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July 10

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  • What happened on July 10
  • July 10 is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 174 days remaining until the end of the year.

 

  • Events on July 10
  • 48 BC – Battle of Dyrrhachium: Julius Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat by Pompey in Macedonia.
  • 138 – Emperor Hadrian dies of heart failure at Baiae; he is buried at Rome in the Tomb of Hadrian beside his late wife, Vibia Sabina.
  • 645 – Isshi Incident: Prince Naka-no-Ōe and Fujiwara no Kamatari assassinate Soga no Iruka during a coup d’état at the imperial palace.
  • 988 – The Norse King Glúniairn recognises Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill, High King of Ireland, and agrees to pay taxes and acceptBrehon Law; the event is considered to be the founding of the city of Dublin.
  • 1086 – King Canute IV of Denmark is killed by rebellious peasants.
  • 1212 – The most severe of several early fires of London burns most of the city to the ground.
  • 1460 – Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, defeats the king’s Lancastrian forces and takes King Henry VI prisoner in the Battle of Northampton.
  • 1499 – The Portuguese explorer Nicolau Coelho returns to Lisbon after discovering the sea route to India as a companion of Vasco da Gama.
  • 1512 – The Spanish conquest of Iberian Navarre commences with the capture of Goizueta.
  • 1519 – Zhu Chenhao declares the Ming dynasty’s Zhengde Emperor a usurper, beginning the Prince of Ning rebellion, and leads his army north in an attempt to capture Nanjing.
  • 1553 – Lady Jane Grey takes the throne of England.
  • 1584 – William I of Orange is assassinated in his home in Delft, Holland, by Balthasar Gérard.
  • 1645 – English Civil War: The Battle of Langport takes place.
  • 1778 – American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain.
  • 1789 – Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Mackenzie River delta.
  • 1806 – The Vellore Mutiny is the first instance of a mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East India Company.
  • 1821 – The United States takes possession of its newly bought territory of Florida from Spain.
  • 1832 – U.S. President Andrew Jackson vetoes a bill that would re-charter the Second Bank of the United States.
  • 1850 – U.S. President Millard Fillmore is sworn in, a day after becoming President upon Zachary Taylor’s death.
  • 1869 – Gävle, Sweden, is largely destroyed in a fire; 80% of its 10,000 residents are left homeless.
  • 1877 – The then-villa of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, formally receives its city charter from the Royal Crown of Spain.
  • 1882 – War of the Pacific: Chile suffers its last military defeat in the Battle of La Concepción when a garrison of 77 men is annihilated by a 1,300-strong Peruvian force, many of them armed with spears.
  • 1890 – Wyoming is admitted as the 44th U.S. state.
  • 1913 – The temperature in Death Valley, California, hits 134 °F (57 °C), the highest temperature ever to be recorded on Earth.
  • 1921 – Belfast’s Bloody Sunday: Sixteen people are killed and 161 houses destroyed during rioting and gun battles in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
  • 1925 – Meher Baba begins his silence of 44 years. His followers observe Silence Day on this date in commemoration.
  • 1925 – Scopes Trial: In Dayton, Tennessee, the so-called “Monkey Trial” begins of John T. Scopes, a young high school science teacher accused of teachingevolution in violation of the Butler Act.
  • 1927 – Kevin O’Higgins TD, Vice-President of the Executive Council of the Irish Free State is assassinated by the IRA.
