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October 9

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  • What happened on October 9
  • October 9 is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 83 days remaining until the end of the year.

 

  • Events on October 9
  • 768 – Carloman I and Charlemagne are crowned kings of the Franks.
  • 1238 – James I of Aragon conquers Valencia and founds the Kingdom of Valencia.
  • 1264 – The Kingdom of Castile conquers the city of Jerez, which had been under Muslim occupation since 711.
  • 1410 – The first known mention of the Prague astronomical clock.
  • 1446 – The hangul alphabet is published in Korea.
  • 1514 – Marriage of Louis XII of France and Mary Tudor.
  • 1582 – Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
  • 1594 – The army of the Portuguese Empire is annihilated by the Kingdom of Kandy on Sri Lanka, bringing an end to the Campaign of Danture.
  • 1604 – Supernova 1604, the most recent supernova to be observed in the Milky Way.
  • 1635 – Founder of Rhode Island Roger Williams is banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony as a religious dissident after he speaks out against punishments for religious offenses and giving away Native American land.
  • 1701 – The Collegiate School of Connecticut (later renamed Yale University) is chartered in Old Saybrook, Connecticut.
  • 1708 – Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya.
  • 1740 – Dutch colonists and various slave groups begin massacring ethnic Chinese in Batavia, eventually killing 10,000 and leading to a two-year-long warthroughout Java.
  • 1760 – Seven Years’ War: Russian forces occupy Berlin.
  • 1790 – An earthquake shakes northern Algeria with a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme) causing severe damage and a tsunami in the Mediterranean Sea. Three-thousand people were killed.
  • 1799 – Sinking of HMS Lutine with the loss of 240 men and a cargo worth £1,200,000.
  • 1804 – Hobart, capital of Tasmania, is founded.
  • 1806 – Prussia begins the War of the Fourth Coalition against France.
  • 1812 – War of 1812: In a naval engagement on Lake Erie, American forces capture two British ships: HMS Detroit and HMS Caledonia.
  • 1820 – Guayaquil declares independence from Spain.
  • 1824 – Slavery is abolished in Costa Rica.
  • 1831 – Ioannis Kapodistrias, the first head of state of independent Greece is assassinated.
  • 1834 – Opening of the Dublin and Kingstown Railway, the first public railway on the island of Ireland.
  • 1845 – John Henry Newman is received into the Roman Catholic Church.
  • 1847 – Slavery is abolished in Saint Barthélemy and all remaining slaves are freed.
  • 1854 – Crimean War: The siege of Sebastopol begins.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Battle of Santa Rosa Island: Union troops repel a Confederate attempt to capture Fort Pickens.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Tom’s Brook: Union cavalrymen in the Shenandoah Valley defeat Confederate forces at Toms Brook, Virginia.
  • 1873 – A meeting at the U.S. Naval Academy establishes the U.S. Naval Institute.
  • 1874 – General Postal Union is created as a result of the Treaty of Bern.
  • 1900 – The Cook Islands become a territory of the United Kingdom.
  • 1907 – Las Cruces, New Mexico is incorporated.
  • 1911 – An accidental bomb explosion in Hankou, Wuhan, China leads to the ultimate fall of the Qing Empire
  • 1913 – The steamship SS Volturno catches fire in the mid-Atlantic.
  • 1914 – World War I: Siege of Antwerp: Antwerp, Belgium falls to German troops.
  • 1919 – Black Sox Scandal: The Cincinnati Reds win the World Series.
  • 1934 – Regicide at Marseille: The assassination of King Alexander I of Yugoslavia and Louis Barthou, Foreign Minister of France.
  • 1936 – Generators at Boulder Dam (later renamed to Hoover Dam) begin to generate electricity from the Colorado River and transmit it 266 miles to Los Angeles.
  • 1940 – World War II: Battle of Britain: During a night-time air raid by the German Luftwaffe, St. Paul’s Cathedral in the City of London, England is hit by a bomb.
  • 1941 – A coup in Panama declares Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango the new president.
  • 1942 – Statute of Westminster 1931 formalises Australian autonomy.
  • 1942 – The last day of the October Matanikau action on Guadalcanal as United States Marine Corps forces withdraw back across the Matanikau River after destroying most of the Imperial Japanese Army’s 4th Infantry Regiment.
  • 1950 – Goyang Geumjeong Cave massacre started.
  • 1962 – Uganda becomes an independent Commonwealth realm.
  • 1963 – In northeast Italy, over 2,000 people are killed when a large landslide behind the Vajont Dam causes a giant wave of water to overtop it.
  • 1966 – Vietnam War: Binh Tai Massacre
  • 1967 – A day after being captured, Marxist revolutionary Ernesto “Che” Guevara is executed for attempting to incite a revolution in Bolivia.
  • 1969 – In Chicago, the United States National Guard is called in for crowd control as demonstrations continue in connection with the trial of the “Chicago Eight” that began on September 24.
  • 1970 – The Khmer Republic is proclaimed in Cambodia.
  • 1980 – Pope John Paul II shakes hands with the Dalai Lama during a private audience in Vatican City.
  • 1981 – Abolition of capital punishment in France.
  • 1983 – Rangoon bombing: Attempted assassination of South Korean President Chun Doo-hwan during an official visit to Rangoon, Burma. Chun survives but the blast kills 17 of his entourage, including four cabinet ministers, and injures 17 others. Four Burmese officials also die in the blast.
  • 1995 – An Amtrak Sunset Limited train is derailed by saboteurs near Palo Verde, Arizona.
  • 2003 – Mission: Space opens to the public in the Epcot park at Walt Disney World. The opening ceremony included several astronauts from all eras of space exploration.
  • 2009 – First lunar impact of the Centaur and LCROSS spacecrafts as part of NASA’s Lunar Precursor Robotic Program.
  • 2012 – Members of the Pakistani Taliban make a failed attempt to assassinate an outspoken schoolgirl, Malala Yousafzai.

