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October 12

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  • What happened on October 12
  • October 12 is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 80 days remaining until the end of the year.

 

  • Events on October 12
  • 539 BC – The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon.
  • 633 – Battle of Hatfield Chase: King Edwin of Northumbria is defeated and killed by the British under Penda of Mercia andCadwallon of Gwynedd.
  • 1113 – The city of Oradea is first mentioned under the Latin name Varadinum (“vár” means fortress in Hungarian).
  • 1279 – Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk founder of Nichiren Buddhism, is said to have inscribed the Dai Gohonzon.
  • 1398 – The Treaty of Salynas is signed between Grand Duke of Lithuania Vytautas the Great and the Teutonic Knights, who received Samogitia.
  • 1492 – Christopher Columbus’s expedition makes landfall in the Caribbean, specifically in The Bahamas. The explorer believes he has reached the Indies.
  • 1582 – Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
  • 1654 – The Delft Explosion devastates the city in the Netherlands, killing more than 100 people.
  • 1692 – The Salem witch trials are ended by a letter from Massachusetts Governor Sir William Phips.
  • 1748 – British and Spanish naval forces engage at the Battle of Havana during the War of Jenkins’ Ear.
  • 1773 – America’s first insane asylum opens.
  • 1792 – The first celebration of Columbus Day is held in New York City.
  • 1793 – The cornerstone of Old East, the oldest state university building in the United States, is laid on the campus of the University of North Carolina.
  • 1798 – Flemish and Luxembourgish peasants launch the rebellion against French rule known as the Peasants’ War.
  • 1799 – Jeanne Geneviève Labrosse was the first woman to jump from a balloon with a parachute, from an altitude of 900 meters.
  • 1810 – First Oktoberfest: The Bavarian royalty invites the citizens of Munich to join the celebration of the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria to Princess Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen.
  • 1822 – Pedro I of Brazil is proclaimed the emperor of the Empire of Brazil.
  • 1823 – Charles Macintosh of Scotland sells the first raincoat.
  • 1847 – German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens & Halske, which later becomes Siemens AG.
  • 1871 – Criminal Tribes Act (CTA) enacted by British rule in India, which named over 160 local communities ‘Criminal Tribes’, i.e. hereditary criminals. Repealed in 1949, after Independence of India.
  • 1890 – Uddevalla Suffrage Association is formed.
  • 1892 – The Pledge of Allegiance is first recited by students in many US public schools, as part of a celebration marking the 400th anniversary of Columbus’s voyage.
  • 1901 – President Theodore Roosevelt officially renames the “Executive Mansion” to the White House.
  • 1915 – World War I: British nurse Edith Cavell is executed by a German firing squad for helping Allied soldiers escape from Belgium
  • 1917 – World War I: The First Battle of Passchendaele takes place resulting in the largest single day loss of life in New Zealand history.
  • 1918 – A massive forest fire kills 453 people in Cloquet, Minnesota.
  • 1928 – An iron lung respirator is used for the first time at Children’s Hospital, Boston.
  • 1933 – The military Alcatraz Citadel becomes the civilian Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary.
  • 1942 – World War II: Japanese ships retreat after their defeat in the Battle of Cape Esperance.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Axis occupation of Athens comes to an end.
  • 1945 – World War II: Desmond Doss is the first conscientious objector to receive the U.S. Medal of Honor.
  • 1959 – At the national congress of APRA in Peru a group of leftist radicals are expelled from the party who later form APRA Rebelde.
  • 1960 – Cold War: Nikita Khrushchev pounds his shoe on a desk at United Nations General Assembly meeting to protest a Philippine assertion of Soviet Unioncolonial policy being conducted in Eastern Europe.
  • 1960 – Television viewers in Japan unexpectedly witness the assassination of Inejiro Asanuma, leader of the Japan Socialist Party, when he is stabbed to death during a live broadcast.
  • 1962 – The Columbus Day Storm strikes the U.S. Pacific Northwest with record wind velocities; 46 dead and at least U.S. $230 million in damages.
  • 1963 – After nearly 23 years of imprisonment, Reverend Walter Ciszek, a Jesuit missionary, was released from the Soviet Union.
  • 1964 – The Soviet Union launches the Voskhod 1 into Earth orbit as the first spacecraft with a multi-person crew and the first flight without space suits.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: US Secretary of State Dean Rusk states during a news conference that proposals by the U.S. Congress for peace initiatives are futile because of North Vietnam’s opposition.
  • 1968 – Equatorial Guinea becomes independent from Spain.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: US President Richard Nixon announces that the United States will withdraw 40,000 more troops before Christmas
  • 1971 – 2,500 year celebration of the Persian Empire is held (until October 16).
  • 1979 – The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, the first of five books in the Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy comedy science fiction series by Douglas Adams is published.
  • 1979 – The lowest recorded non-tornadic atmospheric pressure, 87.0 kPa (870 mbar or 25.69 inHg), occurred in the Western Pacific during Typhoon Tip.
  • 1983 – Japan’s former Prime Minister Tanaka Kakuei is found guilty of taking a $2 million bribe from Lockheed and is sentenced to four years in jail.
  • 1984 – Brighton hotel bombing: The Provisional Irish Republican Army attempt to assassinate Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and her cabinet. Thatcher escapes but the bomb kills five people and wounds 31.
  • 1986 – Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh visit the People’s Republic of China.
  • 1988 – Two officers of the Victoria Police are gunned down execution-style in the Walsh Street police shootings, Australia.
  • 1992 – A 5.8 earthquake occurred in Cairo, Egypt. At least 510 died.
  • 1994 – The Magellan spacecraft burns up in the atmosphere of Venus.
  • 1997 – Sidi Daoud massacre in Algeria that killed 43 at a fake roadblock.
  • 1998 – Matthew Shepard, a gay student at University of Wyoming, dies five days after he was beaten, robbed and left tied to a wooden fence post outside of Laramie, Wyoming.
  • 1999 – Pervez Musharraf takes power in Pakistan from Nawaz Sharif through a bloodless coup.
  • 1999 – The former Autonomous Soviet Republic of Abkhazia declares its independence from Georgia
  • 2000 – The USS Cole is badly damaged in Aden, Yemen, by two suicide bombers, killing 17 crew members and wounding at least 39.
  • 2002 – Terrorists detonate bombs in the Sari Club in Kuta, Bali, killing 202 and wounding over 300.
  • 2005 – The second Chinese human spaceflight Shenzhou 6 launched carrying Fèi Jùnlóng and Niè Hǎishèng for five days in orbit.
  • 2013 – Fifty-one people are killed after a truck veers off a cliff in La Convención Province in Peru.

