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October 28

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  • What happened on October 28
  • October 28 is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 64 days remaining until the end of the year.

 

  • Events on October 28
  • AD 97 – Emperor Nerva is forced by the Praetorian Guard to adopt general Marcus Ulpius Trajanus as his heir and successor.
  • 306 – Maxentius is proclaimed Roman emperor.
  • 312 – Battle of the Milvian Bridge: Constantine I defeats Maxentius, becoming the sole Roman emperor in the West.
  • 456 – The Visigoths brutally sack the Suebi’s capital of Braga (Portugal), and the town’s churches are burnt to the ground.
  • 969 – Byzantine general Michael Bourtzes seizes one of Antioch’s main wall towers, which he defends against repeated attacks for three days until the reinforcements led by the stratopedarches Peter arrive and secure the city for the Byzantines.
  • 1061 – Empress Agnes, acting as regent for her son, brings about the election of bishop Cadalus, the antipope Honorius II.
  • 1344 – The lower town of Smyrna is captured by Crusaders.
  • 1420 – Beijing is officially designated the capital of the Ming dynasty on the same year that the Forbidden City, the seat of government, is completed.
  • 1449 – Christian I is crowned king of Denmark.
  • 1492 – Christopher Columbus lands in Cuba on his first voyage to the New World.
  • 1516 – Battle of Yaunis Khan: Turkish forces under the Grand Vizier Sinan Pasha defeat the Mamluks near Gaza.
  • 1531 – Battle of Amba Sel: Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi again defeats the army of Lebna Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia. The southern part of Ethiopia falls under Imam Ahmad’s control.
  • 1538 – The first university in the New World (in present-day Dominican Republic), the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established.
  • 1628 – French Wars of Religion: The Siege of La Rochelle, which had lasted for 14 months, ends with the surrender of the Huguenots.
  • 1636 – A vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony establishes the first college in what would become the United States, today known as Harvard University.
  • 1664 – The Duke of York and Albany’s Maritime Regiment of Foot, later to be known as the Royal Marines, is established.
  • 1707 – The 1707 Hōei earthquake causes more than 5,000 deaths in Honshu, Shikoku and Kyūshū, Japan
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: A British proclamation forbids residents from leaving Boston.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of White Plains: British Army forces arrive at White Plains, attack and capture Chatterton Hill from the Americans.
  • 1834 – The Pinjarra massacre occurred in the Swan River Colony at present-day Pinjarra, Western Australia. An estimated 30 Noongar people were killed by British colonists.
  • 1835 – The United Tribes of New Zealand is established with the signature of the Declaration of Independence.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Battle of Fair Oaks & Darbytown Road (also known as the Second Battle of Fair Oaks) ends: Union forces under General Ulysses S. Grant withdraw from Fair Oaks, Virginia, after failing to breach the Confederate defenses around Richmond, Virginia.
  • 1886 – In New York Harbor, President Grover Cleveland dedicates the Statue of Liberty. The first ticker tape parade takes place in New York City when office workers spontaneously throw ticker tape into the streets as the statue is dedicated.
  • 1891 – The Mino–Owari earthquake, the largest inland earthquake in Japan’s history, strikes Gifu Prefecture.
  • 1893 – Tchaikovsky’s Symphony No. 6 in B MinorPathétique, receives its première performance in St. Petersburg, only nine days before the composer’s death.
  • 1904 – Panama and Uruguay establish diplomatic links.
