Disease or dignity is the name given to a specific abnormal situation that leads to discomfort, trouble and dysfunction that occurs in the body or mind. The term is used in a broad sense to cover injuries, disabilities, syndromes, symptoms and abnormal types of normal structure and function. However, in different contexts, these concepts fall into different categories and the concept of disease can not be used to replace them.
“Disease” according to another definition; “The state of deterioration of health by the occurrence of some changes in organism, discomfort, bull, nausea, illness“.
The scientist who studies scars is the pathologist. The science that deals with the systematic classification of diseases is nosology. If it is a scientific discipline covering a broader area dealing with humanity’s rituals and their treatment, quit. Many similar (and even the same) situations and processes affect animals as well; Veterinarian of the science department who affects the ridiculars affecting animals. Except for animals and humans, as with any organism, plants can be affected and damaged by various processes and situations; Such as infection, food insufficiency, or harmful mutations. Scientific plant pathology that affects the dignity that affects plants.
Transmission of Disease – Contagiousness and Epidemiology
Some rituals are contagious and can be transmitted through various mechanisms – they can be transmitted; Such as influenza, small droplets from coughs, bites of insects or other vectors, or contaminated water or foods that carry dignity.
Other diseases are not contagious, such as cancer and heart failure, because they do not occur because of an infection, even if the microorganisms have any role.
Epidemiology is a medical discipline that examines the spread of diseases and epidemics, and determines the various factors that influence disease spread. In addition, epidemiologists try to develop methods to control and prevent the spread of rituals. Epidemiological studies can be described as endemic, epidemic, or pandemic, depending on the extent of the consequences.
Endemic defines a dignity that always exists within a population. Epidemic can be described as a ritual that spreads rapidly, suddenly and unexpectedly, and affects many people. However, the term does not cover any previously predictable increases; For example, the increase in influenza cases in the winter is not epidemically defined. Pandemics define diseases that affect large numbers of people, such as a continent or the entire world, in very large areas. Measles, tuberculosis, chickenpox, tetanus, malaria, typhoid, typhus are among these.
Different uses of the term
In biology, a disease word is used to describe the functioning of an organism and any abnormal conditions that damage its mission.
Today, the word of illusion is metaphorically used to denote anything irregular, dysfunctional or distressing; Like “community disease“. In addition, in some languages, the word for illness is metaphorically used to mean “extreme indulgence and passion“; “Cleaning disease.” as.
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