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October 19

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  • What happened on October 19
  • October 19 is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 73 days remaining until the end of the year.

 

  • Events on October 19
  • 202 BC – Second Punic War: At the Battle of Zama, Roman legions under Scipio Africanus defeat Hannibal Barca, leader of the army defending Carthage.
  • 439 – The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa.
  • 1216 – King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry.
  • 1386 – The Universität Heidelberg holds its first lecture, making it the oldest German university.
  • 1466 – The Thirteen Years’ War ends with the Second Treaty of Thorn.
  • 1469 – Ferdinand II of Aragon marries Isabella I of Castile, a marriage that paves the way to the unification of Aragon and Castileinto a single country, Spain.
  • 1512 – Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology (Doctor in Biblia).
  • 1649 – New Ross town, County Wexford, Ireland, surrenders to Oliver Cromwell.
  • 1781 – At Yorktown, Virginia, representatives of British commander Lord Cornwallis hand over Cornwallis’ sword and formally surrender to George Washington and the comte de Rochambeau.
  • 1789 – Chief Justice John Jay is sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the United States.
  • 1805 – Napoleonic Wars: Austrian General Mack surrenders his army to the Grande Armée of Napoleon Bonaparte at the Battle of Ulm; 30,000 prisoners are captured and 10,000 casualties inflicted on the losers.
  • 1812 – Napoleon Bonaparte retreats from Moscow.
  • 1813 – The Battle of Leipzig concludes, giving Napoleon Bonaparte one of his worst defeats.
  • 1822 – In Parnaíba; Simplício Dias da Silva, João Cândido de Deus e Silva and Domingos Dias declare the independent state of Piauí.
  • 1864 – Battle of Cedar Creek: Union Army under Philip Sheridan destroys a Confederate Army under Jubal Early.
  • 1864 – St. Albans Raid: Confederate raiders launch an attack on Saint Albans, Vermont from Canada.
  • 1866 – Venice, Annexation of Veneto and Mantua to Italy, at Hotel Europa, Austria hands over Veneto to France, which hands it immediately over to Italy.
  • 1900 – Max Planck discovers the law of black-body radiation (Planck’s law).
  • 1904 – Polytechnic University of the Philippines is founded as Manila Business School through the superintendence of the American C.A. O’Reilley.
  • 1912 – Italy takes possession of Tripoli, Libya from the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1914 – The First Battle of Ypres begins.
  • 1921 – Portuguese Prime Minister António Granjo and other politicians are murdered in a Lisbon coup.
  • 1922 – British Conservative MPs meeting at the Carlton Club vote to break off the Coalition Government with David Lloyd George of the Liberal Party.
  • 1933 – Germany withdraws from the League of Nations.
  • 1935 – The League of Nations places economic sanctions on fascist Italy for its invasion of Ethiopia.
  • 1943 – The cargo vessel Sinfra is attacked by Allied aircraft at Souda Bay, Crete, and sunk; 2,098 Italian prisoners of war drown with it.
  • 1943 – Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University.
  • 1944 – United States forces land in the Philippines.
  • 1950 – The People’s Liberation Army takes control of the town of Chamdo; this is sometimes called the “Invasion of Tibet”.
  • 1950 – The People’s Republic of China joins the Korean War by sending thousands of troops across the Yalu River to fight United Nations forces.
  • 1950 – Iran becomes the first country to accept technical assistance from the United States under the Point Four Program.
  • 1956 – The Soviet Union and Japan sign a Joint Declaration, officially ending the state of war between the two countries that had existed since August 1945.
  • 1960 – Cold War: The United States government imposes a near-total trade embargo against Cuba.
  • 1973 – President Richard Nixon rejects an Appeals Court decision that he turn over the Watergate tapes.
  • 1974 – Niue becomes a self-governing colony of New Zealand.
  • 1984 – Roman Catholic priest from Poland, Jerzy Popiełuszko, associated with the Solidarity Union, is murdered by three agents of the Polish Communist internal intelligence agency.
  • 1986 – Samora Machel, President of Mozambique and a prominent leader of FRELIMO, and 33 others die when their Tupolev Tu-134 plane crashes into theLebombo Mountains.
  • 1987 – The United States Navy conducts Operation Nimble Archer, an attack on two Iranian oil platforms in the Persian Gulf.
  • 1987 – Black Monday: The Dow Jones Industrial Average falls by 22%, 508 points.
  • 1988 – The British government imposes a broadcasting ban on television and radio interviews with members of Sinn Féin and eleven Irish republican and Ulster loyalist paramilitary groups.
  • 1989 – The convictions of the Guildford Four are quashed by the Court of Appeal of England and Wales, after they had spent 15 years in prison.
  • 2001 – SIEV X, an Indonesian fishing boat en route to Christmas Island, carrying over 400 asylum seekers, sinks in international waters with the loss of 353 people.
  • 2003 – Mother Teresa is beatified by Pope John Paul II.
  • 2005 – Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity.
  • 2005 – Hurricane Wilma becomes the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record with a minimum pressure of 882 mb.
  • 2012 – A bomb explosion kills eight people and injures 110 people in Beirut, Lebanon.
  • 2013 – At least 105 people are injured in a train crash at the Once railway station in Buenos Aires.

