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December 25

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  • What happened on December 25
  • December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are six days remaining until the end of the year.

 

  • Events on December 25
  • 333 – Roman Emperor Constantine the Great elevates his youngest son Constans to the rank of Caesar.
  • 336 – First documentary sign of Christmas celebration in Rome.
  • 350 – Vetranio meets Constantius II at Naissus (Serbia) and is forced to abdicate his title (Caesar). Constantius allows him to live as a private citizen on a state pension.
  • 496 – Clovis I, king of the Franks, is baptized into the Catholic faith at Reims, by Saint Remigius.
  • 597 – Augustine of Canterbury and his fellow-labourers baptise in Kent more than 10,000 Anglo-Saxons.
  • 800 – The Coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor, in Rome.
  • 820 – Emperor Leo V is assassinated in the Hagia Sophia at Constantinople and is succeeded by Michael II.
  • 1000 – The foundation of the Kingdom of Hungary: Hungary is established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.
  • 1025 – Coronation of Mieszko II Lambert as king of Poland.
  • 1066 – William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy is crowned king of England, at Westminster Abbey, London.
  • 1076 – Coronation of Bolesław II the Generous as king of Poland.
  • 1100 – Baldwin of Boulogne is crowned the first King of Jerusalem in the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem.
  • 1130 – Count Roger II of Sicily is crowned the first king of Sicily.
  • 1261 – John IV Laskaris of the restored Eastern Roman Empire is deposed and blinded by orders of his co-ruler Michael VIII Palaiologos.
  • 1492 – The carrack Santa María, commanded by Christopher Columbus, runs onto a reef off Haiti due to an improper watch.
  • 1553 – Battle of Tucapel: Mapuche rebels under Lautaro defeat the Spanish conquistadors and executes the governor of Chile, Pedro de Valdivia.
  • 1559 – Pope Pius IV is elected.
  • 1776 – George Washington and the Continental Army cross the Delaware River at night to attack Hessian forces serving Great Britain at Trenton, New Jersey, the next day.
  • 1815 – The Handel and Haydn Society, oldest continually performing arts organization in the United States, gives its first performance.
  • 1826 – The Eggnog Riot at the United States Military Academy concludes after beginning the previous evening.
  • 1831 – The Great Jamaican Slave Revolt begins; up to 20% of the island’s slaves mobilize in an ultimately unsuccessful fight for freedom.
  • 1837 – Second Seminole War: American general Zachary Taylor leads 1100 troops against the Seminoles at the Battle of Lake Okeechobee.
  • 1868 – United States President Andrew Johnson grants an unconditional pardon to all Confederate veterans.
  • 1914 – A series of unofficial truces occur across the Western Front to celebrate Christmas.
  • 1927 – The Vietnamese Nationalist Party is founded.
  • 1932 – A magnitude 7.6 earthquake in Gansu, China kills 275 people.
  • 1935 – Regina Jonas is ordained as the first female rabbi in the history of Judaism.
  • 1941 – Admiral Chester W. Nimitz arrives at Pearl Harbor to assume command of the U.S. Pacific Fleet
  • 1941 – World War II: Battle of Hong Kong ends, beginning the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong.
  • 1941 – Admiral Émile Muselier seizes the archipelago of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, which become the first part of France to be liberated by the Free French Forces.
  • 1946 – The first European self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction is initiated within the Soviet Union’s F-1 nuclear reactor.
  • 1947 – The Constitution of the Republic of China goes into effect.
  • 1950 – The Stone of Scone, traditional coronation stone of British monarchs, is taken from Westminster Abbey by Scottish nationalist students. It later turns up in Scotland on April 11, 1951.
  • 1962 – The Soviet Union conducts its final above-ground nuclear weapon test, in anticipation of the 1963 Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
  • 1963 – Turkish Cypriot Bayrak Radio begins transmitting in Cyprus after Turkish Cypriots are forcibly excluded from Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation.
  • 1968 – Apollo program: Apollo 8 performs the very first successful Trans-Earth injection (TEI) maneuver, sending the crew and spacecraft on a trajectory back to Earth from Lunar orbit.
  • 1968 – Kilvenmani massacre: Forty-four Dalits (untouchables) are burnt to death in Kizhavenmani village, Tamil Nadu, a retaliation for a campaign for higher wages by Dalit laborers.
  • 1977 – Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin meets in Egypt with its president Anwar Sadat.
  • 1989 – Deposed President of Romania Nicolae Ceaușescu and his wife, Elena, are condemned to death and executed after a summary trial.
  • 1991 – Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as President of the Soviet Union (the union itself is dissolved the next day). Ukraine’s referendum is finalized and Ukraine officially leaves the Soviet Union.
  • 2000 – Russian President Vladimir Putin signs a bill into law that officially establishes a new National anthem of Russia, with music adopted from the anthem of the Soviet Union that was composed by Alexander Vasilyevich Alexandrov.
  • 2003 – UTAGE Flight 141, a Boeing 727-223, crashes at the Cotonou Airport in Benin, killing 151 people.
  • 2003 – The ill-fated Beagle 2 probe, released from the Mars Express spacecraft on December 19, stops transmitting shortly before its scheduled landing.
  • 2004 – The Cassini orbiter releases Huygens probe which successfully landed on Saturn’s moon Titan on January 14, 2005.
  • 2012 – An Antonov An-72 plane crashes close to the city of Shymkent, killing 27 people.
  • 2015 – Mohammed Zahran Alloush, commander of Jaysh al-Islam (Army of Islam), one of the Syrian opposition factions, is killed by an airstrike.

