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October 10

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  • What happened on October 10
  • October 10 is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 82 days remaining until the end of the year.

 

  • Events on October 10
  • 680 – Battle of Karbala: Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad, is decapitated by forces under CaliphYazid I. This is commemorated by Muslims as Aashurah.
  • 732 – Battle of Tours: A force commanded by Charles Martel defeats an army of the Umayyad Caliphate between Poitiers andTours in western France.
  • 1471 – Sten Sture the Elder, the Regent of Sweden, with the help of farmers and miners, repels an attack by King Christian I of Denmark.
  • 1575 – Roman Catholic forces under Henry I, Duke of Guise defeat the Protestants, capturing Philippe de Mornay among others.
  • 1580 – Over 600 Papal troops land at Dún an Óir, Ireland to support the Second Desmond Rebellion.
  • 1582 – Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
  • 1631 – An Electorate of Saxony army takes over Prague.
  • 1760 – In a treaty with the Dutch colonial authorities, the Ndyuka people of Suriname – descended from escaped slaves – gain territorial autonomy.
  • 1780 – The Great Hurricane of 1780 kills 20,000–30,000 in the Caribbean.
  • 1845 – In Annapolis, Maryland, the Naval School (later renamed the United States Naval Academy) opens with 50 midshipman students and seven professors.
  • 1846 – Triton, the largest moon of the planet Neptune, is discovered by English astronomer William Lassell.
  • 1868 – Carlos Céspedes issues the Grito de Yara from his plantation, La Demajagua, proclaiming Cuba’s independence
  • 1871 – Chicago burns after a barn accident. The fire lasts from October 8 to October 10.
  • 1897 – German chemist Felix Hoffmann discovers an improved way of synthesizing acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin).
  • 1903 – The Women’s Social and Political Union was founded by Emmeline Pankhurst
  • 1911 – The Wuchang Uprising leads to the demise of the Qing dynasty, the last Imperial court in China, and the founding of the Republic of China.
  • 1913 – United States President Woodrow Wilson triggers the explosion of the Gamboa Dike, ending construction on the Panama Canal.
  • 1920 – The Carinthian plebiscite determines that the larger part of the Duchy of Carinthia should remain part of Austria.
  • 1928 – Chiang Kai-shek becomes Chairman of the Republic of China.
  • 1933 – United Airlines Boeing 247 mid-air explosion: A United Airlines Boeing 247 is destroyed by sabotage, the first such proven case in the history ofcommercial aviation.
  • 1935 – A coup d’état by the royalist leadership of the Greek Armed Forces takes place in Athens. It overthrows the government of Panagis Tsaldaris and establishes a regency under Georgios Kondylis, effectively ending the Second Hellenic Republic.
  • 1938 – The Munich Agreement cedes the Sudetenland to Nazi Germany.
  • 1945 – The Chinese Communist Party and the Kuomintang signed a principle agreement in Chongqing about the future of post-war China. Later, the pact is commonly referred to as the Double Tenth Agreement.
  • 1953 – A Mutual Defense Treaty Between the United States and the Republic of Korea is concluded in Washington, D.C.
  • 1957 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower apologizes to the finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbedemah, after he is refused service in a Dover, Delaware restaurant.
  • 1957 – The Windscale fire in Cumbria, U.K. is the world’s first major nuclear accident.
  • 1963 – France cedes control of the Bizerte naval base to Tunisia.
  • 1963 – The Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty comes into effect.
  • 1964 – The opening ceremony of the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan, is broadcast live in the first Olympic telecast relayed by geostationary satellite.
  • 1967 – The Outer Space Treaty, signed on January 27 by more than sixty nations, comes into force.
  • 1970 – Fiji becomes independent.
  • 1970 – In Montreal, a national crisis hits Canada when Quebec Vice-Premier and Minister of Labour Pierre Laporte becomes the second statesman kidnapped by members of the FLQ terrorist group.
  • 1971 – Sold, dismantled and moved to the United States, London Bridge reopens in Lake Havasu City, Arizona.
  • 1973 – Vice President of the United States Spiro Agnew resigns after being charged with evasion of federal income tax.
  • 1975 – Papua New Guinea joins the United Nations.
  • 1980 – The 7.1 Mw El Asnam earthquake shakes northern Algeria with a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme); at least 2,633 people were killed and 8,369 were injured.
  • 1980 – FMLN is founded in El Salvador.
  • 1985 – United States Navy F-14 fighter jets intercept an Egyptian plane carrying the hijackers of the Achille Lauro cruise ship, and force it to land at a NATObase in Sigonella, Sicily where they are arrested.
  • 1986 – The 5.7 Mw San Salvador earthquake shook San Salvador, El Salvador with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent). Up to 1,500 people were killed.
  • 1997 – An Austral Airlines DC-9-32 crashes and explodes near Nuevo Berlin, Uruguay, killing 74.
  • 1998 – A Lignes Aériennes Congolaises Boeing 727 is shot down by rebels in Kindu, Democratic Republic of the Congo, killing 41 people.
  • 2009 – Armenia and Turkey sign protocols in Zurich, Switzerland to open their borders.
  • 2010 – The Netherlands Antilles are dissolved as a country.
  • 2015 – Twin bomb blasts in the Turkish capital Ankara near the main train station leave at least 102 people dead and over 400 wounded.

