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October 30

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  • What happened on October 30
  • October 30 is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 62 days remaining until the end of the year.

 

  • Events on October 30
  • 637 – Antioch surrenders to the Muslim forces under Rashidun Caliphate after the Battle of the Iron Bridge.
  • 758 – Guangzhou is sacked by Arab and Persian pirates.
  • 1137 – Battle of Rignano between Ranulf of Apulia and Roger II of Sicily.
  • 1270 – The Eighth Crusade and siege of Tunis end by an agreement between Charles I of Sicily (brother to King Louis IX of France, who had died months earlier) and the sultan of Tunis.
  • 1340 – Portuguese and Castilian forces halt a Marinid invasion at the Battle of Río Salado.
  • 1485 – King Henry VII of England is crowned.
  • 1501 – Ballet of Chestnuts: A banquet held by Cesare Borgia in the Papal Palace where fifty prostitutes or courtesans are in attendance for the entertainment of the guests.
  • 1657 – Spanish forces fail to retake Jamaica at the Battle of Ocho Rios during the Anglo-Spanish War.
  • 1806 – Believing he is facing a much larger force, Prussian Lieutenant General Friedrich von Romberg, commanding 5,300 men,surrendered the city of Stettin to 800 French soldiers commanded by General Lassalle.
  • 1817 – The independent government of Venezuela is established by Simón Bolívar.
  • 1831 – In Southampton County, Virginia, escaped slave Nat Turner is captured and arrested for leading the bloodiest slave rebellion in United States history.
  • 1863 – Danish Prince Vilhelm arrives in Athens to assume his throne as George I, King of the Hellenes.
  • 1864 – Second Schleswig War ends. Denmark renounces all claim to Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg, which come under Prussian and Austrianadministration.
  • 1864 – Helena, Montana is founded after four prospectors discover gold at “Last Chance Gulch”.
  • 1888 – Rudd Concession granted by King Lobengula of Matabeleland to agents of Cecil Rhodes led by Charles Rudd.
  • 1894 – Domenico Melegatti obtains a patent for a procedure to be applied in producing pandoro industrially.
  • 1905 – Czar Nicholas II of Russia issues the October Manifesto, granting the Russian peoples basic civil liberties and the right to form a duma.
  • 1918 – The Ottoman Empire signs an armistice with the Allies, ending the First World War in the Middle East.
  • 1920 – The Communist Party of Australia is founded in Sydney.
  • 1925 – John Logie Baird creates Britain’s first television transmitter.
  • 1929 – The Stuttgart Cable Car is constructed in Stuttgart, Germany.
  • 1938 – Orson Welles broadcasts his radio play of H. G. Wells’s The War of the Worlds, causing anxiety in some of the audience in the United States.
  • 1941 – World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt approves U.S. $1 billion in Lend-Lease aid to the Allied nations.
  • 1941 – One thousand and five hundred Jews from Pidhaytsi (in western Ukraine) are sent by Nazis to Bełżec extermination camp.
  • 1942 – Lt. Tony Fasson, Able Seaman Colin Grazier and canteen assistant Tommy Brown from HMS Petard board U-559, retrieving material which would lead to the decryption of the German Enigma code.
  • 1944 – Anne and Margot Frank are deported from Auschwitz to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, where they die from disease the following year, shortly before the end of WWII.
  • 1945 – Jackie Robinson of the Kansas City Monarchs signs a contract for the Brooklyn Dodgers to break the baseball color line.
  • 1947 – The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which is the foundation of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), is founded.
  • 1950 – Pope Pius XII witnesses the “Miracle of the Sun” while at the Vatican.
  • 1953 – Cold War: U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally approves the top secret document National Security Council Paper No. 162/2, which states that the United States’ arsenal of nuclear weapons must be maintained and expanded to counter the communist threat.
  • 1960 – Michael Woodruff performs the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.
  • 1961 – Nuclear testing: The Soviet Union detonates the hydrogen bomb Tsar Bomba over Novaya Zemlya; at 50 megatons of yield, it remains the largest explosive device ever detonated, nuclear or otherwise.
  • 1961 – Due to “violations of Vladimir Lenin’s precepts”, it is decreed that Stalin’s body be removed from its place of honour inside Lenin’s tomb and buried near the Kremlin Wall with a plain granite marker instead.
  • 1965 – English model Jean Shrimpton causes a global sensation by wearing a daring white minidress to Derby Day at Flemington Racecourse in Melbourne, Australia.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: United States Marines repel an intense attack by Viet Cong forces and killing 56 guerrillas near Da Nang.
  • 1970 – In Vietnam, the worst monsoon to hit the area in six years causes severe floods, kills 293, leaves 200,000 homeless and virtually halts the Vietnam War.
  • 1972 – A collision between two commuter trains in Chicago kills 45 and injures 332.
  • 1973 – The Bosphorus Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, connecting the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosphorus for the second time.
  • 1974 – The Rumble in the Jungle boxing match between Muhammad Ali and George Foreman takes place in Kinshasa, Zaire. Ali wins by KO in the eighth round, regaining the title of World Heavyweight Champion and causing Foreman´s first professional defeat.
  • 1975 – Prince Juan Carlos becomes Spain’s acting head of state, taking over for the country’s ailing dictator, Gen. Francisco Franco.
  • 1980 – El Salvador and Honduras sign a peace treaty to put the border dispute fought over in 1969’s Football War before the International Court of Justice.
  • 1983 – The first democratic elections in Argentina after seven years of military rule are held.
  • 1985 – Space Shuttle Challenger lifts off for mission STS-61-A, its final successful mission.
  • 1987 – In Japan, NEC releases the first 16-bit (fourth generation) video game console, the PC Engine, which is later sold in other markets under the nameTurboGrafx-16.
  • 1993 – The Troubles: The Ulster Defence Association carry out a mass shooting at a Halloween party in Greysteel, Northern Ireland, shooting dead eight civilians.
  • 1995 – Quebec citizens narrowly vote (50.58% to 49.42%) in favour of remaining a province of Canada in their second referendum on national sovereignty.
  • 2005 – The rebuilt Dresden Frauenkirche (destroyed in the firebombing of Dresden during World War II) is reconsecrated after a thirteen-year rebuilding project.
  • 2014 – Sweden is the first European Union member state to officially recognize the State of Palestine.
  • 2015 – 64 people are killed and more than 147 injuries after a fire in a nightclub in the Romanian capital Bucharest.