 

 

 

  • Births on October 19
  • 879 – Yingtian, empress of the Khitan Liao Dynasty (d. 953)
  • 1276 – Prince Hisaaki of Japan (d. 1328)
  • 1433 – Marsilio Ficino, Italian astrologer and philosopher (d. 1499)
  • 1562 – George Abbot, English archbishop and academic (d. 1633)
  • 1582 – Dmitry of Uglich (d. 1591)
  • 1605 – Thomas Browne, English physician and author (d. 1682)
  • 1610 – James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde, English-Irish general, academic, and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (d. 1688)
  • 1658 – Adolphus Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1704)
  • 1680 – John Abernethy, Irish minister (d. 1740)
  • 1688 – William Cheselden, English surgeon and anatomist (d. 1752)
  • 1718 – Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie, French general and politician, French Secretary of State for War (d. 1804)
  • 1720 – John Woolman, American-English preacher, journalist, and activist (d. 1772)
  • 1721 – Joseph de Guignes, French orientalist and sinologist (d. 1800)
  • 1784 – Leigh Hunt, English poet and critic (d. 1859)
  • 1789 – Theophilos Kairis, Greek priest and philosopher (d. 1853)
  • 1810 – Cassius Marcellus Clay, American journalist, lawyer, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Russia (d. 1903)
  • 1814 – Theodoros Vryzakis, Greek painter (d. 1878)
  • 1826 – Ralph Tollemache, English priest (d. 1895)
  • 1850 – Annie Smith Peck, American mountaineer and academic (d. 1935)
  • 1851 – Empress Myeongseong of Korea (d. 1895)
  • 1858 – George Albert Boulenger, Belgian-English zoologist and botanist (d. 1937)
  • 1862 – Auguste Lumière, French director and producer (d. 1954)
  • 1868 – Bertha Knight Landes, American academic and politician, Mayor of Seattle (d. 1943)
  • 1873 – Jaap Eden, Dutch speed skater and cyclist (d. 1925)
  • 1873 – Bart King, American cricketer (d. 1965)
  • 1876 – Mordecai Brown, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1945)
  • 1876 – Mihkel Pung, Estonian lawyer and politician, 11th Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1941)
  • 1882 – Umberto Boccioni, Italian painter and sculptor (d. 1916)
  • 1885 – Charles E. Merrill, American banker and philanthropist, co-founded Merrill Lynch Wealth Management (d. 1956)
  • 1895 – Frank Durbin, American soldier (d. 1999)
  • 1895 – Lewis Mumford, American historian, sociologist, and philosopher (d. 1990)
  • 1896 – Bob O’Farrell, American baseball player and manager (d. 1988)
  • 1897 – Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, Pakistani chemist and scholar (d. 1994)
  • 1899 – Miguel Ángel Asturias, Guatemalan journalist, author, and poet, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1974)
  • 1900 – Erna Berger, German soprano and actress (d. 1990)
  • 1900 – Bill Ponsford, Australian cricketer and baseball player (d. 1991)
  • 1900 – Roy Worters, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1957)
  • 1901 – Arleigh Burke, American admiral (d. 1996)
  • 1903 – Tor Johnson, Swedish wrestler and actor (d. 1971)
  • 1907 – Roger Wolfe Kahn, American bandleader and composer (d. 1962)
  • 1908 – Geirr Tveitt, Norwegian pianist and composer (d. 1981)
  • 1909 – Marguerite Perey, French physicist and academic (d. 1975)
  • 1910 – Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Indian-American astrophysicist, astronomer, and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
  • 1910 – Shunkichi Hamada, Japanese field hockey player (d. 2009)
  • 1910 – Paul Robert, French lexicographer and publisher (d. 1980)
  • 1913 – Vinicius de Moraes, Brazilian poet, playwright, and composer (d. 1980)