 

 

 

  • Births on October 10
  • AD 19 – Tiberius Gemellus, Roman son of Drusus Julius Caesar and Livilla (d. 38)
  • 786 – Saga, emperor of Japan (d. 842)
  • 867 – Li Siyuan, Chinese emperor (d. 933)
  • 1332 – King Charles II of Navarre (d. 1387)
  • 1344 – Mary of Waltham, duchess of Brittany (d. 1361)
  • 1465 – Selim I, Ottoman sultan (d. 1520)
  • 1567 – Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain (d. 1597)
  • 1599 – Étienne Moulinié, French composer and director (d. 1676)
  • 1656 – Nicolas de Largillière, French painter and academic (d. 1746)
  • 1669 – Johann Nicolaus Bach, German organist and composer (d. 1753)
  • 1678 – John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll, Scottish general and politician, Lord High Commissioner to the Parliament of Scotland (d. 1743)
  • 1684 – Jean-Antoine Watteau, French painter (d. 1721)
  • 1700 – Lambert-Sigisbert Adam, French sculptor and illustrator (d. 1759)
  • 1731 – Henry Cavendish, French-English chemist, physicist, and philosopher (d. 1810)
  • 1780 – John Abercrombie, Scottish physician and philosopher (d. 1844)
  • 1794 – William Whiting Boardman, American judge and politician (d. 1871)
  • 1813 – Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer and philanthropist (d. 1901)
  • 1819 – Heinrich Joseph Dominicus Denzinger, German theologian and author (d. 1883)
  • 1825 – Paul Kruger, South African soldier and politician, 5th President of the South African Republic (d. 1904)
  • 1828 – Samuel J. Randall, American captain, lawyer and politician, 33rd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1890)
  • 1830 – Isabella II of Spain (d. 1904)
  • 1834 – Aleksis Kivi, Finnish author and playwright (d. 1872)
  • 1837 – Robert Gould Shaw, American colonel (d. 1863)
  • 1858 – Maurice Prendergast, American painter and academic (d. 1924)
  • 1861 – Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian explorer, scientist, and humanitarian, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1930)
  • 1864 – T. Frank Appleby, American businessman and politician (d. 1924)
  • 1870 – Louise Mack, Australian journalist, author, and poet (d. 1935)
  • 1872 – Dionysios Kasdaglis, Egyptian-Greek tennis player (d. 1931)
  • 1877 – William Morris, 1st Viscount Nuffield, English businessman and philanthropist, founded Morris Motors (d. 1963)
  • 1884 – Nikolai Klyuev, Russian poet and author (d. 1937)
  • 1884 – Ida Wüst, German actress and screenwriter (d. 1958)
  • 1885 – Walter Anderson, Belarusian-German ethnologist and academic (d. 1962)
  • 1885 – Jean Peyrière, French actor (d. 1965)
  • 1889 – Han van Meegeren, Dutch painter and forger (d. 1947)
  • 1895 – Alfred Neuland, Estonian weightlifter (d. 1966)
  • 1895 – Fridolf Rhudin, Swedish actor (d. 1935)
  • 1895 – Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • 1898 – Lilly Daché, French-American fashion designer (d. 1989)
  • 1900 – Helen Hayes, American actress (d. 1993)
  • 1901 – Alberto Giacometti, Swiss sculptor and painter (d. 1966)
  • 1902 – K. Shivaram Karanth, Indian journalist, author, and activist (d. 1997)
  • 1903 – Prince Charles, Count of Flanders (d. 1983)
  • 1903 – Vernon Duke, Russian-American composer and songwriter (d. 1969)
  • 1903 – Bei Shizhang, Chinese biologist and academic (d. 2009)
  • 1905 – Aksella Luts, Estonian actress, screenwriter, dancer, and choreographer(d. 2005)
  • 1906 – Paul Creston, American composer and educator (d. 1985)
  • 1906 – R. K. Narayan, Indian author (d. 2001)
  • 1908 – Johnny Green, American conductor and composer (d. 1989)
  • 1908 – Mercè Rodoreda, Catalan author and poet (d. 1983)
  • 1909 – Robert F. Boyle, American production designer and art director (d. 2010)
  • 1910 – Julius Shulman, American photographer and environmentalist (d. 2009)
  • 1911 – Clare Hollingworth, English journalist and author (d. 2017)
  • 1912 – Ram Vilas Sharma, Indian poet and critic (d. 2000)
  • 1913 – Claude Simon, Malagasy-French novelist and critic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Tommy Fine, American baseball player and businessman (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Ivory Joe Hunter, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1974)
