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February 16

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  • What happened on February 16
  • February 16 is the 47th day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. There are 318 days remaining until the end of the year (319 in leap years).

 

  • Events on February 16
  • 116 – Emperor Trajan sends laureatae to the Roman Senate at Rome on account of his victories and being conqueror of Parthia.
  • 1249 – Andrew of Longjumeau is dispatched by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to meet with the Khagan of the Mongol Empire.
  • 1270 – Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeats the Livonian Order in the Battle of Karuse.
  • 1630 – Dutch forces led by Hendrick Lonck capture Olinda in what was to become part of Dutch Brazil.
  • 1646 – Battle of Torrington, Devon: The last major battle of the first English Civil War.
  • 1699 – First Leopoldine Diploma is issued by the Holy Roman Emperor, recognizing the Greek Catholic clergy enjoyed the same privileges as Roman Catholic priests in the Principality of Transylvania.
  • 1742 – Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington, becomes British Prime Minister.
  • 1804 – First Barbary War: Stephen Decatur leads a raid to burn the pirate-held frigate USS Philadelphia.
  • 1852 – Studebaker Brothers wagon company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: General Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Donelson, Tennessee.
  • 1866 – Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington becomes British Secretary of State for War.
  • 1874 – Silver Dollar becomes legal US tender.
  • 1881 – The Canadian Pacific Railway is incorporated by Act of Parliament at Ottawa (44th Vic., c.1).
  • 1899 – Iceland’s first football club, Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur, is founded.
  • 1918 – The Council of Lithuania unanimously adopts the Act of Independence, declaring Lithuania an independent state.
  • 1923 – Howard Carter unseals the burial chamber of Pharaoh Tutankhamun.
  • 1930 – The Romanian Football Federation joins FIFA.
  • 1933 – The Blaine Act ends Prohibition in the United States.
  • 1934 – The Austrian Civil War ends with the defeat of the Social Democrats and the Republikanischer Schutzbund.
  • 1936 – Elections bring the Popular Front to power in Spain.
  • 1937 – Wallace H. Carothers receives a United States patent for nylon.
  • 1940 – World War II: Altmark Incident: The German tanker Altmark is boarded by sailors from the British destroyer HMS Cossack. 299 British prisoners are freed.
  • 1943 – World War II: Red Army troops re-enter Kharkov.
  • 1945 – World War II: American forces land on Corregidor Island in the Philippines.
  • 1959 – Fidel Castro becomes Premier of Cuba after dictator Fulgencio Batista was overthrown on January 1.
  • 1960 – The U.S. Navy submarine USS Triton begins Operation Sandblast, setting sail from New London, Connecticut, to begin the first submerged circumnavigation of the globe.
  • 1961 – Explorer program: Explorer 9 (S-56a) is launched.
  • 1962 – Flooding in the coastal areas of West Germany kills 315 and destroys the homes of about 60,000 people.
  • 1968 – In Haleyville, Alabama, the first 9-1-1 emergency telephone system goes into service.
  • 1978 – The first computer bulletin board system is created (CBBS in Chicago).
  • 1983 – The Ash Wednesday bushfires in Victoria and South Australia kill 75.
  • 1985 – Hezbollah is founded.
  • 1986 – The Soviet liner MS Mikhail Lermontov runs aground in the Marlborough Sounds, New Zealand.
  • 1987 – The trial of John Demjanjuk, accused of being a Nazi guard dubbed “Ivan the Terrible” in Treblinka extermination camp, starts in Jerusalem.
  • 1991 – Nicaraguan Contras leader Enrique Bermúdez is assassinated in Managua.
  • 1998 – China Airlines Flight 676 crashes into a road and residential area near Chiang Kai-shek International Airport in Taiwan, killing all 196 aboard and seven more on the ground.
  • 2005 – The Kyoto Protocol comes into force, following its ratification by Russia.
  • 2005 – The National Hockey League cancels the entire 2004–05 regular season and playoffs.
  • 2006 – The last Mobile army surgical hospital (MASH) is decommissioned by the United States Army.
  • 2013 – A bomb blast at a market in Hazara Town, Quetta, Pakistan kills more than 80 people and injures 190 others.