 

 

 

  • Births on October 12
  • 1008 – Emperor Go-Ichijō of Japan (d. 1036)
  • 1240 – Trần Thánh Tông, emperor of Vietnam (then Đại Việt) (d. 1290)
  • 1350 – Dmitri Donskoi, Grand Duke of Muscovy and Vladimir (d. 1389)
  • 1490 – Bernardo Pisano, Italian singer-songwriter and priest (d. 1548)
  • 1537 – Edward VI of England (d. 1553)
  • 1555 – Peregrine Bertie, 13th Baron Willoughby de Eresby (d. 1601)
  • 1558 – Maximilian III, Archduke of Austria (d. 1618)
  • 1576 – Thomas Dudley, English-American soldier and politician, 3rd Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (d. 1653)
  • 1602 – William Chillingworth, English scholar and theologian (d. 1644)
  • 1687 – Sylvius Leopold Weiss, German lute player and composer (d. 1750)
  • 1710 – Jonathan Trumbull, American colonel and politician, 16th Governor of Connecticut (d. 1785)
  • 1725 – Étienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist and entomologist (d. 1810)
  • 1792 – Christian Gmelin, German chemist and pharmacist (d. 1860)
  • 1798 – Pedro I of Brazil (d. 1834)
  • 1801 – Friedrich Frey-Herosé, Swiss lawyer and politician, 5th President of the Swiss Confederation (d. 1873)
  • 1815 – William J. Hardee, American general (d. 1873)
  • 1840 – Helena Modjeska, Polish-American actress (d. 1909)
  • 1855 – Arthur Nikisch, Hungarian conductor and academic (d. 1922)
  • 1860 – Elmer Ambrose Sperry, American engineer and businessman, co-invented the gyrocompass (d. 1930)
  • 1865 – Arthur Harden, English biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1940)
  • 1866 – Ramsay MacDonald, Scottish journalist and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1937)
  • 1868 – August Horch, German engineer and businessman, founded Audi (d. 1951)
  • 1868 – Mariano Trías, Filipino general and politician, 1st Vice President of the Philippines (d. 1914)
  • 1872 – Ralph Vaughan Williams, English composer and educator (d. 1958)
  • 1874 – Jimmy Burke, American baseball player and manager (d. 1942)
  • 1875 – Aleister Crowley, English magician and author (d. 1947)
  • 1878 – Truxtun Hare, American football player and hammer thrower (d. 1956)
  • 1880 – Louis Hémon, French-Canadian author (d. 1913)
  • 1891 – Edith Stein, Polish nun and martyr; later canonized (d. 1942)
  • 1891 – Fumimaro Konoe, Japanese soldier and politician, 39th Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1945)
  • 1892 – Gilda dalla Rizza, Italian soprano and actress (d. 1975)
  • 1893 – Velvalee Dickinson, American spy (d. 1980)
  • 1894 – Elisabeth of Romania (d. 1956)
  • 1896 – Eugenio Montale, Italian poet and translator, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)
  • 1903 – Josephine Hutchinson, American actress (d. 1998)
  • 1904 – Lester Dent, American journalist and author (d. 1959)
  • 1904 – Ding Ling, Chinese author and educator (d. 1986)
  • 1906 – Joe Cronin, American baseball player and manager (d. 1984)
  • 1906 – John Murray, American playwright and producer (d. 1984)
  • 1906 – Piero Taruffi, Italian race car driver and motorcycle racer (d. 1988)
  • 1908 – Paul Engle, American novelist, poet, playwright, and critic (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Ann Petry, American novelist (d. 1997)
  • 1910 – Robert Fitzgerald, American poet, critic, and translator (d. 1985)
  • 1910 – Malcolm Renfrew, American chemist and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1911 – Vijay Merchant, Indian cricketer (d. 1987)
  • 1913 – Alice Chetwynd Ley, English author and educator (d. 2004)
  • 1916 – Alice Childress, American actress and playwright (d. 1994)
  • 1917 – Roque Máspoli, Uruguayan footballer and manager (d. 2004)
  • 1919 – Gilles Beaudoin, Canadian politician, 34th Mayor of Trois-Rivières (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Doris Miller, American chef and soldier (d. 1943)
  • 1920 – Christy Ring, Irish hurler (d. 1979)
  • 1920 – Christopher Soames, English politician and diplomat, Governor of Southern Rhodesia (d. 1987)
  • 1921 – Art Clokey, American animator, producer, screenwriter, and voice actor, created Gumby (d. 2010)
  • 1921 – Jaroslav Drobný, Czech-English tennis player and ice hockey player (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – Logie Bruce Lockhart, Scottish rugby player and journalist
  • 1922 – William H. Sullivan, American soldier and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the Philippines (d. 2013)