  • 1915 – Harry Edison, American trumpet player and composer (d. 1999)
  • 1917 – Thelonious Monk, American pianist and composer (d. 1982)
  • 1919 – Willard Estey, Canadian academic and jurist (d. 2002)
  • 1919 – Gerry Gomez, Trinidadian cricketer, manager, and umpire (d. 1996)
  • 1919 – Edgar Laprade, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2014)
  • 1922 – Merv Pregulman, American football player, businessman, and philanthropist (d. 2012)
  • 1923 – Louis Gottlieb, American singer and bass player (d. 1996)
  • 1923 – Nicholas Parsons, English actor and game show host
  • 1923 – Murray Walker, English journalist and sportscaster
  • 1924 – James Clavell, Australian-American director, producer, screenwriter, and author (d. 1994)
  • 1924 – Ludmilla Tchérina, French actress, ballerina, and choreographer (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Ed Wood, American actor, director, producer, screenwriter (d. 1978)
  • 1926 – Oscar Brown, American singer-songwriter, playwright, and actor (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Richard Jaeckel, American actor (d. 1997)
  • 1927 – Dana Elcar, American actor and director (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – Jon Locke, American actor (d. 2013)
  • 1927 – Thomas Wilson, American-Scottish composer and educator (d. 2001)
  • 1928 – Sheila Walsh, English author (d. 2009)
  • 1929 – Ayten Alpman, Turkish singer (d. 2012)
  • 1929 – Herb Levinson, American actor (d. 2012)
  • 1929 – Bernard Mayes, English-American journalist and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1930 – Eugenio Castellotti, Italian race car driver (d. 1957)
  • 1930 – Yves Chauvin, French chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2015)
  • 1930 – Harold Pinter, English playwright, screenwriter, director Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2008)
  • 1932 – Harry Smith, English footballer
  • 1933 – Jay Sebring, American hair stylist and businessman (d. 1969)
  • 1935 – Khalil al-Wazir, Palestinian commander, founded Fatah (d. 1988)
  • 1935 – André Bureau, Canadian lawyer and businessman
  • 1935 – Judith Chalmers, English television host and actress
  • 1936 – Gerhard Ertl, German physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1937 – Bruce Devlin, Australian golfer and sportscaster
  • 1937 – Peter Underwood, Australian lawyer and politician, 27th Governor of Tasmania (d. 2014)
  • 1938 – Oleg Gordievsky, Russian intelligence officer and author
  • 1938 – Daidō Moriyama, Japanese photographer
  • 1938 – Lily Tuck, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1939 – Joe Pitts, American captain and politician
  • 1940 – Winston Churchill, English journalist and politician (d. 2010)
  • 1941 – Peter Coyote, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1941 – Ken Saro-Wiwa, Nigerian author and activist (d. 1995)
  • 1942 – Radu Vasile, Romanian historian and politician, 57th Prime Minister of Romania (d. 2013)
  • 1943 – Frederick Barthelme, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1945 – Christopher Hill, English bishop
  • 1945 – Vanburn Holder, Barbadian cricketer
  • 1946 – Charles Dance, English actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1946 – Naoto Kan, Japanese lawyer and politician, 61st Prime Minister of Japan
  • 1946 – Peter Mahovlich, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1946 – Anne Mather, English author and screenwriter
  • 1946 – John Prine, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1946 – Raymond Tallis, English physician, philosopher, author, and academic
  • 1946 – Chris Tarrant, English radio and television host
  • 1946 – Ben Vereen, American actor, singer, and dancer
  • 1946 – Willard White, Jamaican-English actor and singer
  • 1947 – Gary Beach, American actor and singer
  • 1947 – Giant Haystacks, English wrestler (d. 1998)
  • 1947 – Ojārs Arvīds Feldbergs, Latvian sculptor
