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November 18

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  • What happened on November 18
  • November 18 is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 43 days remaining until the end of the year.

 

  • Events on November 18
  • 326 – The old St. Peter’s Basilica is consecrated.
  • 401 – The Visigoths, led by king Alaric I, cross the Alps and invade northern Italy.
  • 1095 – The Council of Clermont begins: called by Pope Urban II, it led to the First Crusade to the Holy Land.
  • 1105 – Maginulfo is elected the Antipope as Sylvester IV.
  • 1180 – Phillip II becomes king of France.
  • 1210 – Pope Innocent III excommunicates Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV.
  • 1282 – Pope Martin IV excommunicates King Peter III of Aragon.
  • 1302 – Pope Boniface VIII issues the Papal bull Unam sanctam, claiming spiritual supremacy for the papacy.
  • 1421 – A seawall at the Zuiderzee dike in the Netherlands breaks, flooding 72 villages and killing about 10,000 people. This event will be known as St. Elizabeth’s flood.
  • 1493 – Christopher Columbus first sights the island now known as Puerto Rico.
  • 1494 – French King Charles VIII occupies Florence, Italy.
  • 1601 – Tiryaki Hasan Pasha, an Ottoman provincial governor, routs the Habsburg forces commanded by Ferdinand the Archduke of Austria during the Siege of Nagykanizsa.
  • 1626 – The new St. Peter’s Basilica is consecrated.
  • 1730 – The future Frederick II (known as Frederick the Great), King of Prussia, is granted a royal pardon and released from confinement.
  • 1803 – The Battle of Vertières, the last major battle of the Haitian Revolution, is fought, leading to the establishment of the Republic of Haiti, the first black republic in the Western Hemisphere.
  • 1809 – In a naval action during the Napoleonic Wars, French frigates defeat British East Indiamen in the Bay of Bengal.
  • 1812 – Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Krasnoi ends in French defeat, but Marshal of France Michel Ney’s leadership leads to him becoming known as “the bravest of the brave“.
  • 1863 – King Christian IX of Denmark signs the November constitution that declares Schleswig to be part of Denmark. This is seen by the German Confederationas a violation of the London Protocol and leads to the German–Danish war of 1864.
  • 1865 – Mark Twain’s short story “The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County” is published in the New York Saturday Press.
  • 1883 – American and Canadian railroads institute five standard continental time zones, ending the confusion of thousands of local times.
  • 1901 – Britain and the United States sign the Hay–Pauncefote Treaty, which nullifies the Clayton–Bulwer Treaty and withdraws British objections to an American-controlled canal in Panama.
  • 1903 – The Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty is signed by the United States and Panama, giving the United States exclusive rights over the Panama Canal Zone.
  • 1904 – General Esteban Huertas steps down after the government of Panama fears he wants to stage a coup.
  • 1905 – Prince Carl of Denmark becomes King Haakon VII of Norway.
  • 1909 – Two United States warships are sent to Nicaragua after 500 revolutionaries (including two Americans) are executed by order of José Santos Zelaya.
  • 1916 – World War I: First Battle of the Somme: In France, British Expeditionary Force commander Douglas Haig calls off the battle which started on July 1, 1916.
  • 1918 – Latvia declares its independence from Russia.
  • 1928 – Release of the animated short Steamboat Willie, the first fully synchronized sound cartoon, directed by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks, featuring the third appearances of cartoon characters Mickey Mouse and Minnie Mouse. This is considered by the Disney corporation to be Mickey’s birthday.
