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October 14

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  • What happened on October 14
  • October 14 is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 78 days remaining until the end of the year.

 

  • Events on October 14
  • 1066 – Norman Conquest: Battle of Hastings: In England on Senlac Hill, seven miles from Hastings, the Norman forces of William the Conqueror defeat the English army and kill King Harold II of England.
  • 1322 – Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland’s independence.
  • 1582 – Because of the adoption of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
  • 1586 – Mary, Queen of Scots, goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth I of England.
  • 1656 – Massachusetts enacts the first punitive legislation against the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). The marriage of church-and-state in Puritanism makes them regard the Quakers as spiritually apostate and politically subversive.
  • 1758 – Seven Years’ War: Austria defeats Prussia at the Battle of Hochkirch.
  • 1773 – The first recorded Ministry of Education, the Commission of National Education, is formed in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
  • 1773 – Just before the beginning of the American Revolutionary War, several of the British East India Company’s tea ships are set ablaze at the old seaport ofAnnapolis, Maryland.
  • 1805 – Battle of Elchingen, France defeats Austria.
  • 1806 – Battle of Jena–Auerstedt France defeats Prussia.
  • 1808 – The Republic of Ragusa is annexed by France.
  • 1840 – The Maronite leader Bashir II surrenders to the British Army and then is sent into exile on the islands of Malta.
  • 1843 – The British arrest the Irish nationalist Daniel O’Connell for conspiracy to commit crimes.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Bristoe Station: Confederate troops under the command of General Robert E. Lee fail to drive the Union Army completely out of Virginia.
  • 1882 – University of the Punjab is founded in a part of India that later became West Pakistan.
  • 1884 – American inventor George Eastman receives a U.S. Government patent on his new paper-strip photographic film.
  • 1888 – Louis Le Prince films first motion picture: Roundhay Garden Scene.
  • 1898 – The steamer ship SS Mohegan sinks after impacting the Manacles near Cornwall, United Kingdom, killing 106.
  • 1908 – The Chicago Cubs defeat the Detroit Tigers, 2–0, clinching the World Series. It would be their last one until clinching the 2016 World Series.
  • 1910 – English aviator Claude Grahame-White lands his Farman Aircraft biplane on Executive Avenue near the White House in Washington, D.C.
  • 1912 – While campaigning in Milwaukee, the former President of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, is shot and mildly wounded by John Schrank, a mentally-disturbed saloon keeper. With the fresh wound in his chest, and the bullet still within it, Mr. Roosevelt still carries out his scheduled public speech.
  • 1913 – Senghenydd colliery disaster, the United Kingdom’s worst coal mining accident claims the lives of 439 miners.
  • 1915 – World War I: The Kingdom of Bulgaria joins the Central Powers.
  • 1920 – Part of Petsamo Province is ceded by the Soviet Union to Finland.
  • 1926 – The children’s book Winnie-the-Pooh, by A. A. Milne, is first published.
  • 1933 – Nazi Germany withdraws from the League of Nations and World Disarmament Conference.
  • 1938 – The first flight of the Curtiss P-40 Warhawk fighter plane.
  • 1939 – The German submarine U-47 sinks the British battleship HMS Royal Oak within her harbour at Scapa Flow, Scotland.
  • 1940 – Balham underground station disaster in London, England, sixty-six people in the station were killed during the Nazi Luftwaffe air raids on Great Britain.
  • 1943 – Prisoners at the Nazi German Sobibór extermination camp in Poland revolt against the Germans, killing eleven SS guards, and wounding many more. About 300 of the Sobibor Camp’s 600 prisoners escape, and about 50 of these survive the end of the war.
  • 1943 – World War II: The American Eighth Air Force loses 60 of 291 B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers in aerial combat during the second mass-daylight air raid on the Schweinfurt ball bearing factories in western Nazi Germany.
  • 1943 – José P. Laurel takes the oath of office as President of the Philippines (Second Philippine Republic).
  • 1944 – World War II: Athens, Greece, is liberated by British Army troops entering the city as the Wehrmacht pulls out. This clears the way for the Greek government-in-exile to return to its historic capital city, with Georgios Papandreou, as the head of government.
  • 1944 – Linked to a plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel is forced to commit suicide.
  • 1947 – Captain Chuck Yeager of the United States Air Force flies a Bell X-1 rocket-powered experimental aircraft, the Glamorous Glennis, faster than the speed of sound at Mach 1.06 (700 miles per hour (1,100 km/h; 610 kn) over the high desert of Southern California and becomes the first pilot and the first airplane to do so in level flight.
  • 1949 – Eleven leaders of the American Communist Party are convicted, after a nine-month trial in a Federal District Court, of conspiring to advocate the violent overthrow of the U.S. Federal Government.
