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October 20

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  • What happened on October 20
  • October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 72 days remaining until the end of the year.

 

  • Events on October 20
  • 1548 – The city of Nuestra Señora de La Paz (Our Lady of Peace) is founded by Alonso de Mendoza by appointment of the king of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V.
  • 1568 –Battle of Jodoigne: the Spanish Duke of Alba defeats a Dutch rebel force under William the Silent.
  • 1572 – Relief of Goes: Cristóbal de Mondragón, with 3000 soldiers of the Spanish Tercios, relieves the siege of the city.
  • 1720 – Caribbean pirate Calico Jack is captured by the Royal Navy.
  • 1740 – Maria Theresa takes the throne of Austria. France, Prussia, Bavaria and Saxony refuse to honour the Pragmatic Sanctionand the War of the Austrian Succession begins.
  • 1781 – The Patent of Toleration, providing limited freedom of worship, is approved in Habsburg Monarchy.
  • 1803 – The United States Senate ratifies the Louisiana Purchase.
  • 1818 – The Convention of 1818 is signed between the United States and the United Kingdom, which settles the Canada–United States border on the 49th parallel for most of its length.
  • 1827 – In the Battle of Navarino, a combined Turkish and Egyptian fleet is defeated by British, French, and Russian naval forces in the last significant battle fought with wooden sailing ships.
  • 1873 – Yale, Princeton, Columbia, and Rutgers universities draft the first code of American football rules.
  • 1883 – Peru and Chile sign the Treaty of Ancón, by which the Tarapacá province is ceded to the latter, bringing an end to Peru’s involvement in the War of the Pacific.
  • 1904 – Chile and Bolivia sign the Treaty of Peace and Friendship, delimiting the border between the two countries.
  • 1910 – The hull of the RMS Olympic, sister-ship to the ill-fated RMS Titanic, is launched from the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
  • 1935 – The Long March, a mammoth retreat undertaken by the armed forces of the Chinese Communist Party a year prior, ends.
  • 1939 – Pope Pius XII publishes his first major encyclical, entitled Summi Pontificatus.
  • 1941 – World War II: Thousands of civilians in Kragujevac in German-occupied Serbia are murdered in the Kragujevac massacre.
  • 1944 – The Soviet Army and Yugoslav Partisans liberate Belgrade, the capital of Yugoslavia
  • 1944 – Liquefied natural gas leaks from storage tanks in Cleveland and then explodes; the explosion and resulting fire level 30 blocks and kill 130.
  • 1944 – American general Douglas MacArthur fulfills his promise to return to the Philippines when he commands an Allied assault on the islands, reclaiming them from the Japanese during the Second World War.
  • 1946 – Government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam decides that October 20 is Vietnam Women’s Day.
  • 1947 – The House Un-American Activities Committee begins its investigation into Communist infiltration of the cinema of the United States, resulting in a blacklistthat prevents some from working in the industry for years.
  • 1947 – The United States of America and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan establish diplomatic relations for the first time.
  • 1951 – The “Johnny Bright incident” occurs in Stillwater, Oklahoma
  • 1952 – Governor Evelyn Baring declares a state of emergency in Kenya and begins arresting hundreds of suspected leaders of the Mau Mau Uprising, includingJomo Kenyatta, the future first President of Kenya.
  • 1961 – The Soviet Union performs the first armed test of a submarine-launched ballistic missile, launching an R-13 from a Golf-class submarine.
  • 1962 – People’s Republic of China launches simultaneous offensives in Ladakh and across the McMahon Line, igniting the Sino-Indian War.
  • 1968 – Former First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy marries Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis.
  • 1973 – “Saturday Night Massacre”: United States President Richard Nixon fires U.S. Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus after they refuse to fire Watergate special prosecutor Archibald Cox, who is finally fired by Robert Bork.
  • 1973 – The Sydney Opera House is opened by Elizabeth II after 14 years of construction.
  • 1976 – The ferry George Prince is struck by a ship while crossing the Mississippi River between Destrehan and Luling, Louisiana. Seventy-eight passengers and crew die, and only 18 people aboard the ferry survive.
  • 1977 – Rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd’s plane crashes.
  • 1981 – Two police officers and an armored car guard are killed during an armed robbery in Rockland County, New York, carried out by members of the Black Liberation Army and Weather Underground.
  • 1982 – During the UEFA Cup match between FC Spartak Moscow and HFC Haarlem, 66 people are crushed to death in the Luzhniki disaster.
  • 1991 – A 6.8 Mw earthquake strikes the Uttarkashi region of India, killing more than 1,000 people.
  • 2011 – Libyan Civil War: National Transitional Council rebel forces capture ousted Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi in his hometown of Sirte and kill him shortly thereafter.