  • 1929 – Grand Banks earthquake: Off the south coast of Newfoundland in the Atlantic Ocean, a Richter magnitude 7.2 submarine earthquake, centered on theGrand Banks, breaks 12 submarine transatlantic telegraph cables and triggers a tsunami that destroys many south coast communities in the Burin Peninsula.
  • 1930 – Soka Kyoiku Gakkai, a Buddhist association later renamed Soka Gakkai, is founded by Japanese educators Tsunesaburō Makiguchi and Jōsei Toda.
  • 1938 – Trade union members elect John L. Lewis as the first president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
  • 1940 – World War II: German leader Adolf Hitler and Italian Foreign Minister Galeazzo Ciano meet to discuss Benito Mussolini’s disastrous Italian invasion of Greece.
  • 1943 – World War II: Battle of Berlin: Four hundred and forty Royal Air Force planes bomb Berlin causing only light damage and killing 131. The RAF loses nine aircraft and 53 air crew.
  • 1944 – The Popular Socialist Youth is founded in Cuba.
  • 1947 – The Ballantyne’s Department Store fire in Christchurch, New Zealand, kills 41; it is the worst fire disaster in the history of New Zealand.
  • 1949 – The Iva Valley Shooting occurs after the coal miners of Enugu in Nigeria go on strike over withheld wages; 21 miners are shot dead and 51 are wounded by police under the supervision of the British colonial administration of Nigeria.
  • 1961 – United States President John F. Kennedy sends 18,000 military advisors to South Vietnam.[citation needed]
  • 1963 – The first push-button telephone goes into service.
  • 1970 – U.S. President Richard Nixon asks the U.S. Congress for $155 million in supplemental aid for the Cambodian government.
  • 1978 – In Jonestown, Guyana, Jim Jones led his Peoples Temple to a mass murder–suicide that claimed 918 lives in all, 909 of them in Jonestown itself, including over 270 children. Congressman Leo Ryan is murdered by members of the Peoples Temple hours earlier.
  • 1987 – King’s Cross fire: In London, 31 people die in a fire at the city’s busiest underground station, King’s Cross St Pancras.
  • 1988 – War on Drugs: U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs a bill into law allowing the death penalty for drug traffickers.
  • 1991 – Shiite Muslim kidnappers in Lebanon release Anglican Church envoys Terry Waite and Thomas Sutherland.
  • 1991 – After an 87-day siege, the Croatian city of Vukovar capitulates to the besieging Yugoslav People’s Army and allied Serb paramilitary forces.
  • 1993 – In the United States, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is approved by the House of Representatives.
  • 1993 – In South Africa, 21 political parties approve a new constitution, expanding voting rights and ending white minority rule.
  • 1996 – A fire occurs on a train traveling through the Channel Tunnel from France to England causing several injuries and damaging approximately 500 metres (1,600 ft) of tunnel.
  • 2002 – Iraq disarmament crisis: United Nations weapons inspectors led by Hans Blix arrive in Iraq.
  • 2003 – In the United Kingdom, the Local Government Act 2003, repealing Section 28, becomes effective.
  • 2003 – The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court rules 4–3 in Goodridge v. Department of Public Health that the state’s ban on same-sex marriage is unconstitutional and gives the state legislature 180 days to change the law making Massachusetts the first state in the United States to grant marriage rights to same-sex couples.
  • 2012 – Pope Tawadros II of Alexandria becomes the 118th Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria.
  • 2013 – NASA launches the MAVEN probe to Mars.