  • 1948 – Sue Campbell, Baroness Campbell of Loughborough, English academic and businesswoman
  • 1948 – Cyril Neville, American R&B percussionist and singer
  • 1948 – Séverine, French singer and actress
  • 1949 – Warren Burt, American-Australian composer
  • 1949 – Lance Cairns, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1949 – Wang Wanxing, Chinese activist
  • 1950 – Charlie George, English footballer
  • 1950 – Nora Roberts, American author
  • 1951 – Epeli Ganilau, Fijian general and politician, 16th Minister for Fijian Affairs
  • 1952 – Dela Smith, English educator
  • 1953 – Fiona Rae, Scottish painter
  • 1953 – Midge Ure, Scottish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1953 – Aleksander Veingold, Estonian chess player and coach
  • 1953 – Gus Williams, American basketball player
  • 1954 – Rekha, Indian actress
  • 1954 – David Lee Roth, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1954 – Fernando Santos, Portuguese footballer and manager
  • 1956 – Amanda Burton, Northern Irish actress and producer
  • 1956 – David Hempleman-Adams, English businessman and adventurer
  • 1957 – Rumiko Takahashi, Japanese author and illustrator
  • 1958 – Tanya Tucker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1959 – Michael Cobley, English-Scottish author
  • 1959 – Kirsty MacColl, English singer-songwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1959 – Bill Rammell, English academic and politician, Minister of State for the Armed Forces
  • 1959 – Julia Sweeney, American actress, comedian, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1959 – Bradley Whitford, American actor and producer
  • 1959 – Arif Peçenek, Turkish football player and manager (d. 2013)
  • 1960 – Ron Flockhart, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1960 – Eric Martin, American singer-songwriter
  • 1960 – Russell Slade, English football manager
  • 1960 – Paul Thiebaud, American art dealer (d. 2010)
  • 1960 – Simon Townshend, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1961 – Scott Hoffman, American drummer
  • 1961 – Henrik Jørgensen, Danish runner
  • 1961 – Martin Kemp, English singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1962 – Thomas Rusch, German photographer
  • 1963 – Jolanda de Rover, Dutch swimmer
  • 1963 – Anita Mui, Hong Kong singer and actress (d. 2003)
  • 1963 – Daniel Pearl, American-Israeli journalist (d. 2002)
  • 1963 – Vegard Ulvang, Norwegian skier
  • 1964 – Sarah Lancashire, English actress and director
  • 1965 – Toshi, Japanese singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1965 – Chris Penn, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1965 – Rebecca Pidgeon, American-English singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1966 – Tony Adams, English footballer and manager
  • 1966 – Bai Ling, Chinese-American model and actress
  • 1966 – Derrick McKey, American basketball player
  • 1967 – Michael Giacchino, American composer
  • 1967 – Jonathan Littell, American-French author and humanitarian
  • 1967 – Mike Malinin, American drummer and producer
  • 1967 – Gavin Newsom, American soldier and politician, 49th Lieutenant Governor of California
  • 1967 – Jacek Zieliński, Polish footballer and coach
  • 1968 – Bart Brentjens, Dutch cyclist
  • 1968 – Feridun Düzağaç, Turkish singer-songwriter
  • 1968 – Marinos Ouzounidis, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1969 – Francis Escudero, Filipino lawyer and politician
  • 1969 – Brett Favre, American football player
  • 1969 – Shawn Jamison, American basketball player and coach
  • 1969 – Wendi McLendon-Covey, American actress
  • 1969 – Dilsa Demirbag Sten, Swedish journalist and author
  • 1970 – Dean Kiely, Irish footballer
  • 1970 – Silke Kraushaar-Pielach, German sled racer
  • 1970 – Matthew Pinsent, English rower and sportscaster
  • 1971 – Graham Alexander, English-Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1971 – Ian Bennett, English footballer
  • 1971 – Evgeny Kissin, Russian pianist
  • 1972 – Jun Lana, Filipino director, producer, playwright, and screenwriter