  • 1914 – Juanita Moore, American actress (d. 2014)
  • 1916 – Jean Dausset, French-Spanish immunologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2009)
  • 1916 – Emil Gilels, Ukrainian-Russian pianist (d. 1985)
  • 1916 – Minoru Yasui, American soldier, lawyer, and activist (d. 1986)
  • 1917 – William Joel Blass, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1917 – Walter Munk, Austrian-American oceanographer, author, and academic
  • 1918 – Charles Evans, English-Welsh mountaineer, surgeon, and educator (d. 1995)
  • 1918 – Russell Kirk, American theorist and author (d. 1994)
  • 1918 – Robert Schwarz Strauss, American lawyer and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Russia (d. 2014)
  • 1920 – Pandurang Shastri Athavale, Indian philosopher and educator (d. 2003)
  • 1920 – LaWanda Page, American actress (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – Harry Alan Towers, English-Canadian screenwriter and producer (d. 2009)
  • 1920 – Pandurang Shastri Athavale, Indian activist, philosopher, and spiritual leader (d. 2003)
  • 1921 – George Nader, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – Jack Anderson, American journalist and author (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Ruth Carter Stevenson, American art collector, founded the Amon Carter Museum of American Art (d. 2013)
  • 1923 – Baby Dalupan, Filipino basketball player and coach (d. 2016)
  • 1925 – Bernard Hepton, English actor and producer
  • 1925 – Czesław Kiszczak, Polish general and politician, 11th Prime Minister of the People’s Republic of Poland (d. 2015)
  • 1925 – Emilio Eduardo Massera, Argentinian admiral (d. 2010)
  • 1926 – Arne Bendiksen, Norwegian singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2009)
  • 1926 – Joel Feinberg, American philosopher and academic (d. 2004)
  • 1926 – Vladimir Shlapentokh, Ukrainian-American sociologist, historian, political scientist, and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1926 – Marjorie Tallchief, American ballerina
  • 1927 – Pierre Alechinsky, Belgian painter and illustrator
  • 1927 – Stephen Keynes, English businessman
  • 1928 – Lou Scheimer, American animator, producer, and voice actor, co-founded the Filmation Company (d. 2013)
  • 1929 – Lewis Wolpert, South African-English biologist, author, and academic
  • 1930 – John Evans, Baron Evans of Parkside, English union leader and politician
  • 1930 – Mavis Nicholson, Welsh-English journalist
  • 1931 – Ed Emberley, American author and illustrator
  • 1931 – John le Carré, English intelligence officer and author
  • 1931 – Atsushi Miyagi, Japanese tennis player
  • 1932 – Robert Reed, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1933 – Brian Booth, Australian cricketer and educator
  • 1933 – Anthony Skingsley, English air marshal
  • 1934 – Yakubu Gowon, Nigerian general and politician, 3rd Head of State of Nigeria
  • 1934 – Dave Guard, American folk music singer-songwriter, arranger, and musician (d. 1991)
  • 1935 – Don Ward, Canadian-American ice hockey player (d. 2014)
  • 1937 – Marilyn Bell, Canadian swimmer
  • 1937 – Peter Max, German-American illustrator
  • 1937 – Terence Thomas, Baron Thomas of Macclesfield, English banker and politician
  • 1938 – Bill Morris, Baron Morris of Handsworth, Jamaican-English union leader and politician
  • 1939 – David Clark, Baron Clark of Windermere, Scottish academic and politician, Minister for the Cabinet Office
  • 1940 – Larry Chance, American singer-songwriter
  • 1940 – Michael Gambon, Irish-British actor