  • 1918 – World War I: Czechoslovakia declares independence from Austria-Hungary marking the beginning of an independent Czechoslovak state, after 300 years.
  • 1918 – A new Polish government in western Galicia is established, triggering the Polish–Ukrainian War.
  • 1919 – The U.S. Congress passes the Volstead Act over President Woodrow Wilson’s veto, paving the way for Prohibition to begin the following January.
  • 1922 – Italian fascists led by Benito Mussolini march on Rome and take over the Italian government.
  • 1928 – Declaration of the Youth Pledge in Indonesia, the first time Indonesia Raya, now the national anthem, was sung.
  • 1929 – Black Monday, a day in the Wall Street Crash of 1929, which also saw major stock market upheaval.
  • 1940 – World War II: Greece rejects Italy’s ultimatum. So, Greco-Italian War began. Italy invades Greece through Albania, marking Greece’s entry into World War II.
  • 1942 – The Alaska Highway (Alcan Highway) is completed through Canada to Fairbanks, Alaska.
  • 1948 – Swiss chemist Paul Müller is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the insecticidal properties of DDT.
  • 1949 – An Air France Lockheed Constellation crashes in the Azores killing all people on board, including the French former middleweight world champion boxerMarcel Cerdan and French violinist Ginette Neveu
  • 1956 – Elvis Presley receives a polio vaccination on national TV. This single event is credited with raising immunization levels in the United States from 0.6% to over 80% in just six months.
  • 1958 – John XXIII is elected Pope.
  • 1962 – End of Cuban Missile Crisis: Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev orders the removal of Soviet missiles from Cuba.
  • 1964 – Vietnam War: U.S. officials deny any involvement in bombing North Vietnam.
  • 1965 – Nostra aetate, the “Declaration on the Relation of the Church with Non-Christian Religions” of the Second Vatican Council, is promulgated by Pope Paul VI; it absolves the Jews of responsibility for the death of Jesus, reversing Innocent III’s 760-year-old declaration.
  • 1971 – Britain launches the satellite Prospero into low Earth orbit atop a Black Arrow carrier rocket from Launch Area 5B at Woomera, South Australia, the only British satellite to date launched by a British rocket.
  • 1982 – The Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party wins elections, leading to the first Socialist government in Spain after death of Franco; Felipe González becomes Prime Minister-elect.
  • 1990 – The Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic holds the first multiparty legislature election in the country’s history.
  • 1995 – Two hundred eighty-nine people are killed and 265 injured in Baku Metro fire, the deadliest subway disaster.
  • 2005 – Plame affair: Lewis Libby, Vice-president Dick Cheney’s chief of staff, is indicted in the Valerie Plame case. Libby resigns later that day.
  • 2006 – The funeral service takes place for those executed at Bykivnia forest, outside Kiev, Ukraine. Eight hundred seventeen Ukrainian civilians (out of some 100,000) executed by Bolsheviks at Bykivnia in 1930s/1940s are reburied.
  • 2006 – A group of activists of Bangladesh Awami League attacked a rival political party meeting in Dhaka with oars and sculls and killed 14.
  • 2007 – Cristina Fernández de Kirchner becomes the first woman elected President of Argentina.
  • 2009 – The 28 October 2009 Peshawar bombing kills 117 and wounds 213.
  • 2009 – NASA successfully launches the Ares I-X mission, the only rocket launch for its later-cancelled Constellation program.
  • 2013 – Five people are killed and 38 are injured after a car crashes into barriers just outside the Forbidden City in Tiananmen Square, Beijing, China.
  • 2014 – An unmanned Antares rocket carrying NASA’s Cygnus CRS Orb-3 resupply mission to the International Space Station explodes seconds after taking off from the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in Virginia.