 

 

 

  • Births on February 16
  • 1032 – Emperor Yingzong of Song (d. 1067)
  • 1222 – Nichiren, founder of Nichiren Buddhism (d. 1282)
  • 1304 – Jayaatu Khan Tugh Temür, Chinese emperor (d. 1332)
  • 1331 – Coluccio Salutati, Florentine political leader (d. 1406)
  • 1497 – Philip Melanchthon, German astronomer, theologian, and academic (d. 1560)
  • 1519 – Gaspard II de Coligny, French admiral (d. 1572)
  • 1543 – Kanō Eitoku, Japanese painter and educator (d. 1590)
  • 1620 – Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg (d. 1688)
  • 1643 – John Sharp, English archbishop (d. 1714)
  • 1698 – Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician, geophysicist, and astronomer (d. 1758)
  • 1727 – Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin, Austrian botanist, chemist, and mycologist (d. 1817)
  • 1740 – Giambattista Bodoni, Italian publisher and engraver (d. 1813)
  • 1761 – Jean-Charles Pichegru, French general (d. 1804)
  • 1774 – Pierre Rode, French violinist and composer (d. 1830)
  • 1786 – Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1859)
  • 1802 – Phineas Quimby, American mystic and philosopher (d. 1866)
  • 1804 – Karl Theodor Ernst von Siebold, German physiologist and zoologist (d. 1885)
  • 1812 – Henry Wilson, American colonel and politician, 18th Vice President of the United States (d. 1875)
  • 1821 – Heinrich Barth, German explorer and scholar (d. 1865)
  • 1822 – Francis Galton, English biologist and statistician (d. 1911)
  • 1824 – Peter Kosler, Slovenian lawyer, geographer, and cartographer (d. 1879)
  • 1826 – Joseph Victor von Scheffel, German poet and author (d. 1886)
  • 1831 – Nikolai Leskov, Russian author, playwright, and journalist (d. 1895)
  • 1834 – Ernst Haeckel, German biologist, physician, and philosopher (d. 1919)
  • 1838 – Henry Adams, American journalist, historian, and author (d. 1918)
  • 1843 – Henry M. Leland, American engineer and businessman, founded Cadillac and Lincoln (d. 1932)
  • 1845 – George Kennan, American journalist and explorer (d. 1924)
  • 1848 – Hugo de Vries, Dutch botanist, geneticist, and academic (d. 1935)
  • 1848 – Octave Mirbeau, French journalist, novelist, and playwright (d. 1917)
  • 1856 – Ossian Everett Mills, American academic, founded Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia (d. 1920)
  • 1866 – Billy Hamilton, American baseball player and manager (d. 1940)
  • 1873 – Radoje Domanović, Serbian journalist and author (d. 1908)
  • 1868 – Edward S. Curtis, American ethnologist and photographer (d. 1952)
  • 1876 – G. M. Trevelyan, English historian and academic (d. 1962)
  • 1878 – Pamela Colman Smith, English occultist and illustrator (d. 1951)
  • 1878 – James Colosimo, Italian-American mob boss (d. 1920)
  • 1884 – Robert J. Flaherty, American director and producer (d. 1951)
  • 1887 – Kathleen Clifford, American actress (d. 1962)
  • 1891 – Hans F. K. Günther, German eugenicist and academic (d. 1967)
  • 1896 – Eugénie Blanchard, French super-centenarian (d. 2010)
  • 1898 – Katharine Cornell, American actress and producer (d. 1974)
  • 1901 – Wayne King, American singer-songwriter and conductor (d. 1985)
  • 1901 – Chester Morris, American actor (d. 1970)
  • 1902 – Cyril Vincent, South African cricketer (d. 1968)
  • 1903 – Edgar Bergen, American ventriloquist and actor (d. 1978)
  • 1904 – James Baskett, American actor and singer (d. 1948)
  • 1904 – George F. Kennan, American historian and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the Soviet Union (d. 2005)
  • 1906 – Vera Menchik, Russian-English chess player (d. 1944)