  • 1940 – Rosny Smarth, Haitian lawyer and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Haiti
  • 1941 – Simon Ward, English actor (d. 2012)
  • 1942 – Andrew Vachss, American lawyer and author
  • 1943 – Robin Holloway, English composer and academic
  • 1943 – Takis Ikonomopoulos, Greek footballer and coach
  • 1943 – L. E. Modesitt, Jr., American author and poet
  • 1944 – George McCrae, American singer
  • 1944 – Peter Tosh, Jamaican singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1987)
  • 1945 – Angus Deaton, Scottish-American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1945 – Divine, American drag queen performer, and actor (d. 1988)
  • 1945 – Patricia Ireland, American lawyer and activist
  • 1945 – Gloria Jones, American singer-songwriter
  • 1945 – John Lithgow, American actor
  • 1945 – Jeannie C. Riley, American singer
  • 1945 – Martin Welz, South African journalist
  • 1946 – Bob Holland, Australian cricketer and surveyor
  • 1946 – Philip Pullman, English author and academic
  • 1946 – Keith Reid, English songwriter and lyricist
  • 1947 – Giorgio Cavazzano, Italian author and illustrator
  • 1948 – James Howard Kunstler, American author and critic
  • 1948 – Dave Mallow, American voice actor and screenwriter
  • 1948 – Patrick Simmons, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1949 – Lynn Dickey, American football player and radio host
  • 1949 – Jamie McGrigor, English-Scottish politician
  • 1950 – Yeslam bin Ladin, Saudi Arabian-Swiss businessman
  • 1951 – Demetrios Christodoulou, Greek mathematician and physicist
  • 1951 – Kurt Schrader, American veterinarian and politician
  • 1952 – Peter Bone, English accountant and politician
  • 1952 – Verónica Castro, Mexican actress and singer
  • 1953 – Lionel Hollins, American basketball player and coach
  • 1954 – Sam Allardyce, English footballer and manager
  • 1954 – Deborah Blum, American journalist and author
  • 1954 – Joe Bryant, American basketball player and coach
  • 1955 – Dan Gutman, American author
  • 1955 – LaSalle Ishii, Japanese actor and director
  • 1956 – Steve Doocy, American journalist and author
  • 1956 – Elena Garanina, Soviet ice dancer and coach
  • 1956 – Grover Norquist, American activist, founded Americans for Tax Reform
  • 1956 – Didier Theys, Belgian race car driver and coach
  • 1956 – Carlo Urbani, Italian physician (d. 1993)
  • 1956 – Bruce Weber, American basketball player and coach
  • 1957 – Dorinda Clark-Cole, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1957 – Ray Richmond, American journalist and critic
  • 1957 – Karl Wallinger, Welsh singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer
  • 1958 – Carolyn Browne, English diplomat, British Ambassador to Kazakhstan
  • 1958 – Hiromi Hara, Japanese footballer and manager
  • 1958 – Michael Steele, American journalist and politician, 7th Lieutenant Governor of Maryland
  • 1959 – Nir Barkat, Israeli businessman and politician, Mayor of Jerusalem
  • 1959 – Martin Kusch, German philosopher and academic
  • 1960 – Dawn Coe-Jones, Canadian golfer (d. 2016)
  • 1960 – Jennifer Holliday, American actress and singer
  • 1960 – Takeshi Koshida, Japanese footballer
  • 1960 – Susan Straight, American author and academic
  • 1960 – Jeremy Swift, English actor
  • 1960 – Ayuo Takahashi, Japanese-American singer-songwriter
  • 1961 – Sunny Deol, Indian actor and producer
  • 1961 – Cliff Lyons, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1962 – Tracy Chevalier, American-English author
  • 1962 – Brian Henninger, American golfer
  • 1962 – Bendik Hofseth, Norwegian saxophonist and composer
  • 1962 – Evander Holyfield, American boxer and actor