  • 1923 – Jean Nidetch, American businesswoman, co-founded Weight Watchers (d. 2015)
  • 1923 – Goody Petronelli, American boxer, trainer, and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1924 – Doris Grau, American actress (d. 1995)
  • 1924 – Leonidas Kyrkos, Greek politician (d. 2011)
  • 1924 – Mimis Plessas, Greek pianist and composer
  • 1925 – Denis Lazure, Canadian psychiatrist and politician (d. 2008)
  • 1925 – Essie Mae Washington-Williams, American author and educator (d. 2013)
  • 1928 – Al Held, American painter and academic (d. 2005)
  • 1928 – Domna Samiou, Greek singer and musicologist (d. 2012)
  • 1929 – Robert Coles, American psychologist, author, and academic
  • 1929 – Magnus Magnusson, Icelandic journalist and academic (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Denis Brodeur, Canadian ice hockey player and photographer (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Milica Kacin Wohinz, Slovenian historian and author
  • 1931 – Ole-Johan Dahl, Norwegian computer scientist and academic, co-developed Simula (d. 2002)
  • 1932 – Dick Gregory, American comedian, actor, and author
  • 1932 – Ned Jarrett, American race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1932 – John Moffat, Danish physicist and academic
  • 1933 – Guido Molinari, Canadian painter and art collector (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – James “Sugar Boy” Crawford, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 2012)
  • 1934 – Richard Meier, American architect, designed the Getty Center and City Tower
  • 1934 – Albert Shiryaev, Russian mathematician and academic
  • 1934 – Oğuz Atay, Turkish engineer and author (d. 1977)
  • 1935 – Don Howe, English footballer and manager (d. 2015)
  • 1935 – Tony Kubek, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1935 – Shivraj Patil, Indian lawyer and politician, Indian Minister of Defence
  • 1935 – Luciano Pavarotti, Italian tenor and actor (d. 2007)
  • 1937 – Paul Hawkins, Australian race car driver (d. 1969)
  • 1937 – Robert Mangold, American painter
  • 1941 – Michael Mansfield, English lawyer, academic, and republican
  • 1943 – Kostas Tsakonas, Greek actor (d. 2015)
  • 1944 – Angela Rippon, English journalist and author
  • 1945 – Aurore Clément, French actress
  • 1945 – Dusty Rhodes, American wrestler and trainer (d. 2015)
  • 1946 – Ashok Mankad, Indian cricketer (d. 2008)
  • 1946 – Daryl Runswick, English bassist and composer
  • 1947 – Chris Wallace, American journalist
  • 1948 – Rick Parfitt, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2016)
  • 1949 – Dave Lloyd, English cyclist and coach
  • 1949 – Carlos the Jackal, Venezuelan terrorist and murderer
  • 1949 – Nigel Thrift, English geographer and academic
  • 1949 – Paul Went, English footballer and manager
  • 1950 – Susan Anton, American actress and singer
  • 1950 – Dave Freudenthal, American economist and politician, 31st Governor of Wyoming
  • 1951 – Sally Little, South African-American golfer
  • 1951 – Ed Royce, American businessman and politician
  • 1951 – Norio Suzuki, Japanese golfer
  • 1952 – Béla Csécsei, Hungarian educator and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1952 – Roger Heath-Brown, English mathematician and theorist
  • 1953 – Les Dennis, English comedian and actor
  • 1953 – David Threlfall, English actor and director
  • 1954 – Linval Thompson, Jamaican singer and producer
  • 1954 – Massimo Ghini, Italian actor
  • 1955 – Einar Jan Aas, Norwegian footballer
  • 1955 – Pat DiNizio, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1955 – Ante Gotovina, Croatian general
  • 1955 – Jane Siberry, Canadian singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1956 – Rafael Ábalos, Spanish author
  • 1956 – Allan Evans, Scottish footballer
  • 1956 – Lutz Haueisen, German cyclist
  • 1956 – Catherine Holmes, Australian judge
  • 1956 – Gerti Schanderl, German figure skater
  • 1956 – David Vanian, English singer-songwriter
  • 1957 – Clémentine Célarié, French actress, singer, and director
  • 1957 – Serge Clerc, French comic book artist and illustrator
  • 1957 – Mike Dowler, Welsh football goalkeeper
  • 1957 – Annik Honoré, Belgian journalist and music promoter (d. 2014)
  • 1957 – William F. Laurance, Australian biologist
  • 1958 – Steve Austria, American lawyer and politician