 

 

 

  • Births on October 9
  • 1201 – Robert de Sorbon, French minister and theologian, founded the Collège de Sorbonne (d. 1274)
  • 1221 – Salimbene di Adam, Italian historian and scholar (d. 1290)
  • 1261 – Denis of Portugal (d. 1325)
  • 1328 – Peter I of Cyprus (d. 1369)
  • 1581 – Claude Gaspard Bachet de Méziriac, French mathematician, poet, and scholar (d. 1638)
  • 1586 – Leopold V, Archduke of Austria (d. 1632)
  • 1704 – Johann Andreas Segner, German mathematician, physicist, and physician (d. 1777)
  • 1757 – Charles X of France (d. 1836)
  • 1796 – Joseph Bonomi the Younger, English egyptologist and sculptor (d. 1878)
  • 1835 – Camille Saint-Saëns, French composer and conductor (d. 1921)
  • 1837 – Francis Wayland Parker, American theorist and academic (d. 1902)
  • 1840 – Simeon Solomon, English painter (d. 1905)
  • 1845 – Carl Gustav Thulin, Swedish shipowner (d. 1918)
  • 1852 – Hermann Emil Fischer, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1919)
  • 1858 – Mihajlo Pupin, Serbian-American physicist and chemist (d. 1935)
  • 1859 – Alfred Dreyfus, French colonel (d. 1935)
  • 1863 – Edward Bok, Dutch-American journalist and author (d. 1930)
  • 1864 – Reginald Dyer, British brigadier general (d. 1927)
  • 1871 – Georges Gauthier, Canadian archbishop (d. 1940)
  • 1873 – Carl Flesch, Hungarian violinist and educator (d. 1944)
  • 1873 – Karl Schwarzschild, German physicist and astronomer (d. 1916)
  • 1873 – Charles Rudolph Walgreen, American pharmacist and businessman, founded Walgreens (d. 1939)
  • 1874 – Nicholas Roerich, Russian archaeologist and painter (d. 1947)
  • 1877 – Gopabandhu Das, Indian journalist, poet, and activist (d. 1928)
  • 1879 – Max von Laue, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1960)
  • 1880 – Charlie Faust, American baseball player (d. 1915)
  • 1886 – Rube Marquard, American baseball player and manager (d. 1980)
  • 1888 – Nikolai Bukharin, Russian journalist and politician (d. 1938)
  • 1888 – Irving Cummings, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1959)
  • 1890 – Aimee Semple McPherson, Canadian-American evangelist, founded the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel (d. 1944)
  • 1892 – Ivo Andrić, Yugoslav novelist, poet, and short story writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975)
  • 1893 – Mário de Andrade, Brazilian author, poet, and photographer (d. 1945)
  • 1897 – M. Bhaktavatsalam, Indian lawyer and politician, 6th Chief Minister of Madras State (d. 1987)
  • 1898 – Tawfiq al-Hakim, Egyptian author and playwright (d. 1987)
  • 1898 – Joe Sewell, American baseball player and member of the Baseball Hall of Fame(d. 1990)
  • 1899 – Bruce Catton, American historian and author (d. 1978)
  • 1900 – Joseph Friedman, American inventor, invented the bendy straw (d. 1982)
  • 1900 – Alastair Sim, Scottish-English actor and academic (d. 1976)
  • 1900 – Joseph Zubin, Lithuanian-American psychologist and academic (d. 1990)
  • 1901 – Alice Lee Jemison, Seneca political activist and journalist (d. 1964)
  • 1902 – Freddie Young, English cinematographer (d. 1998)
  • 1903 – Walter O’Malley, American lawyer and businessman (d. 1979)
  • 1906 – J. R. Eyerman, American photographer and journalist (d. 1985)
  • 1906 – Léopold Sédar Senghor, Senegalese poet and politician, 1st President of Senegal (d. 2001)
  • 1907 – Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, English academic and politician, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain (d. 2001)
  • 1907 – Jacques Tati, French actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1982)
  • 1907 – Horst Wessel, German SA officer (d. 1930)
  • 1908 – Harry Hooton, Australian poet and critic (d. 1961)
  • 1908 – Werner von Haeften, German lieutenant (d. 1944)
  • 1908 – Lee Wiley, American singer (d. 1975)
  • 1909 – Donald Coggan, English archbishop (d. 2000)
  • 1911 – Joe Rosenthal, American photographer (d. 2006)
  • 1914 – Edward Andrews, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1915 – Clifford M. Hardin, American academic and politician, 17th United States Secretary of Agriculture (d. 2010)
  • 1915 – Belva Plain, American author (d. 2010)
  • 1918 – E. Howard Hunt, American CIA officer and author (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Charles Read, Australian air marshal (d. 2014)
  • 1918 – Bebo Valdés, Cuban-Swedish pianist, composer, and bandleader (d. 2013)
  • 1920 – Jens Bjørneboe, Norwegian author and educator (d. 1976)
