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July 27

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  • What happened on July 27
  • July 27 is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 157 days remaining until the end of the year.

 

  • Events on July 27
  • 1054 – Siward, Earl of Northumbria invades Scotland and defeats Macbeth, King of Scotland somewhere north of the Firth of Forth.
  • 1189 – Friedrich Barbarossa arrives at Niš, the capital of Serbian King Stefan Nemanja, during the Third Crusade.
  • 1202 – Georgian–Seljuk wars: At the Battle of Basian the Kingdom of Georgia defeats the Sultanate of Rum.
  • 1214 – Battle of Bouvines: Philip II of France decisively defeats Imperial, English and Flemish armies, effectively ending John of England’s Angevin Empire.
  • 1299 – According to Edward Gibbon, Osman I invades the territory of Nicomedia for the first time, usually considered to be the founding day of the Ottoman state.
  • 1302 – Battle of Bapheus: Decisive Ottoman victory over the Byzantines opening up Bithynia for Turkish conquest.
  • 1549 – The Jesuit priest Francis Xavier’s ship reaches Japan.
  • 1663 – The English Parliament passes the second Navigation Act requiring that all goods bound for the American colonies have to be sent in English ships from English ports.
  • 1689 – Glorious Revolution: The Battle of Killiecrankie ends.
  • 1694 – A Royal charter is granted to the Bank of England.
  • 1720 – The Battle of Grengam marks the second important victory of the Russian Navy.
  • 1775 – Founding of the U.S. Army Medical Department: The Second Continental Congress passes legislation establishing “an hospital for an army consisting of 20,000 men.”
  • 1778 – American Revolution: First Battle of Ushant: British and French fleets fight to a standoff.
  • 1789 – The first U.S. federal government agency, the Department of Foreign Affairs, is established (it will be later renamed Department of State).
  • 1794 – French Revolution: Maximilien Robespierre is arrested after encouraging the execution of more than 17,000 “enemies of the Revolution”.
  • 1816 – Battle of Negro Fort: The battle ends when a hot shot cannonball fired by US Navy Gunboat No. 154 explodes the Fort’s Powder Magazine, killing apx. 275. It is considered the deadliest single cannon shot in US history.
  • 1857 – Siege of Arrah begins: 68 men hold out for 8 days against a force of 2,500 to 3,000 mutinying sepoys and 8,000 irregular forces.
  • 1865 – Welsh settlers arrive at Chubut in Argentina.
  • 1866 – The first permanent transatlantic telegraph cable is successfully completed, stretching from Valentia Island, Ireland, to Heart’s Content, Newfoundland.
  • 1880 – Second Anglo-Afghan War: Battle of Maiwand: Afghan forces led by Mohammad Ayub Khan defeat the British Army in battle near Maiwand, Afghanistan.
  • 1890 – Vincent van Gogh shoots himself and dies two days later.
  • 1900 – Kaiser Wilhelm II makes a speech comparing Germans to Huns; for years afterwards, “Hun” would be a disparaging name for Germans.
  • 1914 – Felix Manalo registers the Iglesia ni Cristo with the Philippine government.
  • 1917 – The Allies reach the Yser Canal at the Battle of Passchendaele.