  • 1958 – Maria de Fátima Silva de Sequeira Dias, Portuguese historian, author, and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1958 – Bryn Merrick, Welsh bass player (d. 2015)
  • 1959 – Anna Escobedo Cabral, American lawyer and politician, 42nd Treasurer of the United States
  • 1960 – Steve Lowery, American golfer
  • 1960 – Carlo Perrone, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1961 – Chendo, Spanish footballer
  • 1962 – Carlos Bernard, American actor and director
  • 1962 – Chris Botti, American trumpet player and composer
  • 1962 – John Coleman, English footballer and manager
  • 1962 – Branko Crvenkovski, Macedonian engineer and politician, 3rd President of the Republic of Macedonia
  • 1962 – Deborah Foreman, American actress and photographer
  • 1962 – Mads Eriksen, Norwegian guitarist and composer
  • 1963 – Raimond Aumann, German footballer
  • 1963 – Hideki Fujisawa, Japanese composer
  • 1963 – Satoshi Kon, Japanese animator and screenwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1963 – Dave Legeno, English actor and mixed martial artist (d. 2014)
  • 1963 – Alan McDonald, Irish footballer and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1963 – Luis Polonia, Dominican baseball player
  • 1965 – Dan Abnett, English author
  • 1965 – J. J. Daigneault, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1965 – Scott O’Grady, American captain and pilot
  • 1966 – Brenda Romero, American game designer
  • 1966 – Wim Jonk, Dutch footballer
  • 1966 – Brian Kennedy, Irish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1967 – Becky Iverson, American golfer
  • 1968 – Bill Auberlen, American race car driver
  • 1968 – Paul Harragon, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
  • 1968 – Hugh Jackman, Australian actor, singer, and producer
  • 1968 – Leon Lett, American football player
  • 1969 – Martie Maguire, American singer-songwriter, violinist, and producer
  • 1969 – Željko Milinovič, Slovenian footballer
  • 1969 – Dwayne Roloson, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1969 – José Valentín, American baseball player, coach, and manager
  • 1970 – Kirk Cameron, American actor, screenwriter, and Christian evangelical/anti-evolution activist
  • 1970 – Patrick Musimu, Belgian diver and physiotherapist (d. 2011)
  • 1970 – Tanyon Sturtze, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Charlie Ward, American basketball player and coach
  • 1971 – Tony Fiore, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Steve Johnston, Australian motorcycle racer
  • 1971 – Bronzell Miller, American football player and actor (d. 2013)
  • 1972 – Neriah Davis, American model and actress
  • 1972 – Juan Manuel Silva, Argentinian race car driver
  • 1972 – Tom Van Mol, Belgian footballer
  • 1973 – Lesli Brea, Dominican baseball player
  • 1973 – Martin Corry, English rugby player
  • 1974 – Stephen Lee, English snooker player
  • 1975 – Susana Félix, Portuguese singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1975 – Marion Jones, American basketball player and runner
  • 1977 – Cristie Kerr, American golfer
  • 1977 – Bode Miller, American skier
  • 1977 – Javier Toyo, Venezuelan footballer
  • 1978 – Stefan Binder, German footballer
  • 1978 – Baden Cooke, Australian cyclist
  • 1979 – Steven Agnew, Northern Irish politician
  • 1979 – Steve Borthwick, English rugby player
  • 1979 – Jordan Pundik, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1980 – Ledley King, English footballer
  • 1981 – Brian Kerr, Scottish footballer
  • 1981 – Giuseppe Lanzone, American rower
  • 1981 – Conrad Smith, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1981 – Sun Tiantian, Chinese tennis player
  • 1983 – Alex Brosque, Australian footballer
  • 1983 – Carlton Cole, English footballer
  • 1985 – Michelle Carter, American shot putter
  • 1985 – Mike Green, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Anna Iljuštšenko, Estonian high jumper
  • 1986 – Ioannis Maniatis, Greek footballer
  • 1986 – Sergio Peter, German footballer
  • 1987 – Marvin Ogunjimi, Belgian footballer
  • 1988 – Sam Whitelock, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1989 – Anna Ohmiya, Japanese curler
  • 1990 – Henri Lansbury, English footballer
  • 1991 – Nicolao Dumitru, Italian footballer
  • 1992 – Josh Hutcherson, American actor and producer
  • 1994 – Sean Monahan, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1994 – Olivia Smoliga, American swimmer
  • 1996 – Riechedly Bazoer, Dutch footballer