  • 1949 – Chinese Civil War: Chinese Communist forces occupy the city of Guangzhou (Canton), in Guangdong, China.
  • 1952 – Korean War: United Nations and South Korean forces launch Operation Showdown against Chinese strongholds at the Iron Triangle. The resulting Battle of Triangle Hill is the biggest and bloodiest battle of 1952.
  • 1956 – Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, the Indian Untouchable caste leader, converts to Buddhism along with 385,000 of his followers (see Neo-Buddhism).
  • 1957 – Queen Elizabeth II becomes the first Canadian monarch to open up an annual session of the Canadian Parliament, presenting her Speech from the throne in Ottawa, Canada.
  • 1957 – At least 81 people are killed in the most devastating flood in the Spanish city of Valencia’s history.
  • 1958 – The District of Columbia’s Bar Association votes to accept African-Americans as member attorneys.
  • 1962 – The Cuban Missile Crisis begins: A U.S. Air Force U-2 reconnaissance plane and its pilot flies over the island of Cuba and takes photographs of SovietSS-4 Sandal missiles being installed and erected in Cuba.
  • 1964 – Martin Luther King Jr. received the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolence.
  • 1964 – Leonid Brezhnev becomes the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and thereby, along with his allies, such as Alexei Kosygin, the leader of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), ousting the former monolithic leader Nikita Khrushchev, and sending him into retirement as anonperson in the USSR.
  • 1966 – The city of Montreal begins the operation of its underground Montreal Metro rapid transit system.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: American folk singer and activist Joan Baez is arrested concerning a physical blockade of the U.S. Army’s induction center in Oakland, California.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: Twenty-seven soldiers are arrested at the Presidio of San Francisco in California for their peaceful protest of stockade conditions and the Vietnam War.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: The United States Department of Defense announces that the U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps will send about 24,000 soldiers and Marines back to Vietnam for involuntary second tours of duty in the combat zone there.
  • 1968 – Apollo program: The first live TV broadcast by American astronauts in orbit performed by the Apollo 7 crew.
  • 1968 – An earthquake rated at 6.8 on the Richter magnitude scale destroys the Australian town of Meckering, Western Australia. and it also ruptures all nearby main highways and railroads.
  • 1968 – Jim Hines of the United States of America becomes the first man ever to break the so-called “ten-second barrier” in the 100-meter sprint in the Summer Olympic Games held in Mexico City with a time of 9.95 seconds.
  • 1969 – The United Kingdom introduces the British fifty-pence coin, which replaces, over the following years, the British ten-shilling note, in anticipation of thedecimalization of the British currency in 1971, and the abolition of the shilling as a unit of currency anywhere in the world.
  • 1973 – In the Thammasat student uprising over 100,000 people protest in Thailand against the Thanom military government, 77 are killed and 857 are injured by soldiers.
  • 1977 – With her husband Bob Green, Anita Bryant at press conference in Des Moines, Iowa, is famously “pied” on camera by gay-rights activist Tom Higgins.
  • 1979 – The first Gay Rights March on Washington, D.C., the National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights, demands “an end to all social, economic, judicial, and legal oppression of lesbian and gay people”, and draws approximately 100,000 people.
  • 1981 – Citing official misconduct in the investigation and trial, Amnesty International charges the U.S. Federal Government with holding Richard Marshall of theAmerican Indian Movement as a political prisoner.
  • 1981 – Vice President Hosni Mubarak is elected as the President of Egypt one week after the assassination of the President of Egypt, Anwar Sadat.
  • 1982 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan proclaims a War on Drugs.
  • 1983 – Maurice Bishop, Prime Minister of Grenada, is overthrown and later executed in a military coup d’état led by Bernard Coard.
  • 1994 – The Palestinian leader, Yasser Arafat, The Prime Minister of Israel, Yitzhak Rabin, and the Foreign Minister of Israel, Shimon Peres, receive the Nobel Peace Prize for their role in the establishment of the Oslo Accords and the framing of the future Palestinian Self Government.
  • 1998 – Eric Rudolph is charged with six bombings including the 1996 Centennial Olympic Park bombing in Atlanta, Georgia.
  • 2006 – The college football brawl between University of Miami and Florida International University leads to suspensions of 31 players of both teams.
  • 2012 – Felix Baumgartner successfully jumped to Earth from a helium balloon in the stratosphere in the Red Bull Stratos project.
  • 2014 – A snowstorm and avalanche in the Nepalese Himalayas triggered by the remnants of Cyclone Hudhud kills 43 people.
  • 2015 – A suicide bomb attack in Pakistan, kills at least seven people and injures 13 others.

