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  • What is Dystopia?
  • The root of the ‘dystopia‘ term, which is used to describe the future societies, is based on the ancient Greeks. The roots of the ‘dis‘ and ‘totaly‘ syllables, which form the distopy that we can call anti – utopia, take place in the old greeks as ‘bad‘ and ‘place‘.


  • Dystopian societies are fictitious societies where there is a negative reflection of persecution, terror, poverty, misery, or the gathering of highly advanced technology. In these societies there are predominantly repressive, authoritarian / totalitarian state systems. In these constructions the society is often under the constraint or control of all personal or general freedoms together with the overpopulation. There are laws that control rights such as speaking, thinking, writing or sexual liberties, and everyone in society lives under supervision. Those who lose their personal freedoms in the end result in a struggle for survival under unbearable conditions of life. Class, religion, personality, sexuality, privacy etc. There is pressure and control in all kinds of matters.


  • Dystopian fiction is based on these situations, usually after a war, disaster or revolution in the past. Humanity drifts towards collapse, destruction goes right. Life and nature are portrayed as being exploited or destroyed.
  • There are various editing elements in dystopic structures. If we look briefly;
  • In ecological dystopias, humanity ties in part or in whole with nature. It is alienated to nature and the situations that go towards the complete disappearance of the natural environment are explained.


  • In economic dystopia; One or more large corporations have seized society. Propaganda, which manipulate society, use advertisements and populate everything. Everything, including all resources and human life, is under their strict control.






  • Political dystopias are rooted in an authoritarian / totalitarian giants system. It could be a single nation or a global government. Everything in society is controlled by state forces, there is no individuality (which is already a myth), there is no trust in any thing, nor is there any human rights. Every source, including human life, is under state / government control.


  • In spiritual dystopias there are ideas of different shapes or sizes that destroy everything that mankind has built. It manages or threatens the world with a dangerous ideology or religion.


  • In science and technology dystopia, technology is the factor that leads society to collapse. Artificial intelligence, robots that kill people, is depicted in the form of over-commitment to technology that is used even in the simplest actions of human life.
  • It is among dystopic editing elements in societies played with viruses or genetic constructs.
  • As the dystopic elements described above are known to be constructed by themselves, distopods can be created at different and extreme points in the way that two or more different elements are brought together and assembled (technological element, political element, etc.).


  • For example; 1984 (George Orwell), Fahrenheit 451 (Ray Bradbury) and Brave New World (Aldous Huxley) are the basic building blocks of dystopian fiction literature.
Author: wik Date: 4:17 pm
History, Philosophy and Religion

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