  • 1972 – Dean Roland, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1972 – Alexei Zhitnik, Ukrainian-Russian ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Mario Lopez, American actor, television personality, and producer
  • 1973 – Scott Morriss, English bass player and songwriter
  • 1973 – Zach Thornton, American soccer player and coach
  • 1974 – Asi Cohen, Israeli actor and screenwriter
  • 1974 – Julio Ricardo Cruz, Argentinian footballer
  • 1974 – Dale Earnhardt, Jr., American race car driver and actor
  • 1974 – Lucy Powell, English politician
  • 1974 – Chris Pronger, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Ihsahn, Norwegian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1975 – Ramón Morales, Mexican footballer and manager
  • 1975 – Plácido Polanco, Dominican-American baseball player
  • 1976 – Bob Burnquist, Brazilian-American skateboarder
  • 1976 – Pat Burrell, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Shane Doan, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Scott Dobie, English footballer
  • 1978 – Jodi Lyn O’Keefe, American model and actress
  • 1979 – Kangta, South Korean singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
  • 1979 – Nicolás Massú, Chilean tennis player
  • 1979 – Mýa, American singer-songwriter, producer, dancer, and actress
  • 1979 – Joel Przybilla, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Hitomi Satō, Japanese actress
  • 1980 – Blaž Emeršič, Slovenian ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Casey FitzSimmons, American football player
  • 1980 – Elvis Hammond, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1980 – Tim Maurer, American singer-songwriter
  • 1981 – Una Foden, Irish singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1981 – Gavin Shuker, English lawyer and politician
  • 1982 – Yasser Al-Qahtani, Saudi Arabian footballer
  • 1982 – Amon Buchanan, Australian footballer
  • 1982 – Hideki Mutoh, Japanese race car driver
  • 1983 – Vusimuzi Sibanda, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1983 – Nikos Spyropoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1983 – Tolga Zengin, Turkish footballer
  • 1984 – Stephanie Cheng, Hong Kong singer
  • 1984 – Lzzy Hale, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1984 – Chiaki Kuriyama, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1984 – Paul Posluszny, American football player
  • 1984 – Troy Tulowitzki, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Dominique Cornu, Belgian cyclist
  • 1985 – Bronson Harrison, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1985 – Marina Diamandis, Welsh singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1985 – Sandra Záhlavová, Czech tennis player
  • 1986 – Ezequiel Garay, Argentinian footballer
  • 1986 – Nathan Jawai, Australian basketball player
  • 1986 – Andrew McCutchen, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Ellen Andrea Wang, Norwegian bassist and composer
  • 1987 – Rodjun Cruz, Filipino actor and dancer
  • 1987 – Ryan Mathews, American football player
  • 1987 – Colin Slade, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1987 – Junior Madozein, Central African basketball player
  • 1988 – Luis Cardozo, Paraguayan footballer
  • 1988 – Shaun Fensom, Australian rugby league player
  • 1988 – Brown Ideye, Nigerian footballer
  • 1988 – Emmanuel Nwachi, Nigerian footballer
  • 1988 – Toby Smith, Australian-New Zealand rugby player
  • 1989 – Emer Kenny, English actress and screenwriter
  • 1989 – Aimee Teegarden, American actress and producer
  • 1990 – Geno Smith, American football player
  • 1991 – Michael Carter-Williams, American basketball player
  • 1991 – Gabriella Cilmi, Australian singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1991 – Lali Espósito, Argentinian actress and singer
  • 1991 – Manuel Giandonato, Italian footballer
  • 1991 – Mariana Pajón, Colombian cyclist
  • 1991 – Xherdan Shaqiri, Swiss footballer
  • 1993 – Jayden Stockley, English footballer
  • 1994 – Tereza Smitková, Czech tennis player
  • 1995 – Brenko Lee, Australian rugby league player

