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  • What does diplomacy mean?
  • Diplomacy implies that problems in foreign policy are resolved through peaceful means and negotiations. The diplomat or diplomatic representative refers to the persons and institutions involved in this process. The Kadesh Treaty of Hittites is the first written diplomatic document known in history.
  • The diplomacy appears to have emerged during the period when social organizations have begun to be seen. Nicolson notes that the origins of his diploma must be sought in agreements to determine the boundaries of hunting areas among different groups of people. Up to one hundred percent diplomacy is unilateral and non-continuing. This is called ad hoc diplomacy.


  • Types of Diplomacy;
  • Bilateral diplomacy,
  • Multiple diplomacy,
  • Conference diploma,
  • Parliamentary diplomacy,
  • It differs as a peak diploma.


  • Diplomats are present in another country to represent their country in the political, military, arts, business and trade spheres and to apply diploma. During a war, the state withdraws all diplomats, bureaucrats, ambassadors and ambassadors in the enemy state.


  • Diplomacy in antiquity
  • The “diploma“, which means folded leaf, document, appeared in ancient Greece and passed on to other languages. There are several reasons for the development of diplomacy in the ancient Greek world. At the beginning of these reasons is the fact that the interstate system consists of many actors in close relation with each other and intensifies diplomatic relations.
  • Throughout the history of ancient Greece, no power or block, except for very short periods, was able to exercise full dominance over the other powers, and the system maintained its very actor-like structure. In this context, the first organizations emerged among the states. These troops, called the “Amphictyonic League“, which saw some of the problems that emerged in the Greek world, opened the way for organization and regulation among the Greek states – both general and permanent.


  • Open diplomacy
  • Secret diplomacy is a diplomatic understanding that is put forward as a reaction. According to this understanding, the rights and responsibilities of the parties involved in diplomatic negotiations must be presented to the information and control of the public. The greatest reaction to secret diplomacy came from US President W. Wilson. At the end of the “Four Points” he published at the end of the Great War, he put forward the principle of “open negotiations“.






  • There are two main ways that can influence the development of this diplomatic understanding. Firstly, in general, the development of the boundaries of participatory democracy has increased both the control and directing of parliaments of the masses and governments, and the opening of the message transmission channels, which affects the administrations through the organizations of the various pressure groups, has been compulsory at a certain level. Secondly, the expansion of the types of diplomacy, which is not so easy to conduct in secret, such as conference diplomacy and parliamentary diplomacy, has made the open diplomacy inevitable.


  • The main aim of such diplomacy is to try to prevent two or more states from negotiating secretly between themselves and preparing an action for the fundamental rights and powers of another state. However, it has been intensively transformed since the last war into the closed or secret diplomacy method, which is considered a shame in the period between the two world wars.


  • Secret diplomacy
  • One of the most distinctive features of diplomacy in the European diplomacy of the 17th and 19th centuries was its secrecy. This secrecy often lasted for a certain time, as the diplomacy activity, usually carried out by European Monarchs themselves or through their special representatives, was secret. In other words, this type of diplomacy, also called palace diplomacy, was carried out in closed form with every stage. Thus, the people of a region could later learn that they were sometimes dominated by another state.


  • The most important reaction to such diplomacy came from the idealistic US President Woodrow Wilson. Wilson spoke of open conventions to be reached through open negotiations, at the forefront of the famous “Fourteen Points” he published in the late World War I. Indeed, the development of democracy in the 20th century has become more “open” in that diplomacy has become more and more a part of the increasing participation of the popular masses in the problems of governance.
Author: wik Date: 5:46 pm

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