 

 

 

  • Births on October 20
  • 888 – Zhu Youzhen, emperor of Later Liang (d. 923)
  • 1475 – Giovanni di Bernardo Rucellai Italian poet and playwright (d. 1525)
  • 1496 – Claude, Duke of Guise (d. 1550)
  • 1616 – Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian (d. 1680)
  • 1620 – Aelbert Cuyp, Dutch painter (d. 1691)
  • 1632 – Christopher Wren, English physicist, mathematician, and architect, designed St Paul’s Cathedral (d. 1723)
  • 1660 – Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (d. 1723)
  • 1677 – Stanisław I of Poland (d. 1766)
  • 1711 – Timothy Ruggles, American lawyer, jurist, and politician, (d. 1795)
  • 1719 – Gottfried Achenwall, German historian, economist, and jurist (d. 1772)
  • 1740 – Isabelle de Charrière, Dutch author and poet (d. 1805)
  • 1759 – Chauncey Goodrich, American lawyer and politician, 8th Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut (d. 1815)
  • 1780 – Pauline Bonaparte, French sister of Napoleon (d. 1825)
  • 1784 – Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, English academic and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1865)
  • 1785 – George Ormerod, English historian and author (d. 1873)
  • 1790 – Patrick Matthew. Scottish farmer and biologist (d. 1874)
  • 1801 – Melchior Berri, Swiss architect and educator, designed the Natural History Museum of Basel (d. 1854)
  • 1808 – Karl Andree, German geographer and journalist (d. 1875)
  • 1819 – Báb, Iranian religious leader, founded Bábism (d. 1850)
  • 1819 – Karol Mikuli, Ukrainian-Polish pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1897)
  • 1822 – Thomas Hughes, English lawyer and judge (d. 1896)
  • 1832 – Constantin Lipsius, German architect and theorist (d. 1894)
  • 1846 – Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet and writer (d.1900)
  • 1847 – Frits Thaulow, Norwegian painter (d. 1906)
  • 1854 – Arthur Rimbaud, French soldier and poet (d. 1891)
  • 1858 – John Burns, English union leader and politician, President of the Board of Trade (d. 1943)
  • 1859 – John Dewey, American psychologist and philosopher (d. 1952)
  • 1864 – James F. Hinkle, American banker and politician, 6th Governor of New Mexico (d. 1951)
  • 1873 – Nellie McClung, Canadian politician and activist (d. 1951)
  • 1874 – Charles Ives, American composer (d. 1954)
  • 1882 – Margaret Dumont, American actress (d. 1965)
  • 1882 – Bela Lugosi, Hungarian-American actor (d. 1956)
  • 1885 – Jelly Roll Morton, American pianist, composer, and bandleader (Red Hot Peppers and New Orleans Rhythm Kings) (d. 1941)
  • 1887 – Prince Yasuhiko Asaka of Japan (d. 1981)
  • 1889 – Johann Gruber, Austrian priest and saint (d. 1944)
  • 1890 – Aleksander Maaker, Estonian bagpipe player (d. 1968)
  • 1891 – Samuel Flagg Bemis, American historian and author (d. 1973)
  • 1891 – James Chadwick, English physicist and academic, NobePrize laureate (d. 1974)
  • 1893 – Charley Chase, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1940)
  • 1894 – Olive Thomas, American model and actress (d. 1920)
  • 1895 – Rex Ingram, American actor (d. 1969)
  • 1895 – Morrie Ryskind, American writer/director (d. 1985)
  • 1897 – Yi Un, South Korean general (d. 1970)
  • 1900 – Wayne Morse, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician (d. 1974)
  • 1901 – Frank Churchill, American film composer (d. 1942)
  • 1901 – Adelaide Hall, American-English singer, actress, and dancer (d. 1993)
  • 1904 – Tommy Douglas, Scottish-Canadian minister and politician, 7th Premier of Saskatchewan (d. 1986)
  • 1904 – Enolia McMillan, American educator and activist (d. 2006)
  • 1904 – Anna Neagle, English actress, singer, and producer (d. 1986)
  • 1907 – Arlene Francis, American actress and television personality (d. 2001)
  • 1909 – Carla Laemmle, American actress and photographer (d. 2014)
  • 1909 – Yasushi Sugiyama, Japanese painter (d. 1993)
  • 1910 – Chen Liting, Chinese director and playwright (d. 2013)
  • 1910 – Hopper Read, English cricketer (d. 2000)
  • 1910 – Bob Sheppard, American sportscaster (d. 2010)
  • 1912 – Ruhi Su, Turkish singer-songwriter (d. 1985)
  • 1913 – Grandpa Jones, American singer-songwriter and banjo player (d. 1998)
  • 1914 – Fayard Nicholas, American actor, dancer, and choreographer (d. 2006)
  • 1917 – Stéphane Hessel, German-French activist and diplomat (d. 2013)
  • 1917 – Jean-Pierre Melville, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1973)
  • 1918 – Martin Drewes, German soldier and pilot (d. 2013)
  • 1918 – Robert Lochner, American-German soldier and journalist (d. 2003)
  • 1919 – Tracy Hall, American chemist and academic (d. 2008)
  • 1920 – Nick Cardy, American illustrator (d. 2013)
  • 1920 – Fanny de Sivers, Estonian-French linguist and academic (d. 2011)
  • 1920 – Siddhartha Shankar Ray, Indian lawyer and politician, Chief Minister of West Bengal (d. 2010)
  • 1921 – Manny Ayulo, American racing driver (d. 1955)