 

 

 

  • Births on October 14
  • 1257 – Przemysł II of Poland (d. 1296)
  • 1404 – Marie of Anjou (d. 1463)
  • 1493 – Shimazu Tadayoshi, Japanese daimyo (d. 1568)
  • 1542 – Akbar, Mughal emperor (d. 1605)
  • 1563 – Jodocus Hondius, Flemish engraver and cartographer (d. 1611)
  • 1609 – Ernest Günther, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (d. 1689)
  • 1630 – Sophia of Hanover (d. 1714)
  • 1633 – James II of England (d. 1701)
  • 1639 – Simon van der Stel, Dutch commander and politician, 1st Governor of the Dutch Cape Colony (d. 1712)
  • 1641 – Joachim Tielke German instrument maker (d. 1719)
  • 1643 – Bahadur Shah I, Mughal emperor (d. 1712)
  • 1644 – William Penn, English businessman, founded the Province of Pennsylvania (d. 1718)
  • 1687 – Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician and academic (d. 1768)
  • 1712 – George Grenville, English lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1770)
  • 1726 – Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham, Scottish-English admiral and politician (d. 1813)
  • 1733 – François Sébastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt, Austrian field marshal (d. 1798)
  • 1784 – Ferdinand VII of Spain (d. 1833)
  • 1801 – Joseph Plateau, Belgian physicist and academic, created the Phenakistoscope (d. 1883)
  • 1806 – Preston King, American lawyer and politician (d. 1865)
  • 1824 – Adolphe Monticelli, French painter (d. 1886)
  • 1840 – Dmitry Pisarev, Russian author and critic (d. 1868)
  • 1842 – Joe Start, American baseball player and manager (d. 1927)
  • 1848 – Byron Edmund Walker, Canadian banker and philanthropist (d. 1924)
  • 1853 – John William Kendrick, American engineer and businessman (d. 1924)
  • 1867 – Masaoka Shiki, Japanese poet, author, and critic (d. 1902)
  • 1869 – Joseph Duveen, 1st Baron Duveen, English art dealer (d. 1939)
  • 1872 – Reginald Doherty, English tennis player (d. 1910)
  • 1873 – Ray Ewry, American jumper (d. 1937)
  • 1873 – Jules Rimet, French businessman (d. 1954)
  • 1882 – Éamon de Valera, American-Irish academic and politician, 3rd President of Ireland (d. 1975)
  • 1882 – Charlie Parker, English cricketer, coach, and umpire (d. 1959)
  • 1884 – Jimmy Conlin, American actor and singer (d. 1962)
  • 1888 – Minnie Evans, Potawatomi leader (d. 1971)
  • 1888 – Katherine Mansfield, British novelist, short story writer, and essayist (d. 1923)
  • 1888 – Yukio Sakurauchi, Japanese businessman and politician, 27th Japanese Minister of Finance (d. 1947)
  • 1890 – Dwight D. Eisenhower, American general and politician, 34th President of the United States (d. 1969)
  • 1892 – Sumner Welles, American politician and diplomat, 11th Under Secretary of State (d. 1961)
  • 1893 – Lillian Gish, American actress (d. 1993)
  • 1893 – Lois Lenski, American author and illustrator (d. 1974)
  • 1894 – E. E. Cummings, American poet and playwright (d. 1962)
  • 1894 – Victoria Drummond, British marine engineer (d. 1978)
  • 1898 – Thomas William Holmes, Canadian sergeant and pilot, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1950)
  • 1900 – W. Edwards Deming, American statistician, author, and academic (d. 1993)
  • 1902 – Learco Guerra, Italian cyclist and manager (d. 1963)
  • 1904 – Christian Pineau, French politician, French Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1995)
  • 1904 – Mikhail Pervukhin, Soviet politician, First Deputy Premier of the Soviet Union (d. 1978)
  • 1906 – Hassan al-Banna, Egyptian religious leader, founded the Muslim Brotherhood (d. 1949)
  • 1906 – Hannah Arendt, German-American philosopher and theorist (d. 1975)
  • 1907 – Allan Jones, American actor and singer (d. 1992)