 

 

 

  • Deaths on October 10
  • AD 19 – Germanicus, Roman general (b. 15 BC)
  • 644 – Paulinus of York, English bishop and missionary
  • 680 – Abbas ibn Ali, son of Imam Ali
  • 680 – Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayn, son of Al-Husayn
  • 680 – Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn, son of Al-Husayn
  • 680 – Habib ibn Madhahir
  • 680 – Husayn ibn Ali, third Shia Imam and grandson of Muhammad (b. 626)
  • 827 – Pope Valentine (b. 800)
  • 1213 – Frederick II, Duke of Lorraine
  • 1308 – Patrick Dunbar, 8th Earl of Dunbar
  • 1359 – Hugh IV of Cyprus (b. 1295)
  • 1659 – Abel Tasman, Dutch merchant and explorer (b. 1603)
  • 1691 – Isaac de Benserade, French author and poet (b. 1613)
  • 1708 – David Gregory, Scottish mathematician and astronomer (b. 1659)
  • 1714 – Pierre Le Pesant, sieur de Boisguilbert, French economist and academic (b. 1646)
  • 1720 – Antoine Coysevox, French sculptor (b. 1640)
  • 1723 – William Cowper, 1st Earl Cowper, English lawyer and politician, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1665)
  • 1725 – Philippe de Rigaud Vaudreuil, French politician, Governor of New France (b. 1643)
  • 1747 – John Potter, English archbishop and academic (b. 1674)
  • 1759 – Granville Elliott, English general (b. 1713)
  • 1765 – Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1688)
  • 1795 – Francesco Antonio Zaccaria, Italian historian and theologian (b. 1714)
  • 1800 – Gabriel Prosser, American rebel leader (b. 1776)
  • 1806 – Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia (b. 1772)
  • 1827 – Ugo Foscolo, Italian author and poet (b. 1778)
  • 1837 – Charles Fourier, French philosopher and academic (b. 1772)
  • 1857 – George Washington Parke Custis, American author and playwright (b. 1781)
  • 1872 – William H. Seward, American lawyer and politician, 24th United States Secretary of State (b. 1801)
  • 1875 – Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian author, poet, and playwright (b. 1817)
  • 1876 – Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville, French geologist and meteorologist (b. 1814)
  • 1893 – Lip Pike, American baseball player and manager (b. 1845)
  • 1901 – Lorenzo Snow, American religious leader, 5th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1814)
  • 1911 – Jack Daniel, American businessman, founded Jack Daniel’s (b. 1849)
  • 1913 – Adolphus Busch, German-American brewer and businessman, co-founded Anheuser-Busch (b. 1839)
  • 1913 – Katsura Tarō, Japanese general and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1848)
  • 1914 – Carol I of Romania (b. 1839)
  • 1922 – Andreas Karkavitsas, Greek physician and author (b. 1866)
  • 1927 – August Kitzberg, Estonian author and playwright (b. 1855)
  • 1927 – Gustave Whitehead, German-American pilot and engineer (b. 1874)
  • 1930 – Adolf Engler, German botanist and academic (b. 1844)
  • 1935 – Gustave Loiseau, French painter (b. 1865)
  • 1940 – Berton Churchill, Canadian-American actor and singer (b. 1876)
  • 1948 – Ted Horn, American race car driver (b. 1910)
  • 1949 – Chikuhei Nakajima, Japanese engineer, businessman, and politician, founded Nakajima Aircraft Company (b. 1884)
