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Geothermal energy

  • What is Geothermal energy? 
  • Geothermal energy is the only type of energy extracted from underground and completely edible. The geothermal word comes from the combination of the words “Geo” meaning “earth crust” in Greek and “Therme” meaning “heat“. Geothermal energy is the heat energy stored in the earth’s crust. While the hot magma in the lower layers of the earth’s crust is trying to reach the upper layers, the underground water in the upper layers leaks towards the lower layers and meets the magma. As a result of this encounter, underground waters that warm up come out of the cracks in the earth’s crust and thus form a type of geothermal energy called hydrothermal energy. Geothermal energy sources are mostly present in the tectonic zones.

 

  • There are two main areas of use for geothermal energy:
  • 1. Electric energy production: Steam produced by using geothermal energy sources can be converted to electricity energy through steam turbines.
  • 2. Heating of houses: Heating of houses is provided by using hydrothermal energy which is a kind of geothermal energy.

 

    Geothermal Energy

    Geothermal Energy

  • As geothermal energy is used directly at the location where it is removed, the mode of transport does not lead to additional costs. The installation of power plants that generate electricity from geothermal energy is also very convenient in terms of cost and lifetime. Such plants can work efficiently for about 20 years. The installation cost of a power plant that converts 30 MW power to geothermal energy is 40 to 80 million dollars.

 

 

 

 

 

  • According to the 2010 data on the amount of electricity generated using geothermal energy in the world, the top five countries producing the most electricity using geothermal energy are as follows:
  • 1. U.S.A. : 3086 MW
  • 2. Philippines: 1904 MW
  • 3. Indonesia: 1197 MW
  • 4. Mexico: 958 MW
  • 5. Italy: 843 MW

 

  • During the use of geothermal energy in electricity generation or heating of houses, there is no waste material that will harm the environment. We can also say that we have an almost unlimited amount of geothermal energy because of the amount of magma in the earth’s crust.

 

  • The amount of geothermal energy present in the upper layer of the earth’s crust is 70,000 times more than all the fossil fuel reserves discovered to date. Because our country is at the intersection of tectonic plates, it is very rich in geothermal energy reserve. Although Enerjide is an outsider country, it is necessary to make serious investments in order to make more use of geothermal energy, which is a cheap and clean energy source.
Geothermal energy
Author: wik Date: 6:56 pm
Geography, Science and Mathematics, Technology


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