  • 1919 – The Chicago Race Riot erupts after a racial incident occurred on a South Side beach, leading to 38 fatalities and 537 injuries over a five-day period.
  • 1921 – Researchers at the University of Toronto, led by biochemist Frederick Banting, prove that the hormone insulin regulates blood sugar.
  • 1929 – The Geneva Convention of 1929, dealing with treatment of prisoners-of-war, is signed by 53 nations.
  • 1940 – The animated short A Wild Hare is released, introducing the character of Bugs Bunny.
  • 1941 – Japanese troops stationed in Tonkin occupy the southern portion of French Indochina.
  • 1942 – World War II: Allied forces successfully halt the final Axis advance into Egypt.
  • 1949 – Initial flight of the de Havilland Comet, the first jet-powered airliner.
  • 1953 – Fighting in the Korean War ends when the United States, China, and North Korea sign an armistice agreement. Syngman Rhee, President of South Korea, refuses to sign but pledges to observe the armistice.
  • 1955 – The Allied occupation of Austria stemming from World War II ends.
  • 1964 – Vietnam War: Five thousand more American military advisers are sent to South Vietnam bringing the total number of United States forces in Vietnam to 21,000.
  • 1974 – Watergate scandal: The House of Representatives Judiciary Committee votes 27 to 11 to recommend the first article of impeachment (for obstruction of justice) against President Richard Nixon.
  • 1975 – Mayor of Jaffna and former MP Alfred Duraiappah is shot dead.
  • 1976 – Former Japanese prime minister Kakuei Tanaka is arrested on suspicion of violating foreign exchange and foreign trade laws in connection with theLockheed bribery scandals.
  • 1981 – On Coronation Street, Ken Barlow marries Deirdre Langton, which proves to be a national event scoring massive viewer numbers for the show.
  • 1983 – Black July: Eighteen Tamil political prisoners at the Welikada high security prison in Colombo are massacred by Sinhalese prisoners, the second such massacre in two days.
  • 1987 – RMS Titanic Inc. begins the first expedited salvage of wreckage of the RMS Titanic.
  • 1990 – The Supreme Soviet of the Belarusian Soviet Republic declares independence of Belarus from the Soviet Union. Until 1996 the day is celebrated as the Independence Day of Belarus; after a referendum held that year the celebration of independence is moved to June 3.
  • 1990 – The Jamaat al Muslimeen attempt a coup d’état in Trinidad and Tobago.
  • 1995 – The Korean War Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C..
  • 1996 – In Atlanta, United States, a pipe bomb explodes at Centennial Olympic Park during the 1996 Summer Olympics.
  • 1997 – About 50 people are killed in the Si Zerrouk massacre in Algeria.
  • 2002 – Ukraine airshow disaster: A Sukhoi Su-27 fighter crashes during an air show at Lviv, Ukraine killing 77 and injuring more than 500 others, making it the deadliest air show disaster in history.
  • 2005 – After an incident during STS-114, NASA grounds the Space Shuttle, pending an investigation of the continuing problem with the shedding of foam insulation from the external fuel tank.
  • 2015 – At least seven people are killed and many injured after gunmen attack an Indian police station in Punjab.

