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Pardus (Linux) and Windows Operating System

 

  • Differences between Pardus (Linux) and Windows Operating System
  • Let’s examine the differences between Pardus and Windows ..

 

  • File structure
  • On Linux systems, folders start with the root directory “/”. Files with similar properties are collected under a folder. For example, under the home directory, the user’s configuration files and personal information and documents are found in the root folder under the root user’s files. Since each user’s configuration files are kept in their own units, the files belonging to a user are damaged and other users are not affected.
  • Windows also starts with a C volume that contains system files. The user creates a diskette D to group and host personal data. The fact that system configuration files are the same on all Windows systems is actually a major security breach.

 

    pardus

  • Record book
  • On Windows, the registry, which holds application settings, hardware information, and much more, is not available on Linux. In Linux, applications keep their own settings under users. Therefore, there is no database in Linux that requires cleaning. An important security inconvenience has already been lifted.

 

  • Applications and Package Manager Concept
  • In order to install a program on Windows, you usually need to find and download its installation package from the internet. On many Linux systems you do not have to deal with it. The Package Manager (Synaptic PY, Software Center) offers you a centralized control area where you can navigate, download, and remove applications.
  • On Windows, you will have to install the add-ons separately with the application many times in the installation. Especially the records you have created in the registry, the setting files that you have set will slow down the system after a while. It actually affects security in part. Applications running in places that your computer does not know get attention in the virus program. Virus programs and firewalls come into daylight. Linux does not have unnecessary files in the system because it is removed with all attachments as it is in the case of uninstalling applications.

 

  • Interchangeable Interfaces
  • There has not been a big change in the Windows operating system interface for a long time. Even if a new stream is started with Windows 8, Linux is doing it for a long time. On Linux, the interface is completely separate from the core system, and you can change your interface environment without having to worry about loading it all over again. You can search for some commonly used interfaces such as KDE, Gnome, and Cinnamon.

 

    pardus 2

  • Command Terminal
  • Windows, the majority of which are visuals, do not have too many operations on the command line. For the user it is a great advantage. In Linux you will have more work with commands than Windows. Most users are therefore away from Linux systems. There is even the assumption that commanders will work with commands and hackers will work with commands. But the user entering the command line will feel that the computer is the administrator of the computer itself.

 

  • Driver Settings
  • PCs with Windows are so widespread that driver developers are more focused on Windows. This advantage, however, makes it advantageous to set up individual hardware drivers after operating system installation. After Windows 7, this problem is partially over.
  • On Linux systems, there are mostly drivers inside. With very low probability you may encounter a video card problem. Some hardware manufacturers do not produce drivers for Linux. If you want to use Linux you should investigate the hardware support.

 

  • Self-understanding
  • The users who will benefit most from Linux are the types of users who are open to navigation, learning and experimentation. The Linux environment requires you to have such an understanding.
  • Because Windows is a closed box, it is preferred by users who know how to fit in and are not too open to change.

 

  • Security
  • As we mentioned in the file structure heading, we assign setting files to different places such as the registry of the Windows computer. If these settings are not deleted with the program, these files will exhaust the antivirus program and the firewall unnecessarily. This will force you to purchase formulations or cleaning programs. In the future you will need to install a virus program and a firewall. And the coexistence of all users’ tuning files will affect the whole system in terms of possible security.
  • There are not enough viruses written for Linux due to Hedefte windows. The biggest advantage of Linux systems is user-based allocation of configuration files. For this reason, the problem that occurs in a user system does not affect the other system. That’s why big systems use Linux.

 

  • Speed
  • Linux uses a technology known as Swap Space. This swap area is usually used twice as hard as RAM memory. This means that when the RAM memory is not enough, this area goes into effect, allowing the system to stay on for a long time. Also, according to the interface you use (KDE, Gnome, Cinnamon, Lxde, Xcfe ..) does not require a lot of hardware. Changes in the core do not feel too much hardware, and you already have a choice of speeds with more than one interface.
  • Windows also warns when the RAM is not enough. The system becomes unusable. In the first stage reset (reboot) the next step is the need for format (Re-Installation) and every new system needs new hardware. Because virus programs and firewalls are always active, they will not let you have all of your hardware already.