  • 1962 – Svetlana Zainetdinova, Soviet-Estonian chess player and coach
  • 1965 – Brad Daugherty, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1965 – Ty Pennington, American model, carpenter and television host
  • 1966 – Jon Favreau, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Dimitris Lyacos, Greek poet and playwright
  • 1966 – David Vann (writer), American novelist and short story writer
  • 1967 – Amy Carter, American illustrator and activist
  • 1967 – Yōji Matsuda, Japanese actor
  • 1967 – Yoko Shimomura, Japanese pianist and composer
  • 1968 – Rodney Carrington, American comedian, actor, and singer
  • 1969 – John Edward, American psychic and author
  • 1969 – Trey Parker, American actor, animator, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1969 – Erwin Sánchez, Bolivian footballer and manager
  • 1970 – Andrew Griffiths, English politician
  • 1970 – Chris Kattan, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1972 – Keith Foulke, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Hicham Arazi, Moroccan tennis player
  • 1973 – Okan Buruk, Turkish footballer and manager
  • 1973 – Joaquin Gage, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Shian-Li Tsang, Japanese model
  • 1975 – Burak Güven, Turkish singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1976 – Omar Gooding, American actor and producer
  • 1976 – Jostein Gulbrandsen, Norwegian guitarist and composer
  • 1976 – Desmond Harrington, American actor
  • 1976 – Paul Hartley, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Hiroshi Sakai, Japanese footballer
  • 1976 – Dan Smith, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Michael Young, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Habib Beye, French-Senegalese footballer
  • 1977 – Louis-José Houde, Canadian comedian and actor
  • 1977 – Jason Reitman, Canadian-American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1977 – Raúl Tamudo, Spanish footballer
  • 1977 – Mo Twister, Filipino radio and television host
  • 1978 – Enrique Bernoldi, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1978 – Zakhar Dubensky, Russian footballer
  • 1978 – Henri Sorvali, Finnish guitarist and keyboard player
  • 1979 – José Luis López, Mexican footballer
  • 1979 – Brian Robertson, American trombonist
  • 1979 – Sachiko Sugiyama, Japanese volleyball player
  • 1980 – José Bautista, Dominican baseball player
  • 1980 – Rajai Davis, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Heikki Kovalainen, Finnish race car driver
  • 1982 – Atom Araullo, Filipino journalist
  • 1982 – Gillian Jacobs, American actress and director
  • 1982 – Louis Oosthuizen, South African golfer
  • 1982 – Gonzalo Pineda, Mexican footballer
  • 1982 – Daan van Bunge, Dutch cricketer
  • 1983 – Rebecca Ferguson, Swedish actress
  • 1983 – Andy Lonergan, English footballer
  • 1983 – Cara Santa Maria, American neuroscientist and blogger
  • 1987 – Tsunenori Aoki, Japanese actor
  • 1988 – Zeph Ellis, English rapper and producer
  • 1988 – Markiyan Kamysh, Ukrainian writer
  • 1988 – Chris Lawrence, Australian rugby league player
  • 1989 – Miroslav Stoch, Slovakian footballer
  • 1989 – Rakuto Tochihara, Japanese actor
  • 1989 – Janine Tugonon, Filipino model and television host
  • 1990 – Tom Kilbey, English footballer
  • 1990 – Janet Leon, Swedish singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1991 – Colton Dixon, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1992 – Shiho, Japanese actress and model
  • 1993 – Abby Sunderland, American sailor
  • 1994 – Agnė Sereikaitė, Lithuanian speed skater