  • 1953 – Erima Harvey Northcroft, New Zealand general, lawyer, and judge (b. 1884)
  • 1957 – Karl Genzken, German physician (b. 1885)
  • 1962 – Stancho Belkovski, Bulgarian-Polish architect (b. 1891)
  • 1963 – Roy Cazaly, Australian footballer and coach (b. 1893)
  • 1963 – Édith Piaf, French singer-songwriter and actress (b. 1915)
  • 1964 – Eddie Cantor, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor (b. 1892)
  • 1964 – Heinrich Neuhaus, Ukrainian-Russian pianist and educator (b. 1888)
  • 1966 – Charlotte Cooper, English-Scottish tennis player (b. 1870)
  • 1970 – Édouard Daladier, French captain and politician, 105th Prime Minister of France (b. 1884)
  • 1971 – John Cawte Beaglehole, New Zealand historian and scholar (b. 1901)
  • 1973 – Ludwig von Mises, Ukrainian-American economist and sociologist (b. 1881)
  • 1974 – Werner Heyking, Danish actor (b. 1913)
  • 1976 – Silvana Armenulić, Bosnian singer and actress (b. 1939)
  • 1976 – Mirsada Mirjana Bajraktarević, Bosnian singer-songwriter (b. 1951)
  • 1977 – Angelo Muscat, Maltese-English actor (b. 1930)
  • 1978 – Ralph Marterie, Italian-American trumpet player and bandleader (b. 1914)
  • 1978 – Ralph Metcalfe, American sprinter and politician (b. 1910)
  • 1979 – Christopher Evans, English psychologist, computer scientist, and author (b. 1931)
  • 1979 – Paul Paray, French organist, composer, and conductor (b. 1886)
  • 1982 – Jean Effel, French painter and journalist (b. 1908)
  • 1983 – Ralph Richardson, English actor (b. 1902)
  • 1985 – Yul Brynner, Russian actor (b. 1920)
  • 1985 – Orson Welles, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1915)
  • 1986 – Gleb Wataghin, Ukrainian-Italian physicist and academic (b. 1899)
  • 1987 – Behice Boran, Turkish Marxist politician, author and sociologist (b. 1910)
  • 1990 – Tom Murton, American penologist and activist (b. 1928)
  • 1990 – Nikolaos Pavlopoulos, Greek sculptor and academic (b. 1909)
  • 1991 – Nickolaus Hirschl, Austrian wrestler, discus thrower, and shot putter (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Clark Clifford, American captain, lawyer, and politician 9th United States Secretary of Defense (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Marvin Gay, Sr., American minister (b. 1914)
  • 1998 – Tommy Quaid, Irish hurler and manager (b. 1957)
  • 2000 – Sirimavo Bandaranaike, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Eddie Futch, American boxer and trainer (b. 1911)
  • 2001 – Vasily Mishin, Russian engineer (b. 1917)
  • 2003 – Eila Hiltunen, Finnish sculptor (b. 1922)
  • 2003 – Eugene Istomin, American pianist (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – Ken Caminiti, American baseball player (b. 1963)
  • 2004 – Christopher Reeve, American actor, producer, and activist (b. 1952)
  • 2004 – Arthur H. Robinson, American geographer and cartographer (b. 1915)
  • 2004 – Maurice Shadbolt, New Zealand author and playwright (b. 1932)
  • 2005 – Wayne C. Booth, American educator and critic (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – Milton Obote, Ugandan politician, 2nd President of Uganda (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Michael John Rogers, English ornithologist and academic (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Ian Scott, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1934)