 

  • Cost
  • win os

  • Linux systems have the General Public License that you can see on the internet as GPL, GNU. This language has 4 basic items;
  • 0: Freedom to use the program unlimitedly.
  • 1: Examine how the program works and the freedom to change it for the purpose.
  • 2: Freedom to distribute copies of the program unlimitedly.
  • 3: Freedom to distribute the modified version of the program.
  • Your mind may come up with a question, “Where do you make money?” The general approach is not to make money from the software, but to make money from processes such as installation, training, management and writing additional modules. In Windows, almost all steps will cost you. System framework is fee. Piracy is quite common.

 

 

 

  • Licensing
  • As mentioned in the heading of cost, General Public License (GPL) is the common licensing model of linux systems. Many applications are licensed with this licensing model. You can use many applications in this way with peace of mind.
  • Licensing is required for operating systems on Windows as well as licensing on programs. Although they are trial versions, they do not satisfy the user. The user is pushing the corsair.

 

  • Support
  • There is an official support site for Windows. Because the presence on the market is large, you can find information on personal pages and commercial pages.
  • Linux distributions have their own sites. You can also find documents on personal sites. Pardus is also available as an institutional [http://www.pardus.org.tr] forum as well as [http://www.pardus.net.tr]. Since the settings for a linux system are mostly compatible with others, you can also get help from other Linux distributions’ sites.

 

  • Market share
  • The market share of Windows is quite high because of the policies it carries out. For example, by default, every newly released computer hosts Windows-derived systems. Some computer manufacturers know that this is an opportunity to install and price users inadvertently.
  • Linux systems are more commonly known as government-run projects. For example, Pardus is confidently pursuing a growing market share targeting both the Fatih project and state installations with the 2013 (March) Enterprise release.

 

  • Installation Time
  • Computers become ready in 3 steps. Installing the operating system takes between 10 and 20 minutes on Linux systems. It installs the hardware drivers during this time. In many applications it is loaded again within this time. So in a short time all these steps are completed. The dimensions of the applications are lower than Windows.
  • Windows completes the installation in 20 minutes to an hour. Things that later take users’ time to introduce hardware drivers and install personal and system applications. The number of programs loaded on it is low.

 

  • System Requirement
  • The system requirement is considerably lower when you think that there are linux versions that fall by 100 MB. You can find and install the appropriate version for your system. There are nearly 200 Linux versions worldwide  worldwide. In short, there is no lower limit on system requirements. The upper limit is up to you.
  • System requirements for Windows systems are also shared on official sites. For example, for Windows 7 systems;
  • * 1 gigahertz (GHz) or faster 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit (x64) processor
  • * 1 gigabyte (GB) of RAM (32 bit) or 2 GB of RAM (64 bit)
  • * 16 GB (32 bit) or 20 GB (64 bit) available hard disk space
  • DirectX 9 graphics device 2 with WDDM 1.0 or later driver also changes and increases the system requirements for each loaded module and program. For example some games and programs may require a graphics card compatible with DirectX10 or higher for best performance.

 

  • Disc Usage and Needs
  • The Pardus operating system needs at least 8 GB of free disk space. You can allocate 15-20 GB for application installation. Linux systems do not allocate any extra disk space because it also displays your Windows disks (file system ntfs, fat, fat32 ..) and allows data exchange.
  • Windows 7 needs at least 25 GB of disk space. It will be useful to use a different field to store your data. Already, most computer users create a D unit with the exception of the C disk. They keep their personal data in this area. However, if the system files are kept in the C unit, you will not be able to reach a disturbance in this unit.

 

  • Game
  • Because of the market share and the policies it carries out, a large majority of the games on the market are suitable for Windows. Gaming companies also produce games based on Windows to keep them on the market. For this reason, you do not suffer from Windows in game play.
  • You can also play games on Linux systems. In general, gamers who are thinking of using Linux have a question, “Can I play games I play in Windows in Linux?” Actually we can say yes and no. We can especially recommend the PlayOnLinux application. In fact, the main reason is that the registry on Windows is not a counter system. If this basic problem is removed in the meantime, many applications will run on Linux as Wine application runs exe applications.