  • 1909 – Hugh Beaumont, American actor and director (d. 1982)
  • 1909 – Jeffrey Lynn, American actor (d. 1995)
  • 1909 – Richard McDonald, American businessman, co-founded McDonald’s (d. 1998)
  • 1914 – Jimmy Wakely, American country music singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1982)
  • 1916 – Bill Doggett, American pianist and composer (d. 1996)
  • 1919 – Georges Ulmer, Danish-French actor and composer (d. 1989)
  • 1920 – Anna Mae Hays, American general
  • 1921 – Vera-Ellen, American actress, singer, and dancer (d. 1981)
  • 1921 – Jean Behra, French race car driver (d. 1959)
  • 1921 – John Galbraith Graham, English priest and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1922 – Heinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer, German soldier and pilot (d. 1950)
  • 1923 – Samuel Willenberg, Polish-Israeli sculptor and painter (d. 2016)
  • 1926 – Margot Frank, German-Dutch holocaust victim (d. 1945)
  • 1926 – John Schlesinger, English actor and director (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – June Brown, English actress
  • 1929 – Gerhard Hanappi, Austrian footballer and architect (d. 1980)
  • 1929 – Peter Porter, Australian-English poet and educator (d. 2010)
  • 1931 – Otis Blackwell, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 2002)
  • 1931 – Ken Takakura, Japanese actor and singer (d. 2014)
  • 1932 – Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, Sierra Leonean economist, lawyer, and politician, 3rd President of Sierra Leone (d. 2014)
  • 1932 – Gretchen Wyler, American actress, singer, and dancer (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – August Coppola, American author and academic (d. 2009)
  • 1934 – Marlene Hagge, American golfer
  • 1935 – Brian Bedford, English-American actor and director (d. 2016)
  • 1935 – Sonny Bono, American actor, singer, and politician (d. 1998)
  • 1935 – Stephen Gaskin, American activist, co-founded The Farm (d. 2014)
  • 1935 – Bradford Parkinson, American colonel and engineer
  • 1935 – Kenneth Price, American painter and sculptor (d. 2012)
  • 1937 – Paul Bailey, British novelist, critic, and biographer
  • 1937 – Yuri Manin, Russian-German mathematician and academic
  • 1938 – John Corigliano, American composer and academic
  • 1939 – Adolfo Azcuna, Filipino lawyer and judge
  • 1940 – Hannelore Schmatz, German mountaineer (d. 1979)
  • 1941 – Kim Jong-il, North Korean commander and politician, 2nd Supreme Leader of North Korea (d. 2011)
  • 1942 – Richard Williams, American tennis player and coach
  • 1944 – Glyn Davies, Welsh farmer and politician
  • 1944 – Richard Ford, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1944 – António Mascarenhas Monteiro, Cape Verdean politician, 2nd President of Cape Verde (d. 2016)
  • 1948 – Kaiketsu Masateru, Japanese sumo wrestler and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1949 – Bob O’Reilly, Australian rugby league player
  • 1950 – Peter Hain, Kenyan-Welsh politician, Secretary of State for Wales
  • 1951 – Barry Foote, American baseball player and coach
  • 1952 – William Katt, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1952 – James Ingram, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1953 – John Bradbury, English drummer, songwriter, and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1953 – Lanny McDonald, Canadian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1953 – Roberta Williams, American video game designer, co-founded Sierra Entertainment
  • 1954 – Iain Banks, Scottish author and playwright (d. 2013)
  • 1954 – Margaux Hemingway, American model and actress (d. 1996)