  • 1938 – Howard Hughes sets a new record by completing a 91-hour airplane flight around the world.
  • 1940 – World War II: The Vichy government is established in France.
  • 1941 – Jedwabne pogrom: Massacre of Polish Jews living in and near the village of Jedwabne.
  • 1942 – Diplomatic relations between the Netherlands and the Soviet Union are established.
  • 1942 – World War II: An American pilot spots a downed, intact Mitsubishi A6M Zero on Akutan Island (the “Akutan Zero”) that the US Navy uses to learn the aircraft’s flight characteristics.
  • 1946 – Hungarian hyperinflation sets a record with inflation of 348.46 percent per day, or prices doubling every eleven hours.
  • 1947 – Muhammad Ali Jinnah is recommended as the first Governor-General of Pakistan by the British Prime Minister, Clement Attlee.
  • 1951 – Korean War: Armistice negotiations begin at Kaesong.
  • 1962 – Telstar, the world’s first communications satellite, is launched into orbit.
  • 1966 – The Chicago Freedom Movement, led by Martin Luther King, Jr., holds a rally at Soldier Field in Chicago, Illinois. As many as 60,000 people come to hear Dr. King as well as Mahalia Jackson, Stevie Wonder, and Peter, Paul and Mary.
  • 1973 – The Bahamas gain full independence within the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • 1973 – National Assembly of Pakistan passes a resolution on the recognition of Bangladesh.
  • 1976 – Four mercenaries (one American and three British) are executed in Angola following the Luanda Trial.
  • 1978 – ABC World News Tonight premieres on ABC.
  • 1978 – President Moktar Ould Daddah of Mauritania is ousted in a bloodless coup d’état.
  • 1985 – The Greenpeace vessel Rainbow Warrior is bombed and sunk in Auckland harbour by French DGSE agents, killing Fernando Pereira.
  • 1985 – An Aeroflot Tupolev Tu-154 stalls and crashes near Uchkuduk, Uzbekistan (then part of the Soviet Union), killing all 200 people on board in the USSR’s worst-ever airline disaster.
  • 1991 – The South African cricket team is readmitted into the International Cricket Council following the end of Apartheid.
  • 1991 – Boris Yeltsin takes office as the first elected President of Russia.
  • 1992 – In Miami, former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega is sentenced to 40 years in prison for drug and racketeering violations.
  • 1997 – In London, scientists report the findings of the DNA analysis of a Neanderthal skeleton which supports the “out of Africa theory” of human evolution, placing an “African Eve” at 100,000 to 200,000 years ago.
  • 1997 – Miguel Ángel Blanco, a member of Partido Popular (Spain), is kidnapped in the Basque city of Ermua by ETA members, sparking widespread protests.
  • 1998 – Catholic Church sexual abuse cases: The Diocese of Dallas agrees to pay $23.4 million to nine former altar boys who claimed they were sexually abusedby Rudolph Kos, a former priest.
  • 2000 – EADS, the world’s second-largest aerospace group is formed by the merger of Aérospatiale-Matra, DASA, and CASA.
  • 2002 – At a Sotheby’s auction, Peter Paul Rubens’ painting The Massacre of the Innocents is sold for £49.5 million (US$76.2 million) to Lord Thomson.
  • 2005 – Hurricane Dennis slams into the Florida Panhandle, causing billions of dollars in damage.
  • 2007 – Erden Eruç begins the first solo human-powered circumnavigation of the world.
  • 2008 – Former Macedonian Interior Minister Ljube Boškoski is acquitted of all war-crimes charges by a United Nations Tribunal.
  • 2011 – Russian cruise ship Bulgaria sinks in Volga near Syukeyevo, Tatarstan, causing 122 deaths.
  • 2016 – Portugal beat France in the UEFA Euro 2016 Final.