 

 

 

  • Births on October 30
  • 39 BC – Julia the Elder, Roman daughter of Augustus (d. 14)
  • 1218 – Emperor Chūkyō of Japan (d. 1234)
  • 1327 – Andrew, Duke of Calabria (d. 1345)
  • 1513 – Jacques Amyot, French bishop and translator (d. 1593)
  • 1624 – Paul Pellisson, French historian and author (d. 1693)
  • 1660 – Ernest August, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (d. 1731)
  • 1668 – Sophia Charlotte of Hanover (d. 1705)
  • 1712 – Giovanni Pietro Francesco Agius de Soldanis, Maltese linguist, historian and cleric (d. 1770)
  • 1735 – John Adams, American lawyer and politician, 2nd President of the United States (d. 1826)
  • 1751 – Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Irish-English poet, playwright, and politician, Treasurer of the Navy (d. 1816)
  • 1762 – André Chénier, Turkish-French poet and playwright (d. 1794)
  • 1786 – Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé, Canadian captain and author (d. 1871)
  • 1799 – Ignace Bourget, Canadian bishop (d. 1885)
  • 1839 – Alfred Sisley, French-English painter (d. 1899)
  • 1857 – Georges Gilles de la Tourette, French-Swiss physician and neurologist (d. 1904)
  • 1861 – Antoine Bourdelle, French sculptor and painter (d. 1929)
  • 1871 – Buck Freeman, American baseball player (d. 1949)
  • 1871 – Paul Valéry, French poet and philosopher (d. 1945)
  • 1873 – Francisco I. Madero, Mexican businessman and politician, 33rd President of Mexico (d. 1913)
  • 1877 – Hugo Celmiņš, Latvian politician, Prime Minister of Latvia (d. 1941)
  • 1881 – Elizabeth Madox Roberts, American poet and author (d. 1941)
  • 1882 – Oldřich Duras, Czech chess player and composer (d. 1957)
  • 1882 – William Halsey, Jr., American admiral (d. 1959)
  • 1882 – Günther von Kluge, Polish-German field marshal (d. 1944)
  • 1885 – Ezra Pound, American poet and critic (d. 1972)
  • 1886 – Zoë Akins, American author, poet, and playwright (d. 1958)
  • 1887 – Sukumar Ray, Indian-Bangladeshi author, poet, and playwright (d. 1923)
  • 1888 – Louis Menges, American soccer player, soldier, and politician (d. 1969)
  • 1888 – Konstantinos Tsiklitiras, Greek footballer and high jumper (d. 1913)
  • 1893 – Charles Atlas, Italian-American bodybuilder (d. 1972)
  • 1893 – Roland Freisler, German soldier, lawyer, and judge (d. 1945)
  • 1894 – Jean Rostand, French biologist and philosopher (d. 1977)
  • 1894 – Peter Warlock, English composer and critic (d. 1930)
  • 1895 – Gerhard Domagk, German pathologist and bacteriologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1964)
  • 1895 – Dickinson W. Richards, American physician and physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1896 – Ruth Gordon, American actress and screenwriter (d. 1985)
  • 1896 – Kostas Karyotakis, Greek poet and educator (d. 1928)
  • 1896 – Harry Randall Truman, American soldier (d. 1980)
  • 1896 – Antonino Votto, Italian conductor (d. 1985)
  • 1897 – Rex Cherryman, American actor (d. 1928)
  • 1897 – Agustín Lara, Mexican singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1970)
  • 1898 – Bill Terry, American baseball player and manager (d. 1989)
  • 1900 – Ragnar Granit, Finnish-Swedish physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1905 – Johnny Miles, English-Canadian runner (d. 2003)
  • 1906 – Giuseppe Farina, Italian race car driver (d. 1966)
  • 1906 – Hermann Fegelein, German general (d. 1945)
  • 1906 – Alexander Gode, German-American linguist and translator (d. 1970)
  • 1907 – Sol Tax, American anthropologist and academic (d. 1995)
  • 1908 – Patsy Montana, American singer-songwriter and actress (d. 1996)
  • 1908 – U. Muthuramalingam Thevar, Indian lawyer and politician (d. 1963)
