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Charcot Marie Tooth (CMT)

  • Charcot Marie Tooth (CMT) disease, How is an illness?
  • Charcot Marie Tooth disease, in short, CMT is a hereditary neurological disorder. The name is taken from three doctors who describe the disease. His disease was discovered in 1886 in Paris. Jean Martin Charcot and his student, Dr. Pierre Marie and Dr. Henry Tooth in England. This disease is a hereditary disorder and can affect both movement and sensory nerves.
  • The peroneal muscles are the first to be affected by the disease, which helps lift the foot down the front of the lower leg calf.


  • What are the Cmt symptoms?
  • If we count the symptoms of the disease; Is the weakness and weakness of the foot and lower leg calf. The patient walks with low or high steps, the foot is raised, the toes are deformed and the hammer can become a finger, the ankle can suffer from sensation and movement loss. Sometimes the disease can also be seen without these deformities. The patient may be stuck and fallen, sometimes it is because the body of this stumbling block is clumsy. In advanced pauls, thinning may occur in the muscles in the hands, resulting in a loss of fine motor skills. People think they are inattentive and vicious, because they constantly lower something from their hands and can not collect small items they drop at the same time. Though deformities are invisible, they affect and weaken the hand. Standing for a patient with CMT would like to cling to something tough. The lack of reflexes and weakness help doctors make a diagnosis.
  • The symptoms vary from patient to sick. Some patients have difficulty walking because they need a helping hand. Although the disease is not a disease that threatens human life, it rarely affects respiratory muscles.






  • How to Diagnose:
  • During the physical examination, the neurologist checks whether the patient is walking, has a high level of foot curvature, hand and foot deformity, thinning on the arms and legs. To control the senses, the sensory control test is performed with a pin and a piece of cotton. To measure the reflexes, the reflex is pulled and measured with a diaphragm. The patient is then asked to undergo blood and urine testing to distinguish other diseases mimicking CMT. As a result, make a definite diagnosis. CMT is a disease that has not yet been treated. By doing non-exhaustive exercises suggested by physiotherapists, muscle strength is tried to be protected as much as possible.


  • CMT Typing:
  • The disease is divided into types CMT1, CMT2, CMT3, CMT4 and CMTX.
  • CMT 1: The nerve sheath is affected. There is low nerve conduction velocity, no ankle, knee and wrist reflexes. It is divided into subgroups within itself.
  • CMT2: Nerve cell disorder. The starting age is later, the reflexes are slow or absent.
  • CMT3: Starts in infancy
  • CMT4: causes gait loss during puberty, symptoms are severe.
  • CMTX: linked to the X chromosome.
Charcot Marie Tooth (CMT)
Author: wik Date: 2:05 pm

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