  • 1908 – Ruth Hale, American actress and playwright (d. 2003)
  • 1909 – Mochitsura Hashimoto, Japanese commander (d. 2000)
  • 1909 – Dorothy Kingsley, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1996)
  • 1909 – Bernd Rosemeyer, German race car driver (d. 1938)
  • 1910 – John Wooden, American basketball player and coach (d. 2010)
  • 1911 – Lê Đức Thọ, Vietnamese general and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1990)
  • 1914 – Harry Brecheen, American baseball player and coach (d. 2004)
  • 1914 – Raymond Davis Jr., American chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2006)
  • 1914 – Alexis Rannit, Estonian poet and critic (d. 1985)
  • 1915 – Loris Francesco Capovilla, Italian cardinal (d. 2016)
  • 1916 – C. Everett Koop, American admiral and surgeon, 13th United States Surgeon General (d. 2013)
  • 1918 – Marcel Chaput, Canadian biochemist, journalist, and politician (d. 1991)
  • 1918 – Thelma Coyne Long, Australian tennis player and captain (d. 2015)
  • 1918 – Doug Ring, Australian cricketer and sportscaster (d. 2003)
  • 1921 – José Arraño Acevedo, Chilean journalist and historian (d. 2009)
  • 1923 – Joel Barnett, English accountant and politician, Chief Secretary to the Treasury (d. 2014)
  • 1925 – Clancy Lyall, American sergeant (d. 2012)
  • 1926 – Willy Alberti, Dutch singer and actor (d. 1985)
  • 1926 – Bill Justis, American saxophonist, composer, and producer (d. 1982)
  • 1927 – Roger Moore, English actor and producer
  • 1928 – Frank E. Resnik, American chemist and businessman (d. 1995)
  • 1929 – Yvon Durelle, Canadian boxer and wrestler (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Robert Parker, American singer and saxophonist
  • 1930 – Mobutu Sese Seko, Congolese soldier and politician, President of Zaire (d. 1997)
  • 1930 – Alan Williams, Welsh journalist and politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Wales (d. 2014)
  • 1931 – Nikhil Banerjee, Indian sitar player and composer (d. 1986)
  • 1932 – Enrico Di Giuseppe, American tenor and actor (d. 2005)
  • 1932 – Anatoly Larkin, Russian-American physicist and academic (d. 2005)
  • 1936 – Hans Kraay, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1936 – Jürg Schubiger, Swiss psychotherapist and author (d. 2014)
  • 1938 – John Dean, American lawyer and author, 13th White House Counsel
  • 1938 – Elizabeth Esteve-Coll, English curator and academic
  • 1938 – Ron Lancaster, American-Canadian football player and coach (d. 2008)
  • 1938 – Shula Marks, South African historian and academic
  • 1938 – Melba Montgomery, American country music singer
  • 1939 – Ralph Lauren, American fashion designer, founded the Ralph Lauren Corporation
  • 1939 – Rocky Thompson, American golfer and politician
  • 1940 – Perrie Mans, South African snooker player
  • 1940 – Cliff Richard, Indian-English singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1940 – J. C. Snead, American golfer
  • 1940 – Christopher Timothy, Welsh actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1941 – Jerry Glanville, American football player and coach
  • 1941 – Laurie Lawrence, Australian rugby player and coach
  • 1941 – Art Shamsky, American baseball player and manager
  • 1941 – Roger Taylor, English tennis player
  • 1942 – Bob Hiller, English rugby player
  • 1942 – Evelio Javier, Filipino lawyer and politician (d. 1986)
  • 1942 – Péter Nádas, Hungarian author and playwright
  • 1942 – Suzzanna, Indonesian actress (d. 2008)
  • 1944 – Udo Kier, German-American actor and director
  • 1945 – Colin Hodgkinson, English bass player
  • 1945 – Daan Jippes, Dutch author and illustrator
  • 1945 – Lesley Joseph, English actress