  • 1921 – Hans Warren, Dutch poet and author (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – John Anderson, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1922 – Franco Ventriglia, American opera singer (d. 2012)
  • 1923 – Robert Craft, American conductor and musicologist (d. 2015)
  • 1924 – Robert Peters, American poet, playwright, and critic (d. 2014)
  • 1925 – Art Buchwald, American soldier and journalist (d. 2007)
  • 1925 – Tom Dowd, American record producer and engineer (d. 2002)
  • 1925 – Roger Hanin, Algerian-French actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1926 – Edward Douglas-Scott-Montagu, 3rd Baron Montagu of Beaulieu, English lieutenant and politician, founded the National Motor Museum (d. 2015)
  • 1927 – Joyce Brothers, American psychologist, author, and actress (d. 2013)
  • 1927 – Gunturu Seshendra Sarma, Indian poet and critic (d. 2007)
  • 1928 – Michael O’Donnell, English physician, author, and journalist
  • 1931 – Richard Caliguiri, American lawyer and politician, 54th Mayor of Pittsburgh (d. 1988)
  • 1931 – Mickey Mantle, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 1995)
  • 1931 – Ken Morrison, English businessman
  • 1932 – Rosey Brown, American football player and coach (d. 2004)
  • 1932 – William Christopher, American actor and singer (d. 2016)
  • 1932 – Rokurō Naya, Japanese voice actor (d. 2014)
  • 1933 – Barrie Chase, American actress and dancer
  • 1934 – Bill Chase, American trumpet player (d. 1974)
  • 1934 – Eddie Harris, American saxophonist (d. 1996)
  • 1935 – Jerry Orbach, American actor and singer (d. 2004)
  • 1936 – Bobby Seale, American activist, co-founded the Black Panther Party
  • 1937 – Cancio Garcia, Filipino lawyer and jurist (d. 2013)
  • 1937 – Wanda Jackson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1937 – Juan Marichal, Dominican baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1937 – Emma Tennant, English author
  • 1938 – Emidio Greco, Italian director and screenwriter (d. 2012)
  • 1938 – Iain Macmillan, Scottish photographer and educator (d. 2006)
  • 1939 – Patrick Hughes, English painter, illustrator, and photographer
  • 1940 – Kathy Kirby, English singer (d. 2011)
  • 1940 – Robert Pinsky, American poet and critic
  • 1942 – Earl Hindman, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1942 – Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, German biologist and geneticist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1942 – Bart Zoet, Dutch cyclist (d. 1992)
  • 1943 – Dunja Vejzović, Croatian soprano and actress
  • 1944 – Nalin de Silva, Sri Lankan physicist and philosopher
  • 1944 – David Mancuso, American party planner, created The Loft (d. 2016)
  • 1946 – Diana Gittins, American-English sociologist, author, and academic
  • 1946 – Lewis Grizzard, American comedian and author (d. 1994)
  • 1946 – Elfriede Jelinek, Austrian author and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1946 – Richard Loncraine, English director and screenwriter
  • 1946 – Lucien Van Impe, Belgian cyclist
  • 1946 – Chris Woodhead, English civil servant and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1948 – Sandra Dickinson, American-English actress and composer
  • 1948 – Piet Hein Donner, Dutch jurist and politician, Dutch Minister of Justice
  • 1948 – Melih Gökçek, Turkish journalist and politician, Mayor of Ankara
  • 1949 – Valeriy Borzov, Ukrainian-Russian sprinter
  • 1950 – Tom Petty, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1950 – William Russ, American actor and director
  • 1951 – Al Greenwood, American keyboard player
  • 1951 – Patrick Hall, English lawyer and politician
  • 1951 – Ken Ham, Australian-American evangelist
  • 1951 – Leif Pagrotsky, Swedish businessman and politician
  • 1951 – Claudio Ranieri, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1952 – Melanie Mayron, American actress and director
  • 1952 – Derek Ridgers, English photographer and art director
  • 1953 – Keith Hernandez, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1953 – Richard McWilliam, American businessman and philanthropist, co-founded the Upper Deck Company (d. 2013)
  • 1954 – Steve Orich, American composer and conductor
  • 1955 – Thomas Newman, American composer and conductor
  • 1955 – David Profumo, English author and academic
  • 1955 – Aaron Pryor, American boxer
  • 1956 – Danny Boyle, English director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1956 – Martin Taylor, English guitarist
  • 1957 – Jane Bonham-Carter, Baroness Bonham-Carter of Yarnbury, English politician
  • 1957 – Chris Cowdrey, English cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1957 – Hilda Solis, American academic and politician, 25th United States Secretary of Labor
  • 1958 – Valerie Faris, American director and producer
  • 1958 – Lynn Flewelling, American author and academic
  • 1958 – Scott Hall, American wrestler
  • 1958 – Mark King, English singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1958 – Dave Krieg, American football player