  • 1908 – Peter Smith, English cricketer (d. 1967)
  • 1908 – Dmitry Ustinov, Marshal of the Soviet Union (d. 1984)
  • 1909 – Homi J. Bhabha, Indian-French physicist and academic (d. 1966)
  • 1910 – Luciano Sgrizzi, Italian-Monacan organist and composer (d. 1994)
  • 1911 – Ruth Hussey, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Richard E. Holz, American minister and composer (d. 1986)
  • 1914 – Leabua Jonathan, Basotho lawyer and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Lesotho (d. 1987)
  • 1914 – Anna Wing, English actress (d. 2013)
  • 1915 – Léon-Joseph Chavalliaud, French sculptor and educator (d. 1923)
  • 1915 – Fred W. Friendly, American journalist and producer (d. 1998)
  • 1915 – Jane Randolph, American-Swiss actress and singer (d. 2009)
  • 1916 – Leon Day, American baseball player (d. 1995)
  • 1917 – Bobby Bragan, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 2010)
  • 1917 – Minni Nurme, Estonian writer and poet (d. 1994)
  • 1917 – Nikolai Ogarkov, Russian field marshal (d. 1994)
  • 1917 – Maurice Trintignant, French race car driver (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Jane White, American actress and singer (d. 2011)
  • 1924 – John P. Craven, American soldier and engineer (d. 2015)
  • 1923 – Gloria Oden, American poet and academic (d. 2011)
  • 1925 – Tommy Ridgley, American singer and bandleader (d. 1999)
  • 1926 – Jacques Swaters, Belgian race car driver and manager (d. 2010)
  • 1927 – Joe Adcock, American baseball player and manager (d. 1999)
  • 1928 – Daniel Nathans, American microbiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1929 – Olga Zubarry, Argentinian actress (d. 2012)
  • 1930 – Néstor Almendros, Spanish-American director and cinematographer (d. 1992)
  • 1930 – Christopher Foster, English economist and academic
  • 1930 – Clifford Brown, American trumpet player and composer (d. 1956)
  • 1930 – Don Meineke, American basketball player (d. 2013)
  • 1931 – Vince Callahan, American lieutenant and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1931 – David M. Wilson, Manx archaeologist, historian, and curator
  • 1932 – Barun De, Indian historian and author (d. 2013)
  • 1932 – Louis Malle, French director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1995)
  • 1933 – Col Campbell, New Zealand gardener and television host (d. 2012)
  • 1934 – Keith Barnes, Welsh-Australian rugby player and coach
  • 1934 – Frans Brüggen, Dutch flute player and conductor (d. 2014)
  • 1935 – Robert Caro, American journalist and author
  • 1935 – Agota Kristof, Hungarian-Swiss author (d. 2011)
  • 1935 – Jim Perry, American baseball player
  • 1935 – Michael Winner, English director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1936 – Polina Astakhova, Ukrainian gymnast and trainer (d. 2005)
  • 1936 – Dick Vermeil, American football player and coach
  • 1937 – Claude Lelouch, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1937 – Brian Price, Welsh rugby player
  • 1938 – Morris Lurie, Australian novelist, short story writer, and playwright (d. 2014)
  • 1939 – Jean Chapman, English author
  • 1939 – Harvey Goldstein, English statistician and academic
  • 1939 – Leland H. Hartwell, American biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1939 – Eddie Holland, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1939 – Grace Slick, American singer-songwriter and model
  • 1941 – Marcel Berlins, French-English lawyer, journalist, and academic
  • 1941 – Aleksandr Dulichenko, Russian-Estonian linguist and academic
  • 1941 – Theodor W. Hänsch, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1941 – Otis Williams, American singer-songwriter and producer (The Temptations)
