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- What is the Culture?
- Culture is a term with different meanings.
- Culture as a concept of human beings is a system of meaning and importance created in history. It is a system of beliefs and customs that a group of people use in order to organize, organize and organize their individual and collective lives.
- Sociologically, culture is a social heritage that we learn from people who surround us. There are two processes in the formation of a culture; In the first period people are in a passive and receptive position. He lives in a certain geographical environment, where he needs nutrition and housing. This premise relationship established with nature, that is, the information, language, behaviors, and material production and consumption tools that are brought in the direction of needs, comes out as the first step in creating a cul- ture. In the second stage, the human purchaser starts to produce and produce from the position; That is, as an active and active force in the living environment.
- This process was limited to the creation of the first instruments and accelerated with the Neolithic Age. Accumulation with culture is a component of an increasing social structure. Increasingly, each generation inherits cultural and spiritual contributions to the culture and inherits it to the later ones.
- For individuals, the ability to judge, delight and criticize is developed through learning and experience. The culture word is used to describe the information the individual acquires.
- Culture Etymology
- The culture word comes from Latin culturadan. Cultura is derived from Colere, meaning to build, process, decorate, look. For example, the Romans called ‘agrarian cultura’ for ‘pasture processing’.
- The concept of cultures
- Cultures are an adjective regarding the concept of culture. When used alone, culture is more or less the whole of human life. The concept of cultures is at the forefront of cult formation. Business culture, drug culture, political, and cultural terms are used for the beliefs and customs that control the interests of life, including the conceptualization, restraint, structuring and regulating forms of life.
- Cultural processes
- Cultural processes, such as culture, are conceptual tools and tools of social anthropology. Cultural processes are five according to their formation.
- Enculturation, or passive cultivation, is the process by which individuals learn the requirements of the cultures they live in, the norms of behavior and value judgments. The effects that shape, limit or direct the individual in this process consist of parents, other adults and peers. If culturing is successful, it results in proficiency on the ground, in value judgments and in logical rituals.
- Culturans have a relationship with socialization. In some academic fields, socialization means intentional shaping of the individual. In some areas, the word socialization includes both intentional and informal cultures.
- Interaction of two or more cultures is subject to change in the end result. Examples of cultural processes include:
- Sushi is popular in Europe
- Learning a new language
- Changing one’s accent after migrating one time
- Cultural extension
- The material or spiritual culture that emerges in a culture is spread to other cultures around the world.
- Culture shout
- Individuals participating in a culture environment other than their own cultural environment are depressed and incompatible.
- Cultural assimilation
- Cultural assimilation is the period in which the secondary group, mother tongue, and culture are deprived by the dominant group of cultures. For example;
- Occupant a society prevents the occupation of the cultural rituals of the occupied society and instead imposes them on the cultural rituals of a society, causing society b to become acculturated.
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