 

 

 

  • Births on July 27
  • 1452 – Ludovico Sforza, Italian son of Francesco I Sforza (d. 1508)
  • 1667 – Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician and academic (d. 1748)
  • 1733 – Jeremiah Dixon, English surveyor and astronomer (d. 1779)
  • 1740 – Jeanne Baré, French explorer (d. 1803)
  • 1741 – François-Hippolyte Barthélémon, French-English violinist and composer (d. 1808)
  • 1752 – Samuel Smith, American general and politician (d. 1839)
  • 1768 – Charlotte Corday, French assassin of Jean-Paul Marat (d. 1793)
  • 1768 – Joseph Anton Koch, Austrian painter (d. 1839)
  • 1773 – Jacob Aall, Norwegian economist and politician (d. 1844)
  • 1777 – Thomas Campbell, Scottish-French poet and academic (d. 1844)
  • 1777 – Henry Trevor, 21st Baron Dacre, English general (d. 1853)
  • 1781 – Mauro Giuliani, Italian singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1828)
  • 1784 – Denis Davydov, Russian general and poet (d. 1839)
  • 1812 – Thomas Lanier Clingman, American general and politician (d. 1897)
  • 1818 – Agostino Roscelli, Italian priest and saint (d. 1902)
  • 1824 – Alexandre Dumas, fils, French novelist and playwright (d. 1895)
  • 1833 – Thomas George Bonney, English geologist, mountaineer, and academic (d. 1923)
  • 1835 – Giosuè Carducci, Italian poet and educator, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1907)
  • 1848 – Loránd Eötvös, Hungarian physicist and politician, Minister of Education of Hungary (d. 1919)
  • 1853 – Vladimir Korolenko, Ukrainian journalist, author, and activist (d. 1921)
  • 1854 – Takahashi Korekiyo, Japanese accountant and politician, 20th Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1936)
  • 1857 – José Celso Barbosa, Puerto Rican physician, sociologist, and politician (d. 1921)
  • 1858 – George Lyon, Canadian golfer and cricketer (d. 1938)
  • 1866 – António José de Almeida, Portuguese physician and politician, 6th President of Portugal (d. 1929)
  • 1867 – Enrique Granados, Spanish pianist and composer (d. 1916)
  • 1870 – Hilaire Belloc, French-born British writer and historian (d. 1953)
  • 1877 – Ernő Dohnányi, Hungarian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1960)
  • 1881 – Hans Fischer, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1945)
  • 1882 – Geoffrey de Havilland, English pilot and engineer, founded the de Havilland Aircraft Company (d. 1965)
  • 1886 – Ernst May, German architect and urban planner (d. 1970)
  • 1889 – Vera Karalli, Russian ballerina, choreographer, and actress (d. 1972)
  • 1890 – Armas Taipale, Finnish discus thrower and shot putter (d. 1976)
  • 1891 – Jacob van der Hoeden, Dutch-Israeli veterinarian and academic (d. 1968)
  • 1893 – Ugo Agostoni, Italian cyclist (d.1941)
  • 1894 – Mientje Kling, Dutch actress (d. 1966)
  • 1896 – Robert George, Scottish air marshal and politician, 24th Governor of South Australia (d. 1967)
  • 1896 – Henri Longchambon, French lawyer and politician (d. 1969)
  • 1899 – Percy Hornibrook, Australian cricketer (d. 1976)
  • 1903 – Nikolay Cherkasov, Russian actor (d. 1966)
  • 1903 – Michail Stasinopoulos, Greek jurist and politician, President of Greece (d. 2002)
  • 1903 – Mārtiņš Zīverts, Latvian playwright (d. 1990)
  • 1905 – Leo Durocher, American baseball player and manager (d. 1991)
  • 1906 – Jerzy Giedroyc, Polish author and activist (d. 2000)
  • 1906 – Herbert Jasper, Canadian psychologist and neurologist (d. 1999)
  • 1907 – Ross Alexander, American stage and film actor (d. 1937)
  • 1907 – Carl Mcclellan Hill, African American educator and academic administrator (d. 1995)
  • 1908 – Joseph Mitchell, American journalist and author (d. 1996)
  • 1910 – Julien Gracq, French author and critic (d. 2007)
  • 1910 – Lupita Tovar, Mexican-American actress (d. 2016)
  • 1911 – Rayner Heppenstall, English author and poet (d. 1981)
  • 1912 – Vernon Elliott, English bassoon player, composer, and conductor (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – George L. Street III, American captain, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2000)
  • 1914 – August Sang, Estonian poet and translator (d. 1969)
  • 1915 – Mario Del Monaco, Italian tenor (d. 1982)
  • 1915 – Josef Priller, German colonel and pilot (d. 1961)
  • 1916 – Elizabeth Hardwick, American literary critic, novelist, and short story writer (d. 2007)
  • 1916 – Skippy Williams, American saxophonist and arranger (d. 1994)
  • 1916 – Keenan Wynn, American actor (d. 1986)
  • 1918 – Leonard Rose, American cellist and educator (d. 1984)
  • 1921 – Garry Davis, American pilot and activist, created the World Passport (d. 2013)
  • 1921 – Émile Genest, Canadian-American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1922 – Adolfo Celi, Italian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1986)