  • 2008 – Kazuyoshi Miura, Japanese businessman (b. 1947)
  • 2009 – Stephen Gately, Irish singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor (b. 1976)
  • 2010 – Solomon Burke, American singer-songwriter and preacher (b. 1940)
  • 2010 – Joan Sutherland, Australian-Swiss soprano and actress (b. 1926)
  • 2011 – Jagjit Singh, Indian singer-songwriter (b. 1941)
  • 2012 – Sam Gibbons, American captain and politician (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Alex Karras, American football player, wrestler, and actor (b. 1935)
  • 2012 – Piotr Lenartowicz, Polish philosopher and educator (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Basil L. Plumley, American sergeant (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Mark Poster, American philosopher and educator (b. 1941)
  • 2012 – Kyaw Zaw, Burmese commander and politician (b. 1919)
  • 2013 – Scott Carpenter, American commander, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Jay Conrad Levinson, American author and educator (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Sohei Miyashita, Japanese politician, Japanese Minister of Defense (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Cal Smith, American singer and guitarist (b. 1932)
  • 2014 – Olav Dale, Norwegian saxophonist and composer (b. 1958)
  • 2014 – Damiana Eugenio, Filipino author and academic (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Valeri Karpov, Russian ice hockey player (b. 1971)
  • 2014 – Lari Ketner, American football and basketball player (b. 1977)
  • 2014 – Pavel Landovský, Czech actor, director, and playwright (b. 1936)
  • 2014 – Ed Nimmervoll, Austrian-Australian journalist, historian, and author (b. 1947)
  • 2015 – Diepreye Alamieyeseigha, Nigerian politician, Governor of Bayelsa State (b. 1952)
  • 2015 – Hilla Becher, German photographer and educator (b. 1934)
  • 2015 – Richard F. Heck, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1931)
  • 2015 – Steve Mackay, American saxophonist and composer (b. 1949)
  • 2015 – Sybil Stockdale, American activist, co-founded the National League of Families (b. 1924)
  • 2016 – Donn Fendler, American author and speaker (b. 1926)

 

 

 

  • Holidays and observances on October 10
  • Arbor Day (Poland)
  • Army Day (Sri Lanka)
  • Capital Liberation Day (Vietnam)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Cerbonius
    • Daniel Comboni
    • Paulinus of York (in England)
    • Tanca
    • Vida Dutton Scudder (Episcopal Church)
    • Viktor of Xanten
    • October 10 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Double Ten Day (The National Day of Taiwan), celebrates outbreak of the Wuchang Uprising in 1911 that led to founding of the Republic of China in 1912
  • Fiji Day, celebrates the independence of Fiji from United Kingdom in 1970
  • Finnish Literature Day (Finland)
  • Independence Day, commemorates the proclamation of Cuba’s independence from Spain and the beginning of the Ten Years’ War in 1868.
  • Party Foundation Day (North Korea)
  • World Mental Health Day
  • World Homeless Day
  • World Porridge Day

 

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