Europe, continent in the shape of the peninsula, north of Africa, west of Asia and east of the Atlantic Ocean. It is the second smallest in the world.
Erep (Irib) in European, Sami languages, means the side of the sun sinks. The Greek name for the Phoenicians was Europa in Yunanca and this name was given to the western countries according to the Aegean Sea.
Also in mythology is the name of the daughter of Telepassa with Finike king Agenar. She was kidnapped by Zeus who entered the bull-shaped line, and had three sons named Minos, Sarppedon and Rhadamnthys from Zeus, whose name was given to this peninsula.
Having been a cradle to the great kingdoms and empires since long, this peninsula soon completed its industrialization after the industrial revolution and industrialization over all other continents.
Europe’s preeminence, position, face, natural resources, population and physical characteristics, rather than human resources and its qualities come from. The population of well-educated people has advanced to a high standard of living in the economic arena thanks to the progress it has shown in science and technology. Europe, whose natural resources are relatively small, owes its development to fully educated human resources and to the gains of the colonial system. Today, the people of the United States, which is the biggest power of the world, is also of great European origin. In addition, most of the important inventions, which are the milestones of scientific and technological developments, have been carried out by Europeans. The European Union, which is aiming at the unification of European countries in all directions and achieving important steps in this way, further strengthens Europe’s power and importance on earth.
Europe’s 20th century. Default ‘cultural‘ zones at the beginning.
The European flag is also used by the European Union
Until 1990 (at the end of the Cold War), Europe had different political and economic systems and blocks of their representatives. One of them is the Western Bloc, which implements the now multi-party democratic system and the free market economy, and the other is the one-party socialist political system
The Eastern Bloc, which implements the economy. However, the eastern bloc collapsed as the economic and political system of the USSR, the leader of the Eastern Bloc, went bankrupt. The former Eastern Bloc countries have taken important steps towards the western bloc as economic and political system. The pains of transitioning to a multiparty democratic system and a free market economy have been largely overcome. The applications made to the European Union are welcomed and the harmonization efforts between the applicant countries and the EU continue. The Warsaw Pact, the military organization of the Eastern Bloc, was also dispersed and applied to enter NATO, the former Eastern Bloc countries, the Western European military organization, and they have made significant progress in this regard. Thus, the military, economic and political polarizations of 1990 in Europe have largely been lifted.
Europe is traditionally considered as one of the seven continents of the World, but is actually a geographical link with Asia and is sometimes referred to as Eurasia. According to the traditional definition of Europe, the Ural Mountains form the eastern border of Europe. The border in the southeast forms the Ural River. Border The Caspian Sea continues along the summits of the Caucasus Mountains, and is determined by the Black Sea, the Bosphorus, the Marmara Sea and the Dardanelles Strait. The Mediterranean Sea specifies the southern boundary of Europe, the North Sea of the North Sea, and the Atlantic Ocean of the north and west. Iceland is regarded as part of Europe with being closer to North America than Europe. The European peninsula is very close to the African continent in the south (Gibraltar Strait 14 km). In the south-east, it is almost close to Asia (Istanbul Bosphorus 0.7 km., Dardanelles Bosphorus 1.3 km.).
The area of Europe is 10,523,000 km². This means 2% of the earth and 7% of the lands mean 1/5 of Eurasia. Europe is roughly similar to a triangle framed by 35 to 70 north parallel circles and 10 to 60 eastern meridians on the map. There are 0-4 time zones on the peninsula.
The extremes of Europe are; Rocca (Portugal) nose (9 ° 29 ‘west longitude) in the west, Ural mountains in the east (60 ° east longitude), and the northern nose (71 ° 10′ north latitude) in the north; Matapan nose (36 ° 23 ‘ ). The length between the Rocca and Ural Mountains is 5500 km, and the width between the northern nose and the Matapan nose is 3800 km.
Considering the European countries’ cultures, their geographical location, their location, economic and social development; Western European countries are divided into groups such as Northern European Countries (Scandinavia and Baltic States), Mediterranean Countries, Central European Countries, Eastern European Countries and Balkan Countries.
The general geographical features of Europe are as follows:
Europe is a peninsula of revolution. Especially democracy has realized the revolution that affects the world in industrial and scientific terms.
It is a peninsula where population density is high. Life is high. Population growth is very small. Even in some countries there is a decline in population.
Europe is at the forefront of exports and imports in the world. One third of the industrial products produced in the world belong to this continent.
It is a collection of industrialized countries. The United Kingdom (UK), France, Italy and Germany are very advanced in terms of industrialization.
There are about 50 states in Europe where various international people live. There are significant language, economic and cultural differences between neighboring countries.
Europe Surface area: 10.6 million
Europe Population: 636.360.000 people
Europe Population density: 70 people / km²
Europe The highest and lowest point: Elbruz Mountain 5642 m (Russian Caucasus), the Caspian Sea to the north -28 m.
Europe Largest Lake: Ladoga Lake -18.400
Europe Largest island: Great Britain
The European economy covers over 710 million people in 50 different states. Similar to other continents, although the different riches of the European states, the poorest are far above the living standards of the poorest states in other continents and the conditions of the GDP. The difference in wealth can be seen roughly in the western-eastern part of Europe. Many of the European economies still come from the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, while all Western European countries have high GDP and living standards. The European word here includes the European economic frontier in Asia as the Cyprus frontier.
Europe as the continent has the largest economy in the world. Europe’s largest national economy is Germany, ranking third in the world in nominal GDP rankings, fifth in terms of purchasing power parity (SAGP). The second in Europe is the United Kingdom, the world’s third in nominal GDP and sixth in SAGP. The European Union is the world’s largest (2005 according to IMF and World Bank) or the second largest economy (CIA world Factbook-2006)