  • 1958 – Viggo Mortensen, American actor and producer
  • 1959 – Mark Little, Australian comedian, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1960 – Konstantin Aseev, Russian chess player and trainer (d. 2004)
  • 1961 – Audun Kleive, Norwegian drummer and composer
  • 1961 – Kate Mosse, English author and playwright
  • 1961 – Ian Rush, Welsh footballer and manager
  • 1961 – Les Stroud, Canadian director, producer, and harmonica player
  • 1961 – Michie Tomizawa, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1962 – David M. Evans, American director and screenwriter
  • 1962 – Dave Wong, Hong Kong-Taiwanese singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1963 – Julie Payette, Canadian engineer and astronaut
  • 1963 – Nikos Tsiantakis, Greek footballer
  • 1963 – Stan Valckx, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1964 – Kamala Harris, American lawyer and politician, 32nd Attorney General of California
  • 1964 – Tomoko Yamaguchi, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1965 – Norman Blake, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1965 – Jonathan I. Schwartz, American businessman
  • 1965 – Mikhail Shtalenkov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1965 – William Zabka, American actor and producer
  • 1966 – Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, Jordanian militant Islamist (d. 2006)
  • 1966 – Allan Donald, South African cricketer and coach
  • 1966 – Patrick Volkerding, American computer scientist and engineer, founded Slackware
  • 1967 – Elizabeth Carling, English actress and singer
  • 1967 – Kerrod Walters, Australian rugby league player
  • 1967 – Kevin Walters, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1968 – Susan Tully, English actress, director, and producer
  • 1969 – Laurie Daley, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1969 – Juan González, Puerto Rican-American baseball player
  • 1969 – Labros Papakostas, Greek high jumper
  • 1970 – Sander Boschker, Dutch footballer
  • 1970 – Neil Heywood, English-Chinese businessman (d. 2011)
  • 1970 – Aapo Ilves, Estonian poet and illustrator
  • 1970 – Michelle Malkin, American blogger and author
  • 1971 – Snoop Dogg, American rapper, producer, and actor
  • 1971 – Eddie Jones, American basketball player
  • 1971 – Kamiel Maase, Dutch runner
  • 1971 – Dannii Minogue, Australian singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1972 – Pie Geelen, Dutch swimmer
  • 1972 – Will Greenwood, English rugby player and sportscaster
  • 1972 – Brian Schatz, American academic and politician, 11th Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii
  • 1974 – Bashar Rahal, Emirati-American actor and producer
  • 1976 – Nikolaos Bacharidis, Greek footballer
  • 1976 – Dan Fogler, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1976 – Nicola Legrottaglie, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1977 – Matt Jansen, English footballer and manager
  • 1977 – Leila Josefowicz, Canadian-American violinist
  • 1977 – Erko Saviauk, Estonian footballer
  • 1978 – Virender Sehwag, Indian cricketer
  • 1978 – Paul Wilson, Scottish bass player and songwriter
  • 1979 – Vasyl Baranov, Ukrainian footballer
  • 1979 – Paul Ifill, English footballer
  • 1979 – John Krasinski, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1979 – Paul O’Connell, Irish rugby player
  • 1979 – Paul Terek, American decathlete
  • 1980 – Gary Jarman, English singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1980 – Chad Robinson, Australian rugby league player (d. 2016)
  • 1980 – José Veras, Dominican baseball player
  • 1981 – Dimitris Papadopoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1981 – Francisco Javier Rodríguez, Mexican footballer
  • 1982 – Kristian Bak Nielsen, Danish footballer
  • 1982 – Becky Brewerton, Welsh golfer
  • 1982 – Katie Featherston, American actress
  • 1983 – Flavio Cipolla, Italian tennis player
  • 1983 – Luis Saritama, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1983 – Michel Vorm, Dutch footballer
  • 1984 – Mitch Lucker, American singer-songwriter (d. 2012)
  • 1984 – Florent Sinama Pongolle, French footballer
  • 1984 – Andrew Trimble, Irish rugby player
  • 1985 – Jennifer Freeman, American actress
  • 1985 – Dominic McGuire, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Alphonso Smith, American football player
  • 1985 – James Sutton, English race car driver
  • 1986 – Wanlop Saechio, Thai footballer
  • 1986 – Elyse Taylor, Australian model
  • 1987 – Raphael Hackl, German rugby player
  • 1988 – Candice Swanepoel, South African model
  • 1989 – Jess Glynne, English singer-songwriter
  • 1989 – Colin Wilson, Canadian-American ice hockey player
  • 1990 – Sam Mataora, Cook Islands rugby league player
  • 1992 – Mattia De Sciglio, Italian footballer
  • 1992 – Ksenia Semyonova, Russian gymnast
  • 1992 – Ferhat Yazgan, Turkish footballer