 

 

 

  • Births on July 10
  • 1419 – Emperor Go-Hanazono of Japan (d. 1471)
  • 1451 – James III of Scotland (d. 1488)
  • 1501 – Cho Shik, Korean poet and scholar (d. 1572)
  • 1509 – John Calvin, French pastor and theologian (d. 1564)
  • 1517 – Odet de Coligny, French cardinal (d. 1571)
  • 1592 – Pierre d’Hozier, French genealogist and historian (d. 1660)
  • 1614 – Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey, Irish-English politician (d. 1686)
  • 1625 – Jean Herauld Gourville, French adventurer (d. 1703)
  • 1638 – David Teniers III, Flemish painter (d. 1685)
  • 1666 – John Ernest Grabe, German theologian and academic (d. 1711)
  • 1682 – Roger Cotes, English mathematician and astronomer (d. 1716)
  • 1682 – Bartholomäus Ziegenbalg, German missionary and linguist (d. 1719)
  • 1723 – William Blackstone, English lawyer, judge, and politician (d. 1780)
  • 1792 – George M. Dallas, American lawyer and politician, 11th Vice President of the United States (d. 1864)
  • 1802 – Robert Chambers, Scottish geologist and publisher, co-founded Chambers Harrap (d. 1871)
  • 1804 – Emma Smith, American religious leader (d. 1879)
  • 1809 – Friedrich August von Quenstedt, German geologist and palaeontologist (d. 1889)
  • 1823 – Louis-Napoléon Casault, Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician (d. 1908)
  • 1830 – Camille Pissarro, Danish-French painter (d. 1903)
  • 1832 – Alvan Graham Clark, American astronomer (d. 1897)
  • 1834 – James Abbott McNeill Whistler, American-English painter and illustrator (d. 1903)
  • 1835 – Henryk Wieniawski, Polish violinist and composer (d. 1880)
  • 1839 – Adolphus Busch, German brewer, co-founded Anheuser-Busch (d. 1913)
  • 1856 – Nikola Tesla, Serbian-American physicist and engineer (d. 1943)
  • 1864 – Austin Chapman, Australian businessman and politician, 4th Australian Minister for Defence (d. 1926)
  • 1867 – Prince Maximilian of Baden (d. 1929)
  • 1871 – Marcel Proust, French novelist, critic, and essayist (d. 1922)
  • 1874 – Sergey Konenkov, Russian sculptor (d. 1971)
  • 1875 – Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator and activist (d. 1955)
  • 1877 – Ernst Bresslau, German zoologist (d. 1935)
  • 1878 – Otto Freundlich, German painter and sculptor (d. 1943)
  • 1883 – Johannes Blaskowitz, German general (d. 1948)
  • 1883 – Hugo Raudsepp, Estonian playwright and politician (d. 1952)
  • 1888 – Giorgio de Chirico, Greek-Italian painter and set designer (d. 1978)
  • 1888 – Toyohiko Kagawa, Japanese evangelist, author, and activist (d. 1960)
  • 1891 – Edith Quimby, American medical researcher and physicist (d. 1982)
  • 1894 – Jimmy McHugh, American composer (d. 1969)
  • 1895 – Carl Orff, German composer and educator (d. 1982)
  • 1896 – Thérèse Casgrain, Canadian politician (d. 1981)
  • 1897 – Legs Diamond, American gangster (d. 1931)
  • 1897 – Karl Plagge, German general and engineer (d. 1957)
  • 1898 – Renée Björling, Swedish actress (d. 1975)
  • 1899 – John Gilbert, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1936)
  • 1899 – Heiri Suter, Swiss cyclist (d. 1978)
  • 1900 – Mitchell Parish, Lithuanian-American songwriter (d. 1993)
  • 1900 – Sampson Sievers, Russian monk and mystic (d. 1979)
  • 1902 – Kurt Alder, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
  • 1902 – Nicolás Guillén, Cuban poet, journalist, and activist (d. 1989)
  • 1903 – Werner Best, German SS officer and jurist (d. 1989)
  • 1903 – John Wyndham, English soldier and author (d. 1969)
  • 1904 – Lili Damita, French-American actress (d. 1994)
  • 1905 – Mildred Benson, American journalist and author (d. 2002)
  • 1905 – Thomas Gomez, American actor (d. 1971)
  • 1905 – Wolfram Sievers, German physician (d. 1948)
  • 1907 – Blind Boy Fuller, American singer and guitarist (d. 1941)
  • 1909 – Donald Sinclair, English lieutenant and businessman (d. 1981)
  • 1911 – Terry-Thomas, English comedian and character actor (d. 1990)
  • 1911 – Cootie Williams, American trumpeter and bandleader (d. 1985)
  • 1913 – Salvador Espriu, Spanish author, poet, and playwright (d. 1985)
  • 1914 – Joe Shuster, Canadian-American illustrator, co-created Superman (d. 1992)
  • 1916 – Judith Jasmin, Canadian journalist (d. 1972)
  • 1917 – Hugh Alexander, American baseball player and scout (d. 2000)
  • 1917 – Reg Smythe, English cartoonist (d. 1998)
  • 1918 – James Aldridge, Australian-English journalist and author (d. 2015)
  • 1918 – Fred Wacker, American race driver and engineer (d. 1998)
  • 1919 – Pierre Gamarra, French author, poet, and critic (d. 2009)
  • 1919 – Ian Wallace, English actor and singer (d. 2009)
  • 1920 – David Brinkley, American journalist (d. 2003)
  • 1920 – Owen Chamberlain, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2006)