  • 1920 – Yusef Lateef, American saxophonist, composer, and educator (d. 2013)
  • 1920 – Jason Wingreen, American actor and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1921 – Michel Boisrond, French director and screenwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1921 – Tadeusz Różewicz, Polish poet and playwright (d. 2014)
  • 1922 – Léon Dion, Canadian political scientist and academic (d. 1997)
  • 1922 – Philip “Fyvush” Finkel, American actor (d. 2016)
  • 1922 – Olga Guillot, Cuban-American singer (d. 2010)
  • 1923 – Donald Sinden, English actor (d. 2014)
  • 1924 – Immanuvel Devendrar, Indian soldier (d. 1957)
  • 1926 – Danièle Delorme, French actress and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1927 – John Margetson, English scholar and diplomat, British Ambassador to the Netherlands
  • 1928 – Einojuhani Rautavaara, Finnish composer and educator
  • 1929 – William M. Gray, American meteorologist (d. 2016)
  • 1930 – Hank Lauricella, American football player, lieutenant, and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1931 – Antony Booth, English actor
  • 1931 – Homer Smith, American football player and coach (d. 2011)
  • 1932 – Robert McBain, English actor and photographer (d. 2004)
  • 1933 – Peter Mansfield, English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2017)
  • 1933 – Bill Tidy, English soldier and cartoonist
  • 1934 – Jill Ker Conway, Australian historian and author
  • 1934 – Abdullah Ibrahim, South African pianist and composer
  • 1935 – Prince Edward, Duke of Kent
  • 1935 – Don McCullin, English photographer and journalist
  • 1936 – Brian Blessed, English actor
  • 1936 – Mick Young, Australian politician (d. 1996)
  • 1938 – Heinz Fischer, Austrian academic and politician, 11th President of Austria
  • 1938 – John Sutherland, English journalist, author, and academic
  • 1939 – Nicholas Grimshaw, English architect and academic
  • 1939 – John Pilger, Australian-English journalist, director, and producer
  • 1939 – Stephen Sedley, English lawyer and judge
  • 1939 – O. V. Wright, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 1980)
  • 1940 – Gordon J. Humphrey, American soldier, pilot, and politician
  • 1940 – John Lennon, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (The Beatles, The Quarrymen, Plastic Ono Band, and The Dirty Mac) (d. 1980)
  • 1940 – Joe Pepitone, American baseball player and coach
  • 1941 – Brian Lamb, American broadcaster, founded C-SPAN
  • 1941 – Trent Lott, American lawyer and politician
  • 1942 – Michael Palmer, American physician and author (d. 2013)
  • 1943 – Douglas Kirby, American psychologist and author (d. 2012)
  • 1943 – Jimmy Montgomery, English footballer and coach
  • 1943 – Mike Peters, American cartoonist
  • 1944 – Rita Donaghy, Baroness Donaghy, English academic and politician
  • 1944 – John Entwistle, English singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer (d. 2002)
  • 1944 – Nona Hendryx, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1945 – Taiguara, Uruguayan-Brazilian singer-songwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1947 – John Doubleday, English sculptor and painter
  • 1947 – France Gall, French singer
  • 1947 – William E. McAnulty Jr., American lawyer and judge (d. 2007)
  • 1947 – Tony Zappone, American photographer and journalist
  • 1948 – Jackson Browne, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1948 – John Gray, English cricketer and rugby player
  • 1949 – Rod Temperton, English keyboard player, songwriter, and producer (d. 2016)
  • 1950 – Brian Downing, American baseball player
  • 1950 – Yoshiyuki Konishi, Japanese fashion designer
  • 1950 – Reichi Nakaido, Japanese singer and guitarist
  • 1950 – Jody Williams, American academic and activist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1952 – Simon Drew, English illustrator
  • 1952 – Sharon Osbourne, English television host and manager
  • 1952 – John Rose, English businessman
  • 1952 – Dennis Stratton, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1953 – Sally Burgess, South African-English soprano and educator
  • 1953 – Hank Pfister, American tennis player
  • 1953 – Tony Shalhoub, American actor and producer
  • 1954 – Scott Bakula, American actor
  • 1954 – James Fearnley, English accordion player and songwriter
  • 1954 – John O’Hurley, American actor and game show host
  • 1955 – Linwood Boomer, Canadian actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1955 – Steve Ovett, English runner and sportscaster