  • 1946 – François Bozizé, Gabonese general and politician, President of the Central African Republic
  • 1946 – Joey de Leon, Filipino comedian, actor and television host
  • 1946 – Justin Hayward, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1946 – Dan McCafferty, Scottish singer-songwriter
  • 1946 – Al Oliver, American baseball player
  • 1946 – Craig Venter, American biologist, geneticist, and academic
  • 1947 – Norman Harris, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (d. 1987)
  • 1947 – Charlie Joiner, American football player
  • 1947 – Nikolai Volkoff, Croatian-American wrestler
  • 1948 – Marcia Barrett, Jamaican-English singer
  • 1948 – Norman Ornstein, American political scientist and scholar
  • 1949 – Damian Lau, Hong Kong actor, director, and producer
  • 1949 – Katy Manning, English-Australian actress and production manager
  • 1949 – Katha Pollitt, American poet and author
  • 1949 – Dave Schultz, Canadian ice hockey player and referee
  • 1950 – Joey Travolta, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1951 – Aad van den Hoek, Dutch cyclist
  • 1952 – Harry Anderson, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1952 – Nikolai Andrianov, Russian gymnast and coach (d. 2011)
  • 1952 – Rick Aviles, American comedian and actor (d. 1995)
  • 1953 – Kazumi Watanabe, Japanese guitarist and composer
  • 1954 – Carole Malone, English journalist
  • 1954 – Mordechai Vanunu, Moroccan-Israeli technician and academic
  • 1955 – Iwona Blazwick, English curator and critic
  • 1956 – Ümit Besen, Turkish singer-songwriter
  • 1956 – Beth Daniel, American golfer and sportscaster
  • 1956 – Jennell Jaquays, American game designer
  • 1956 – Arleen Sorkin, American actress, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1957 – Michel Després, Canadian lawyer and politician
  • 1957 – Gen Nakatani, Japanese lawyer and politician, 13th Japanese Minister of Defense
  • 1957 – Kenny Neal, American actor, singer, and guitarist
  • 1958 – Thomas Dolby, English singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1959 – A. J. Pero, American drummer (d. 2015)
  • 1960 – Steve Cram, English runner and coach
  • 1960 – Zbigniew Kruszyński, Polish footballer and coach
  • 1961 – Isaac Mizrahi, American fashion designer
  • 1962 – Jaan Ehlvest, Estonian chess player
  • 1962 – Trevor Goddard, English-American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1962 – Chris Thomas King, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor
  • 1963 – Lori Petty, American actress
  • 1964 – Joe Girardi, American baseball player and manager
  • 1965 – Steve Coogan, English actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1965 – Jüri Jaanson, Estonian rower and politician
  • 1965 – Constantine Koukias, Greek-Australian flute player and composer
  • 1965 – Karyn White, American singer-songwriter
  • 1967 – Pat Kelly, American baseball player, coach, and manager
  • 1967 – Sylvain Lefebvre, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1967 – Jason Plato, English race car driver and television host
  • 1967 – Werner Daehn, German actor
  • 1968 – Jay Ferguson, Canadian guitarist and songwriter
  • 1968 – Johnny Goudie, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor
  • 1968 – Matthew Le Tissier, English footballer and journalist
  • 1968 – Timothy Lincoln Beckwith, American lawyer
  • 1968 – Dwayne Schintzius, American basketball player and coach (d. 2012)
  • 1969 – P. J. Brown, American basketball player
  • 1969 – David Strickland, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1970 – Martin Barbarič, Czech footballer and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1970 – Jim Jackson, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1970 – Takako Katou, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1970 – Meelis Lindmaa, Estonian footballer