  • 1920 – Cyril Grant, English footballer (d. 2002)
  • 1921 – Harvey Ball, American illustrator, created the Smiley (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – Jeff Donnell, American actress (d. 1988)
  • 1921 – Jake LaMotta, American boxer and actor
  • 1921 – Eunice Kennedy Shriver, American activist, co-founded the Special Olympics (d. 2009)
  • 1922 – Jean Kerr, American author and playwright (d. 2003)
  • 1922 – Herb McKenley, Jamaican sprinter (d. 2007)
  • 1923 – John Bradley, American soldier (d. 1994)
  • 1923 – Suzanne Cloutier, Canadian actress and producer (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – G. A. Kulkarni, Indian author and academic (d. 1987)
  • 1924 – Johnny Bach, American basketball player and coach (d. 2016)
  • 1924 – Bobo Brazil, American wrestler (d. 1998)
  • 1925 – Mahathir Mohamad, Malaysian physician and politician, 4th Prime Minister of Malaysia
  • 1926 – Fred Gwynne, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1927 – Grigory Barenblatt, Russian mathematician and academic
  • 1927 – David Dinkins, American soldier and politician, 106th Mayor of New York City
  • 1928 – Don Bolles, American investigative reporter (d. 1976)
  • 1928 – Bernard Buffet, French painter and illustrator (d. 1999)
  • 1928 – Alejandro de Tomaso, Argentinian-Italian race car driver and businessman, founded De Tomaso (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – Moshe Greenberg, American-Israeli rabbi and scholar (d. 2010)
  • 1929 – Winnie Ewing, Scottish lawyer and politician
  • 1929 – George Clayton Johnson, American author and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1929 – Moe Norman, Canadian golfer (d. 2004)
  • 1930 – Josephine Veasey, English soprano and actress
  • 1931 – Nick Adams, American actor and screenwriter (d. 1968)
  • 1931 – Jerry Herman, American composer and songwriter
  • 1931 – Julian May, American author
  • 1931 – Alice Munro, Canadian short story writer, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1932 – Carlo Maria Abate, Italian race car driver
  • 1933 – Jan DeGaetani, American soprano (d. 1989)
  • 1933 – C.K. Yang, Taiwanese decathlete and pole vaulter (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Jerry Nelson, American puppeteer and voice actor (d. 2012)
  • 1935 – Tura Satana, American actress and dancer (d. 2011)
  • 1935 – Wilson Tuckey, Australian politician
  • 1935 – Wilson Whineray, New Zealand rugby player and businessman (d. 2012)
  • 1936 – Herbert Boyer, American businessman, co-founded Genentech
  • 1936 – Tunne Kelam, Estonian journalist and politician
  • 1937 – Edwards Barham, American farmer and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1937 – Gun Svensson, Swedish politician
  • 1938 – Paul Andreu, French architect
  • 1938 – Lee Morgan, American trumpet player and composer (d. 1972)
  • 1939 – Phil Kelly, Irish-English footballer and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1939 – Ahmet Taner Kışlalı, Turkish political scientist, journalist and educator (d. 1999)
  • 1939 – Mavis Staples, American singer
  • 1940 – Meghnad Desai, Baron Desai, Indian-English economist and politician
  • 1940 – Helen Donath, American soprano and actress
  • 1940 – Brian Priestley, English pianist and composer
  • 1940 – Keith Stackpole, Australian cricketer
  • 1941 – Jake Eberts, Canadian film producer (d. 2012)
  • 1941 – David G. Hartwell, American anthologist, author, and critic (d. 2016)
  • 1941 – Robert Pine, American actor and director
  • 1941 – Ian Whitcomb, English singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
  • 1942 – Ronnie James Dio, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2010)
  • 1942 – Pyotr Klimuk, Belarusian general, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1942 – Sixto Rodriguez, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1943 – Arthur Ashe, American tennis player and journalist (d. 1993)
  • 1943 – Jerry Miller, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1944 – Mick Grant, English racing motorcyclist
  • 1944 – Norman Hammond, English archaeologist and academic
  • 1945 – Ron Glass, American actor (d. 2016)
  • 1945 – Hal McRae, American baseball player and manager
  • 1945 – John Motson, English sportscaster
  • 1945 – Jean-Marie Poiré, French director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1945 – Virginia Wade, English tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1947 – Arlo Guthrie, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
  • 1948 – Ronnie Cutrone, American painter (d. 2013)
  • 1948 – Chico Resch, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1948 – Natalya Sedykh, Russian figure skater, ballet dancer, actor
  • 1949 – Anna Czerwińska, Polish mountaineer and author