  • 1922 – Norman Lear, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1923 – Mas Oyama, South Korean-Japanese martial artist (d. 1994)
  • 1924 – Vincent Canby, American historian and critic (d. 2000)
  • 1924 – Otar Taktakishvili, Georgian composer and conductor (d. 1989)
  • 1927 – Guy Carawan, American singer and musicologist (d. 2015)
  • 1927 – C. Rajadurai, Sri Lankan journalist and politician, 1st Mayor of Batticaloa
  • 1927 – John Seigenthaler, American journalist and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1928 – Joseph Kittinger, American colonel and pilot
  • 1929 – Jean Baudrillard, French sociologist and philosopher (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Harvey Fuqua, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2010)
  • 1929 – Jack Higgins, English author and academic
  • 1929 – Marc Wilkinson, French-Australian composer and conductor
  • 1930 – Joy Whitby, English director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1930 – Shirley Williams, English academic and politician, Secretary of State for Education
  • 1931 – Khieu Samphan, Cambodian academic and politician, 28th Prime Minister of Cambodia
  • 1931 – Jerry Van Dyke, American actor
  • 1932 – Forest Able, American basketball player
  • 1933 – Nick Reynolds, American singer and bongo player (d. 2008)
  • 1933 – Ted Whitten, Australian footballer and journalist (d. 1995)
  • 1935 – Hillar Kärner, Estonian chess player
  • 1935 – Billy McCullough, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1936 – J. Robert Hooper, American businessman and politician (d. 2008)
  • 1937 – Anna Dawson, English actress and singer
  • 1937 – Don Galloway, American actor (d. 2009)
  • 1937 – Robert Holmes à Court, South African-Australian businessman and lawyer (d. 1990)
  • 1938 – Gary Gygax, American game designer, co-created Dungeons & Dragons (d. 2008)
  • 1939 – William Eggleston, American photographer and academic
  • 1939 – Michael Longley, Northern Irish poet and academic
  • 1940 – Pina Bausch, German dancer and choreographer (d. 2009)
  • 1941 – Christian Boesch, Austrian opera singer
  • 1941 – Johannes Fritsch, German viola player and composer (d. 2010)
  • 1942 – Édith Butler, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1942 – John Pleshette, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1942 – Dennis Ralston, American tennis player
  • 1943 – Jeremy Greenstock, English diplomat, British Ambassador to the United Nations
  • 1944 – Bobbie Gentry, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1944 – Jean-Marie Leblanc, French cyclist and journalist
  • 1944 – Barbara Thomson, English saxophonist and composer
  • 1946 – Peter Reading, English poet and author (d. 2011)
  • 1947 – Kazuyoshi Miura, Japanese businessman (d. 2008)
  • 1947 – Betty Thomas, American actress, director, and producer
  • 1948 – Peggy Fleming, American figure skater and sportscaster
  • 1948 – James Munby, English lawyer and judge
  • 1948 – Henny Vrienten, Dutch singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1949 – Maury Chaykin, American-Canadian actor (d. 2010)
  • 1949 – André Dupont, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1949 – Rory MacDonald, Scottish singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1949 – Maureen McGovern, American singer and actress
  • 1949 – Robert Rankin, English author and illustrator
  • 1950 – Simon Jones, English actor
  • 1951 – Roseanna Cunningham, Scottish lawyer and politician, Minister for Community Safety and Legal Affairs
  • 1951 – Bob Diamond, American-English banker and businessman
  • 1951 – Rolf Thung, Dutch tennis player
  • 1952 – Marvin Barnes, American basketball player (d. 2014)
  • 1952 – Roxanne Hart, American actress
  • 1953 – Chung Dong-young, South Korean journalist and politician, 31st South Korean Minister of Unification
  • 1953 – Yahoo Serious, Australian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1954 – Philippe Alliot, French race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1954 – G. S. Bali, Indian lawyer and politician
  • 1954 – Ricardo Uceda, Peruvian journalist and author
  • 1955 – Cat Bauer, American journalist, author, and playwright
  • 1955 – Allan Border, Australian cricketer and coach
  • 1955 – John Howell, English journalist and politician
  • 1955 – Bobby Rondinelli, American drummer
  • 1956 – Carol Leifer, American actress, comedian, screenwriter, and producer
  • 1957 – Bill Engvall, American comedian, actor, and producer
  • 1958 – Christopher Dean, English figure skater and choreographer
  • 1958 – Kimmo Hakola, Finnish composer
  • 1959 – Joe DeSa, American baseball player (d. 1986)
  • 1959 – Hugh Green, American football player