 

 

 

  • Births on November 18
  • 701 – Itzam K’an Ahk II, Mayan ruler (d. 757)
  • 709 – Emperor Kōnin of Japan (d. 782)
  • 1522 – Lamoral, Count of Egmont (d. 1568)
  • 1630 – Eleonora Gonzaga, Italian wife of Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1686)
  • 1647 – Pierre Bayle, French philosopher and author (d. 1706)
  • 1727 – Philibert Commerson, French physician and explorer (d. 1773)
  • 1736 – Carl Friedrich Christian Fasch, German harpsichord player and composer (d. 1800)
  • 1756 – Thomas Burgess, English bishop and philosopher (d. 1837)
  • 1772 – Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia (d. 1806)
  • 1774 – Wilhelmine of Prussia, Queen of the Netherlands (d. 1837)
  • 1785 – David Wilkie, Scottish painter and academic (d. 1841)
  • 1787 – Louis Daguerre, French physicist and photographer, developed the daguerreotype (d. 1851)
  • 1804 – Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora, Italian general and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1878)
  • 1810 – Asa Gray, American botanist and academic (d. 1888)
  • 1832 – Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, Finnish-Swedish geologist and explorer (d. 1901)
  • 1836 – W. S. Gilbert, English playwright, poet, and illustrator (d. 1911)
  • 1839 – August Kundt, German physicist and educator (d. 1894)
  • 1856 – Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (d. 1929)
  • 1860 – Ignacy Jan Paderewski, Polish pianist, composer, and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland (d. 1941)
  • 1861 – Dorothy Dix, American journalist and author (d. 1951)
  • 1874 – Clarence Day, American author and poet (d. 1935)
  • 1876 – Victor Hémery, French race car driver (d. 1950)
  • 1880 – Naum Torbov, Bulgarian architect, designed the Central Sofia Market Hall (d. 1952)
  • 1882 – Amelita Galli-Curci, Italian-American soprano (d. 1963)
  • 1882 – Wyndham Lewis, English painter and critic (d. 1957)
  • 1882 – Jacques Maritain, French philosopher and author (d. 1973)
  • 1883 – Carl Vinson, American judge and politician (d. 1981)
  • 1886 – Ferenc Münnich, Hungarian soldier and politician, 47th Prime Minister of Hungary (d. 1967)
  • 1888 – Frances Marion, American screenwriter, novelist and journalist (d. 1973)
  • 1889 – Stanislav Kosior, Polish-Russian politician (d. 1939)
  • 1891 – Vasil Gendov, Bulgarian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1970)
  • 1897 – Patrick Blackett, Baron Blackett, English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1974)
  • 1899 – Eugene Ormandy, Hungarian-American violinist and conductor (d. 1985)
  • 1901 – George Gallup, American statistician and academic (d. 1984)
  • 1901 – V. Shantaram, Indian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1984)
  • 1901 – Craig Wood, American golfer (d. 1968)
  • 1902 – Franklin Adreon, American film and television director (d. 1979)
  • 1904 – Alan Lennox-Boyd, 1st Viscount Boyd of Merton, English lieutenant and politician, Secretary of State for the Colonies (d. 1983)
  • 1904 – Masao Koga, Japanese composer and guitarist (d. 1978)
  • 1906 – Sait Faik Abasıyanık, Turkish author and poet (d. 1954)
  • 1906 – Alec Issigonis, Greek-English car designer, designed the mini car (d. 1988)
  • 1906 – Klaus Mann, German-American novelist, short story writer, and critic (d. 1949)
  • 1906 – George Wald, American neurobiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1997)
  • 1907 – Gustav Nezval, Czech actor (d. 1998)
  • 1907 – Compay Segundo, Cuban singer-songwriter and guitarist (Buena Vista Social Club) (d. 2003)
  • 1908 – Imogene Coca, American actress and singer (d. 2001)
  • 1909 – Johnny Mercer, American singer-songwriter and producer, co-founded Capitol Records (d. 1976)
  • 1911 – Attilio Bertolucci, Italian poet and author (d. 2000)
  • 1912 – Vic Hey, Australian rugby league player and coach (d. 1995)
  • 1912 – Hilda Nickson, English author (d. 1977)
  • 1913 – Endre Rozsda, Hungarian-French painter and illustrator (d. 1999)
  • 1914 – Haguroyama Masaji, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 36th Yokozuna (d. 1969)
  • 1915 – Ken Burkhart, American baseball player and umpire (d. 2004)
  • 1918 – İlhan Berk, Turkish poet and author (d. 2008)
  • 1918 – Tasker Watkins, Welsh soldier, judge, and politician, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Jocelyn Brando, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Mustafa Khalil, Egyptian lawyer and politician, 77th Prime Minister of Egypt (d. 2008)
  • 1920 – Robert Fryer, American playwright and producer (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – Ron Suart, English football player and manager (d. 2015)
  • 1922 – Luis Somoza Debayle, Nicaraguan politician, 70th President of Nicaragua (d. 1967)