 

 

 

  • Deaths on October 19
  • 727 – Frithuswith, English saint (b. 650)
  • 1216 – John, King of England (b. 1167)
  • 1287 – Bohemond VII, Count of Tripoli
  • 1354 – Yusuf I, Sultan of Granada (b. 1318)
  • 1432 – John de Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk, English politician, Earl Marshal of England (b. 1392)
  • 1608 – Martin Delrio, Flemish theologian and author (b. 1551)
  • 1619 – Fujiwara Seika, Japanese philosopher and educator (b. 1561)
  • 1636 – Marcin Kazanowski, Polish politician (b. 1566)
  • 1682 – Thomas Browne, English physician and author (b. 1605)
  • 1723 – Godfrey Kneller, German-English painter (b. 1646)
  • 1745 – Jonathan Swift, Irish satirist and essayist (b. 1667)
  • 1772 – Andrea Belli, Maltese architect and businessman (b. 1703)
  • 1790 – Lyman Hall, American physician and politician, 16th Governor of Georgia (b. 1724)
  • 1796 – Michel de Beaupuy, French general (b. 1755)
  • 1813 – Józef Poniatowski, Polish general (b. 1763)
  • 1815 – Paolo Mascagni, Italian physician and anatomist (b. 1755)
  • 1842 – Aleksey Koltsov, Russian poet and author (b. 1808)
  • 1851 – Marie Thérèse of France (b. 1778)
  • 1856 – William Sprague III, American businessman and politician, 14th Governor of Rhode Island (b. 1799)
  • 1889 – Luís I of Portugal (b. 1838)
  • 1893 – Lucy Stone, American activist (b. 1818)
  • 1897 – George Pullman, American engineer and businessman, founded the Pullman Company (b. 1831)
  • 1901 – Carl Frederik Tietgen, Danish businessman and philanthropist, founded GN Store Nord (b. 1829)
  • 1916 – Ioannis Frangoudis, Greek general and target shooter (b. 1863)
  • 1918 – Harold Lockwood, American actor (b. 1887)
  • 1924 – Louis Zborowski, English race car driver and engineer (b. 1895)
  • 1936 – Lu Xun, Chinese author and critic (b. 1881)
  • 1937 – Ernest Rutherford, New Zealand-English physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1871)
  • 1943 – Camille Claudel, French sculptor and illustrator (b. 1864)
  • 1944 – Dénes Kőnig, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1884)
  • 1945 – Plutarco Elías Calles, Mexican general and politician, 40th President of Mexico (b. 1877)
  • 1945 – N. C. Wyeth, American painter and illustrator (b. 1882)
  • 1950 – Edna St. Vincent Millay, American poet and playwright (b. 1892)
  • 1952 – Edward S. Curtis, American ethnologist and photographer (b. 1868)
  • 1956 – Isham Jones, American saxophonist, songwriter, and bandleader (b. 1894)
  • 1960 – George Wallace, Australian comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1895)
  • 1961 – Şemsettin Günaltay, Turkish historian and politician, 9th Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1883)
  • 1964 – Sergey Biryuzov, Marshal of the Soviet Union (b. 1904)
  • 1964 – Nettie Palmer, Australian poet and critic (b. 1885)
  • 1964 – Christopher Vane, 10th Baron Barnard, English soldier and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Durham (b. 1888)
  • 1965 – Edward Willis Redfield, American painter and educator (b. 1869)
  • 1969 – Lacey Hearn, American sprinter (b. 1881)
  • 1970 – Lázaro Cárdenas, Mexican general and politician, 44th President of Mexico (b. 1895)
  • 1978 – Gig Young, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1983 – Maurice Bishop, Aruban-Grenadian lawyer and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Grenada (b. 1944)
  • 1984 – Jerzy Popiełuszko, Polish priest and activist (b. 1947)
  • 1985 – Alfred Rouleau, Canadian businessman (b. 1915)
  • 1986 – Dele Giwa, Nigerian journalist, co-founded Newswatch Magazine (b. 1947)
  • 1986 – Samora Machel, Mozambican commander and politician, 1st President of Mozambique (b. 1933)
  • 1987 – Jacqueline du Pré, English cellist and educator (b. 1945)
  • 1987 – Hermann Lang, German race car driver (b. 1909)
  • 1988 – Son House, American singer and guitarist (b. 1902)
  • 1992 – Magnus Pyke, English scientist and television host (b. 1908)