  • 1970 – Hiromi Nagasaku, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1970 – Pär Zetterberg, Swedish footballer
  • 1971 – Jorge Costa, Portuguese footballer and manager
  • 1971 – Robert Jaworski Jr., Filipino basketball player and politician
  • 1972 – Erika de Lone, American tennis player
  • 1972 – Julian O’Neill, Australian rugby league player
  • 1973 – Thom Brooks, American-British political philosopher and legal scholar
  • 1973 – Lasha Zhvania, Georgian businessman and politician
  • 1974 – Jessica Drake, American porn actress and director
  • 1974 – Samuel José da Silva Vieira, Brazilian footballer
  • 1974 – Natalie Maines, American singer-songwriter
  • 1974 – Viktor Röthlin, Swiss runner
  • 1974 – Shaggy 2 Dope, American rapper and producer
  • 1974 – Tümer Metin, Turkish footballer
  • 1975 – Michael Duberry, English footballer
  • 1975 – Floyd Landis, American cyclist
  • 1975 – Shaznay Lewis, English singer-songwriter
  • 1975 – Carlos Spencer, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1976 – Tillakaratne Dilshan, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1976 – Nataša Kejžar, Slovenian swimmer
  • 1976 – Henry Mateo, Dominican baseball player
  • 1977 – Saeed Ajmal, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1977 – Tina Dico, Danish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1977 – Joey Didulica, Australian-Croatian footballer and manager
  • 1977 – Barry Ditewig, Dutch footballer
  • 1977 – Carl Johan Grimmark, Swedish guitarist
  • 1977 – Kelly Schumacher, American-Canadian basketball and volleyball player
  • 1978 – Justin Lee Brannan, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1978 – Ryan Church, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Paul Hunter, English snooker player (d. 2006)
  • 1978 – Jana Macurová, Czech tennis player
  • 1978 – Steven Thompson, Scottish footballer
  • 1978 – Usher, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor
  • 1978 – Javon Walker, American football player
  • 1979 – Stacy Keibler, American wrestler and actress
  • 1979 – Liina-Grete Lilender, Estonian figure skater and coach
  • 1980 – Paúl Ambrosi, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1980 – Amjad Khan, Danish-English cricketer
  • 1980 – Scott Kooistra, American football player
  • 1980 – Niels Lodberg, Danish footballer
  • 1980 – Terrence McGee, American football player
  • 1980 – Ben Whishaw, English actor
  • 1981 – Boof Bonser, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Gautam Gambhir, Indian cricketer
  • 1982 – Ryan Hall, American runner
  • 1982 – Matt Roth, American football player
  • 1983 – Lin Dan, Chinese badminton player
  • 1983 – Betty Heidler, German hammer thrower
  • 1983 – Abdelaziz Khourdifi, Moroccan short story writer
  • 1984 – LaRon Landry, American football player
  • 1984 – Alex Scott, English footballer
  • 1985 – Alexandre Sarnes Negrão, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1986 – Tom Craddock, English footballer
  • 1986 – Skyler Shaye, American actress
  • 1988 – Will Atkinson, English footballer
  • 1988 – Glenn Maxwell, Australian cricketer
  • 1988 – Mario Titone, Italian footballer
  • 1989 – Mia Wasikowska, Australian actress
  • 1990 – Jordan Clark, English cricketer
  • 1992 – Ahmed Musa, Nigerian footballer
  • 1992 – Savannah Outen, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1993 – Ashton Agar, Australian cricketer
  • 1994 – Joe Burgess, English rugby league player
  • 1994 – Jaelen Feeney, Australian rugby league player
  • 2001 – Rowan Blanchard, American actress