 

 

 

  • Births on October 28
  • 1016 – Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1056)
  • 1401 – Thomas St Clere, English landowner (d. 1435)
  • 1466 – Erasmus, Dutch philosopher (d. 1536)
  • 1510 – Francis Borgia, 4th Duke of Gandía, Spanish priest and saint, 3rd Superior General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1572)
  • 1585 – Cornelius Jansen, Dutch bishop and theologian (d. 1638)
  • 1690 – Peter Tordenskjold, Norwegian admiral (d. 1720)
  • 1693 – Šimon Brixi, Czech composer (d. 1735)
  • 1696 – Maurice de Saxe, French general (d. 1750)
  • 1703 – Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician and engineer (d. 1768)
  • 1718 – Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian priest, mathematician, astronomer, and explorer (d. 1793)
  • 1733 – Franz Ignaz von Beecke, German composer (d. 1803)
  • 1754 – John Laurens, American soldier (d. 1782)
  • 1767 – Marie of Hesse-Kassel (d. 1852)
  • 1793 – Eliphalet Remington, American businessman, founded Remington Arms (d. 1861)
  • 1804 – Pierre François Verhulst, Belgian mathematician and theorist (d. 1849)
  • 1815 – Ľudovít Štúr, Slovak philologist and politician (d. 1856)
  • 1816 – Malwida von Meysenbug, German writer (d. 1903)
  • 1837 – Tokugawa Yoshinobu, Japanese shogun (d. 1913)
  • 1839 – Edward P. Allen, American captain, lawyer, and politician (d. 1909)
  • 1845 – Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist and chemist (d. 1888)
  • 1846 – Auguste Escoffier, French chef and author (d. 1935)
  • 1854 – Jean-Marie Guyau, French philosopher and poet (d. 1888)
  • 1860 – Kanō Jigorō, Japanese martial artist (d. 1938)
  • 1864 – Adolfo Camarillo, American-Mexican rancher and philanthropist (d. 1958)
  • 1867 – Sister Nivedita, Irish-Indian nurse, author, and educator (d. 1911)
  • 1875 – Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor, Turkish-Canadian journalist (d. 1966)
  • 1877 – Joe Adams, American baseball player and manager (d. 1952)
  • 1879 – Channing H. Cox, American lawyer and politician, 49th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1968)
  • 1880 – Wilhelm Anderson, Belarusian-Estonian astrophysicist and astronomer (d. 1940)
  • 1880 – Billy Wedlock, English footballer (d. 1965)
  • 1881 – Vin Coutie, Australian footballer (d. 1951)
  • 1884 – William Douglas Cook, New Zealand horticulturalist, founded Eastwoodhill Arboretum (d. 1967)
  • 1885 – Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet and playwright (d. 1922)
  • 1886 – Noel Macklin, English soldier and engineer (d. 1946)
  • 1886 – Nils Wahlbom, Swedish actor (d. 1937)
  • 1888 – Christopher Vane, 10th Baron Barnard, English soldier and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Durham (d. 1964)
  • 1889 – Juliette Béliveau, Canadian actress and singer (d. 1975)
  • 1892 – Dink Johnson, American pianist, drummer, and clarinet player (d. 1954)
  • 1893 – Christopher Kelk Ingold, British chemist (d. 1970)
  • 1896 – Howard Hanson, American composer, conductor, and educator (d. 1981)
  • 1897 – Edith Head, American costume designer (d. 1981)
  • 1901 – Eileen Shanahan, Irish poet (d. 1979)
  • 1902 – Elsa Lanchester, English-American actress and singer (d. 1986)
  • 1903 – John Chamberlain, American historian, journalist, and critic (d. 1995)
  • 1903 – Evelyn Waugh, English journalist, author, and critic (d. 1966)
  • 1904 – George Dangerfield, English-American historian, journalist, and author (d. 1986)
  • 1907 – John Hewitt, Irish poet, playwright, and critic (d. 1987)
  • 1908 – Arturo Frondizi, Argentinian lawyer and politician, 32nd President of Argentina (d. 1995)