  • 1959 – Yiannos Papantoniou, French-Greek economist and politician, Greek Minister of National Defence
  • 1960 – Jo Durie, English tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1960 – Conway Savage, Australian singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1960 – Emily Thornberry, English lawyer and politician
  • 1962 – Neil Brooks, Australian swimmer
  • 1962 – Karl Mueller, American bass player (d. 2005)
  • 1963 – Donnie Yen, Chinese-Hong Kong actor, director, producer, and martial artist
  • 1964 – Rex Brown, American bass player and songwriter
  • 1965 – José Luis Chilavert, Paraguayan footballer
  • 1966 – Steve Tilson, English footballer and manager
  • 1967 – Rahul Bose, Indian journalist, actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1967 – Hans Mathisen, Norwegian guitarist and composer
  • 1967 – Neil Smith, English cricketer
  • 1967 – Craig Wolanin, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1968 – Maria Grazia Cucinotta, Italian actress and producer
  • 1968 – Tom Goodwin, American baseball player and coach
  • 1968 – Sabina Jeschke, Swedish-German engineer and academic
  • 1968 – Julian McMahon, Australian actor and producer
  • 1968 – Ricardo Rosset, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1969 – Triple H, American wrestler and actor
  • 1969 – Jonty Rhodes, South African cricketer and coach
  • 1970 – Nikolaj Coster-Waldau, Danish actor and producer
  • 1970 – David Davies, English-Welsh politician
  • 1971 – Matthew Johns, Australian rugby league player, sportscaster and television host
  • 1972 – Maya Rudolph, American actress
  • 1972 – Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, Malaysian surgeon and astronaut
  • 1973 – Cassandra Clare, American journalist and author
  • 1973 – Erik Nys, Belgian long jumper
  • 1973 – Gorden Tallis, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1974 – Eason Chan, Hong Kong singer, actor, and producer
  • 1974 – Pete Yorn, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1975 – Serkan Çeliköz, Turkish keyboard player and songwriter
  • 1975 – Shea Hillenbrand, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Fred Mascherino, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1975 – Alessandro Pistone, Italian footballer
  • 1975 – Alex Rodriguez, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Demis Hassabis, English computer scientist and academic
  • 1976 – Scott Mason, Australian cricketer (d. 2005)
  • 1977 – Foo Swee Chin, Singaporean illustrator
  • 1977 – Björn Dreyer, German footballer
  • 1977 – Jonathan Rhys Meyers, Irish actor
  • 1978 – Diarmuid O’Sullivan, Irish hurler and manager
  • 1979 – Jorge Arce, Mexican boxer
  • 1979 – Sidney Govou, French footballer
  • 1979 – Shannon Moore, American wrestler and singer
  • 1980 – Allan Davis, Australian cyclist
  • 1980 – Wesley Gonzales, Filipino basketball player
  • 1981 – Susan King Borchardt, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Collins Obuya, Kenyan cricketer
  • 1981 – Dash Snow, American painter and photographer (d. 2009)
  • 1981 – Christopher Weselek, German rugby player
  • 1982 – Neil Harbisson, English-Catalan painter, composer, and activist
  • 1983 – Lorik Cana, Albanian footballer
  • 1983 – Martijn Maaskant, Dutch cyclist
  • 1983 – Goran Pandev, Macedonian footballer
  • 1983 – Soccor Velho, Indian footballer (d. 2013)
  • 1984 – Antoine Bethea, American football player
  • 1984 – Tsuyoshi Nishioka, Japanese baseball player
  • 1984 – Max Scherzer, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Taylor Schilling, American actress
  • 1984 – Kenny Wormald, American actor, dancer, and choreographer
  • 1985 – Husain Abdullah, American football player
  • 1985 – Matteo Pratichetti, Italian rugby player
  • 1985 – Ajmal Shahzad, English cricketer
  • 1986 – DeMarre Carroll, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Ryan Flaherty, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Ryan Griffen, Australian footballer
  • 1987 – Jacoby Ford, American football player
  • 1987 – Marek Hamšík, Slovak footballer
  • 1987 – Jordan Hill, American basketball player
  • 1987 – Sarah Parsons, American ice hockey player
  • 1988 – Adam Biddle, Australian footballer
  • 1988 – Yoervis Medina, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1988 – Ryan Tannehill, American football player
  • 1989 – Maya Ali, Pakistani actress
  • 1990 – Nick Hogan, American race car driver and actor
  • 1990 – Paolo Hurtado, Peruvian footballer
  • 1990 – Cheyenne Kimball, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1990 – Stephen Li-Chung Kuo, Taiwanese-American figure skater
  • 1991 – Rena Matsui, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1993 – Max Power, English footballer
  • 1993 – Jordan Spieth, American golfer
  • 2001 – Shin Ki-joon, South Korean actor