 

  • If we consider the differences between Linux systems and Windows as a Pardus user,
  • * It’s free. You can obtain the Pardus Operating system from [http://www.pardus.org.tr].
  • * Free and GPL (General Public License) is licensed and can be distributed easily.
  • * A large majority of programs written for Linux are free. You will not be charged for using them, you will not waste your time searching for Crack and Serial.
  • * Linux systems are open source code. Open source code, not danger, trust. You can change the content as you like and you can almost modify it according to your needs.
  • * Not at the target of Hackers. It is even said that hackers also use linux distributions.
  • * There is a lot of software in kernel (system kernel). That is, after installation, the driver is not involved in the installation. He recognizes all your equipment.
  • * Provides testing on your computer before installation. These systems are called working systems. Pardus has introduced the system that is running in March 2013 enterprise version. That is, the installation is started through the running system.
  • * Installation is fast, takes between 10 and 20 minutes. There is no very detailed installation. Many settings are made by the user does not leave need.
  • * The boot loader (GRUB) installed in the installation recognizes all the operating systems in the computer and presents to the user at boot.
  • * Allows access to your Windows disks after installation.
  • * Windows applications do not recognize the applications of Linux systems. For example, Microsoft Office applications do not recognize documents created with Libreofis. The free software product Libreofis recognizes both Microsoft Office documents and also allows you to save these files (doc, docx etc.).
  • * When it is detected that any system is open, this is turned off as soon as possible.
  • * You will not deal with viruses. Because the vast majority of viruses are prepared to work in Windows. So you are not affected by viruses. Viruses written for Windows will not work on Linux.
  • * Since there is no virus, you do not need to install anti-virus. There are also anti-virus programs running on Linux. But their aim is not to delete the virus that infects Linux. For example; Some of them are connected to each other and some of them get your network system installed on Linux. If Windows is infected with viruses, anti-virus programs in Linux will help you to remove them.
  • * There are viruses written for Linux even though there is no possibility of virus infection on the system. But these are very few compared to Windows. Suppose you have two different users on your system. If the other user system detects a virus, the virus only affects that user account. Your account is not affected by the virus.
  • * Some software comes with installation. You will not deal with setup. (Eg Gimp, the image editing program)
  • * Flexible, you can create your own settings by interfering with the configuration files. Visuality is higher than Windows. Especially you can search the KDE interface.
  • * You can have more than one interface on the same system. Cinnamon, Gnome, KDE, Lxde, Xcfe … You can choose the desktop interface you want when you open the system, you can use a different interface for each session.
  • * It happens frequently on the system. This makes it a system in which you always use the most stable versions of programs that you have both exploited and used.
  • * Updates are updated in the applications as well as in the system. You do not have to update each application separately.
  • * If a program you are using is locked or installed, the entire system is not affected. That is, if the problem is in which program, only that program is installed.
  • * When you install each program, you can not reboot. You will only reboot in the kernel (the kernel of the system).
  • * Applications are grouped in Package Managers (Synaptic Package Manager, Software Center, etc.). You do not have to search for applications on the Internet.
  • * The application you want to install is installed with all the requirements. You do not have to search for the plugin separately.
  • * Removing installed applications is as simple as loading them. And it is removed along with all dependencies.
  • * The place where the applications are installed does not show the user, does not allow intervention. It does not throw a settings file every time, like on Windows. When the application is uninstalled, the setting files are deleted together.
  • * The system requirements of some of the interfaces are very low. The computers you can not use are sunny. Lxde, Xcfe are very low-running interfaces. You can see operating systems on the market at sizes as low as 100 MB.
  • * If an app uses an app with the app version of another app, it will not install both apps separately. Upper version uses both applications, applications do not take up space on your disc.
  • * File sizes of applications are lower than Windows.
  • * Although the need for internet access is high, the necessities and commands provided by the package managers and the system requirements are accommodated in a file so that necessary requirements can be reduced from the systems with internet access and necessary updates can be made in the system with limited access.
  • * Installation can be done on external disks and USB disks. This allows a portable operating system.
  • * Click-to-download operating systems (such as Kubuntu) on Windows, such as Exe, have also become widespread. You will soon see this feature in many Linux distributions.
  • * Your harddisk for installation does not take up much space. Pardus needs a disk volume of at least 8 GB.
  • * Uses swap technology. In other words, when the memory is not good enough, it uses a hard disk. So when the RAM starts to fill up, some of the operations will be shifted to the swap area so that you can take advantage of the RAM for a long time. Sudden computer shutdown when data is full of RAM causes data loss. Swap technology has delayed the filling of this out-of-memory RAM.
  • * You can explore the operating system while the operating system installation is in progress. You can browse the internet, you can also evaluate this short time.
  • * The application developed for a different Linux system can be integrated into other Linux systems.