  • 1994 – Martha Raye, American actress and comedian (b. 1916)
  • 1995 – Don Cherry, American trumpet player (b. 1936)
  • 1995 – Harilaos Perpessas, Greek pianist and composer (b. 1907)
  • 1997 – Glen Buxton, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1947)
  • 1997 – Ken Wood, English businessman (b. 1916)
  • 1999 – James C. Murray, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (b. 1917)
  • 1999 – Nathalie Sarraute, Russian-French lawyer and author (b. 1900)
  • 2002 – Nikolay Rukavishnikov, Russian physicist and astronaut (b. 1932)
  • 2003 – Road Warrior Hawk, American wrestler (b. 1960)
  • 2003 – Alija Izetbegović, Bosniak lawyer and politician, 1st President of Bosnia and Herzegovina (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Margaret Murie, American environmentalist and author (b. 1902)
  • 2003 – Nello Pagani, Italian motorcycle racer and race car driver (b. 1911)
  • 2005 – Ryan Dallas Cook, American trombonist (b. 1982)
  • 2006 – James Glennon, American cinematographer (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Phyllis Kirk, American actress (b. 1927)
  • 2007 – Winifred Asprey, American mathematician and computer scientist (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Randall Forsberg, American activist and author (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Michael Maidens, English footballer (b. 1987)
  • 2007 – Jan Wolkers, Dutch author, sculptor, and painter (b. 1925)
  • 2008 – Richard Blackwell, American actor, fashion designer, and critic (b. 1922)
  • 2009 – Howard Unruh, American murderer (b. 1921)
  • 2009 – Joseph Wiseman, Canadian-American actor (b. 1918)
  • 2010 – Tom Bosley, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 2011 – Kakkanadan, Indian author (b. 1935)
  • 2012 – Lincoln Alexander, Canadian lawyer and politician, 24th Lieutenant Governor of Ontario (b. 1922)
  • 2012 – Wissam al-Hassan, Lebanese general (b. 1965)
  • 2012 – Wiyogo Atmodarminto, Indonesian general and politician, 10th Governor of Jakarta (b. 1922)
  • 2012 – Mike Graham, American wrestler (b. 1951)
  • 2012 – Fiorenzo Magni, Italian cyclist (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – John Bergamo, American drummer and composer (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Noel Harrison, English singer, actor, and skier (b. 1934)
  • 2013 – Ronald Shannon Jackson, American drummer and composer (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Mikihiko Renjō, Japanese author (b. 1948)
  • 2013 – Mahmoud Zoufonoun, Iranian-American violinist and composer (b. 1920)
  • 2014 – John Holt, Jamaican singer-songwriter (b. 1947)
  • 2014 – Stephen Paulus, American composer (b. 1949)
  • 2014 – Raphael Ravenscroft, English saxophonist and composer (b. 1954)
  • 2014 – Serena Shim, Lebanese-American journalist (b. 1984)
  • 2015 – Leon Bramlett, American football player and politician (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Bill Daley, American football player and sportscaster (b. 1919)
  • 2015 – Fleming Mackell, Canadian ice hockey player and singer (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Ali Treki, Libyan politician and diplomat, Libyan Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1938)
  • 2016 – Phil Chess, Czech-American record producer, co-founded Chess Records (b. 1921)

 

 

 

  • Holidays and observances on October 19
  • Christian feast day:
    • Aaron (Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria)
    • Blessed Jerzy Popiełuszko
    • Frideswide
    • Henry Martyn (Anglican Communion)
    • Isaac Jogues, Jean de Brébeuf, and Companions
    • Paul of the Cross
    • William Carey (Episcopal Church)
    • October 19 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Constitution Day, in honor of the country’s independence (self-governing in free association with New Zealand) in 1974. (Niue)
  • Mother Teresa Day (Albania)

 

October 19
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