  • 1955 – Peter Saville, English graphic designer and art director
  • 1957 – Don Garber, American businessman
  • 1957 – Ini Kamoze, Jamaican singer-songwriter
  • 1958 – Al Jourgensen, Cuban-American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1958 – Alan Nunnelee, American lawyer and politician (d. 2015)
  • 1958 – Mike Singletary, American football player and coach
  • 1959 – Boris Nemtsov, Russian academic and politician, First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia (d. 2015)
  • 1960 – Kenny Garrett, American saxophonist and composer
  • 1961 – Julian Bailey, English race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1961 – Kurt Neumann, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1961 – Ellen Wheeler, American actress, director, and producer
  • 1962 – Jorge Burruchaga, Argentinian footballer and manager
  • 1962 – Paul Radisich, New Zealand race car driver
  • 1962 – Hugh Robertson, English soldier and politician, Minister for Sport and the Olympics
  • 1962 – Ōnokuni Yasushi, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 62nd Yokozuna
  • 1963 – Andy Platt, English rugby league player
  • 1964 – Guillermo del Toro, Mexican-American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1965 – Jimbo Fisher, American football player and coach
  • 1966 – David Cameron, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 1966 – Christopher Östlund, Swedish publisher, founded Plaza Magazine
  • 1967 – Carling Bassett-Seguso, Canadian tennis player
  • 1967 – Eddie Guerrero, American wrestler (d. 2005)
  • 1969 – Guto Bebb, Welsh businessman and politician
  • 1969 – Darren Britt, Australian rugby league player
  • 1969 – PJ Harvey, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1969 – Christine Hough, Canadian figure skater and coach
  • 1969 – Giles Martin, English songwriter and producer
  • 1969 – Steve McQueen, English director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1970 – Kenny Anderson, American basketball player and coach
  • 1970 – Steve Jablonsky, American composer
  • 1970 – Annika Sörenstam, Swedish golfer and architect
  • 1971 – Wayne Bartrim, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1971 – Jason Jones, American director, producer, and activist
  • 1973 – Fabio Lione, Italian singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1974 – Shmuel Herzfeld, American rabbi and activist
  • 1975 – Haylie Ecker, Australian violinist
  • 1975 – Sean Lennon, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor
  • 1975 – Mark Viduka, Australian footballer
  • 1976 – William Alexander, American author and educator
  • 1976 – Lee Peacock, Scottish footballer and coach
  • 1976 – Özlem Türköne, Turkish journalist and politician
  • 1977 – Emanuele Belardi, Italian footballer
  • 1977 – Brian Roberts, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Nicky Byrne, Irish singer-songwriter
  • 1978 – Juan Dixon, American basketball player and coach
  • 1979 – Vernon Fox, American football player and coach
  • 1979 – Alex Greenwald, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
  • 1979 – Todd Kelly, Australian race car driver
  • 1979 – Chris O’Dowd, Irish actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1979 – Brandon Routh, American model and actor
  • 1979 – Gonzalo Sorondo, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1980 – Henrik Zetterberg, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Darius Miles, American basketball player
  • 1983 – Stephen Gionta, American ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Farhaan Behardien, South African cricketer
  • 1983 – Jang Mi-ran, South Korean weightlifter
  • 1983 – Andreas Zuber, Austrian race car driver
  • 1985 – Chris Jones, Welsh footballer
  • 1985 – David Plummer, American swimmer
  • 1986 – Derek Holland, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Laure Manaudou, French swimmer
  • 1987 – Samantha Murray, English tennis player
  • 1987 – Bill Walker, American basketball player
  • 1988 – David Tyrrell, Australian rugby league player
  • 1989 – Russell Packer, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1989 – Ana Savić, Croatian tennis player
  • 1990 – Kevin Kampl German-Slovene footballer
  • 1991 – Tyson Frizell, Australian-Welsh rugby league player
  • 1993 – Ani Amiraghyan, Armenian tennis player
  • 1993 – Lauren Davis, American tennis player
  • 1993 – Jayden Hodges, Australian rugby league player
  • 1993 – Scotty McCreery, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