  • 1923 – Alan Shepard, American admiral, pilot, and astronaut (d. 1998)
  • 1923 – Ted Stevens, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (d. 2010)
  • 1924 – Les Lye, Canadian actor and screenwriter (d. 2009)
  • 1924 – Alexander Mackenzie Stuart, Baron Mackenzie-Stuart, Scottish soldier, engineer, and judge (d. 2000)
  • 1925 – Gene Mauch, American baseball player and manager (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – Hank Ballard, American R&B singer-songwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Knowlton Nash, Canadian journalist and author (d. 2014)
  • 1928 – Salvador Laurel, Filipino lawyer and politician, 5th Prime Minister of the Philippines (d. 2004)
  • 1928 – Sheila Jordan, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1929 – Gianna D’Angelo, American soprano and educator (d. 2013)
  • 1932 – Nasif Estéfano, Argentinian race car driver (d. 1973)
  • 1932 – Danny McDevitt, American baseball player (d. 2010)
  • 1933 – Bruce Conner, American painter, photographer, and director (d. 2008)
  • 1934 – Vassilis Vassilikos, Greek journalist and diplomat
  • 1935 – Rudolf Bahro, German philosopher and politician (d. 1997)
  • 1935 – Rodney Hall, Australian author and poet
  • 1936 – Ennio Antonelli, Italian cardinal
  • 1936 – Don Cherry, American trumpet player (Old and New Dreams, New York Contemporary Five, and Codona) (d. 1995)
  • 1936 – Suzette Haden Elgin, American linguist and author (d. 2015)
  • 1937 – Ülle Kukk, Estonian botanist and conservationist
  • 1938 – Jules Mikhael Al-Jamil, Iraqi-Lebanese archbishop (d. 2012)
  • 1938 – Norbert Ratsirahonana, Malagasy politician, Prime Minister of Madagascar
  • 1939 – Margaret Atwood, Canadian novelist, poet, and critic
  • 1939 – Margaret Jay, Baroness Jay of Paddington, English journalist and politician, Leader of the House of Lords
  • 1939 – Amanda Lear, Hong Kong-French singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1939 – Brenda Vaccaro, American actress
  • 1940 – Qaboos bin Said, sultan of Oman
  • 1940 – Haim Harari, Israeli Physicist and educator
  • 1940 – James Welch, American novelist and poet (d. 2003)
  • 1941 – Gary Bettenhausen, American race car driver (d. 2014)
  • 1941 – Angela Watkinson, English educator and politician
  • 1942 – Linda Evans, American actress
  • 1942 – Susan Sullivan, American actress
  • 1943 – Leonardo Sandri, Argentinian cardinal
  • 1944 – Wolfgang Joop, German fashion designer, founded JOOP!
  • 1945 – Wilma Mankiller, American tribal chief (d. 2010)
  • 1945 – Mahinda Rajapaksa, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 6th President of Sri Lanka
  • 1946 – Alan Dean Foster, American author
  • 1946 – Chris Rainbow, Scottish singer-songwriter and producer (Camel) (d. 2015)
  • 1947 – Timothy Maude, American general (d. 2001)
  • 1947 – Jameson Parker, American actor and producer
  • 1947 – Ross Wilson, Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Daddy Cool, and Mondo Rock)
  • 1948 – Tõnis Mägi, Estonian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (Ultima Thule)
  • 1948 – Andrea Marcovicci, American actress and singer
  • 1948 – Kongō Masahiro, Japanese sumo wrestler (d. 2014)
  • 1948 – Ana Mendieta, Cuban-American sculptor and painter (d. 1985)
  • 1948 – Jack Tatum, American football player (d. 2010)
  • 1949 – Herman Rarebell, German rock drummer and songwriter
  • 1950 – Graham Parker, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1950 – Rudy Sarzo, Cuban-American rock bass player
  • 1951 – Pete Morelli, American businessman
  • 1951 – Justin Raimondo, American journalist and author
  • 1952 – Peter Beattie, Australian lawyer and politician, 36th Premier of Queensland
  • 1952 – Claudio Capone, Italian voice actor (d. 2008)
  • 1952 – Delroy Lindo, English actor and director
  • 1953 – Alan Moore, English author and illustrator
  • 1953 – Kevin Nealon, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1954 – John Parr, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1955 – Carter Burwell, American composer and conductor
  • 1956 – Noel Brotherston, Irish-English footballer and painter (d. 1995)
  • 1956 – Warren Moon, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1956 – Jim Weirich, American computer scientist, developed Rake Software (d. 2014)
  • 1957 – Tony Bunn, American bassist, composer, producer, and writer
  • 1958 – Daniel Brailovsky, Argentinian footballer and manager
  • 1958 – Oscar Nunez, Cuban-American actor and screenwriter
  • 1958 – Karen Pence, Second Lady of the United States
  • 1959 – Jimmy Quinn, Northern Irish footballer and manager
  • 1960 – Elizabeth Perkins, American actress
  • 1960 – Yeşim Ustaoğlu, Turkish director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1960 – Kim Wilde, English singer-songwriter