 

 

 

  • Deaths on October 20
  • 460 – Aelia Eudocia, Byzantine wife of Theodosius II (b. 401)
  • 1122 – Ralph d’Escures, archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1139 – Henry X, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1108)
  • 1187 – Pope Urban III
  • 1524 – Thomas Linacre, English physician and scholar (b. 1460)
  • 1570 – João de Barros, Portuguese historian and author (b. 1496)
  • 1631 – Michael Maestlin, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1550)
  • 1640 – John Ball, English clergyman and theologian (b. 1585)
  • 1652 – Antonio Coello, Spanish poet and playwright (b. 1611)
  • 1713 – Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician and academic (b. 1652)
  • 1740 – Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1685)
  • 1865 – Champ Ferguson, American guerrilla leader (b. 1821)
  • 1870 – Michael William Balfe, Irish violinist and composer (b. 1808)
  • 1871 – Karl Christian Ulmann, Latvian-German theologian and academic (b. 1793)
  • 1883 – George Chichester, 3rd Marquess of Donegall (b. 1797)
  • 1890 – Richard Francis Burton, English-Italian geographer and explorer (b. 1821)
  • 1900 – Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet and translator (b. 1846)
  • 1910 – David B. Hill, American lawyer and politician, 29th Governor of New York (b. 1843)
  • 1926 – Eugene V. Debs, American union leader and politician (b. 1855)
  • 1935 – Arthur Henderson, Scottish-English politician, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1863)
  • 1936 – Anne Sullivan, American educator (b. 1866)
  • 1940 – Gunnar Asplund, Swedish architect and academic, co-designed Skogskyrkogården (b. 1885)
  • 1941 – Ken Farnes, English cricketer and soldier (b. 1911)
  • 1950 – Henry L. Stimson, American colonel, lawyer, and politician, 46th United States Secretary of State (b. 1867)
  • 1953 – Werner Baumbach, German colonel and pilot (b. 1916)
  • 1957 – Michalis Dorizas, Greek-American javelin thrower and football player (b. 1890)
  • 1964 – Herbert Hoover, American engineer and politician, 31st President of the United States (b. 1874)
  • 1967 – Shigeru Yoshida, Japanese politician and diplomat, 32nd Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1878)
  • 1968 – Bud Flanagan, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1896)
  • 1972 – Harlow Shapley, American astronomer and academic (b. 1885)
  • 1977 – Steve Gaines, American guitarist (b. 1949)
  • 1977 – Ronnie Van Zant, American singer-songwriter (b. 1948)
  • 1978 – Gunnar Nilsson, Swedish race car driver (b. 1948)
  • 1983 – Yves Thériault, Canadian author (b. 1915)
  • 1983 – Merle Travis, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1917)
  • 1984 – Carl Ferdinand Cori, Czech-American biochemist and pharmacologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1896)
  • 1984 – Paul Dirac, English-American physicist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1987 – Andrey Kolmogorov, Russian mathematician and academic (b. 1903)
  • 1988 – Sheila Scott, English pilot and author (b. 1922)
  • 1989 – Anthony Quayle, English actor and director (b. 1913)
  • 1990 – Joel McCrea, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 1992 – Werner Torkanowsky, German-American conductor (b. 1926)
  • 1993 – Yasushi Sugiyama, Japanese painter (b. 1909)
  • 1994 – Burt Lancaster, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1995 – Christopher Stone, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1942)
  • 1999 – Calvin Griffith, Canadian-American businessman (b. 1911)
  • 1999 – Jack Lynch, Irish footballer, lawyer, and politician, 5th Taoiseach of Ireland (b. 1917)