  • 1909 – Francis Bacon, Irish painter and illustrator (d. 1992)
  • 1912 – Richard Doll, English physiologist and epidemiologist (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Glenn Robert Davis, American lieutenant and politician (d. 1988)
  • 1914 – Jonas Salk, American biologist and physician (d. 1995)
  • 1914 – Richard Laurence Millington Synge, English biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1994)
  • 1916 – Pearl Hackney, English actress (d. 2009)
  • 1917 – Jack Soo, American actor and singer (d. 1979)
  • 1919 – Walt Hansgen, American race car driver (d. 1966)
  • 1919 – Hans Klenk, German race car driver (d. 2009)
  • 1921 – Azumafuji Kin’ichi, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 40th Yokozuna (d. 1973)
  • 1922 – Gershon Kingsley, German-American pianist, composer, and conductor
  • 1922 – Simon Muzenda, Zimbabwe politician, 1st Vice President of Zimbabwe (d. 2003)
  • 1922 – Butch van Breda Kolff, American basketball player and coach (d. 2007)
  • 1923 – John Connell, American actor (d. 2015)
  • 1924 – Antonio Creus, Spanish race car driver and motorcycle racer (d. 1996)
  • 1924 – Peddibhotla Suryakantam, Telugu actress (d. 1994)
  • 1925 – Ian Hamilton Finlay, Bahamian-Scottish poet, sculptor, and gardener (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Bowie Kuhn, American lawyer and businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1927 – Cleo Laine, English singer and actress
  • 1928 – Ion Mihai Pacepa, Romanian general
  • 1928 – William Rodgers, Baron Rodgers of Quarry Bank, English politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Defence
  • 1929 – Marcel Bozzuffi, French actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1988)
  • 1929 – Virginia Held, American philosopher, author, and academic
  • 1929 – John Hollander, American poet, critic, and educator (d. 2013)
  • 1929 – Joan Plowright, English actress
  • 1930 – Bernie Ecclestone, English businessman
  • 1931 – Harold Battiste, American saxophonist, pianist, and composer (d. 2015)
  • 1932 – Spyros Kyprianou, Cypriot lawyer and politician, 2nd President of Cyprus (d. 2002)
  • 1932 – Suzy Parker, American model and actress (d. 2003)
  • 1933 – Garrincha, Brazilian footballer (d. 1983)
  • 1933 – Michael Noakes, English painter and illustrator
  • 1935 – Alan Clarke, English director and screenwriter (d. 1990)
  • 1936 – Charlie Daniels, American singer-songwriter, fiddle-player and guitarist
  • 1937 – Graham Bond, English keyboard player, singer, and saxophonist (d. 1974)
  • 1937 – Lenny Wilkens, American basketball player and coach
  • 1938 – Keigo Abe, Japanese martial artist and coach
  • 1938 – Kenneth Best, Liberian journalist, founded The Daily Observer
  • 1938 – Howard Blake, English composer and conductor
  • 1938 – Dave Budd, American basketball player
  • 1938 – Gary Cowan, Canadian golfer
  • 1938 – David Dimbleby, English journalist
  • 1938 – Anne Perry, English author
  • 1939 – Jane Alexander, American actress and producer
  • 1939 – Andy Bey, American singer and pianist
  • 1939 – Miroslav Cerar, Slovenian gymnast and lawyer
  • 1939 – Curtis Lee, American singer-songwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1940 – Susan Harris, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1941 – Hank Marvin, English singer and guitarist (The Shadows)
  • 1942 – Terence Donovan, English-Australian actor
  • 1942 – Abdelkader Fréha, Algerian footballer (d. 2012)
  • 1942 – Kees Verkerk, Dutch speed skater
  • 1943 – Jimmy McRae, Scottish race car driver