 

 

 

 

 

  • Deaths on October 9
  • 680 – Ghislain, Frankish anchorite and saint
  • 892 – Al-Tirmidhi, Persian scholar and hadith compiler (b. 824)
  • 1047 – Pope Clement II
  • 1212 – Philip I of Namur, Marquis of Namur (b. 1175)
  • 1253 – Robert Grosseteste, English bishop and philosopher (b. 1175)
  • 1273 – Elisabeth of Bavaria, Queen of Germany (b. 1227)
  • 1296 – Louis III, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1269)
  • 1390 – John I of Castile (b. 1358)
  • 1555 – Justus Jonas, German academic and reformer (b. 1493)
  • 1562 – Gabriele Falloppio, Italian anatomist and physician (b. 1523)
  • 1569 – Vladimir of Staritsa (b. 1533)
  • 1581 – Louis Bertrand, Spanish missionary and saint (b. 1526)
  • 1619 – Joseph Pardo, Italian rabbi and merchant (b. 1561)
  • 1691 – William Sacheverell, English politician (b. 1638)
  • 1729 – Richard Blackmore, English physician and poet (b. 1654)
  • 1793 – Jean Joseph Marie Amiot, French missionary and linguist (b. 1718)
  • 1797 – Vilna Gaon, Lithuanian rabbi and scholar (b. 1720)
  • 1806 – Benjamin Banneker, American astronomer and surveyor (b. 1731)
  • 1808 – John Claiborne, American lawyer and politician (b. 1777)
  • 1831 – Ioannis Kapodistrias, Russian-Greek lawyer and politician, Governor of Greece (b. 1776)
  • 1873 – George Ormerod, English historian and author (b. 1785)
  • 1897 – Jan Heemskerk, Dutch lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1818)
  • 1900 – Heinrich von Herzogenberg, Austrian composer and conductor (b. 1843)
  • 1924 – Valery Bryusov, Russian author, poet, and critic (b. 1873)
  • 1934 – Louis Barthou, French union leader and politician, 78th Prime Minister of France (b. 1862)
  • 1937 – Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse (b. 1868)
  • 1940 – Wilfred Grenfell, English-American physician and missionary (b. 1865)
  • 1941 – Helen Morgan, American singer and actress (b. 1900)
  • 1943 – Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1865)
  • 1945 – Gottlieb Hering, German captain (b. 1887)
  • 1946 – Frank Castleman, American football player, baseball player, and coach (b. 1877)
  • 1947 – Yukio Sakurauchi, Japanese businessman and politician, 27th Japanese Minister of Finance (b. 1888)
  • 1950 – George Hainsworth, Canadian ice hockey player and politician (b. 1895)
  • 1953 – James Finlayson, Scottish-American actor (b. 1887)
  • 1955 – Theodor Innitzer, Austrian cardinal (b. 1875)
  • 1956 – Marie Doro, American actress (b. 1882)
  • 1958 – Pope Pius XII (b. 1876)
  • 1959 – Shirō Ishii, Japanese general and biologist (b. 1892)
  • 1962 – Milan Vidmar, Slovenian chess player and engineer (b. 1885)
  • 1967 – Che Guevara, Argentinian-Cuban physician, politician and guerrilla leader (b. 1928)
  • 1967 – Cyril Norman Hinshelwood, English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
  • 1967 – André Maurois, French soldier and author (b. 1885)
  • 1967 – Joseph Pilates, German-American fitness trainer, developed Pilates (b. 1883)
  • 1972 – Miriam Hopkins, American actress (b. 1902)
  • 1974 – Oskar Schindler, Czech-German businessman (b. 1908)
  • 1976 – Walter Warlimont, German general (b. 1894)
  • 1978 – Jacques Brel, Belgian singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1929)
  • 1982 – Herbert Meinhard Mühlpfordt, German historian and physician (b. 1893)
  • 1985 – Emílio Garrastazu Médici, Brazilian general and politician, 28th President of Brazil (b. 1905)
  • 1987 – Clare Boothe Luce, American author, playwright, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Italy (b. 1903)
  • 1987 – William P. Murphy, American physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1988 – Felix Wankel, German engineer, invented the Wankel engine (b. 1902)
  • 1989 – Yusuf Atılgan, Turkish author and playwright (b. 1921)
  • 1989 – Penny Lernoux, American journalist and author (b. 1940)
  • 1995 – Alec Douglas-Home, British cricketer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1903)