  • 1949 – Sunil Gavaskar, Indian cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1949 – Greg Kihn, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1949 – John Whitehead, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2004)
  • 1950 – Tony Baldry, English colonel, lawyer, and politician, British Minister of State for Agriculture
  • 1950 – Prokopis Pavlopoulos, President of Greece, Greek lawyer and politician, Greek Minister for the Interior
  • 1951 – Cheryl Wheeler, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1952 – Kim Mitchell, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1952 – Peter van Heemst, Dutch politician
  • 1953 – Rik Emmett, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1953 – Zoogz Rift, American guitarist and composer (d. 2011)
  • 1954 – Tommy Bowden, American football player and coach
  • 1954 – Andre Dawson, American baseball player
  • 1954 – Neil Tennant, English singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1955 – Nic Dakin, English educator and politician
  • 1956 – Tom McClintock, American lawyer and politician
  • 1958 – Fiona Shaw, Irish actress and director
  • 1959 – Ellen Kuras, American director and cinematographer
  • 1959 – Sandy West, American singer-songwriter and drummer (d. 2006)
  • 1963 – Ian Lougher, Welsh motorcycle racer
  • 1964 – Martin Laurendeau, Canadian tennis player and coach
  • 1964 – Urban Meyer, American football player and coach
  • 1964 – Wilfried Peeters, Belgian cyclist
  • 1965 – Scott McCarron, American golfer
  • 1965 – Ken Mellons, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1966 – Clive Efford, English politician
  • 1966 – Johnny Grunge, American wrestler (d. 2006)
  • 1966 – Christian Stangl, Austrian skier and mountaineer
  • 1966 – Anna Bråkenhielm, Swedish business executive
  • 1967 – Rebekah Del Rio, American singer-songwriter
  • 1967 – Gillian Tett, English journalist and author
  • 1967 – John Yoo, South Korean-American lawyer, author, and educator
  • 1969 – Gale Harold, American actor
  • 1970 – Gary LeVox, American singer-songwriter
  • 1970 – Jason Orange, English singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1970 – John Simm, English actor
  • 1971 – Adam Foote, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1971 – Gregory Goodridge, Barbadian footballer and coach
  • 1972 – Peter Serafinowicz, English actor
  • 1972 – Sofía Vergara, Colombian-American actress and producer
  • 1972 – Tilo Wolff, German-Swiss singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer
  • 1974 – Imelda May, Irish singer-songwriter, musician, and producer
  • 1975 – Andrew Firestone, American businessman
  • 1975 – Brendan Gaughan, American race car driver
  • 1975 – Alain Nasreddine, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1975 – Richard Westbrook, English race car driver
  • 1976 – Edmílson, Brazilian footballer
  • 1976 – Elijah Blue Allman, American singer and guitarist
  • 1976 – Ludovic Giuly, French footballer
  • 1976 – Adrian Grenier, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1976 – Brendon Lade, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1976 – Lars Ricken, German footballer
  • 1977 – Chiwetel Ejiofor, English actor
  • 1977 – Jesse Lacey, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1979 – Mvondo Atangana, Cameroon footballer
  • 1980 – Alejandro Millán, Mexican singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1980 – Adam Petty, American race car driver (d. 2000)
  • 1980 – Claudia Leitte, Brazilian singer-songwriter
  • 1980 – James Rolfe, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1980 – Jessica Simpson, American singer-songwriter, actress, and fashion designer
  • 1981 – Aleksandar Tunchev, Bulgarian footballer
  • 1982 – Alex Arrowsmith, American guitarist and producer
  • 1982 – Juliya Chernetsky, Ukrainian-American television host
  • 1982 – Sebastian Mila, Polish footballer
  • 1982 – Jeffrey Walker, Australian actor and director
  • 1983 – Giuseppe De Feudis, Italian footballer
  • 1983 – Matthew Egan, Australian footballer
  • 1983 – Joelson José Inácio, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Doug Kramer, Filipino basketball player
  • 1983 – Anthony Watmough, Australian rugby player
  • 1984 – Nikolaos Mitrou, Greek footballer
  • 1985 – Park Chu-young, South Korean footballer
  • 1985 – B. J. Crombeen, American ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Mario Gómez, German footballer
  • 1988 – Antonio Brown, American football player
  • 1988 – Heather Hemmens, American actress, director, and producer
  • 1990 – Eunan O’Kane, Irish footballer
  • 1990 – Adam Reynolds, Australian rugby player
  • 1991 – María Chacón, Mexican actress and singer
  • 1992 – Ahn Ji-hyun, South Korean actress

