- What is Cynicism?
- Cynicism is the teaching of Sofist Gorgias and later of Antisthenes, a student of Socrates. For this reason the cynic school is regarded as one of the Socrates school. Antisthenes, BC In the 4th century, Kynosarges established a school called Gymnasion. For this, the Kinetic School is said to have been built from the word of the king. The name Kynik is derived from the “kyon” which means old dog in Greek. The rationale for this is that the school representatives are putting a doggy life on them, and people are accustomed to this name because they are as aggressive and aggressive as a dog.
- The basic philosophical positions of the cynics are shaped by their indifferent attitudes and critical approaches to the values of civilization at the time. Cynics in ancient Greece believe that religions and state-respected institutions are unnecessary and unnatural. The cynics think that the tendencies of human beings are not natural, that they have a compulsory relationship with them and that they are good because they are in need of others. In addition, the attractiveness of the material riches of luxury, the goal of abundance, turning the goodness of the bad is the choice of evil.
- Cynicism, BC An ending “way out” of the individual who, in the 4th century, sees despair in the face of the social, political, cultural corruption and disorder in the Greek City states and seeks a basis to make sense of his life; .
- Diogenes is the real name that gives femininity. It is reported that Diogenes lived in a barrel, stripping away from all her needs. He gave Alexander the Great an example of his life by responding “I do not want to give shade to another.” He replied, “Yes, it was crowded, but people were very few,” he replies, asking if there is a crowd on the way back to the Olympic games, saying “I called people, not jesters“, picking up people around me when they shouted “Hey people” These behaviors are the past of cynical thinking.
- Sinful thinking was also taken up by the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. Nietzsche “I found life among the people more dangerous among the animals than in life” and “I saw where I was living, I wanted to have power there; Even at the request of the proclamation, I saw the desire to be a master, and where there is a glimpse of self-sacrifice, service, and love, there is a will to be master. ” Nietzsche described his insecurity with these words and the cynic point of view that man made for the sake of all things interests.
- Unlike today’s cynics, which are portrayed as victims of society, the first cynics have intentionally acquired a philosophy of cynicism. The ancient Greek cynics frequently attacked those who did not pursue their virtues mercilessly, desiring high ethical and moral standards. However, in modern times, cynics have little use in showing a strong commitment to ethical and moral principles, and instead seek to keep away from the evils of power and manipulation they believe society supports. Today’s cynics show a sense of disenchantment and withdrawal, depending on the frustrations they experience when it comes to influencing social change.
- The point common to both old cynics and modern cynics is hopelessness. The old cynics have a system that they can not beat and have no hope of defeating; They were fighting society. Modern cynics are either cognizant of the personality of the person or cognizant of the community living on them, and have no hope of development and change in the same way.
- (Picture on Bottom of page: diogenes)