 

 

 

  • Births on December 25
  • 1250 – John IV Laskaris, Byzantine emperor (d. 1305)
  • 1400 – John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (d. 1487)
  • 1461 – Christina of Saxony (d. 1521)
  • 1505 – Christine of Saxony (d. 1549)
  • 1583 – Orlando Gibbons, English organist and composer (d. 1625)
  • 1584 – Margaret of Austria, Queen of Spain (d. 1611)
  • 1628 – Noël Coypel, French painter and educator (d. 1707)
  • 1642 (OS) – Isaac Newton, English physicist and mathematician (d. 1726/1727)
  • 1652 – Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician, anatomist, and scholar (d. 1713)
  • 1665 – Lady Grizel Baillie, Scottish-English poet and songwriter (d. 1746)
  • 1674 – Thomas Halyburton, Scottish minister and theologian (d. 1712)
  • 1686 – Giovanni Battista Somis, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1763)
  • 1700 – Leopold II, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau (d. 1758)
  • 1711 – Jean-Joseph de Mondonville, French violinist and composer (d. 1772)
  • 1716 – Johann Jakob Reiske, German physician and scholar (d. 1774)
  • 1717 – Pope Pius VI (d. 1799)
  • 1728 – Johann Adam Hiller, German composer and conductor (d. 1804)
  • 1730 – Philip Mazzei, Italian-American physician and philosopher (d. 1816)
  • 1745 – Chevalier de Saint-Georges, Caribbean-French violinist, composer, and conductor (d. 1799)
  • 1757 – Benjamin Pierce, American general and politician, 17th Governor of New Hampshire (d. 1839)
  • 1771 – Dorothy Wordsworth, English author and poet (d. 1855)
  • 1776 – Sydney, Lady Morgan, Irish author and poet (d. 1859)
  • 1810 – L. L. Langstroth, American apiarist, clergyman and teacher (d. 1895)
  • 1821 – Clara Barton, American nurse and humanitarian, founded the American Red Cross (d. 1912)
  • 1825 – Stephen F. Chadwick, American lawyer and politician, 5th Governor of Oregon (d. 1895)
  • 1829 – Patrick Gilmore, Irish-American composer and bandleader (d. 1892)
  • 1856 – Pud Galvin, American baseball player and manager (d. 1902)
  • 1861 – Madan Mohan Malaviya, Indian educator, lawyer, and politician, President of the Indian National Congress (d. 1946)
  • 1865 – Evangeline Booth, English 4th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1950)
  • 1869 – Charles Finger, English-American journalist and author (d. 1941)
  • 1870 – Helena Rubinstein, Polish-American businesswoman and philanthropist (d. 1965)
  • 1873 – Otto Frederick Hunziker, Swiss-American agriculturalist and educator (d. 1959)
  • 1874 – Lina Cavalieri, Italian soprano and actress (d. 1944)
  • 1875 – Francis Aveling, Canadian psychologist and priest (d. 1941)
  • 1875 – Theodor Innitzer, Austrian cardinal (d. 1955)
  • 1876 – Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Indian-Pakistani lawyer and politician, 1st Governor-General of Pakistan (d. 1948)
  • 1876 – Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1959)
  • 1878 – Louis Chevrolet, Swiss-American race car driver and businessman, co-founded Chevrolet (d. 1941)
  • 1878 – Noël, Countess of Rothes, philanthropist, social leader and heroine of Titanic disaster (d. 1956)
  • 1878 – Joseph M. Schenck, Russian-American film producer (d. 1961)
  • 1883 – Hugo Bergmann, Czech-Israeli philosopher and academic (d. 1975)
  • 1883 – Hana Meisel, Belarusian-Israeli agronomist and politician (d. 1972)
  • 1884 – Samuel Berger, American boxer (d. 1925)
  • 1884 – Evelyn Nesbit, American model and actress (d. 1967)
  • 1886 – Malak Hifni Nasif, Egyptian poet and activist (d. 1918)
  • 1886 – Kid Ory, American trombonist and bandleader (d. 1973)
  • 1887 – Conrad Hilton, American entrepreneur (d. 1979)
  • 1889 – Lila Bell Wallace, American publisher and philanthropist, co-founded Reader’s Digest (d. 1984)