  • 1941 – Bob Wilson, English footballer and sportscaster
  • 1942 – Sven-David Sandström, Swedish composer and historian
  • 1943 – Paul Claes, Belgian poet and translator
  • 1943 – Joanna Shimkus, Canadian actress
  • 1943 – David Triesman, Baron Triesman, English union leader and politician
  • 1944 – Ahmed Chalabi, Iraqi businessman and politician (d. 2015)
  • 1945 – Henry Winkler, American actor, comedian, director, and producer
  • 1946 – Robert L. Gibson, American captain, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1946 – Andrea Mitchell, American journalist
  • 1946 – Anthony Shorrocks, English economist, author, and academic
  • 1946 – Chris Slade, Welsh drummer
  • 1947 – Glenn Andreotta, American soldier (d. 1968)
  • 1947 – Timothy B. Schmit, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1947 – Herschel Weingrod, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1948 – Richard Alston, English dancer and choreographer
  • 1948 – Garry McDonald, Australian actor and screenwriter
  • 1949 – Larry Gene Bell, American murderer (d. 1996)
  • 1950 – Tim Sheens, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1951 – Tony Bettenhausen, Jr., American race car driver and businessman (d. 2000)
  • 1951 – Trilok Gurtu, Indian drummer and songwriter
  • 1951 – Harry Hamlin, American actor
  • 1951 – Poncho Sanchez, American singer and conga player
  • 1953 – Pete Hoekstra, Dutch-American lawyer and politician
  • 1953 – Charles Martin Smith, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1954 – Mahmoud El Khatib, Egyptian footballer
  • 1954 – T. Graham Brown, American country singer-songwriter
  • 1954 – Mario Testino, Peruvian-English photographer
  • 1955 – Heidi Heitkamp, American lawyer and politician, 28th Attorney General of North Dakota
  • 1956 – Juliet Stevenson, English actress
  • 1957 – Shlomo Mintz, Israeli violinist and conductor
  • 1957 – Kevin Pollak, American actor, game show host, and producer
  • 1958 – Olav Dale, Norwegian saxophonist and composer (Bergen Big Band) (d. 2014)
  • 1958 – Joe Delaney, American football player (d. 1983)
  • 1958 – Stefan Dennis, Australian actor and singer
  • 1958 – Ramona d’Viola, American cyclist and photographer
  • 1959 – Vincent Lagaf’, French actor, singer, and game show host
  • 1960 – Charnele Brown, American actress and singer
  • 1960 – Diego Maradona, Argentinian footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1961 – Scott Garrelts, American baseball player
  • 1961 – Giorgos Papakonstantinou, Greek economist and politician, Greek Minister of Finance
  • 1961 – Larry Wilmore, American comedian and television host
  • 1962 – Danny Tartabull, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1962 – Courtney Walsh, Jamaican cricketer
  • 1963 – Michael Beach, American actor and producer
  • 1963 – Rebecca Heineman, American video game designer and programmer
  • 1963 – Andrew Solomon, American-English journalist and author
  • 1963 – Mike Veletta, Australian cricketer and coach
  • 1963 – Kristina Wagner, American actress
  • 1964 – Adnan Al Talyani, Emirati footballer
  • 1964 – Humayun Kabir Dhali, Bangladeshi journalist and author
  • 1964 – Howard Lederer, American poker player
  • 1965 – Gavin Rossdale, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1967 – Brad Aitken, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Leonidas Kavakos, Greek violinist and conductor
  • 1968 – Emmanuelle Claret, French biathlete (d. 2013)
  • 1968 – Jack Plotnick, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1968 – Ken Stringfellow, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1969 – Stanislav Gross, Czech lawyer and politician, 5th Prime Minister of the Czech Republic (d. 2015)