  • 2001 – Ted Ammon, American financier and banker (b. 1949)
  • 2003 – Jack Elam, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – Anthony Hecht, American poet and educator (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Chuck Hiller, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1934)
  • 2005 – Shirley Horn, American singer and pianist (b. 1934)
  • 2005 – Eva Švankmajerová, Czech painter and poet (b. 1940)
  • 2005 – André van der Louw, Dutch lawyer and politician, 16th Mayor of Rotterdam (b. 1933)
  • 2006 – Arnold Viiding, Estonian shot putter and discus thrower (b. 1911)
  • 2006 – Jane Wyatt, American actress (b. 1910)
  • 2007 – Max McGee, American football player and sportscaster (b. 1932)
  • 2008 – Gene Hickerson, American football player (b. 1935)
  • 2010 – Bob Guccione, American publisher, founded Penthouse magazine (b. 1930)
  • 2010 – Eva Ibbotson, Austrian-English author (b. 1925)
  • 2010 – Max Kohnstamm, Dutch historian and diplomat (b. 1914)
  • 2010 – Farooq Leghari, Pakistani politician, 8th President of Pakistan (b. 1940)
  • 2011 – Muammar Gaddafi, Libyan colonel and politician, Prime Minister of Libya (b. 1942)
  • 2011 – Mutassim Gaddafi, Libyan colonel (b. 1977)
  • 2011 – Abu-Bakr Yunis Jabr, Libyan politician (b. 1942)
  • 2012 – Przemysław Gintrowski, Polish poet and composer (b. 1951)
  • 2012 – Paul Kurtz, American philosopher and academic (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – Dave May, American baseball player (b. 1943)
  • 2012 – John McConnell, American activist, created Earth Day (b. 1915)
  • 2012 – E. Donnall Thomas, American physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Raymond Watson, American businessman (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Jovanka Broz, Croatian-Serbian colonel (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Don James, American football player and coach (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Lawrence Klein, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Joginder Singh, Kenyan race car driver (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Larri Thomas, American actress and dancer (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Sid Yudain, American journalist, founded Roll Call (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – René Burri, Swiss photographer and journalist (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Oscar de la Renta, Dominican-American fashion designer (b. 1932)
  • 2014 – Christophe de Margerie, French businessman (b. 1951)
  • 2015 – Makis Dendrinos, Greek basketball player and coach (b. 1950)
  • 2015 – Arno Gruen, German-Swiss psychologist and psychoanalyst (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Kazimierz Łaski, Polish-Austrian economist and academic (b. 1921)
  • 2015 – Michael Meacher, English academic and politician, Secretary of State for the Environment, Transport and the Regions (b. 1939)
  • 2015 – Ian Steel, Scottish cyclist and manager (b. 1928)

 

 

 

  • Holidays and observances on October 20
  • Christian feast days:
    • Acca of Hexham
    • Artemius
    • Caprasius of Agen
    • Hedwig (in Canada, moved from Oct. 16)
    • Irene of Tomar
    • Margaret Marie Alacoque (in Canada, moved from Oct. 16)
    • October 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Arbor Day (Czech Republic)
  • Heroes’ Day (Kenya)
  • Revolution Day (Guatemala), one of the two Patriotic Days (Guatemala)
  • Vietnamese Women’s Day (Vietnam)
  • World Osteoporosis Day
  • World Statistics Day

 

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