  • 1890 – Noel Odell, English geologist and mountaineer (d. 1987)
  • 1890 – Robert Ripley, American anthropologist and publisher (d. 1949)
  • 1891 – Kenneth Arthur Noel Anderson, Indian-English general and politician, Governor of Gibraltar (d. 1959)
  • 1891 – Clarrie Grimmett, New Zealand-Australian cricketer (d. 1980)
  • 1899 – Humphrey Bogart, American actor (d. 1957)
  • 1901 – Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester (d. 2004)
  • 1902 – Barton MacLane, American actor, playwright, and screenwriter (d. 1969)
  • 1902 – William Bell, American tuba player and educator (d. 1971)
  • 1903 – Antiochos Evangelatos, Greek composer and conductor (d. 1981)
  • 1904 – Gerhard Herzberg, German-Canadian physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1906 – Lew Grade, Baron Grade, Ukrainian-English film producer (d. 1998)
  • 1906 – Ernst Ruska, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1988)
  • 1907 – Cab Calloway, American singer-songwriter and bandleader (d. 1994)
  • 1907 – Mike Mazurki, Ukrainian-American wrestler and actor (d. 1990)
  • 1907 – Glenn McCarthy, American businessman, founded the Shamrock Hotel (d. 1988)
  • 1908 – Quentin Crisp, English author and illustrator (d. 1999)
  • 1908 – Ernest L. Massad, American general (d. 1993)
  • 1908 – Jo-Jo Moore, American baseball player (d. 2001)
  • 1909 – Zora Arkus-Duntov, Belgian-American engineer (d. 1996)
  • 1911 – Louise Bourgeois, French-American sculptor and painter (d. 2010)
  • 1913 – Candy Candido, American singer, bass player, and voice actor (d. 1999)
  • 1913 – Tony Martin, American singer (d. 2012)
  • 1914 – James Fletcher Jnr, New Zealand businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1914 – Oscar Lewis, American anthropologist of Latin America (d. 1970)
  • 1915 – Pete Rugolo, Italian-American composer and producer (d. 2011)
  • 1916 – Ahmed Ben Bella, Algerian soldier and politician, 1st President of Algeria (d. 2012)
  • 1917 – Lincoln Verduga Loor, Ecuadorian journalist and politician (d. 2009)
  • 1918 – Anwar Sadat, Egyptian lieutenant and politician, 3rd President of Egypt, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)
  • 1919 – Naushad Ali, Indian composer and director (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – Paul David, Canadian cardiologist and politician, founded the Montreal Heart Institute (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – Zaib-un-Nissa Hamidullah, Indian-Pakistani journalist and author (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – Steve Otto, Polish-Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 1989)
  • 1922 – William Demby, American author (d. 2013)
  • 1923 – René Girard, French-American historian, philosopher, and critic (d. 2015)
  • 1923 – Louis Lane, American conductor and educator (d. 2016)
  • 1924 – Rod Serling, American screenwriter and producer, created The Twilight Zone (d. 1975)
  • 1924 – Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Indian poet and politician, 10th Prime Minister of India
  • 1925 – Carlos Castaneda, Peruvian-American anthropologist and author (d. 1998)
  • 1925 – Ned Garver, American baseball player
  • 1925 – Sam Pollock, Canadian businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Enrique Jorrín, Cuban violinist and composer (d. 1987)
  • 1927 – Nellie Fox, American baseball player and coach (d. 1975)
  • 1927 – Leo Kubiak, American basketball and baseball player
  • 1928 – Dick Miller, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1929 – Christine M. Jones, American educator and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1929 – China Machado, Chinese-born Portuguese-American fashion model, editor and television producer (d. 2016)
  • 1930 – Emmanuel Agassi, Iranian-American boxer and coach
