Education

  • What does education mean?
  • Education; Schools, courses and universities to provide the information and skills necessary for life in a systematic manner.
  • Education is a difficult concept to define because it is an ongoing phenomenon from the birth of an individual and includes political, social, cultural and individual dimensions in the same place.

 

  • It is all social processes that are effective in helping individuals gain the standards, beliefs and ways of living of society. It is all of the processes in which the person has developed the skills, attitudes and other forms of behavior that are of value in society. It is a social process that provides social competence and optimum individual development under the influence of a selected and controlled environment (especially school).
  • Training is a planned action sequence that helps people to develop their behavior according to predetermined principles. Education is the process of bringing change to the behavior of an individual deliberately through his or her own experience.

 

  • It is often confused with concepts such as formal, ie institutional, educational, contextual, teaching, learning. When considered in this discourse, the concept of education can be discussed in two general contexts: social and institutional education.

 

  • Education Etimology
  • The training word is called education / educazione in English and other European languages ​​and comes semantically from the Latin word educare; To build, to lift, to erect. The origin of knowledge is the science that studies which roots come from the spoken word and what kind of changes and theories are going through throughout history.
  • The basic principles of etymology dating back to the very beginning of history are based on the findings and methods of historical and comparative linguistics laid out in the 19th century.

 

  • Study abroad
  • Although abroad education is often perceived as a student movement from developed or underdeveloped countries to developed countries, it is in fact an education in a foreign country with a different religion, language and culture, apart from the territories where its citizens are located.
  • It can be grouped under the main headings such as foreign education, language education, university education, graduate education, vocational and career education.

 

  • Community education
  • It is the training that the individual gets from the social structure around him as a part of the community to start in the family. Traditions, dynasties, sects, etc. This training constitutes the structure of the value judgments of the individual and in some way provides the continuation of the society. In the later life, education in the sense of human relations or student career is very important.
  • The common point of collective-oriented training activities is that they are out of school, in other words, out of formal education. Therefore, social pedagogy; It is the whole of the non-formal education activities which are carried out regularly, systematically and systematically in general institutions and organizations for some social problems people who have completed compulsory education or parallel to this.

 

  • Corporate training
  • Education is schooled. Education is the provision of an individual in a professional organization.
  • Historical process and structure of education in the world
  • If the beginning of education is generally mentioned, it is as old as humanity, but it is very new as a science. World The roots of the modern education system in Europe goes back to the Middle Ages. Middle-age schools were primarily dependent on churches and cultivated clergy. Most of the first universities were of Christian origin. There were also secular universities like the Bologna University founded in 1088.
  • Today’s understanding of education is inspired by ideas of American philosopher, psychologist and education reformer John Dewey (1859-1952). Dewey, Rousseau and Plato, who were among the founders of Pragmatism, along with William James, criticized the educational attitudes and suggested that education should be aimed at gaining knowledge and skills that could be applied to the life of a student as a person and citizen, rather than recurring old events.

 

 

 

 

 

  • Educational philosophy
  • It is useful to understand the historical change of education in order to better understand today’s education. Throughout history, different definitions of education have been made according to athletics and practices. Today, the influence of education on human activities is the most complicated of the practices to date. With a general view, training is within the teaching and learning scheme of a team of skills; Is considered as a whole of activities and concepts that improve human knowledge, perception, and intelligence functions. This definition is very abstract and does not help to develop understanding on concrete practices.
  • Educational philosophy is concerned with the purpose, nature and content of education. The nature of the mind as well as the knowledge itself, and the problems of authority, education and social relations, are among the topics of the educational philosophy. Since Rousseau’s time, educational philosophy has continued to be linked to developmental psychology and development theories.
  • The main objectives expected from education are: Civil society is based on responsibility, ideas and entrepreneurial educated citizens. Progress in each area depends on the capacity of the education that schooling brings. In this case, education aims to strengthen the development and prosperity of the individual, society and future humanity.

 

  • Applications
  • Due to the fact that education is not monolithic, the concept of education comes from many different dimensions. The main reasons for having many sizes
  • The developmental level of the student,
  • The effect of the learning environment,
  • The information structure to be transferred,
  • The effect of Learning Theories,
  • The Effect of Educational Theories,

 

  • While talking about education in this context
  • Pre-school education, general education, vocational education, lifelong learning
  • Individual training, group training, programmed training, computer assisted training, distance learning
  • Child education, progressive education, disability education, gifted education

 

  • Concept education, skill education
  • We have to state what we are talking about. When creating ideas on education, mistakes are made when these definitions are not paid attention to.

 

  • Responsibility and Measurement-Evaluation
  • Education is not a random activity. Educational activities have a certain purpose and are a planned event in this context. An extension of the planned structure of education requires the concept of accountability in education. For this reason, these two subjects must be handled in the same dimensions. Educational Measurement and Educational Assessment activities are also part of the educational structure to understand whether they are developing in line with their educational goals. Plan – Accountability – Assessment * Assessment determines each other.
  • Education Responsibility continues to be the most important issue on the part of educators in restructuring. Education Responsibility includes all activities of education. It includes the precise determination of the purpose and effect of the units which are influential in the training activities.
  • Measurement and evaluation are interrelated and multidimensional concepts.

 

  • Education Curriculum
  • Broadly speaking, the curriculum is defined as the execution of planned educational activities within a predetermined area (such as school building, athletics field, hospital) by a school.
  • Tyler (1949) While describing the curriculum, it suggests that 4 main questions should be studied.
  • Which educational goals are being sought
  • Which educational methods will be used to achieve the goals identified
  • How to organize the time, purpose and methods specified
  • Organized (planned) time, how to measure purposes and methods.
Education
Author: wik Date: 6:28 pm
Social sciences and society


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