord High Admiral (b. 1389)
  • 1523 – Pope Adrian VI (b. 1459)
  • 1538 – Henry III of Nassau-Breda (b. 1483)
  • 1605 – Jan Tarnowski, Polish archbishop (b. 1550)
  • 1638 – John Harvard, English-American minister and philanthropist (b. 1607)
  • 1646 – Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Staffordshire (b. 1591)
  • 1712 – Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian-French mathematician, astronomer, and engineer (b. 1625)
  • 1715 – Dom Pérignon, French monk and priest (b. 1638)
  • 1743 – Nicolas Lancret, French painter (b. 1690)
  • 1749 – Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham, English field marshal and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire (b. 1675)
  • 1759 – Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, French general (b. 1712)
  • 1807 – George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend, English field marshal and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1724)
  • 1821 – Heinrich Kuhl, German naturalist and zoologist (b. 1797)
  • 1836 – Aaron Burr, American colonel and politician, 3rd Vice President of the United States (b. 1756)
  • 1851 – James Fenimore Cooper, American novelist, short story writer, and historian (b. 1789)
  • 1852 – Augustus Pugin, English architect and critic, designed Scarisbrick Hall (b. 1812)
  • 1852 – Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, Irish-English field marshal and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1769)
  • 1862 – Charles Pearson, English lawyer and politician (b. 1793)
  • 1862 – Charles Lennox Richardson, English-Chinese merchant (b. 1834)
  • 1879 – Bernhard von Cotta, German geologist and author (b. 1808)
  • 1891 – Johannes Bosboom, Dutch painter (b. 1817)
  • 1898 – William Seward Burroughs I, American businessman, founded the Burroughs Corporation (b. 1857)
  • 1901 – William McKinley, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 25th President of the United States (b. 1843)
  • 1905 – Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza, Italian-French explorer (b. 1852)
  • 1916 – José Echegaray, Spanish engineer, mathematician, and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1832)
  • 1927 – Isadora Duncan, American-Russian dancer and choreographer (b. 1877)
  • 1931 – Tom Roberts, English-Australian painter and educator (b. 1856)
  • 1936 – Ossip Gabrilowitsch, Russian-American pianist and conductor (b. 1878)
  • 1936 – Irving Thalberg, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1899)
  • 1937 – Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, Czech sociologist and politician, 1st President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1850)
  • 1942 – E. S. Gosney, American eugenicist and philanthropist, founded Human Betterment Foundation (b. 1855)
  • 1951 – Fritz Busch, German conductor and director (b. 1890)
  • 1952 – John McPhee, Australian businessman and politician, 27th Premier of Tasmania (b. 1874)
  • 1959 – Wayne Morris, American actor, singer, and producer (b. 1914)
  • 1960 – M. Karagatsis, Greek author, playwright, and critic (b. 1908)
  • 1961 – Ernst Gustav Kühnert, Estonian-German architect and historian (b. 1885)
  • 1962 – Frederick Schule, American hurdler, football player, and coach (b. 1879)
  • 1965 – J. W. Hearne, English cricketer (b. 1891)
  • 1966 – Gertrude Berg, American actress and screenwriter (b. 1899)
  • 1966 – Hiram Wesley Evans, American Ku Klux Klan leader (b. 1881)
  • 1966 – Cemal Gürsel, Turkish general and politician, 4th President of Turkey (b. 1895)
  • 1975 – Walter Herbert, German-American conductor (b. 1902)
  • 1979 – Nur Muhammad Taraki, Afghan journalist and politician, 3rd President of Afghanistan (b. 1917)
  • 1981 – Furry Lewis, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1899)
  • 1981 – William Loeb III, American publisher (b. 1905)
  • 1982 – Christian Ferras, French violinist (b. 1933)
  • 1982 – John Gardner, American novelist, essayist, and critic (b. 1933)
  • 1982 – Bachir Gemayel, Lebanese commander and politician (b. 1947)
  • 1982 – Grace Kelly, American-Monacan actress; Princess of Monaco (b. 1929)
  • 1984 – Janet Gaynor, American actress (b. 1906)
  • 1986 – Gordon McLendon, American broadcaster, founded the Liberty Broadcasting System (b. 1921)
  • 1989 – Pérez Prado, Cuban-Mexican singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1916)