  • 1996 – Walter Kerr, American author, composer, and critic (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Milt Jackson, American vibraphone player and composer (b. 1923)
  • 1999 – Akhtar Hameed Khan, Pakistani economist and scholar (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – David Dukes, American actor (b. 1945)
  • 2000 – Patrick Anthony Porteous, Indian-Scottish colonel, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1918)
  • 2001 – Herbert Ross, American director, producer, and choreographer (b. 1927)
  • 2002 – Sopubek Begaliev, Kyrgyzstani economist and politician (b. 1931)
  • 2002 – Charles Guggenheim, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – Carolyn Gold Heilbrun, American author and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2004 – Jacques Derrida, Algerian-French philosopher and academic (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Louis Nye, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 2006 – Danièle Huillet, French filmmaker (b. 1933)
  • 2006 – Paul Hunter, English snooker player (b. 1978)
  • 2006 – Ray Noorda, American businessman (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Kanshi Ram, Indian lawyer and politician (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Enrico Banducci, American businessman, founded hungry i (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Carol Bruce, American actress and singer (b. 1919)
  • 2008 – Stuart M. Kaminsky, American author and educator (b. 1934)
  • 2009 – John Daido Loori, American Zen Buddhist monastic and teacher (b. 1931)
  • 2009 – Horst Szymaniak, German footballer (b. 1934)
  • 2010 – Maurice Allais, French economist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
  • 2011 – Pavel Karelin, Russian ski jumper (b. 1989)
  • 2012 – Kenny Rollins, American basketball player (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Harris Savides, American cinematographer (b. 1957)
  • 2013 – Solomon Lar, Nigerian educator and politician, 4th Governor of Plateau State (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Wilfried Martens, Belgian lawyer and politician, 60th Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1936)
  • 2013 – Edmund Niziurski, Polish sociologist, lawyer, and author (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Boris Buzančić, Croatian actor and politician, 47th Mayor of Zagreb (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Jan Hooks, American actress and comedian (b. 1957)
  • 2014 – Carolyn Kizer, American poet and academic (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Peter A. Peyser, American soldier and politician (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Rita Shane, American soprano and educator (b. 1936)
  • 2015 – Ray Duncan, American businessman (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – Geoffrey Howe, Welsh lawyer and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Ravindra Jain, Indian composer and director (b. 1944)
  • 2016 – Andrzej Wajda, a Polish film and theatre director (b. 1926)

 

 

 

  • Holidays and observances on October 9
  • Christian feast day:
    • Abraham
    • Denis
    • Dionysius the Areopagite
    • Ghislain
    • Innocencio of Mary Immaculate and Martyrs of Asturias
    • Blessed John Henry Newman
    • John Leonardi
    • Luis Beltran
    • Robert Grosseteste (Church of England)
    • Wilfred Grenfell (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • October 9 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Fire Prevention Day (Canada, United States)
  • Hangul Day (South Korea)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Uganda from United Kingdom in 1962. (Uganda)
  • Independence of Guayaquil from Spain in 1820 (Ecuador)
  • Leif Erikson Day (United States, Iceland and Norway)
  • National Day of Commemorating the Holocaust (Romania)
  • Takayama Autumn Festival (Takayama, Japan)
  • World Post Day

 

October 9
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