  • 1943 – Karalyn Patterson, English psychologist and academic
  • 1944 – Gerry Anderson, Irish radio and television host (d. 2014)
  • 1944 – Dennis Franz, American actor and playwright
  • 1944 – Anton Schlecker, German businessman, founded the Schlecker Company
  • 1945 – Sandy Berger, American lawyer and politician, 19th United States National Security Advisor (d. 2015)
  • 1945 – Elton Dean, English saxophonist and keyboard player (d. 2006)
  • 1945 – Wayne Fontana, English singer
  • 1945 – Don Iverson, American golfer
  • 1946 – John Hewson, Australian economist and politician
  • 1946 – Wim Jansen, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1946 – Sharon Thesen, Canadian poet and academic
  • 1948 – Telma Hopkins, American singer and actress
  • 1949 – Caitlyn Jenner, American decathlete and actress
  • 1950 – Sihem Bensedrine, Tunisian journalist and activist
  • 1950 – Ludo Delcroix, Belgian cyclist
  • 1951 – Peter Hitchens, English journalist and author
  • 1951 – Joe R. Lansdale, American martial artist and author
  • 1952 – Annie Potts, American actress
  • 1953 – Pierre Boivin, Canadian businessman
  • 1953 – Desmond Child, American songwriter and producer
  • 1955 – Ronnie Bass, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1955 – Bill Gates, American businessman and philanthropist, co-founded Microsoft
  • 1955 – Digby Jones, Baron Jones of Birmingham, English businessman, lawyer, and politician, Minister of State for Trade
  • 1955 – Indra Nooyi, Indian-American businesswoman
  • 1955 – Gary Lavergne, American author
  • 1956 – Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Iranian engineer and politician, 6th President of Iran
  • 1956 – Dave Wyndorf, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Monster Magnet)
  • 1956 – Volker Zotz, Austrian philosopher, scholar, and author
  • 1957 – Marian Bell, English economist and academic
  • 1957 – Ahmet Kaya, Turkish singer-songwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1957 – Stephen Morris, English drummer
  • 1957 – Zach Wamp, American businessman and politician
  • 1958 – Concha García Campoy, Spanish journalist (d. 2013)
  • 1958 – Ashok Chavan, Indian businessman and politician, 16th Chief Minister of Maharashtra
  • 1958 – William Reid, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1959 – James Keelaghan, Canadian singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1959 – Toshio Masuda, Japanese composer
  • 1959 – Randy Wittman, American basketball player and coach
  • 1960 – Landon Curt Noll, American computer scientist and mathematician
  • 1962 – Erik Thorstvedt, Norwegian footballer and manager
  • 1962 – Daphne Zuniga, American actress
  • 1963 – Lauren Holly, American actress
  • 1963 – Sheryl Underwood, American comedian, actress, and talk show host
  • 1964 – Andrew Bridgen, English soldier and politician
  • 1964 – Onofrio Catacchio, Italian author and illustrator
  • 1964 – Peter Coyne, Australian rugby league player
  • 1965 – Jami Gertz, American actress
  • 1965 – David Warburton, English composer, businessman, and politician
  • 1965 – Miyako Yoshida, Japanese ballerina
  • 1966 – Steve Atwater, American football player
  • 1966 – Matt Drudge, American blogger, founded the Drudge Report
  • 1966 – Andy Richter, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Aris Spiliotopoulos, Greek politician, Greek Minister of Education and Religious Affairs
  • 1967 – Monica Chan, Hong Kong model and actress, Miss Hong Kong 1989
  • 1967 – Kevin Macdonald, Scottish director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1967 – Julia Roberts, American actress and producer
