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  • What is Echocardiography (echo)?
  • Briefly, echocardiography, known as ‘echo‘, is an ultrasonographic imaging method in which the heart is structurally and functionally evaluated. I mean, ultrasound for the heart.


  • Ultrasound device is called probe and imaging is performed on the skin where the organ desired to be ultrasonicated is located. In ultrasonic technique, sound waves called ‘ultrasound‘ are used. Ultrasound (high-frequency sound) is a sound wave whose frequency is over 20,000 at the moment and is above the limit that the ear can handle. As these sound waves travel through the tissues of the region where the ultrasound is applied, there is a multiplication of the structures there and a part of the waves are reflected back. These reflected waves are transmitted to the device by means of a probe cable, converted into a picture and a screen.


  • In Which Situations Should Echocardiography Be Used? (Used for ..?)
  • Echocardiography; Heart valves, the anatomical structure and movement of the heart muscle. As well as the valve functions (insufficiency, stenosis) by monitoring the movements of the blood in the heart cavities and the veins from the heart. Inflammatory conditions, including congenital or acquired structural abnormalities, cardiac insults, can be detected in the heart and vein valves.




  • In this case; In the study of wall movements in patients with heart failure, in the diagnosis and follow-up of congenital and acquired heart valve diseases, in examining the heart effect of hypertension and other systemic diseases, in exploring embolism in thromboembolic events, in diagnosing cardiac infarction (endocarditis), in examining the heart effect of coronary artery disease, In case of an emergency. No preparation is required before the operation.






  • Detailed Heart Ultrasonography, Transesophageal Echocardiography (TEE)
  • Transesophageal echocardiography is performed in situations where a more detailed examination of the structures and functions of the heart or inadequate skin echocardiography (such as obesity) is required. With a thin probe placed in the food tube (esophagus), the heart is examined more closely. It requires 4-12 hours of fasting. Before the procedure, the patient is given anti-nausea and sedative drugs as in endoscopy, and local anesthetic is made to numb the throat.


  • Stress echocardiography
  • It is an echocardiographic method used to evaluate the pumping rate and pressure of the heart in coronary artery disease (congestion in heart-feeding vessels), assessing cardiac muscle viability, demonstrating coronary vasculature and cardiac growth. It can be effort or pharmacologic.


  • Contrast Echocardiography
  • Normal echocardiography is done from the chest wall. It is used mostly in the representation of large congenital vein structures and small heart pores. It is done by intravenous administration of contrast material.


  • Who Can Apply Echocardiography?
  • Echocardiography can be done without age restriction. Ultrasonics has no risk. Because harmful rays are not used, sound waves are used. It can be easily applied to pregnant women.


  • In conclusion, echocardiography is a useful and non-risk diagnostic method for diagnosis and follow-up of many cardiac diseases. However, as in all types of ultrasonography, accurate diagnosis on echocardiography requires experience.
Author: wik Date: 8:34 pm

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