 

 

 

  • Deaths on October 12
  • 322 BC– Demosthenes, Athenian statesman, (b. 384 BC)
  • 632 – Edwin of Northumbria (b. 586)
  • 638 – Pope Honorius I
  • 642 – Pope John IV
  • 884 – Tsunesada, Japanese prince (b. 825)
  • 1095 – Leopold II, Margrave of Austria (b. 1050)
  • 1152 – Adolf III of Berg (b. 1080)
  • 1176 – William d’Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel, English politician (b. 1109)
  • 1320 – Michael IX Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor (b. 1277)
  • 1328 – Clementia of Hungary, Queen consort of France and Navarre (b. 1293)
  • 1491 – Fritz Herlen, German painter (b. 1449)
  • 1492 – Piero della Francesca, Italian mathematician and painter (b. 1415)
  • 1565 – Jean Ribault, French-American lieutenant and navigator (b. 1520)
  • 1576 – Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1527)
  • 1590 – Kanō Eitoku, Japanese painter and educator (b. 1543)
  • 1600 – Luis de Molina, Spanish priest and philosopher (b. 1535)
  • 1632 – Kutsuki Mototsuna, Japanese commander (b. 1549)
  • 1646 – François de Bassompierre, French general and courtier (b. 1579)
  • 1678 – Edmund Berry Godfrey, English lawyer and judge (b. 1621)
  • 1679 – William Gurnall, English minister, theologian, and author (b. 1617)
  • 1685 – Christoph Ignaz Abele, Austrian lawyer and jurist (b. 1628)
  • 1730 – Frederick IV of Denmark (b. 1671)
  • 1758 – Richard Molesworth, 3rd Viscount Molesworth, Irish field marshal and politician (b. 1680)
  • 1812 – Juan José Castelli, Argentinian lawyer and politician (b. 1764)
  • 1845 – Elizabeth Fry, English nurse and philanthropist (b. 1780)
  • 1858 – Hiroshige, Japanese painter (b. 1797)
  • 1870 – Robert E. Lee, American general (b. 1807)
  • 1875 – Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, French sculptor and painter (b. 1827)
  • 1896 – Christian Emil Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs, Danish lawyer and politician, 9th Council President of Denmark (b. 1817)
  • 1898 – Calvin Fairbank, American minister and activist (b. 1816)
  • 1914 – Margaret E. Knight, American inventor (b. 1838)
  • 1915 – Edith Cavell, English nurse (b. 1865)
  • 1923 – Bunny Lucas, English cricketer (b. 1857)
  • 1924 – Anatole France, French journalist, novelist, and poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1844)
  • 1926 – Edwin Abbott Abbott, English theologian and author (b. 1838)
  • 1933 – John Lister, English philanthropist and politician (b. 1847)
  • 1940 – Tom Mix, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1880)
  • 1946 – Joseph Stilwell, American general (b. 1883)
  • 1948 – Susan Sutherland Isaacs, English psychologist and psychoanalyst (b. 1885)
  • 1954 – George Welch, American soldier and pilot (b. 1918)
  • 1956 – Lorenzo Perosi, Italian composer and painter (b. 1872)
  • 1957 – Arie de Jong, Indonesian-Dutch linguist and physician (b. 1865)
  • 1958 – Gordon Griffith, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1907)
  • 1960 – Inejiro Asanuma, Japanese lawyer and politician (b. 1898)
  • 1965 – Paul Hermann Müller, Swiss chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1967 – Ram Manohar Lohia, Indian activist and politician (b. 1910)
  • 1969 – Sonja Henie, Norwegian figure skater and actress (b. 1912)
  • 1969 – Serge Poliakoff, Russian-French painter and academic (b. 1906)
  • 1969 – Julius Saaristo, Finnish javelin thrower and soldier (b. 1891)
  • 1970 – Feodor Stepanovich Rojankovsky, Russian-American illustrator and painter (b. 1891)
  • 1970 – Mustafa Zaidi, Pakistani poet and academic (b. 1930)
  • 1971 – Dean Acheson, American lawyer and politician, 51st United States Secretary of State (b. 1893)
  • 1972 – Robert Le Vigan, French-Argentinian actor and politician (b. 1900)
  • 1973 – Peter Aufschnaiter, Austrian mountaineer, geographer, and cartographer (b. 1899)
  • 1984 – Anthony Berry, English politician (b. 1925)
  • 1985 – Johnny Olson, American radio host and game show announcer (b. 1910)
  • 1985 – Ricky Wilson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1953)
  • 1987 – Alf Landon, American lieutenant and politician, 26th Governor of Kansas (b. 1887)