  • 1954 – Michael Holding, Jamaican cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1956 – Vincent Ward, New Zealand director and screenwriter
  • 1957 – LeVar Burton, German-American actor, director, and producer
  • 1958 – Natalie Angier, American author
  • 1958 – Oscar Schmidt, Brazilian basketball player
  • 1958 – Herb Williams, American basketball player and coach
  • 1959 – John McEnroe, German-American tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1959 – Kelly Tripucka, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1960 – Pete Willis, English guitarist and songwriter
  • 1961 – Des Hasler, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1961 – Liu Kang, Chinese footballer and manager (d. 2013)
  • 1961 – Andy Taylor, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1962 – John Balance, English singer-songwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1964 – Bebeto, Brazilian footballer and manager
  • 1964 – Christopher Eccleston, English actor
  • 1967 – Keith Gretzky, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1968 – Warren Ellis, English author and screenwriter
  • 1971 – Craig Laundy, Australian politician
  • 1972 – Jerome Bettis, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1972 – Zoran Čampara, Bosnian football player
  • 1972 – Sarah Clarke, American actress
  • 1972 – Naomi Nishida, Japanese actress
  • 1972 – Darrell Trindall, Australian rugby league player
  • 1973 – Cathy Freeman, Australian sprinter
  • 1976 – Eric Byrnes, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1976 – Kyo, Japanese singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1977 – Ian Clarke, Irish-American computer scientist, founded Freenet
  • 1977 – Ahman Green, American football player
  • 1978 – Tia Hellebaut, Belgian high jumper and chemist
  • 1978 – Wasim Jaffer, Indian cricketer
  • 1978 – John Tartaglia, American actor, singer, and puppeteer
  • 1979 – Eric Mun, American-South Korean singer and actor
  • 1979 – Valentino Rossi, Italian motorcycle racer
  • 1980 – Longineu W. Parsons III, French-American drummer
  • 1981 – Jay Howard, English race car driver
  • 1981 – Jerry Owens, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Qyntel Woods, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Aleksandr Dmitrijev, Estonian footballer
  • 1982 – Rickie Lambert, English footballer
  • 1983 – Agyness Deyn, English model, actress, and singer
  • 1984 – Sofia Arvidsson, Swedish tennis player
  • 1984 – Oussama Mellouli, Tunisian swimmer
  • 1985 – Simon Francis, English footballer
  • 1985 – Stacy Lewis, American golfer
  • 1985 – Ron Vlaar, Dutch footballer
  • 1987 – Luc Bourdon, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2008)
  • 1987 – Theresa Goh, Singaporean swimmer
  • 1987 – Hasheem Thabeet, Tanzanian basketball player
  • 1988 – Diego Capel, Spanish footballer
  • 1988 – Zhang Jike, Chinese table tennis player
  • 1988 – Denílson Pereira Neves, Brazilian footballer
  • 1988 – Andrea Ranocchia, Italian footballer
  • 1988 – Kim Soo-hyun, South Korean actor and singer
  • 1989 – Elizabeth Olsen, American actress
  • 1990 – Dunamis Lui, Australian-Samoan rugby league player
  • 1990 – The Weeknd, Canadian singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1991 – Sergio Canales, Spanish footballer
  • 1992 – Nicolai Boilesen, Danish footballer
  • 1992 – Zsófia Susányi, Hungarian tennis player
  • 1994 – Annika Beck, German tennis player
  • 1994 – Federico Bernardeschi, Italian footballer
  • 1995 – Katy Dunne, English tennis player
  • 1995 – Carina Witthöft, German tennis player