  • 1930 – Armenak Alachachian, Armenian basketball player and coach
  • 1932 – Mabel King, American actress and singer (d. 1999)
  • 1933 – Basil Heatley, English runner
  • 1935 – Sadiq al-Mahdi, Sudanese politician, Prime Minister of Sudan
  • 1935 – Stephen Barnett, American scholar and academic (d. 2009)
  • 1935 – Jeanne Hopkins Lucas, American educator and politician (d. 2007)
  • 1936 – Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy
  • 1936 – Ismail Merchant, Indian-English director and producer (d. 2005)
  • 1937 – O’Kelly Isley Jr., American R&B/soul singer-songwriter (d. 1986)
  • 1938 – Duane Armstrong, American painter
  • 1938 – Noel Picard, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1939 – Ghulam Ahmad Bilour, Pakistani businessman and politician
  • 1939 – Bob James, American keyboard player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1939 – Akong Rinpoche, Tibetan-Chinese spiritual leader (d. 2013)
  • 1940 – Hilary Spurling, English journalist and author
  • 1941 – Kenneth Calman, Scottish physician and academic
  • 1942 – Françoise Dürr, French tennis player and coach
  • 1942 – Barbara Follett, English politician
  • 1942 – Barry Goldberg, American keyboard player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1942 – Enrique Morente, Spanish singer-songwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1943 – Wilson Fittipaldi Júnior, Brazilian race car driver and businessman
  • 1943 – Hanna Schygulla, German actress
  • 1944 – Kenny Everett, British comedian and radio and television host (d. 1995)
  • 1944 – Jairzinho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1944 – Sam Strahan, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1945 – Rick Berman, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1945 – Eve Pollard, English journalist and author
  • 1945 – Mike Pringle, Zambian-Scottish lawyer and politician
  • 1945 – Noel Redding, English singer-songwriter and bass player (d. 2003)
  • 1945 – Ken Stabler, American football player and sportscaster (d. 2015)
  • 1946 – Jimmy Buffett, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor
  • 1946 – Larry Csonka, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1946 – Christopher Frayling, English author and academic
  • 1946 – Gene Lamont, American baseball player and manager
  • 1948 – Kay Hymowitz, American sociologist and writer
  • 1948 – Barbara Mandrell, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1948 – Joel Santana, Brazilian footballer and manager
  • 1949 – Simone Bittencourt de Oliveira, Brazilian singer
  • 1949 – Nawaz Sharif, Pakistani lawyer and politician, 12th Prime Minister of Pakistan
  • 1949 – Sissy Spacek, American actress
  • 1950 – Peter Boardman, English mountaineer and author (d. 1982)
  • 1950 – Karl Rove, American political strategist and activist
  • 1950 – Manny Trillo, Venezuelan baseball player and manager
  • 1952 – Tolossa Kotu, Ethiopian runner and coach
  • 1952 – C. C. H. Pounder, Guyanese-American actress
  • 1953 – Kaarlo Maaninka, Finnish runner
  • 1954 – Annie Lennox, Scottish singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1957 – Mansoor Akhtar, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1957 – Chris Kamara, English footballer and sportscaster
  • 1957 – Shane MacGowan, English-Irish singer-songwriter
  • 1958 – Cheryl Chase, American voice actress and singer
  • 1958 – Hanford Dixon, American football player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1958 – Rickey Henderson, American baseball player and coach
  • 1958 – Konstantin Kinchev, Russian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1958 – Alannah Myles, Canadian singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1959 – Michael P. Anderson, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2003)