  • 1967 – John Romero, American video game designer, co-founded Id Software
  • 1968 – Chris Broussard, American journalist and sportscaster
  • 1968 – Marc Lièvremont, French rugby player and coach
  • 1968 – Mayumi Ozaki, Japanese wrestler
  • 1969 – Javier Grillo-Marxuach, Puerto Rican-American screenwriter and producer
  • 1969 – Ben Harper, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1969 – Noriyoshi Omichi, Japanese baseball player and coach
  • 1970 – Greg Eagles, American voice actor and producer
  • 1971 – Roxana Briban, Romanian soprano and actress (d. 2010)
  • 1971 – Caroline Dinenage, English businesswoman and politician
  • 1972 – Terrell Davis, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1972 – Brad Paisley, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1973 – Montel Vontavious Porter, American wrestler and actor
  • 1973 – Aleksandar Stanojević, Serbian footballer and manager
  • 1974 – Braden Looper, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Vicente Moreno, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1974 – Joaquin Phoenix, American actor and producer
  • 1974 – Dejan Stefanović, Serbian footballer and coach
  • 1974 – Dayanara Torres, Puerto Rican actress and singer, Miss Universe 1993
  • 1976 – Keiron Cunningham, English-Welsh rugby player and coach
  • 1976 – Martin Lepa, Estonian footballer
  • 1976 – Simone Loria, Italian footballer
  • 1977 – Olga Vassiljeva, Estonian figure skater
  • 1977 – Lauren Woodland, American actress and lawyer
  • 1978 – Justin Guarini, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1979 – Natina Reed, American rapper and actress (d. 2012)
  • 1979 – Martin Škoula, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Olcay Çetinkaya, Turkish footballer
  • 1980 – Christy Hemme, American wrestler and ring announcer
  • 1980 – Agnes Obel, Danish singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1980 – Alan Smith, English footballer and coach
  • 1981 – Solomon Andargachew, Ethiopian footballer
  • 1981 – Milan Baroš, Czech footballer
  • 1981 – Shane Gore, English footballer
  • 1981 – Nate McLouth, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Nick Montgomery, English-Scottish footballer
  • 1982 – Jeremy Bonderman, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Enver Jääger, Estonian footballer
  • 1982 – Mai Kuraki, Japanese singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer
  • 1982 – Anthony Lerew, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Hironori Saruta, Japanese footballer
  • 1982 – Matt Smith, English actor and director
  • 1983 – Jarrett Jack, American basketball player
  • 1983 – Kayo Noro, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1983 – Joe Thomas, English actor and screenwriter
  • 1984 – Bryn Evans, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1984 – Obafemi Martins, Nigerian footballer
  • 1984 – Finn Wittrock, American actor
  • 1985 – Tyrone Barnett, English footballer
  • 1986 – Anthony Griffith, English footballer
  • 1986 – Aki Toyosaki, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1987 – Frank Ocean, American singer-songwriter
  • 1989 – Camille Muffat, French swimmer (d. 2015)
  • 1991 – Lucy Bronze, English footballer
  • 1992 – Maria Sergejeva, Estonian figure skater
  • 1995 – Glen Kamara, Finnish footballer
  • 1996 – Jasmine Jessica Anthony, American actress
  • 1996 – Jack Eichel, American ice hockey player
  • 1996 – Una Raymond-Hoey, Irish cricketer
  • 1997 – Taylor Fritz, American tennis player
  • 1998 – Nolan Gould, American actor