 

 

 

  • Deaths on February 16
  • 549 – Zhu Yi, Chinese general (b. 483)
  • 1184 – Richard of Dover, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1247 – Henry Raspe, Landgrave of Thuringia (b. 1204)
  • 1279 – Afonso III of Portugal (b. 1210)
  • 1281 – Gertrude of Hohenburg, queen consort of Germany (b. c.1225)
  • 1390 – Rupert I, Elector Palatine (b. 1309)
  • 1391 – John V Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor (b. 1332)
  • 1531 – Johannes Stöffler, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1452)
  • 1560 – Jean du Bellay, French cardinal and diplomat (b. 1493)
  • 1645 – Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Spanish general and politician, 24th Governor of the Duchy of Milan (b. 1585)
  • 1710 – Esprit Fléchier, French bishop and author (b. 1632)
  • 1721 – James Craggs the Younger, English politician, Secretary of State for the Southern Department (b. 1686)
  • 1754 – Richard Mead, English physician (b. 1673)
  • 1820 – Georg Carl von Döbeln, Swedish general (b. 1758)
  • 1898 – Thomas Bracken, Irish-New Zealand journalist, poet, and politician (b. 1843)
  • 1899 – Félix Faure, French merchant and politician, 7th President of France (b. 1841)
  • 1907 – Giosuè Carducci, Italian poet and educator, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1835)
  • 1912 – Nicholas of Japan, Russian-Japanese monk and saint (b. 1836)
  • 1917 – Octave Mirbeau, French journalist, novelist, and playwright ( (b. 1848)
  • 1919 – Vera Kholodnaya, Ukrainian actress (b. 1893)
  • 1928 – Eddie Foy, Sr., American actor and dancer (b. 1856)
  • 1932 – Ferdinand Buisson, French academic and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1841)
  • 1932 – Edgar Speyer, American-English financier and philanthropist (b. 1862)
  • 1944 – Dadasaheb Phalke, Indian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1870)
  • 1957 – Josef Hofmann, Polish-American pianist and composer (b. 1876)
  • 1961 – Dazzy Vance, American baseball player (b. 1891)
  • 1967 – Smiley Burnette, American singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1911)
  • 1974 – John Garand, Canadian-American engineer, designed the M1 Garand Rifle(b. 1888)
  • 1975 – Morgan Taylor, American hurdler and coach (b. 1903)
  • 1980 – Erich Hückel, German physicist and chemist (b. 1895)
  • 1984 – M. A. G. Osmani, Bangladeshi general (b. 1918)
  • 1990 – Keith Haring, American painter and activist (b. 1958)
  • 1991 – Enrique Bermúdez, Nicaraguan lieutenant and engineer (b. 1932)
  • 1992 – Angela Carter, English novelist, short story writer (b. 1940)
  • 1992 – Jânio Quadros, Brazilian politician, 22nd President of Brazil (b. 1917)
  • 1992 – Herman Wold, Norwegian-Swedish economist and statistician (b. 1908)
  • 1996 – Roberto Aizenberg, Argentinian painter and sculptor (b. 1922)
  • 1996 – Roger Bowen, American actor and author (b. 1932)
  • 1996 – Pat Brown, American lawyer and politician, 32nd Governor of California (b. 1905)
  • 1996 – Brownie McGhee, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1915)
  • 1997 – Chien-Shiung Wu, Chinese-American physicist and academic (b. 1912)
  • 2000 – Marceline Day, American actress (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – Lila Kedrova, Russian-French actress and singer
  • 2000 – Karsten Solheim, Norwegian-American businessman, founded PING (b. 1911)
  • 2001 – Howard W. Koch, American director and producer (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – William Masters, American gynecologist and sexologist (b. 1915)
  • 2002 – Walter Winterbottom, English footballer and manager (b. 1913)
  • 2003 – Rusty Magee, American actor and composer (b. 1955)
  • 2004 – Doris Troy, American singer-songwriter (b. 1937)
  • 2006 – Johnny Grunge, American wrestler (b. 1966)
  • 2006 – Ernie Stautner, German-American football player and coach (b. 1925)
  • 2009 – Stephen Kim Sou-hwan, South Korean cardinal (b. 1921)
  • 2011 – Len Lesser, American actor (b. 1922)
  • 2011 – Justinas Marcinkevičius, Lithuanian poet and playwright (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Gary Carter, American baseball player and coach (b. 1954)
  • 2012 – Elyse Knox, American model, actress, and fashion designer (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – John Macionis, American swimmer and lieutenant (b. 1916)
  • 2012 – Anthony Shadid, American journalist (b. 1968)
  • 2013 – Colin Edwards, Guyanese footballer (b. 1991)
  • 2013 – Grigory Pomerants, Russian philosopher and author (b. 1918)
  • 2013 – Tony Sheridan, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1940)
  • 2014 – Ken Farragut, American football player (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Gert Krawinkel, German guitarist (b. 1947)
  • 2014 – Michael Shea, American author (b. 1946)
  • 2015 – Lasse Braun, Algerian-Italian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1936)
  • 2015 – Lesley Gore, American singer-songwriter (b. 1946)
  • 2015 – R. R. Patil, Indian lawyer and politician, Deputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra (b. 1957)
  • 2015 – Lorena Rojas, Mexican actress and singer (b. 1971)
  • 2016 – Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Egyptian politician and diplomat, 6th Secretary-General of the United Nations (b. 1922)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Holidays and observances on February 16
  • Christian feast day:
    • Abda of Edessa
    • Elias and companions
    • Juliana of Nicomedia (Catholic Church)
    • Onesimus
    • Charles Todd Quintard (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • February 16 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of the Shining Star (Kim Jong-il’s Birthday) (North Korea)
  • Restoration of Lithuania’s Statehood Day, celebrate the independence of Lithuania from Russia and Germany in 1918 (Lithuania)
February 16

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