  • 1959 – Ramdas Athawale, Indian poet and politician
  • 1961 – Íngrid Betancourt, Colombian political scientist and politician
  • 1964 – Ian Bostridge, English tenor
  • 1964 – Gary McAllister, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1964 – Kevin Simms, English rugby player
  • 1964 – Bob Stanley, English keyboard player, songwriter, producer, and journalist
  • 1965 – Ed Davey, English politician, Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change
  • 1965 – David Rath, Czech physician and politician
  • 1966 – Toshi Arai, Japanese race car driver
  • 1967 – Jason Thirsk, American bass player (d. 1996)
  • 1968 – Helena Christensen, Danish model and actress
  • 1968 – Jim Dowd, American ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Nicolas Godin, French musician (Air)
  • 1969 – Noel Goldthorpe, Australian rugby league player
  • 1969 – Frederick Onyancha, Kenyan runner
  • 1970 – Emmanuel Amunike, Nigerian footballer and manager
  • 1970 – Rodney Dent, American basketball player
  • 1971 – Dido, English singer-songwriter
  • 1971 – Justin Trudeau, Canadian educator and politician, 23rd Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1972 – Mac Powell, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1972 – Qu Yunxia, Chinese runner
  • 1973 – Robbie Elliott, English footballer and coach
  • 1973 – Chris Harris, American wrestler
  • 1973 – Daisuke Miura, Japanese baseball player and coach
  • 1973 – Alexandre Trudeau, Canadian journalist and director
  • 1975 – Daniel Mustard, American singer-songwriter
  • 1975 – Hideki Okajima, Japanese baseball player
  • 1975 – Choi Sung-yong, South Korean footballer and manager
  • 1975 – Marcus Trescothick, English cricketer
  • 1976 – Tuomas Holopainen, Finnish keyboard player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1976 – Tim James, American basketball player and coach
  • 1976 – Atko Väikmeri, Estonian footballer
  • 1976 – Armin van Buuren, Dutch DJ and record producer
  • 1977 – Israel Vázquez, Mexican boxer
  • 1977 – Ali Tandoğan, Turkish footballer
  • 1978 – Simon Jones, Welsh cricketer
  • 1978 – Joel Porter, Australian footballer and manager
  • 1979 – Ferman Akgül, Turkish singer-songwriter
  • 1979 – Laurent Bonnart, French footballer
  • 1979 – Robert Huff, English race car driver
  • 1979 – Hyun Young-min, South Korean footballer
  • 1980 – Marcus Trufant, American football player
  • 1981 – Trenesha Biggers, American wrestler and model
  • 1981 – Christian Holst, Danish-Faroese footballer
  • 1981 – Willy Taveras, Dominican baseball player
  • 1982 – Shawn Andrews, American football player
  • 1982 – Rob Edwards, Welsh footballer
  • 1982 – Ethan Kath, Canadian keyboard player, songwriter and producer
  • 1982 – Chris Rene, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1984 – Chris Cahill, Samoan footballer
  • 1984 – Alastair Cook, English cricketer
  • 1984 – Jessica Origliasso, Australian singer, actress, and fashion designer
  • 1984 – Lisa Origliasso, Australian singer, actress, and fashion designer
  • 1984 – Chris Richard, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Martin Mathathi, Kenyan runner
  • 1985 – Rusev, Bulgarian professional wrestler
  • 1987 – Ceyhun Gülselam, Turkish footballer
  • 1987 – Justin Sweeney, Australian footballer
  • 1987 – Demaryius Thomas, American football player
  • 1988 – Joãozinho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1988 – Heather Cooke, American soccer player
  • 1988 – Eric Gordon, American basketball player
  • 1988 – Lukas Hinds-Johnson, German rugby player
  • 1989 – Djameleddine Benlamri, Algerian footballer
  • 1989 – Adrian von Ziegler, Swiss composer and producer
  • 1990 – Conny Perrin, Swiss tennis player