  • 1961 – Steven Moffat, Scottish screenwriter and producer
  • 1962 – Bart Bryant, American golfer
  • 1962 – Kirk Hammett, American guitarist and songwriter (Metallica, Spastik Children, and Exodus)
  • 1962 – Jamie Moyer, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1963 – Len Bias, American basketball player (d. 1986)
  • 1963 – Dante Bichette, American baseball player and coach
  • 1963 – Peter Schmeichel, Danish footballer and sportscaster
  • 1963 – Joost Zwagerman, Dutch author and poet (d. 2015)
  • 1964 – Rita Cosby, American journalist and author
  • 1964 – Nadia Sawalha, English actress
  • 1967 – Tom Gordon, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Jocelyn Lemieux, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1967 – Gavin Peacock, English footballer and sportscaster
  • 1968 – Barry Hunter, Irish footballer and manager
  • 1968 – George Kotsiopoulos, American stylist and journalist
  • 1968 – Romany Malco, American rapper, producer, actor, and screenwriter (College Boyz)
  • 1968 – Gary Sheffield, American baseball player and coach
  • 1968 – Owen Wilson, American actor, producer, comedian and screenwriter
  • 1969 – Sam Cassell, American basketball player and coach
  • 1969 – Ahmed Helmy, Egyptian actor
  • 1969 – Koichiro Kimura, Japanese mixed martial artist and wrestler (d. 2014)
  • 1969 – Duncan Sheik, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1970 – Elizabeth Anne Allen, American actress
  • 1970 – Mike Epps, American comedian, actor, and producer
  • 1970 – Megyn Kelly, American lawyer and journalist
  • 1970 – Peta Wilson, Australian model and actress
  • 1971 – Therese Coffey, English chemist and politician
  • 1971 – Terrance Hayes, American poet and academic
  • 1971 – Matthew Rodwell, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
  • 1972 – Jessi Alexander, American singer-songwriter
  • 1972 – Jeroen Straathof, Dutch cyclist and speed skater
  • 1973 – Nic Pothas, South African cricketer and coach
  • 1974 – Chloë Sevigny, American actress and fashion designer
  • 1974 – Petter Solberg, Norwegian race car driver
  • 1974 – Graham Coughlan, Irish footballer and coach
  • 1975 – Lucy Akhurst, English actress and producer
  • 1975 – Shawn Camp, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Anthony McPartlin, English comedian, actor, and producer
  • 1975 – David Ortiz, Dominican-American baseball player
  • 1975 – Pastor Troy, American rapper, producer, and actor
  • 1975 – Jason Williams, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Shagrath, Norwegian singer-songwriter (Dimmu Borgir Chrome Division, Ov Hell, and Fimbulwinter)
  • 1976 – Dominic Armato, American voice actor
  • 1976 – Sage Francis, American rapper (Non-Prophets)
  • 1976 – Matt Welsh, Australian swimmer
  • 1976 – Mona Zaki, Egyptian actress
  • 1977 – Trent Barrett, Australian rugby league player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1977 – Fabolous, American rapper and producer
  • 1978 – Damien Johnson, Irish footballer
  • 1978 – Aldo Montano, Italian fencer
  • 1980 – Hamza al-Ghamdi, Saudi Arabian terrorist, hijacker of United Airlines Flight 175 (d. 2001)
  • 1980 – Luke Chadwick, English footballer
  • 1980 – Minori Chihara, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1980 – François Duval, Belgian race car driver
  • 1980 – Denny Hamlin, American race car driver
  • 1980 – Dustin Kensrue, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1981 – Dianne dela Fuente, Filipino singer and actress
  • 1981 – Nasim Pedrad, Iranian-American actress
  • 1981 – Vittoria Puccini, Italian actress
  • 1981 – Maggie Stiefvater, American author
  • 1981 – Allison Tolman, American actress
  • 1981 – Christina Vidal, American actress and singer
  • 1982 – Greg Estandia, American football player
  • 1983 – Travis Buck, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Michael Dawson, English footballer
  • 1983 – Jon Lech Johansen, Norwegian computer programmer and engineer, created DeCSS
  • 1984 – Ryohei Chiba, Japanese singer and dancer
  • 1984 – Johnny Christ, American bass player
  • 1984 – Enar Jääger, Estonian footballer
  • 1985 – Allyson Felix, American sprinter
  • 1985 – Christian Siriano, American fashion designer
  • 1987 – Yoon Park, South Korean actor
  • 1988 – Jeffrey Jordan, American basketball player
  • 1988 – Michael Roach, American soccer player
  • 1989 – Lu Jiajing, Chinese tennis player
  • 1989 – Natalie Osman, American wrestler
  • 1990 – Myk Perez, Filipino singer
  • 1991 – Ahmed Kelly, Iraqi-Australian swimmer
  • 1991 – Noppawan Lertcheewakarn, Thai tennis player
  • 1992 – Nathan Kress, American actor and director
  • 1992 – Steven Skrzybski, German footballer