  • 1987 – Fahri Korutürk, Turkish commander and politician, 6th President of Turkey (b. 1903)
  • 1988 – Ruth Manning-Sanders, Welsh-English poet and author (b. 1886)
  • 1988 – Coby Whitmore, American painter and illustrator (b. 1913)
  • 1989 – Jay Ward, American animator, producer, and screenwriter, founded Jay Ward Productions (b. 1920)
  • 1990 – Rifaat el-Mahgoub, Egyptian politician (b. 1926)
  • 1990 – Peter Wessel Zapffe, Norwegian physician, mountaineer, and author (b. 1899)
  • 1991 – Sheila Florance, Australian actress (b. 1916)
  • 1991 – Arkady Strugatsky, Russian author and translator (b. 1925)
  • 1991 – Regis Toomey, American actor (b. 1898)
  • 1993 – Leon Ames, American actor (b. 1902)
  • 1994 – Gérald Godin, Canadian journalist and politician (b. 1938)
  • 1996 – René Lacoste, French tennis player and fashion designer, co-founded Lacoste (b. 1904)
  • 1996 – Roger Lapébie, French cyclist (b. 1911)
  • 1997 – John Denver, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (b. 1943)
  • 1998 – Mario Beaulieu, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1930)
  • 1998 – Matthew Shepard, American murder victim (b. 1976)
  • 1999 – Wilt Chamberlain, American basketball player and coach (b. 1936)
  • 1999 – Robert Marsden Hope, Australian lawyer and judge (b. 1919)
  • 2001 – Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, English academic and politician, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1907)
  • 2001 – Hikmet Şimşek, Turkish conductor (b. 1924)
  • 2002 – Ray Conniff, American bandleader and composer (b. 1916)
  • 2002 – Audrey Mestre, French biologist and diver (b. 1974)
  • 2003 – Jim Cairns, Australian economist and politician, 4th Deputy Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1914)
  • 2003 – Joan Kroc, American philanthropist (b. 1928)
  • 2003 – Bill Shoemaker, American jockey (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – C. Delores Tucker, American activist and politician (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Eugène Martin, French race car driver (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Gillo Pontecorvo, Italian director and screenwriter (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Kisho Kurokawa, Japanese architect, designed the Nakagin Capsule Tower (b. 1934)
  • 2008 – Karl Chircop, Maltese physician and politician (b. 1965)
  • 2009 – Dickie Peterson American singer-songwriter and bass player (b. 1948)
  • 2009 – Frank Vandenbroucke, Belgian cyclist (b. 1974)
  • 2010 – Austin Ardill, Northern Irish soldier and politician (b. 1917)
  • 2010 – Woody Peoples, American football player (b. 1943)
  • 2010 – Belva Plain, American author (b. 1919)
  • 2011 – Patricia Breslin, American actress (b. 1931)
  • 2011 – Dennis Ritchie, American computer scientist, created the C programming language (b. 1941)
  • 2012 – James Coyne, Canadian lawyer and banker, 2nd Governor of the Bank of Canada (b. 1910)
  • 2012 – Norm Grabowski, American hot rod builder and actor (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Sukhdev Singh Kang, Indian judge and politician, 14th Governor of Kerala (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Torkom Manoogian, Iraqi-Armenian patriarch (b. 1919)
  • 2012 – Erik Moseholm, Danish bassist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Břetislav Pojar, Czech animator, director, and screenwriter (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – George Herbig, American astronomer and academic (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Oscar Hijuelos, American author and academic (b. 1951)
  • 2013 – Hans Wilhelm Longva, Norwegian diplomat (b. 1942)
  • 2014 – Ali Mazrui, Kenyan-American political scientist, philosopher, and academic (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Graham Miles, English snooker player (b. 1941)
  • 2014 – Roberto Telch, Argentinian footballer and coach (b. 1943)
  • 2015 – Abdallah Kigoda, Tanzanian politician, 8th Tanzanian Minister of Industry and Trade (b. 1953)
  • 2015 – Joan Leslie, American actress, dancer, and vaudevillian (b. 1925)