 

 

 

 

 

  • Deaths on October 28
  • 312 – Maxentius, Roman emperor (b. 278)
  • 457 – Ibas of Edessa, Syrian bishop
  • 816 – Beggo, count of Toulouse and Paris
  • 875 – Remigius of Lyon, Frankish archbishop
  • 1138 – King Bolesław III Wrymouth of Poland
  • 1225 – Jien, Japanese monk, historian, and poet (b. 1155)
  • 1266 – Saint Arsenije I Sremac
  • 1310 – Ecumenical Patriarch Athanasius I of Constantinople (b. 1230)
  • 1312 – Elizabeth of Carinthia, Queen of Germany (b. 1262)
  • 1412 – Margaret I of Denmark (b. 1353)
  • 1568 – Ashikaga Yoshihide, Japanese shogun (b. 1539)
  • 1594 – Ōkubo Tadayo, Japanese general (b. 1532)
  • 1639 – Stefano Landi, Italian composer and educator (b. 1587)
  • 1646 – William Dobson, English painter (b. 1610)
  • 1661 – Agustín Moreto y Cavana, Spanish priest and playwright (b. 1618)
  • 1676 – Jean Desmarets, French author, poet, and playwright (b. 1595)
  • 1703 – John Wallis, English mathematician and cryptographer (b. 1616)
  • 1704 – John Locke, English physician and philosopher (b. 1632)
  • 1708 – Prince George of Denmark (b. 1653)
  • 1716 – Stephen Fox, English politician (b. 1627)
  • 1740 – Anna of Russia (b. 1693)
  • 1754 – Friedrich von Hagedorn, German poet (b. 1708)
  • 1755 – Joseph Bodin de Boismortier, French composer (b. 1689)
  • 1763 – Heinrich von Brühl, German general and politician (b. 1700)
  • 1768 – Michel Blavet, French flute player and composer (b. 1700)
  • 1787 – Johann Karl August Musäus, German author (b. 1735)
  • 1792 – Paul Möhring, German physician, botanist, and zoologist (b. 1710)
  • 1792 – John Smeaton, English engineer, designed the Coldstream Bridge and Perth Bridge (b. 1724)
  • 1800 – Artemas Ward, American general and politician (b. 1727)
  • 1806 – Charlotte Turner Smith, English poet and author (b. 1749)
  • 1841 – Johan August Arfwedson, Swedish chemist and academic (b. 1792)
  • 1857 – Louis-Eugène Cavaignac, French general and politician, 26th Prime Minister of France (b. 1802)
  • 1877 – Robert Swinhoe, English ornithologist and entomologist (b. 1835)
  • 1879 – Marie Roch Louis Reybaud, French economist and politician (b. 1799)
  • 1899 – Ottmar Mergenthaler, German-American engineer, invented the Linotype machine (b. 1854)
  • 1900 – Max Müller, German philologist and orientalist (b. 1823)
  • 1914 – Richard Heuberger, Austrian composer and critic (b. 1850)
  • 1916 – Cleveland Abbe, American meteorologist and academic (b. 1838)
  • 1916 – Oswald Boelcke, German captain and pilot (b. 1891)
  • 1917 – Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein (b. 1831)
  • 1917 – Dimitrios Votsis, Greek lawyer and politician (b. 1841)
  • 1918 – Ulisse Dini, Italian mathematician and politician (b. 1845)
  • 1929 – Bernhard von Bülow, German soldier and politician, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1849)
  • 1939 – Alice Brady, American actress (b. 1892)
  • 1945 – Kesago Nakajima, Japanese general (b. 1881)
  • 1952 – Billy Hughes, English-Australian politician, 7th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1862)
  • 1957 – Ernst Gräfenberg, German-American physician and gynecologist (b. 1881)
  • 1958 – Stephen Butterworth, English physicist and engineer (b. 1885)
  • 1959 – Camilo Cienfuegos, Cuban soldier (b. 1932)
  • 1963 – Mart Saar, Estonian organist and composer (b. 1882)
  • 1965 – Thomas Graham Brown, Scottish mountaineer and physiologist (b. 1882)
  • 1969 – Constance Dowling, American model and actress (b. 1920)
  • 1970 – Baby Huey, American singer-songwriter (b. 1944)
  • 1973 – Taha Hussein, Egyptian historian, author, and academic (b. 1889)
  • 1973 – Sergio Tofano, Italian actor, director, and playwright (b. 1883)
  • 1975 – Georges Carpentier, French boxer and actor (b. 1894)
  • 1975 – Oliver Nelson, American saxophonist, clarinet player, and composer (b. 1932)
  • 1978 – Rukmani Devi, Sri Lankan singer and actress (b. 1923)
  • 1980 – Leon Janney, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 1983 – Otto Messmer, American animator and screenwriter (b. 1892)
  • 1986 – John Braine, English author (b. 1922)
  • 1987 – André Masson, French soldier and painter (b. 1896)
  • 1989 – Henry Hall, English bandleader, composer, and actor (b. 1898)
  • 1990 – Erich Göstl, Austrian SS officer (b. 1925)
  • 1993 – Yuri Lotman, Russian-Estonian historian and scholar (b. 1922)
  • 1997 – Paul Jarrico, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Ted Hughes, English poet and playwright (b. 1930)