 

 

 

  • Deaths on December 25
  • 304 – Saint Anastasia
  • 795 – Pope Adrian I (b. 700)
  • 820 – Leo V the Armenian, Byzantine emperor (b. 775)
  • 940 – Makan ibn Kaki, Iranian general
  • 1147 – Guy II, Count of Ponthieu (b. c. 1120)
  • 1156 – Peter the Venerable, French abbot and saint (b. 1092)
  • 1156 – Sverker the Elder, king of Sweden
  • 1294 – Mestwin II, Duke of Pomerania
  • 1406 – King Henry III of Castile (b. 1379)
  • 1505 – George Grey, 2nd Earl of Kent, English politician (b. 1454)
  • 1553 – Pedro de Valdivia, Spanish explorer and politician, 1st Royal Governor of Chile (b. 1500)
  • 1635 – Samuel de Champlain, French soldier, geographer, and explorer (b. 1567)
  • 1676 – William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle, English soldier and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire (b. 1592)
  • 1676 – Matthew Hale, English lawyer and jurist, Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales (b. 1609)
  • 1683 – Kara Mustafa Pasha, Ottoman general and politician, 111th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1634)
  • 1730 – Henry Scott, 1st Earl of Deloraine, Scottish peer and general (b. 1676)
  • 1758 – James Hervey, English priest and author (b. 1714)
  • 1784 – Yosa Buson, Japanese poet and painter (b. 1716)
  • 1824 – Barbara von Krüdener, German mystic and author (b. 1764)
  • 1868 – Linus Yale, Jr., American engineer and businessman (b. 1821)
  • 1875 – Young Tom Morris, Scottish golfer (b. 1851)
  • 1880 – Fridolin Anderwert, Swiss lawyer and politician, President of the Swiss National Council (b. 1828)
  • 1824 – William Lawless, Irish revolutionary, later French Army general (b. 1772)
  • 1916 – Albert Chmielowski, Polish saint, founded the Albertine Brothers (b. 1845)
  • 1921 – Vladimir Korolenko, Russian journalist, author, and activist (b. 1853)
  • 1925 – Karl Abraham, German psychoanalyst and author (b. 1877)
  • 1926 – Emperor Taishō of Japan (b. 1879)
  • 1928 – Miles Burke, American boxer (b. 1885)
  • 1930 – Jakob Mändmets, Estonian journalist and author (b. 1871)
  • 1933 – Francesc Macià, Catalan colonel and politician, 122nd President of Catalonia (b. 1859)
  • 1935 – Paul Bourget, French author and critic (b. 1852)
  • 1938 – Karel Čapek, Czech author and playwright (b. 1890)
  • 1940 – Agnes Ayres, American actress (b. 1898)
  • 1941 – Richard S. Aldrich, American lawyer and politician (b. 1884)
  • 1944 – George Steer, South African-English journalist and author (b. 1909)
  • 1946 – W. C. Fields, American actor, comedian, juggler, and screenwriter (b. 1880)
  • 1947 – Gaspar G. Bacon, American lawyer and politician, 51st Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1886)
  • 1949 – Leon Schlesinger, American animator and producer, founded Warner Bros. Cartoons (b. 1884)
  • 1950 – Neil Francis Hawkins, English politician (b. 1903)
  • 1952 – Margrethe Mather, American photographer (b. 1886)
  • 1953 – Patsy Donovan, Irish-American baseball player and manager (b. 1865)
  • 1953 – William Haselden, British cartoonist (b. 1872)
  • 1956 – Robert Walser, Swiss author and playwright (b. 1878)
  • 1957 – Charles Pathé, French record producer, founded Pathé Records (b. 1863)
  • 1961 – Owen Brewster, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 54th Governor of Maine (b. 1888)
  • 1961 – Otto Loewi, German-American pharmacologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1873)
  • 1963 – Tristan Tzara, Romanian-French poet, playwright, painter, and critic (b. 1896)
  • 1970 – Michael Peto, Hungarian-English photographer and journalist (b. 1908)
  • 1973 – İsmet İnönü, Turkish general and politician, 2nd President of Turkey (b. 1884)
  • 1973 – Gabriel Voisin, French pilot and engineer (b. 1880)
  • 1975 – Gaston Gallimard, French publisher, founded Éditions Gallimard (b. 1881)
  • 1975 – Gunnar Kangro, Estonian mathematician and author (b. 1913)
  • 1977 – Charlie Chaplin, English actor and director (b. 1889)
  • 1979 – Joan Blondell, American actress and singer (b. 1906)
  • 1979 – Jordi Bonet, Canadian painter and sculptor (b. 1932)
  • 1980 – Fred Emney, English actor and comedian (b. 1900)
  • 1983 – Joan Miró, Spanish painter and sculptor (b. 1893)
  • 1988 – Shōhei Ōoka, Japanese author and critic (b. 1909)
  • 1988 – Edward Pelham-Clinton, 10th Duke of Newcastle, English entomologist and lepidopterist (b. 1920)
  • 1989 – Benny Binion, American poker player and businessman (b. 1904)