 

 

 

  • Holidays and observances on October 12
  • Christian feast day:
    • Blessed Louis Brisson
    • Edith Cavell and Elizabeth Fry (Church of England)
    • Heribert of Cologne (private feast day)
    • Our Lady of the Pillar
      • Fiestas del Pilar
    • Our Lady of Aparecida
    • Radim Gaudentius (Czech Republic)
    • Wilfrid of Ripon
    • October 12 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Children’s Day (Brazil)
  • Discovery of America by Columbus-related observances (see also October 8):
    • Columbus Day (Honduras)
    • Descubrimiento de América (Mexico)
    • Día de la Hispanidad or Fiesta Nacional de España, also Armed Forces Day (Spain)
    • Día de la Raza (El Salvador, Uruguay)
    • Día de la Resistencia Indígena, “Day of Indigenous Resistance” (Venezuela)
    • Día de las Américas (Belize)
    • Día de las Culturas, “Day of the Cultures” (Costa Rica)
    • Día del Respeto a la Diversidad Cultural, “Day of respect for cultural diversity” (Argentina)
  • Discovery Day and National Youth Day (The Bahamas)
  • Feast for Life of Aleister Crowley, celebrated as “Crowleymas” (Thelema)
  • Fiesta Nacional de España (Spain)
  • Freethought Day (United States)
  • Independence Day (Equatorial Guinea), celebrates the independence of Equatorial Guinea from Spain in 1968.
  • UN Spanish Language Day (United Nations)

 

October 12
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