 

 

 

 

 

  • Deaths on July 27
  • 959 – Chai Rong, Emperor of Later Zhou
  • 1101 – Conrad II of Italy (b. 1074)
  • 1101 – Hugh d’Avranches, Earl of Chester (b. c. 1047)
  • 1158 – Geoffrey VI, Count of Anjou (b. 1134)
  • 1276 – James I of Aragon (b. 1208)
  • 1365 – Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria (b. 1339)
  • 1382 – Joanna I of Naples (b. 1326)
  • 1469 – William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke (b. 1423)
  • 1656 – Salomo Glassius, German theologian and critic (b. 1593)
  • 1675 – Henri de la Tour d’Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, French general (b. 1611)
  • 1759 – Pierre Louis Maupertuis, French mathematician and philosopher (b. 1698)
  • 1770 – Robert Dinwiddie, Scottish merchant and politician, Colonial Governor of Virginia (b. 1693)
  • 1841 – Mikhail Lermontov, Russian poet and painter (b. 1814)
  • 1844 – John Dalton, English physicist, meteorologist, and chemist (b. 1776)
  • 1863 – William Lowndes Yancey, American journalist and politician (b. 1813)
  • 1865 – Jean-Joseph Dassy, French painter and lithographer (b. 1791)
  • 1875 – Aleksander Kunileid, Estonian composer and educator (b. 1845)
  • 1876 – Albertus van Raalte, Dutch-born American minister and author (b. 1811)
  • 1883 – Montgomery Blair, American lieutenant and politician, 20th United States Postmaster General (b. 1813)
  • 1916 – Charles Fryatt, English captain (b. 1872)
  • 1916 – William Jonas, English footballer (d. 1890)
  • 1917 – Emil Theodor Kocher, Swiss physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1841)
  • 1921 – Myrddin Fardd, Welsh writer and antiquarian scholar (b. 1836)
  • 1924 – Ferruccio Busoni, Italian pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1866)
  • 1931 – Auguste Forel, Swiss neuroanatomist and psychiatrist (b. 1848)
  • 1938 – Tom Crean, Irish seaman and explorer (b. 1877)
  • 1941 – Alfred Henry O’Keeffe, New Zealand painter and educator (b. 1858)
  • 1942 – Karl Pärsimägi, Estonian painter (b. 1902)
  • 1946 – Gertrude Stein, American novelist, poet, and playwright (b. 1874)
  • 1948 – Woolf Barnato, English race car driver and businessman (b. 1898)
  • 1948 – Joe Tinker, American baseball player and manager (b. 1880)
  • 1948 – Dorothea Bleek, South African anthropologist and philologist (b. 1873)
  • 1951 – Paul Kogerman, Estonian chemist and politician, 22nd Estonian Minister of Education (b. 1891)
  • 1958 – Claire Lee Chennault, American general and pilot (b. 1893)
  • 1960 – Julie Vinter Hansen, Danish-Swiss astronomer and academic (b. 1890)
  • 1962 – Richard Aldington, English poet and author (b. 1892)
  • 1962 – James H. Kindelberger, American pilot and businessman (b. 1895)
  • 1964 – Winifred Lenihan, American actress, writer, and director (b. 1898)
  • 1965 – Daniel-Rops, French historian and author (b. 1901)
  • 1968 – Babe Adams, American baseball player and manager (b. 1882)
  • 1970 – António de Oliveira Salazar, Portuguese economist and politician, 100th Prime Minister of Portugal (b. 1889)
  • 1971 – Charlie Tully, Irish footballer and manager (b. 1924)
  • 1975 – Alfred Duraiappah, Sri Lankan Tamil lawyer and politician (d. 1926)
  • 1978 – Bob Heffron, New Zealand-born Australian miner and politician, 30th Premier of New South Wales (b. 1890)
  • 1978 – Willem van Otterloo, Dutch cellist, composer, and conductor (b. 1907)
  • 1980 – Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Iranian king (b. 1919)
  • 1981 – William Wyler, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1902)
  • 1984 – James Mason, English actor (b. 1909)
  • 1985 – Smoky Joe Wood, American baseball player and coach (b. 1889)
  • 1987 – Travis Jackson, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1903)
  • 1988 – Frank Zamboni, American inventor and businessman, founded the Zamboni Company (b. 1901)
  • 1990 – Bobby Day, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (b. 1928)
  • 1990 – René Toribio, Guadeloupean politician (b. 1912)
  • 1991 – John Friedrich, German-Australian engineer and conman (b. 1950)
  • 1992 – Max Dupain, Australian photographer and educator (b. 1911)
  • 1992 – Tzeni Karezi, Greek actress and screenwriter
  • 1993 – Reggie Lewis, American basketball player (b. 1965)
  • 1994 – Kevin Carter, South African photographer and journalist (b. 1960)