 

 

 

 

 

  • Deaths on July 10
  • 138 – Hadrian, Roman emperor (b. 76)
  • 645 – Soga no Iruka, Japanese politician
  • 649 – Emperor Taizong of Tang (b. 598)
  • 831 – Zubaidah bint Ja`far, Abbasid Princess
  • 1086 – King Canute IV of Denmark (b. 1043)
  • 1103 – Eric I of Denmark (b. 1060)
  • 1290 – Ladislaus IV of Hungary (b. 1262)
  • 1460 – Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham, English commander and politician, Lord High Constable of England (b. 1402)
  • 1461 – Stephen Thomas of Bosnia (b. 1412)
  • 1480 – René of Anjou (b. 1410)
  • 1559 – Henry II of France (b. 1519)
  • 1590 – Charles II, Archduke of Austria (b. 1540)
  • 1594 – Paolo Bellasio, Italian organist and composer (b. 1554)
  • 1603 – Joan Terès i Borrull, Spanish archbishop and academic (b. 1538)
  • 1621 – Charles Bonaventure de Longueval, Count of Bucquoy, French commander (b. 1571)
  • 1653 – Gabriel Naudé, French librarian and scholar (b. 1600)
  • 1680 – Louis Moréri, French priest and scholar (b. 1643)
  • 1683 – François Eudes de Mézeray, French historian and author (b. 1610)
  • 1686 – John Fell, English bishop and academic (b. 1625)
  • 1776 – Richard Peters, English lawyer and minister (b. 1704)
  • 1794 – Gaspard de Bernard de Marigny, French general (d. 1754)
  • 1806 – George Stubbs, English painter and academic (b. 1724)
  • 1851 – Louis Daguerre, French photographer and physicist, invented the daguerreotype (b. 1787)
  • 1863 – Clement Clarke Moore, American author and educator (b. 1779)
  • 1881 – Georg Hermann Nicolai, German architect and academic (b. 1812)
  • 1884 – Paul Morphy, American chess player (b. 1837)
  • 1908 – Phoebe Knapp, American organist and composer (b. 1839)
  • 1920 – John Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher, British admiral (b. 1841)
  • 1929 – Ève Lavallière, French actress (b. 1866)
  • 1941 – Jelly Roll Morton, American pianist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1890)
  • 1950 – Richard Maury, American-Argentinian engineer (b. 1882)
  • 1952 – Rued Langgaard, Danish organist and composer (b. 1893)
  • 1954 – Calogero Vizzini, Italian mob boss (b. 1877)
  • 1956 – Joe Giard, American baseball player (b. 1898)
  • 1960 – Sæbjørn Buttedahl, Norwegian actor and sculptor (b. 1876)
  • 1962 – Yehuda Leib Maimon, Israeli rabbi and politician (b. 1875)
  • 1963 – Teddy Wakelam, English rugby player and sportscaster (b. 1893)
  • 1970 – Bjarni Benediktsson, Icelandic academic and politician, 13th Prime Minister of Iceland (b. 1908)
  • 1971 – Laurent Dauthuille, French boxer (b. 1924)
  • 1971 – George Kenner, German-American painter and illustrator (b. 1888)
  • 1972 – Lovie Austin, American pianist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1887)
  • 1978 – John D. Rockefeller III, American businessman and philanthropist, founded the Asia Society (b. 1906)
  • 1979 – Arthur Fiedler, American conductor (b. 1894)
  • 1980 – Joseph Krumgold, American author and screenwriter (b. 1908)
  • 1985 – Fernando Pereira, Dutch photographer (b. 1950)
  • 1986 – Tadeusz Piotrowski, Polish mountaineer and author (b. 1940)
  • 1987 – John Hammond, American record producer, critic, and activist (b. 1910)
  • 1989 – Mel Blanc, American voice actor (b. 1908)
  • 1993 – Ruth Krauss, American author and poet (b. 1901)