  • 1989 – Elena Ceaușescu, Romanian politician, First Lady of Romania (b. 1916)
  • 1989 – Nicolae Ceaușescu, Romanian general and politician, 1st President of Romania (b. 1918)
  • 1989 – Betty Garde, American actress (b. 1905)
  • 1989 – Frederick F. Houser, American judge and politician, 34th Lieutenant Governor of California (b. 1905)
  • 1989 – Billy Martin, American baseball player and manager (b. 1928)
  • 1989 – Robert Pirosh, American director and screenwriter (b. 1910)
  • 1992 – Monica Dickens, British-American nurse and author (b. 1915)
  • 1993 – Pierre Victor Auger, French physicist and academic (b. 1899)
  • 1994 – Zail Singh, Indian politician, 7th President of India (b. 1916)
  • 1995 – Emmanuel Levinas, Lithuanian-French philosopher and academic (b. 1906)
  • 1995 – Dean Martin, American singer and actor (b. 1917)
  • 1996 – Bill Hewitt, Canadian sportscaster (b. 1928)
  • 1997 – Anatoli Boukreev, Kazakh mountaineer and explorer (b. 1958)
  • 1997 – Denver Pyle, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – Neil Hawke, Australian cricketer and footballer (b. 1939)
  • 2000 – Willard Van Orman Quine, American philosopher and academic (b. 1908)
  • 2001 – Alfred A. Tomatis, French otolaryngologist and academic (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Nicholas Mavroules, American politician (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Gennadi Strekalov, Russian engineer and astronaut (b. 1940)
  • 2005 – Derek Bailey, English guitarist (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Robert Barbers, Filipino police officer, lawyer, and politician, 15th Filipino Secretary of the Interior (b. 1944)
  • 2005 – Birgit Nilsson, Swedish operatic soprano (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Joseph Pararajasingham, Sri Lankan journalist, businessman, and politician (b. 1934)
  • 2006 – James Brown, American singer-songwriter (b. 1933)
  • 2007 – Des Barrick, English cricketer (b. 1927)
  • 2007 – Jim Beauchamp, American baseball player and coach (b. 1939)
  • 2008 – Eartha Kitt, American singer and actress (b. 1927)
  • 2009 – Vic Chesnutt, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1964)
  • 2010 – Carlos Andrés Pérez, Venezuelan politician, 66th President of Venezuela (b. 1922)
  • 2011 – Giorgio Bocca, Italian journalist (b. 1920)
  • 2011 – Jim Sherwood, American saxophonist (b. 1942)
  • 2011 – Simms Taback, American author and illustrator (b. 1932)
  • 2012 – Erico Aumentado, Filipino journalist, lawyer, and politician (b. 1940)
  • 2012 – Halfdan Hegtun, Norwegian radio host and politician (b. 1918)
  • 2012 – Joe Krivak, American football player and coach (b. 1935)
  • 2012 – Turki bin Sultan, Saudi Arabian politician (b. 1959)
  • 2012 – Şerafettin Elçi, Turkish lawyer, politician, government minister (b. 1938)
  • 2013 – Anthony J. Bryant, American historian and author (b. 1961)
  • 2013 – David R. Harris, English geographer, anthropologist, archaeologist and academic (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Wayne Harrison, English footballer (b. 1967)
  • 2013 – Mike Hegan, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1942)
  • 2013 – Mel Mathay, Filipino politician, 8th Mayor of Quezon City (b. 1932)
  • 2014 – Ricardo Porro, Cuban-French architect (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Geoff Pullar, English cricketer (b. 1935)
  • 2015 – George Clayton Johnson, American author and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Dorothy M. Murdock, American author and historian (b. 1961)
  • 2016 – Valery Khalilov, Russian military musician and composer (b. 1952)
  • 2016 – George Michael, British singer and songwriter (b. 1963)
  • 2016 – Vera Rubin, American astronomer (b. 1928)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Holidays and observances on December 25

 

  • Children’s Day (Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Republic of Congo)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Anastasia of Sirmium (Catholic Church)
    • December 25 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Christmas Day, Christian holiday commemorating the birth of Jesus. (International)
  • Constitution Day (Taiwan)
  • Good Governance Day (India)
  • Malkh-Festival (Nakh peoples of Chechnya and Ingushetia)
  • Quaid-e-Azam’s Day (Pakistan)
  • Takanakuy (Chumbivilcas Province, Peru) 
December 25

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