  • 1969 – Masanori Hikichi, Japanese composer
  • 1969 – Snow, Canadian rapper and reggae singer-songwriter
  • 1969 – Vangelis Vourtzoumis, Greek basketball player
  • 1970 – Ben Bailey, American comedian and game show host
  • 1970 – Tory Belleci, American visual effects designer and television host
  • 1970 – Christine Bersola-Babao, Filipino journalist and actress
  • 1970 – Nia Long, American actress
  • 1970 – Ekaterini Voggoli, Greek discus thrower
  • 1971 – Fredi Bobic, Slovenian-German footballer and manager
  • 1971 – Tzanis Stavrakopoulos, Greek basketball player
  • 1971 – Suzan van der Wielen, Dutch field hockey player
  • 1972 – Jessica Hynes, English actress, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1973 – Michael Buettner, Australian rugby league player and official
  • 1973 – Silvia Corzo, Colombian lawyer and journalist
  • 1973 – Edge, Canadian wrestler and actor
  • 1973 – Michael Oakes, English footballer and manager
  • 1973 – Raci Şaşmaz, Turkish actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1975 – Ian D’Sa, English-Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1975 – Marco Scutaro, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1976 – Stern John, Trinidadian footballer
  • 1976 – Ümit Özat, Turkish footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Maurice Taylor, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Martin Dossett, American football player
  • 1978 – Stephanie Izard, American chef
  • 1978 – Matthew Morrison, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1978 – Daniel Poulter, English physician and politician
  • 1978 – Amanda Swafford, American model
  • 1978 – Derren Witcombe, New Zealand rugby player and cricketer
  • 1979 – Jason Bartlett, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Choi Hong-man, South Korean wrestler and mixed martial artist
  • 1980 – Kareem Rush, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Rich Alvarez, Filipino-Japanese basketball player
  • 1981 – Joshua Jay, American magician and author
  • 1981 – Jun Ji-hyun, South Korean model and actress
  • 1981 – Ayaka Kimura, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1981 – Ian Snell, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Ivanka Trump, American model and businesswoman
  • 1982 – Stalley, American rapper
  • 1982 – Andy Greene, American ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Manny Parra, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Trent Edwards, American football player
  • 1983 – Iain Hume, Scottish-Canadian footballer
  • 1983 – Maor Melikson, Israeli footballer
  • 1984 – Eva Marcille, American model and actress
  • 1984 – David Mooney, Irish footballer
  • 1984 – Isaac Ross, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1984 – Tyson Strachan, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Ragnar Klavan, Estonian footballer
  • 1986 – Thomas Morgenstern, Austrian ski jumper
  • 1986 – Keisuke Sohma, Japanese actor
  • 1987 – Ali Riley, New Zealand footballer
  • 1987 – Danielle Fong, Canadian entrepreneur, co-founder and Chief Scientist of LightSail Energy
  • 1988 – Janel Parrish, American actress and singer
  • 1989 – Ashley Barnes, Austrian-English footballer
  • 1989 – Nastia Liukin, Russian-American gymnast and actress
  • 1990 – Suwaibou Sanneh, Gambian sprinter
  • 1992 – Matt Parcell, Australian rugby league player
  • 1992 – Camila Silva, Chilean tennis player
  • 1993 – Marcus Mariota, American football player
  • 1994 – Mia Eklund, Finnish tennis player
  • 1996 – Devin Booker, American basketball player