  • 1991 – Julie Bovasso, American actress and playwright (b. 1930)
  • 1991 – Russell Lynes, American historian, photographer, and author (b. 1910)
  • 1992 – August Komendant, Estonian-American engineer and academic (b. 1906)
  • 1992 – Paul Joseph James Martin, Canadian lawyer and politician, 12th Canadian Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1903)
  • 1994 – Marika Krevata, Greek actress (b. 1910)
  • 1995 – Maurice K. Goddard, American colonel and politician (b. 1912)
  • 1996 – Rose Ouellette, Canadian actress and manager (b. 1903)
  • 1996 – Juliet Prowse, India-born South African-American actress, singer, and dancer (b. 1937)
  • 1999 – Charles Crichton, English director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1910)
  • 1999 – Giannos Kranidiotis, Greek politician and diplomat (b. 1947)
  • 2000 – Beah Richards, American actress (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – Jerzy Giedroyc, Belarusian-Polish soldier and activist (b. 1906)
  • 2001 – Stelios Kazantzidis, Greek singer and guitarist (b. 1931)
  • 2001 – Dorothy McGuire, American actress (b. 1918)
  • 2002 – LaWanda Page, American actress (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Jerry Fleck, American actor and director (b. 1947)
  • 2003 – Garrett Hardin, American ecologist and author (b. 1915)
  • 2003 – John Serry, Sr., American accordion player and composer (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – William Berenberg, American physician and academic (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Vladimir Volkoff, French soldier and author (b. 1932)
  • 2005 – Robert Wise, American director and producer (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – Mickey Hargitay, Hungarian-American bodybuilder and actor (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Esme Melville, Australian actress (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Jacques Martin, French television host and producer (b. 1933)
  • 2007 – Robert Savoie, Canadian opera singer (b. 1927)
  • 2008 – Hyman Golden, American businessman, co-founded Snapple (b. 1923)
  • 2009 – Keith Floyd, English chef and author (b. 1943)
  • 2009 – Henry Gibson, American actor and (b. 1935)
  • 2009 – Jody Powell, American diplomat, White House Press Secretary (b. 1943)
  • 2009 – Patrick Swayze, American actor, singer, and dancer (b. 1952)
  • 2012 – Jacques Antoine, French game show producer, created The Crystal Maze and Fort Boyard (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Eduardo Castro Luque, Mexican businessman and politician (b. 1963)
  • 2012 – Winston Rekert, Canadian actor and director (b. 1949)
  • 2012 – Kan Yuet-keung, Hong Kong banker, lawyer, and politician (b. 1913)
  • 2013 – Maksym Bilyi, Ukrainian footballer (b. 1989)
  • 2013 – Osama El-Baz, Egyptian soldier and diplomat (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – Faith Leech, Australian swimmer (b. 1941)
  • 2014 – Tony Auth, American illustrator (b. 1942)
  • 2014 – Peter Gutteridge, New Zealand singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1961)
  • 2014 – E. Jennifer Monaghan, English-American historian, author, and academic (b. 1933)
  • 2015 – Davey Browne, Australian boxer (b. 1986)
  • 2015 – Fred DeLuca, American businessman, co-founded Subway (b. 1947)
  • 2015 – Martin Kearns, English drummer (b. 1977)
  • 2015 – Corneliu Vadim Tudor, Romanian journalist and politician (b. 1949)

 

 

 

  • Holidays and observances on September 14
  • Christian feast day:
    • Aelia Flaccilla (Eastern Orthodox Church)
    • Crescentius of Rome
    • Feast of the Cross (Christianity)
      • Elevation of the Holy Cross (Eastern Orthodox)
    • Formerly, the Wednesday, Friday and Saturday following 14 September were observed as one of the four sets of Ember days. In the Irish calendar they were known as Quarter tense. (Roman Catholic and Anglican Churches)
    • Lord of Miracles of Buga
    • Louis Gabriel Taurin Dufresse (one of Martyr Saints of China)
    • Maternus of Cologne
    • Notburga
    • September 14 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Engineer’s Day (Romania)
  • Hindi Divas (Hindi-speaking regions)
  • Mobilized Servicemen Day (Ukraine)
  • San Jacinto Day (Nicaragua)

 

September 14
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