  • 1995 – Melih Esenbel, Turkish politician and diplomat, 20th Turkish Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1915)
  • 1995 – Rick Ferrell, American baseball player and coach (b. 1905)
  • 1995 – Miklós Rózsa, Hungarian-born American composer and conductor (b. 1907)
  • 1998 – Binnie Barnes, English-born American actress (b. 1903)
  • 1999 – Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandrov, Russian mathematician, physicist, and mountaineer (b. 1912)
  • 1999 – Harry Edison, American trumpet player (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – Gordon Solie, American sportscaster (b. 1929)
  • 2001 – Rhonda Sing, Canadian wrestler (b. 1961)
  • 2001 – Leon Wilkeson, American bass player and songwriter (b. 1952)
  • 2003 – Vance Hartke, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician (b. 1919)
  • 2003 – Bob Hope, English-born American actor, comedian, television personality, and businessman (b. 1903)
  • 2005 – Al Held, American painter and academic (b. 1928)
  • 2005 – Marten Toonder, Dutch author and illustrator (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – Maryann Mahaffey, American academic and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – James Oyebola, Nigerian-born English boxer (b. 1961)
  • 2008 – Youssef Chahine, Egyptian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1926)
  • 2008 – Horst Stein, German-born Swiss conductor (b. 1928)
  • 2008 – Isaac Saba Raffoul, Mexican businessman (b. 1923)
  • 2010 – Maury Chaykin, American-born Canadian actor (b. 1949)
  • 2010 – Jack Tatum, American football player (b. 1948)
  • 2012 – Norman Alden, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – R. G. Armstrong, American actor and playwright (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Darryl Cotton, Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (b. 1949)
  • 2012 – Geoffrey Hughes, English actor (b. 1944)
  • 2012 – Tony Martin, American actor and singer (b. 1913)
  • 2012 – Jack Taylor, English footballer and referee (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Fernando Alonso, Cuban dancer, co-founded the Cuban National Ballet (b. 1914)
  • 2013 – Lindy Boggs, American politician and diplomat, 5th United States Ambassador to the Holy See (b. 1916)
  • 2013 – Bud Day, American colonel and pilot, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Kidd Kraddick, American radio host (b. 1959)
  • 2013 – Ilya Segalovich, Russian businessman, co-founded Yandex (b. 1964)
  • 2014 – Richard Bolt, New Zealand air marshal and pilot (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – George Freese, American baseball player and coach (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Wallace Jones, American basketball player and coach (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Francesco Marchisano, Italian cardinal (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Paul Schell, American lawyer and politician, 50th Mayor of Seattle (b. 1937)
  • 2015 – Rickey Grundy, American singer-songwriter (b. 1959)
  • 2015 – A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, Indian engineer, academic, and politician, 11th President of India (b. 1931)
  • 2015 – Samuel Pisar, Polish-born American lawyer and author (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Anthony Shaw, English general (b. 1930)
  • 2016 – Einojuhani Rautavaara, Finnish composer (b.1928)
  • 2016 – James Alan McPherson, American short story writer and essayist (b. 1943)
  • 2016 – Jerry Doyle, American actor and talk show host (b. 1956)
  • 2016 – Piet de Jong, Dutch politician and naval officer, Minister of Defence (1963–67), Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1967–71) (b. 1915)

 

 

 

  • Holidays and observances on July 27
  • Christian feast day:
    • Aurelius and Natalia and companions of the Martyrs of Córdoba.
    • Pantaleon
    • Seven Sleepers of Ephesus (Roman Martyrology)
      • National Sleepy Head Day (Finland)
    • July 27 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of Victory in the Great Fatherland Liberation War (North Korea)
  • Iglesia ni Cristo Day (the Philippines)
  • José Celso Barbosa Day (Puerto Rico)
  • Martyrs and Wounded Soldiers Day (Vietnam)
  • National Korean War Veterans Armistice Day (United States)

 

July 27
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