 

 

 

 

 

  • Deaths on October 30
  • 526 – Paul of Edessa, Syrian Orthodox bishop of Edessa
  • 1137 – Sergius VII, Duke of Naples
  • 1282 – Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Mortimer
  • 1459 – Poggio Bracciolini, Italian scholar and translator (b. 1380)
  • 1522 – Jean Mouton, French composer and educator (b. 1459)
  • 1553 – Jacob Sturm von Sturmeck, German politician (b. 1489)
  • 1602 – Jean-Jacques Boissard, French poet and illustrator (b. 1528)
  • 1611 – Charles IX of Sweden (b. 1550)
  • 1626 – Willebrord Snell, Dutch astronomer and mathematician (b. 1580)
  • 1632 – Henri II de Montmorency, French admiral and politician (b. 1595)
  • 1654 – Emperor Go-Kōmyō of Japan (b. 1633)
  • 1680 – Antoinette Bourignon, French-Flemish mystic (b. 1616)
  • 1685 – Michel Le Tellier, French lawyer and politician, French Secretary of State for War (b. 1603)
  • 1730 – Nedîm, Turkish poet (b. 1681)
  • 1757 – Osman III, Ottoman sultan (b. 1699)
  • 1757 – Edward Vernon, English admiral and politician (b. 1684)
  • 1809 – William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1738)
  • 1816 – Frederick I of Württemberg (b. 1754)
  • 1842 – Allan Cunningham, Scottish author and poet (b. 1784)
  • 1853 – Pietro Raimondi, Italian composer (b. 1786)
  • 1883 – Dayananda Saraswati, Indian philosopher and scholar (b. 1824)
  • 1883 – Robert Volkmann, German pianist and composer (b. 1815)
  • 1893 – John Abbott, Canadian lawyer and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1821)
  • 1894 – Honoré Mercier, Canadian lawyer and politician, 9th Premier of Quebec (b. 1840)
  • 1896 – Carol Benesch, Czech architect, designed Peleș Castle (b. 1822)
  • 1899 – William H. Webb, American shipbuilder and philanthropist (b. 1816)
  • 1910 – Henry Dunant, Swiss activist, founded the Red Cross, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1828)
  • 1912 – Alejandro Gorostiaga, Chilean colonel (b. 1840)
  • 1912 – James S. Sherman, American lawyer and politician, 27th Vice President of the United States (b. 1855)
  • 1915 – Charles Tupper, Canadian physician, lawyer, and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1821)
  • 1917 – Talbot Mercer Papineau, Canadian lawyer and soldier (b. 1883)
  • 1919 – Ella Wheeler Wilcox, American author and poet (b. 1850)
  • 1923 – Bonar Law, Canadian-English banker and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1858)
  • 1933 – Svend Kornbeck, Danish actor (b. 1869)
  • 1942 – Walter Buckmaster, English polo player and stockbroker, co-founded Buckmaster & Moore (b. 1872)
  • 1957 – Fred Beebe, American baseball player and coach (b. 1880)
  • 1961 – Luigi Einaudi, Italian economist and politician, 2nd President of the Italian Republic (b. 1874)
  • 1963 – U. Muthuramalingam Thevar, Indian lawyer and politician (b. 1908)
  • 1965 – Arthur M. Schlesinger, Sr., American historian and author (b. 1888)
  • 1966 – Yiorgos Theotokas, Greek author and playwright (b. 1906)
  • 1968 – Ramon Novarro, Mexican-American actor, singer, and director (b. 1899)
  • 1968 – Conrad Richter, American journalist and novelist (b. 1890)
  • 1968 – Rose Wilder Lane, American journalist and author (b. 1886)
  • 1973 – Ants Lauter, Estonian actor and director (b. 1894)
  • 1975 – Gustav Ludwig Hertz, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1979 – Barnes Wallis, English scientist and engineer, invented the “bouncing bomb” (b. 1887)
  • 1982 – Iryna Vilde, Ukrainian author and educator (b. 1907)
  • 1987 – Joseph Campbell, American mythologist, scholar, and author (b. 1904)
  • 1988 – T. Hee, American animator and screenwriter (b. 1911)
  • 1990 – V. Shantaram, Indian actor, director, and producer (b. 1901)
  • 1992 – Joan Mitchell, American painter (b. 1925)
  • 1993 – Paul Grégoire, Canadian cardinal (b. 1911)