  • 1993 – Sam Rolfe, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1924)
  • 1995 – Mehmet Ali Aybar, Turkish lawyer and politician (b. 1908)
  • 1996 – Eno Raud, Estonian author (b. 1928)
  • 2000 – Vakkom Majeed, Indian journalist and politician (b. 1909)
  • 2002 – Jean-Pierre Côté, Canadian politician, 23rd Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (b. 1926)
  • 2002 – Evangelos Florakis, Greek general (b. 1943)
  • 2002 – Laurence Janifer, American author (b. 1933)
  • 2003 – Winston Graham, English author (b. 1908)
  • 2003 – Hartley Shawcross, Baron Shawcross, German-English lawyer and politician, Attorney General for England and Wales (b. 1902)
  • 2004 – Pati Behrs, Russian-American ballerina and actress (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – A. J. Quinnell, English author (b. 1940)
  • 2006 – Shamil Basayev, Chechen terrorist rebel leader (b. 1965)
  • 2007 – Doug Marlette, American cartoonist and author (b. 1949)
  • 2008 – Hiroaki Aoki, Japanese-American wrestler and businessman, founded Benihana (b. 1938)
  • 2008 – Mike Souchak, American golfer (b. 1927)
  • 2011 – Pierrette Alarie, Canadian soprano and educator (b. 1921)
  • 2011 – Roland Petit, French dancer and choreographer (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Dolphy, Filipino actor, singer, and producer (b. 1928)
  • 2012 – Peter Kyros, American lawyer and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – Berthe Meijer, German-Dutch journalist and author (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – Fritz Langanke, German lieutenant (b. 1919)
  • 2012 – Viktor Suslin, Russian-German composer (b. 1942)
  • 2013 – Philip Caldwell, American businessman (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Józef Gara, Polish poet and linguist (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Concha García Campoy, Spanish journalist (b. 1958)
  • 2013 – Caroline Duby Glassman, American lawyer and jurist (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Ku Ok-hee, South Korean golfer (b. 1956)
  • 2013 – Gokulananda Mahapatra, Indian author and academic (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Robert C. Broomfield, American lawyer and judge (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Juozas Kazickas, Lithuanian-American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1918)
  • 2014 – Paul G. Risser, American ecologist and academic (b. 1939)
  • 2014 – Zohra Sehgal, Indian actress, dancer, and choreographer (b. 1912)
  • 2014 – Gloria Schweigerdt, American baseball player (b. 1934)
  • 2015 – Roger Rees, Welsh-American actor and director (b. 1944)
  • 2015 – Omar Sharif, Egyptian actor (b. 1932)
  • 2015 – Jon Vickers, Canadian tenor (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Hussein Fatal, American rapper (b. 1977)

 

 

 

  • Holidays and observances on July 10
  • Armed Forces Day (Mauritania)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Amalberga of Maubeuge
    • Canute IV of Denmark
    • Rufina and Secunda
    • Veronica Giuliani
    • Seven Brothers
    • July 10 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Independence Day (Bahamas), celebrates the independence of the Bahamas from the United Kingdom in 1973.
  • Nikola Tesla Day
  • Silence Day (Followers of Meher Baba)
  • Statehood Day (Wyoming)

 

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