 

  • Let’s look at the Windows side. What is Windows different from Linux?
  • * Sold with money.
  • * The area belongs to the person because it is sold with money. It can not be distributed in any way.
  • * It is not safe. You need extra effort to ensure security. It is a system that hackers prefer to attack.
  • * When it is detected that any system is open, this open is not closed in a short time. The openings are shut down in the form of a service pack (long-term and collective). A very important deficit is closed shortly.
  • * Erase the settings of other systems while activating their own boot loader settings. For this reason, it does not allow the use of a second system (except Windows).
  • * Requires more space for installation than linux systems (Windows 7 requires at least 25 GB space)
  • * There is no possibility to test before installation. You can find out if your hardware supports it by accessing it after installation or by conducting research before installation. Hardware and software lower limit is shared in the official site. For example: For Windows Seven (7), you can visit [http://windows.microsoft.com/en-US/windows7/products/system-requirements].
  • * Does not allow any interference during installation. You can read books during installation.
  • * Many programs update themselves. It takes time to receive data from different sites and security problems may arise.
  • * Virus, spyware, trojan, such as danger will keep you busy.
  • * You have to use anti-virus program. Firewall is also required for your installation system.
  • * Some basic software does not come with the installation. After installation you have to install every single piece of software (like Microsoft Office Programs).
  • * The installation files of the software are in one piece. You run and run the Exe file.
  • * Some programs written for Windows are free and some are not free.
  • * If a program you use is locked or installed, it will be affected entirely by the system. If the mouse freezes, and even Alt + Ctrl + Delete (Task Manager) does not work, then the restart path appears.
  • * If you install many programs you need to restart it.
  • * Programs are not listed or in a specific environment (no package manager concept).
  • * If you want to install a program, you may need to provide them if you need an extension.
  • * Programs that you have installed in the program uninstall process can not be uninstalled. Your computer will gradually start to weigh down and fill up with unnecessary files. You must delete these files from the individual system or obtain programs that perform this function.
  • * Installs the settings files to different locations of the computer while installing the program. When the program is uninstalled, all files of the program are not deleted.
  • * Windows is closed source code. You can not make changes as you like. You can not design your own system.
  • * System requirement is high. It is very difficult to run Windows 7 on an Xp computer. Sometimes it is impossible.
  • * Especially on newly released computers, switching from BIOS to UEFI makes use of the second operating system difficult.

 

  • Linux systems have no bad side at all! Of course, let’s talk about these problems last. Classical Problems of Linux Systems;
  • * The support of some of the hardware manufacturers is limited.
  • * Commercial Software Manufacturers support is small.
  • * To install the software you have to be mostly connected to the internete. You install the software on the internet. But sometimes only a single exe file on Windows is sufficient for installation.
  • * Every game you play on Windows will not work on Linux. Windows applications can be installed on Pardus with PlayOnLinux and Wine. But you have to try it yourself.
  • * Not a system known by everyone. Some people think of linux as an operating system. I even have a program built on top of Windows.
  • * There is a prejudice that people can only use Linux, knowledgeable or system administrators.
  • * Always think of processing by writing commands. Partly right, sometimes the command is faster, practical and logical.
  • * Think that Linux is more difficult to use than Windows does.
  • * Laziness. They think it’s unnecessary to waste time learning a new system.
  • * Some of the hurdles can arise when the majority are volunteer software developers. Government-supported and supported Linux systems are drawing a more stable picture in this regard. Pardus has demonstrated this commitment and continues to demonstrate.

 

 

Pardus (Linux) and Windows Operating System
Author: wik Date: 12:52 am
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