  • 1996 – John Young, Scottish actor (b. 1916)
  • 1997 – Samuel Fuller, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1912)
  • 1999 – Maigonis Valdmanis, Latvian basketball player (b. 1933)
  • 2000 – Steve Allen, American actor, television personality, game show panelist, and talk show host (b. 1921)
  • 2002 – Juan Antonio Bardem, Spanish actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1922)
  • 2002 – Jam Master Jay, American rapper and producer (b. 1965)
  • 2003 – Steve O’Rourke, English race car driver and manager (b. 1940)
  • 2004 – Phyllis Frost, Australian philanthropist, founded Keep Australia Beautiful (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Peggy Ryan, American actress and dancer (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Al López, American baseball player and manager (b. 1908)
  • 2005 – Shamsher Singh Sheri, Indian politician (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Clifford Geertz, American anthropologist and author (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Junji Kinoshita, Japanese playwright and scholar (b. 1914)
  • 2007 – Washoe, American chimpanzee (b. 1965)
  • 2007 – Robert Goulet, American actor and singer (b. 1933)
  • 2007 – Linda S. Stein, American businesswoman and manager (b. 1945)
  • 2007 – John Woodruff, American runner and colonel (b. 1915)
  • 2008 – Pedro Pompilio, Argentinian businessman (b. 1950)
  • 2009 – Claude Lévi-Strauss, French anthropologist and ethnologist (b. 1908)
  • 2010 – Harry Mulisch, Dutch author, poet, and playwright (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – Franck Biancheri, French politician (b. 1961)
  • 2012 – Samina Raja, Pakistani poet and educator (b. 1961)
  • 2012 – Dan Tieman, American basketball player and coach (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Bill Currie, American baseball player (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Pete Haycock, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1951)
  • 2013 – Michael Palmer, American physician and author (b. 1942)
  • 2013 – Frank Wess, American saxophonist and flute player (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Elijah Malok Aleng, Sudanese general and politician (b. 1937)
  • 2014 – Renée Asherson, English actress (b. 1915)
  • 2014 – Juan Flavier, Filipino physician and politician (b. 1935)
  • 2014 – Ida Elizabeth Osbourne, Australian actress and radio host (b. 1916)
  • 2014 – Bob Geigel, American wrestler and promoter (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Thomas Menino, American businessman and politician, 53rd Mayor of Boston (b. 1942)
  • 2015 – Mel Daniels, American basketball player and coach (b. 1944)
  • 2015 – Al Molinaro, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 2015 – Sinan Şamil Sam, Turkish boxer (b. 1974)
  • 2015 – Norm Siebern, American baseball player and scout (b. 1933)

 

 

 

  • Holidays and observances on October 30
  • Anniversary of the Declaration of the Slovak Nation (Slovakia)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Blessed Dominic Collins (Catholic, Ireland, Society of Jesus)
    • Blessed Maria Teresa of St. Joseph
    • John Wycliffe (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • Marcellus of Tangier
    • Saturninus of Cagliari
    • Serapion of Antioch
    • October 30 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Political Repressions (former Soviet republics, except Ukraine)
  • Indonesian Banknote Day (Indonesia)
  • International Orthopaedic Nurses Day
  • Mischief Night (United States and Canada)
    • Beggars Night (certain regions of the United States)
    • Devil’s Night (Michigan, United States)
  • Thevar Jayanthi (Thevar community, India)

 

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