 

 

 

  • Deaths on October 14
  • 530 – Antipope Dioscorus
  • 841 – Shi Yuanzhong, Chinese governor
  • 869 – Pang Xun, Chinese rebel leader
  • 1066 – Harold Godwinson, English king (b. 1022)
  • 1066 – Leofwine Godwinson, English son of Godwin, Earl of Wessex (b. 1035)
  • 1066 – Gyrth Godwinson, brother of King Harold II
  • 1092 – Nizam al-Mulk, Persian scholar and politician (b. 1018)
  • 1213 – Geoffrey Fitz Peter, 1st Earl of Essex
  • 1217 – Isabella, Countess of Gloucester, wife of King John of England (b. c.1173)
  • 1256 – Kujō Yoritsugu, Japanese shogun (b. 1239)
  • 1318 – Edward Bruce, Irish king (b. 1280)
  • 1416 – Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
  • 1552 – Oswald Myconius, Swiss theologian and reformer (b. 1488)
  • 1565 – Thomas Chaloner, English poet and politician (b. 1521)
  • 1568 – Jacques Arcadelt, Dutch singer and composer (b. 1507)
  • 1610 – Amago Yoshihisa, Japanese daimyo (b. 1540)
  • 1619 – Samuel Daniel, English poet and historian (b. 1562)
  • 1637 – Gabriello Chiabrera, Italian poet (b. 1552)
  • 1669 – Antonio Cesti, Italian organist and composer (b. 1623)
  • 1703 – Thomas Kingo, Danish bishop and poet (b. 1634)
  • 1711 – Tewoflos, Ethiopian emperor (b. 1708)
  • 1758 – James Francis Edward Keith, Scottish-Prussian field marshal (b. 1696)
  • 1792 – Sophie Charlotte Ackermann, German actress (b. 1714)
  • 1831 – Jean-Louis Pons, French astronomer and educator (b. 1761)
  • 1911 – John Marshall Harlan, American lawyer and politician (b. 1833)
  • 1923 – Marcellus Emants, Dutch-Swiss author, poet, and playwright (b. 1848)
  • 1929 – Henri Berger, German composer and bandleader (b. 1844)
  • 1930 – Samuel van Houten, Dutch lawyer and politician, Dutch Minister of the Interior (b. 1837)
  • 1942 – Noboru Yamaguchi, Japanese mob boss (b. 1902)
  • 1943 – Sobibór uprising:
    • Rudolf Beckmann, German SS officer (b. 1910)
    • Siegfried Graetschus, German sergeant (b. 1916)
    • Johann Niemann, German lieutenant (b. 1913)
  • 1944 – Erwin Rommel, German field marshal (b. 1891)
  • 1953 – Émile Sarrade, French rugby player and tug of war competitor (b. 1877)
  • 1953 – Kyuichi Tokuda, Japanese lawyer and politician (b. 1894)
  • 1958 – Douglas Mawson, Australian geologist, academic, and explorer (b. 1882)
  • 1959 – Jack Davey, New Zealand-Australian singer and radio host (b. 1907)
  • 1959 – Errol Flynn, Australian-American actor, singer, and producer (b. 1909)
  • 1960 – Abram Ioffe, Russian physicist and academic (b. 1880)
  • 1961 – Paul Ramadier, French politician, 129th Prime Minister of France (b. 1888)
  • 1961 – Harriet Shaw Weaver, English journalist and activist (b. 1876)
  • 1965 – William Hogenson, American sprinter (b. 1884)
  • 1965 – Randall Jarrell, American poet and author (b. 1914)
  • 1967 – Marcel Aymé, French author and playwright (b. 1902)
  • 1969 – Haguroyama Masaji, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 36th Yokozuna (b. 1914)
  • 1969 – August Sang, Estonian poet and translator (b. 1914)
  • 1973 – Edmund A. Chester, American journalist and broadcaster (b. 1897)
  • 1973 – Ahmed Hamdi, Egyptian general and engineer (b. 1929)
  • 1976 – Edith Evans, English actress (b. 1888)
  • 1977 – Bing Crosby, American singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1903)
  • 1982 – Louis Rougier, French philosopher from the Vienna Circle (b. 1889)
  • 1983 – Willard Price, Canadian-American historian and author (b. 1887)
  • 1984 – Martin Ryle, English astronomer and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
  • 1985 – Emil Gilels, Ukrainian-Russian pianist (b. 1916)
  • 1986 – Keenan Wynn, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 1986 – Takahiko Yamanouchi, Japanese physicist (b. 1902)
  • 1990 – Leonard Bernstein, American pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1918)
  • 1997 – Harold Robbins, American author (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Cleveland Amory, American author and activist (b. 1917)
  • 1998 – Frankie Yankovic, American accordion player (b. 1916)
  • 1999 – Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian educator and politician, 1st President of Tanzania (b. 1922)