  • 1999 – Antonios Katinaris, Greek singer-songwriter (b. 1931)
  • 2000 – Andújar Cedeño, Dominican baseball player (b. 1969)
  • 2001 – Gerard Hengeveld, Dutch pianist, composer, and educator (b. 1910)
  • 2002 – Margaret Booth, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1898)
  • 2002 – Erling Persson, Swedish businessman, founded H&M (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Jimmy McLarnin, Irish-American boxer and actor (b. 1907)
  • 2005 – Eugene K. Bird, American colonel (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Bob Broeg, American soldier and journalist (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Raymond Hains, French photographer (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Tony Jackson, American basketball player (b. 1942)
  • 2005 – Fernando Quejas, Cape Verdean-Portuguese singer-songwriter (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Richard Smalley, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Ljuba Tadić, Serbian actor and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Red Auerbach, American basketball player and coach (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Trevor Berbick, Jamaican-Canadian boxer (b. 1954)
  • 2006 – Marijohn Wilkin, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Takao Fujinami, Japanese lawyer and politician (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Porter Wagoner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1927)
  • 2009 – Taylor Mitchell, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1990)
  • 2010 – Liang Congjie, Chinese historian and activist, founded Friends of Nature (b. 1932)
  • 2010 – James MacArthur, American actor (b. 1937)
  • 2010 – Jonathan Motzfeldt, Greenlandic politician, 1st Prime Minister of Greenland (b. 1938)
  • 2010 – Ehud Netzer, Israeli archaeologist, architect, and educator (b. 1934)
  • 2011 – Tom Addington, English soldier (b. 1919)
  • 2012 – Merry Anders, American actress (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Gordon Bilney, Australian dentist and politician (b. 1939)
  • 2012 – Bob Brunner, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – John Cheffers, Australian footballer and coach (b. 1936)
  • 2012 – Jack Dellal, English businessman (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Kevin Reilly, American soldier, businessman, and politician (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Nalini Ambady, Indian-American psychologist and academic (b. 1959)
  • 2013 – Tetsuharu Kawakami, Japanese baseball player and manager (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Tadeusz Mazowiecki, Polish journalist and politician, Prime Minister of Poland (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Ike Skelton, American lawyer and politician (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – Aleksandar Tijanić, Serbian journalist (b. 1949)
  • 2013 – Rajendra Yadav, Indian author (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Koichiro Kimura, Japanese mixed martial artist and wrestler (b. 1969)
  • 2014 – Galway Kinnell, American poet and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – J. Ross Mackay, Canadian geographer and academic (b. 1915)
  • 2014 – Michael Sata, Zambian police officer and politician, 5th President of Zambia (b. 1937)
  • 2015 – Diane Charlemagne, English singer-songwriter (b. 1964)
  • 2015 – Nancy Dye, American historian and academic (b. 1947)
  • 2015 – Bruce L. Edwards, American scholar and academic (b. 1952)

 

 

 

  • Holidays and observances on October 28
  • Christian feast day:
    • Abdias of Babylon
    • Abgar V of Edessa (Eastern Orthodox Church)
    • Eadsige
    • Faro
    • Fidelis of Como (Roman Catholic Church)
    • Godwin of Stavelot
    • Job of Pochayiv (repose) (Eastern Orthodox Church)
    • Jude the Apostle (Western Christianity)
    • Lord of Miracles (Lima)
    • Simon the Zealot (Western Christianity)
    • October 28 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of the Establishment of an Independent Czecho-Slovak State, celebrates the independence of Czechoslovakia from Austria-Hungary in 1918. (Czech Republic and Slovakia)
  • International Animation Day (ASIFA)
  • Ohi Day (Greece, Cyprus and the Greek communities), a national day in Greece.
  • Prefectural Earthquake Disaster Prevention Day (Gifu Prefecture)
  • Youth Pledge Day or Hari Sumpah Pemuda (Indonesia)

 

October 28
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