 

 

 

 

 

  • Deaths on November 18
  • 942 – Odo of Cluny, saint and second abbot of Cluny (b. c. 878)
  • 1100 – Thomas of Bayeux, Archbishop of York
  • 1154 – Adelaide of Maurienne (b. 1092)
  • 1170 – Albert I of Brandenburg (b. c. 1100)
  • 1247 – Robin Hood, heroic outlaw in English folklore (b. 1160)
  • 1259 – Adam Marsh, English scholar and theologian
  • 1305 – John II, Duke of Brittany (b. 1239)
  • 1313 – Constance of Portugal, Portuguese infanta (b. 1290)
  • 1482 – Gedik Ahmed Pasha, Ottoman politician, 17th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
  • 1559 – Cuthbert Tunstall, English bishop (b. 1474)
  • 1590 – George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, English commander and politician, Lord High Steward of Ireland (b. 1528)
  • 1724 – Bartolomeu de Gusmão, Portuguese priest (b. 1685)
  • 1785 – Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans (b. 1725)
  • 1797 – Jacques-Alexandre Laffon de Ladebat, French shipbuilder and merchant (b. 1719)
  • 1814 – William Jessop, English engineer (b. 1745)
  • 1830 – Adam Weishaupt, German philosopher and academic, founded the Illuminati (b. 1748)
  • 1852 – Rose Philippine Duchesne French-American nun and saint (b. 1769)
  • 1886 – Chester A. Arthur, American general, lawyer, and politician, 21st President of the United States (b. 1829)
  • 1889 – William Allingham, Irish-English poet and scholar (b. 1824)
  • 1909 – Renée Vivien, English-French poet (b. 1877)
  • 1922 – Marcel Proust, French author and critic (b. 1871)
  • 1927 – Scipione Borghese, 10th Prince of Sulmona Italian race car driver, explorer, and politician (b. 1871)
  • 1936 – V. O. Chidambaram Pillai, Indian lawyer and politician (b. 1872)
  • 1940 – Ivane Javakhishvili, Georgian historian and academic (b. 1876)
  • 1941 – Émile Nelligan, Canadian poet and author (b. 1879)
  • 1941 – Walther Nernst, German chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1864)
  • 1941 – Chris Watson, Chilean-Australian journalist and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1867)
  • 1962 – Niels Bohr, Danish footballer, physicist, and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)
  • 1965 – Henry A. Wallace, American academic and politician, 33rd Vice President of the United States (b. 1888)
  • 1969 – Ted Heath, English trombonist and bandleader (b. 1902)
  • 1969 – Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr., American businessman and diplomat, 44th United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom (b. 1888)
  • 1972 – Danny Whitten, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Crazy Horse) (b. 1943)
  • 1976 – Man Ray, American-French photographer and painter (b. 1890)
  • 1977 – Kurt Schuschnigg, Italian-Austrian lawyer and politician, 15th Federal Chancellor of Austria (b. 1897)
  • 1978 – Jim Jones, American cult leader, founded Peoples Temple (b. 1931)
  • 1978 – Leo Ryan, American soldier, educator, and politician (b. 1925)
  • 1979 – Freddie Fitzsimmons, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1901)
  • 1980 – Conn Smythe, Canadian soldier, ice hockey player, and businessman (b. 1895)
  • 1984 – Mary Hamman, American journalist and author (b. 1907)
  • 1986 – Gia Carangi, American model (b. 1960)
  • 1987 – Jacques Anquetil, French cyclist (b. 1934)
  • 1991 – Gustáv Husák, Slovak lawyer and politician, 9th President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1913)