  • 2000 – Art Coulter, Canadian-American ice hockey player (b. 1909)
  • 2000 – Tony Roper, American race car driver (b. 1964)
  • 2002 – Norbert Schultze, German composer and conductor (b. 1911)
  • 2003 – Patrick Dalzel-Job, English linguist, commander, and navigator (b. 1913)
  • 2004 – Vlassis Bonatsos, Greek actor and singer (b. 1949)
  • 2006 – Jared Anderson, American singer and bass player (b. 1975)
  • 2006 – Chun Wei Cheung, Dutch rower (b. 1972)
  • 2006 – Freddy Fender, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1937)
  • 2006 – Maurice Grosse, English paranormal investigator (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – Nancy Lynn, American pilot (b. 1956)
  • 2006 – Klaas Runia, Dutch theologian and journalist (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Gerry Studds, American educator and politician (b. 1937)
  • 2007 – Big Moe, American rapper (b. 1974)
  • 2008 – Robert Furman, American engineer and intelligence officer (b. 1915)
  • 2008 – Kazys Petkevičius, Lithuanian basketball player and coach (b. 1926)
  • 2009 – Lou Albano, Italian-American wrestler, manager, and actor (b. 1933)
  • 2009 – Martyn Sanderson, New Zealand actor and screenwriter (b. 1938)
  • 2009 – Collin Wilcox, American actress (b. 1935)
  • 2010 – Simon MacCorkindale, English actor, director, and producer (b. 1952)
  • 2010 – Benoit Mandelbrot, Polish-American mathematician and economist (b. 1924)
  • 2011 – Reg Alcock, Canadian businessman and politician (b. 1948)
  • 2011 – Ashawna Hailey, American computer scientist and philanthropist (b. 1949)
  • 2012 – John Clive, English actor and author (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Max Fatchen, Australian journalist and author (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – James R. Grover Jr., American lawyer and politician (b. 1919)
  • 2012 – Larry Sloan, American publisher, co-founded Price Stern Sloan (b. 1922)
  • 2012 – Arlen Specter, American lieutenant and politician (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Dody Weston Thompson, American photographer (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Gart Westerhout, Dutch-American astronomer and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Wally Bell, American baseball player and umpire (b. 1965)
  • 2013 – Max Cahner, German-Catalan historian and politician (b. 1936)
  • 2013 – Kōichi Iijima, Japanese author and poet (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Jan Kubíček, Czech constructivist painter and sculptor (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Bruno Metsu, French footballer and manager (b. 1954)
  • 2013 – Frank Moore, American painter and poet (b. 1946)
  • 2013 – Käty van der Mije-Nicolau, Romanian-Dutch chess player (b. 1940)
  • 2014 – A. H. Halsey, English sociologist and academic (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – Leonard Liggio, American author and academic (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Elizabeth Peña, American actress (b. 1959)
  • 2015 – Nurlan Balgimbayev, Kazakh politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Kazakhstan (b. 1947)
  • 2015 – Mathieu Kérékou, Beninese soldier and politician, President of Benin (b. 1933)
  • 2015 – Margaret Keyes, American historian and academic (b. 1918)
  • 2015 – Radhakrishna Hariram Tahiliani, Indian admiral (b. 1930)
  • 2016 – Helen Kelly, New Zealand trade union leader (b. 1964)

 

 

 

  • Holidays and observances on October 14
  • Christian feast day:
    • Angadrisma
    • Fortunatus of Todi
    • Joseph Schereschewsky (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • Pope Callixtus I
    • October 14 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
    • Intercession of the Theotokos
  • Day of the Cathedral of the Living Pillar (Georgian Orthodox Church)
  • Mother’s Day (Belarus)
  • National Education Day (Poland), formerly Teachers’ Day
  • Nyerere Day (Tanzania)
  • Second Revolution Day (Yemen)
  • World Standards Day (International)
  • Defender of Ukraine Day (Ukraine)

 

October 14
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