  • 1994 – Cab Calloway, American singer-songwriter and bandleader (The Cab Calloway Orchestra) (b. 1907)
  • 1994 – Peter Ledger, Australian painter and illustrator (b. 1945)
  • 1995 – Miron Grindea, Romanian-English journalist (b. 1909)
  • 1998 – Tara Singh Hayer, Indian-Canadian journalist and publisher (b. 1936)
  • 1999 – Paul Bowles, American composer and author (b. 1910)
  • 1999 – Doug Sahm, American singer and guitarist (b. 1941)
  • 2001 – Walter Matuszczak, Polish-American football player 1939 All-America, 1941 New York Giants draft (b. 1918)
  • 2002 – James Coburn, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 2003 – Michael Kamen, American composer and conductor (b. 1948)
  • 2004 – Robert Bacher, American physicist and academic (b. 1905)
  • 2004 – Cy Coleman, American pianist and composer (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Harold J. Stone, American actor (b. 1911)
  • 2009 – Red Robbins, American basketball player (b. 1944)
  • 2010 – Freddy Beras-Goico, Dominican comedian and television host (b. 1940)
  • 2010 – Brian G. Marsden, English-American astronomer and academic (b. 1937)
  • 2012 – Emilio Aragón Bermúdez, Spanish clown, singer, and accordion player (b. 1929)
  • 2012 – Phoebe Hearst Cooke, American businesswoman and philanthropist (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – Philip Ledger, English organist, composer, and academic (b. 1937)
  • 2012 – Kenny Morgans, Welsh footballer and manager (b. 1939)
  • 2013 – Thomas Howard, American football player (b. 1983)
  • 2013 – Bennett Reimer, American author and academic (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – S. R. D. Vaidyanathan, Indian nadaswaram player and composer (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Ljubomir Vračarević, Serbian martial artist, founded Real Aikido (b. 1947)
  • 2013 – Peter Wintonick, Canadian director and producer (b. 1953)
  • 2014 – Dave Appell, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Pepe Eliaschev, Argentinian journalist and author (b. 1945)
  • 2014 – Ahmad Lozi, Jordanian educator and politician, 48th Prime Minister of Jordan (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – C. Rudhraiya, Indian director and producer (b. 1947)
  • 2015 – Abdelhamid Abaaoud, Belgian-Moroccan terrorist (b. 1987)
  • 2015 – Dan Halldorson, Canadian-American golfer (b. 1952)
  • 2015 – Jonah Lomu, New Zealand rugby player (b. 1975)
  • 2016 – Sharon Jones, American soul and funk singer (b. 1956)

 

 

 

  • Holidays and observances on November 18
  • Christian feast day:
    • Abhai of Hach (Syriac Orthodox Church)
    • Dedication of Saints Peter and Paul
    • Juthwara
    • Mabyn (Roman Catholic Church and Anglicanism)
    • The main day of the Feast of the Virgen de Chiquinquirá or Chinita’s Fair (Maracaibo, Venezuela)
    • Rose Philippine Duchesne
    • November 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of Army and Victory (Haiti)
  • Independence Day (Morocco), celebrates the independence of Morocco from France and Spain in 1956.
  • Married To A Scorpio Support Day (Chase’s Calendar of Events)
  • National Apple Cider Day (United States)
  • National Day (Oman)
  • National Vichyssoise Day (United States)
  • Proclamation Day of the Republic of Latvia celebrates the independence of Latvia from Russia in 1918.
  • Remembrance Day of the Sacrifice of Vukovar in 1991 (Croatia)

 

November 18
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