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  • What is asia?
  • Asia, east of Europe, west of the Great Ocean, north of Oceania, and south of the Arctic Ocean. This greek term by the historian Herodotus was used for the first time to describe today’s Salihli Plain and later Gediz Basin. While describing the riches of Sardis, this city was described as the capital of Asia. Over time, the Asian Peninsula was first used for the entire territory of the peninsula, up to China and Mongolia (with the discoveries of Marko Polo).
  • Asia area is 44,579,000 km² (17,212,000 sq mi)
  • Asia Population 3,879,000,000
  • Asia Density 89 / km² (226 / sq mi)
  • Asia Countries 47
  • As part of the Old World land mass, Asia is the world’s largest continent with a surface area of ​​44 391 163 km². At the same time, it is the world’s highest with an average increase of 1 010 m. This rise of Asia; Owed to the Himalayan Mountains, which have the world’s highest peaks.
  • Asia is 8 490 km wide in the north-south direction. To the north of the continent is the Buru foreland (1 ° 14’17 “N parallel) on the southernmost Malacca Peninsula, while the Çelyuskin foreland (77 ° 42 ’55” N parallel) is located in Russia. If we are based on the Islands, Severneya is 10 245 km between Zemlya Island (81 ° 16 ’23 “N parallel) and Indonesia’s Rudi Islands (11 ° 00′ 19″ S Parallel).
  • The special position of the land is; Asia is limited to the North Ice Sea from the north. It is separated from the North East by a 100 km wide Bering Strait which is a shallow sea from the United States.
  • The continent is bounded by the Great Ocean in the east. However, on the coastal openings are the islands and the islands forming the parts of the north-south oriented mountains rising from the ocean floor over the water. Here; Aleut, Japan, Bonin and Marian, and the island and team island gorges in the western part of a line called “Andesite Line” belong to the Asian mainland.
  • The southeastern border of the continent is a bit confused, and the line between the Sunda Islands and the Arafura Sea can be regarded as the border. The continent is bounded by the Indian Ocean from the south.
  • The western border between Asia and Eastern Europe is a rather controversial issue. For example, although Anatolia Asia is not accepted, it is more similar to the southern part of Europe, and the Eastern Europe Plain is similar to the northern part of Asia. Although many researchers argue different opinions in this regard, the most accepted limit is; Ural Mountains, Ural River, Manic Lodge, Black Sea, Bosphorus, Aegean Sea, Mediterranean, Suez Canal and Red Sea. Though Anatolia and the Caucasus, which are east of this line, are counted from Asia, Thrace is included in Europe.
  • The various greatest in the world are gathered in Asia. Asia; It is the largest of the continents (44 391 163 km²) and the one with the highest average elevation (1 010 m). In addition, the world’s highest peak (Everest hill, 8 848 m), the largest lake (Hazar Lake or Sea), the deepest lake (Baykal Lake), the lowest sea level in the world (Lake Lut, lake surface -392 m) The world’s lowest basin (Turfan Basin -154 m) is located in Asia.
  • Asia; With a population of over 3.5 billion people, it is the most populous continent in the world. The most populous country in the world, China (1 284 303 705 people, estimated 2002) is located in this continental Europe. It is also the birthplace of Asian religions. Among Semali religions, all three religions of Islam, Christianity and Judaism have emerged in the Middle East. Buddhism and Hinduism, both of which appeal to large masses, are religions of Asian origin. Asia is also one of the five civilizations. Turkish, Persian, Arabian, Chinese and Indian civilizations have been living in this continent for thousands of years. Over 100 languages ​​are spoken on the continental shelf. People living in the east of the continent are yellow, in the southern islands black and in the rest of them are white people.
  • Asian Economy
  • An official from the Chinese Ministry of Commerce gave a briefing on the economic development between China and Asian countries in 2008, at a press conference. The official said:
  • “Since the beginning of 2008, the economic growth of the world has been constantly increasing, and Asian economies have faced unprecedented challenges in history.
  • At the beginning of 2008, wheat prices increased by 140 percent and rice prices rose by 80 percent. Influenced by these factors, the inflation rate in Asian countries was 2-3 times that of developed countries. According to estimates of the Asian Development Bank, the average inflation rate of Asian countries in 2008 was 7.8 percent. This rate has reached the highest level in the last 10 years. Inflation has caused political turmoil in some countries, as well as harming the economic stability of the region. China, Vietnam and India have experienced huge fluctuations in their stock markets. Apart from the few countries in which China and Japan are located, the value of the money of other Asian countries against the US dollar has fallen considerably. Trade deficits increased in India, the Republic of Korea and Vietnam.
  • Nonetheless, Asia’s overall economic situation is still good. Countries have taken effective measures. Asian economies will generally keep growing. According to estimates of the World Monetary Fund, the economic growth rate of Asia in 2008 was 6.2 percent.
  • Asia Climate and Vegetation
  • It is best to divide the Asian continent, which has all kinds of climate, into four climatic zones. These; North and Northeast Asia, Central Asia, South and Southeast Asia and the Mediterranean and Equatorial regions. The North Ice Sea and the Arctic, north of the continent, have completely affected the region’s climate. The sea is frosty except for a few weeks of your life. The rivers can only run for two to three months in the summer. He’s in frost the rest of the time.
  • In the northern Siberian region, the temperature falls to -50 degrees in winter and in summer it reaches 15 degrees in the warmest season. Immediately after the North, Central Asia has a hard land climate. Temperatures of the Tibetan Plateau are very high in the region where the Himalaya and other mountain sililes are located. Another characteristic of the land climate is the lack of precipitation. South and Southeast Asia has abundant rainy temperate monsoon climate.
  • The precipitation varies according to the seasons, and the greatest effect in rains is the monsoon winds blowing from the sea to the land. Exactly the opposite direction in winter, monsoon winds blowing from land to sea cause the Japanese islands to rain abundantly as they pass through Japan, crossing the sea from India.
  • Temperate Mediterranean climate prevails in the regions on the Mediterranean coast in Asia Minor. This area, which is very hot in summer, is mild and rainy in winter. In the islands in the equatorial region, the equatorial climate with an average temperature of 27 ° C is dominant throughout the year. The warmest region of Asia is Arabia and Iraq. In Baghdad, the temperature goes up to 50 degrees in the summer.
  • As in every direction, there are big differences in precipitation. The average precipitation is zero in the northwest deserts. Cava, Sumatra, Borneo islands and Burmese in the south-east of the rainfall average of 3000 millimeters passes. The Mediterranean coast usually has plenty of precipitation in the winter months. In India and Burmese, there is frequent winter drought from behind the rains during the summer season.
  • In regions where the dry season is long, the crop is planted only once a year. When there are no rains, the crop remains because it can not be planted. This is because of the inadequate rainfall in India and China, and there have been major shortages from time to time. In regions where the dry season is not long, crops can be collected twice a year.
  • Because the plant cover is naturally dyed, the vegetation of Asian continent also varies with its climate. Near the North Ice Sea, there is a vegetation cover consisting of moss and one or two kinds of plants, which are caused only by the melting of ice due to ice and cold. This type of plant cover, which is found in this plains region where no trees are found, is called “tundra”. To the south of the Tundra area is the area called Tayga. Oak, pine, spruce etc. This unforgettable wooded area, which has been formed from its trees, transcends the continent like a green belt from east to west. To the south of this Taiga region is the typical character of Central Asia, the steppe and desert strip. It is located on the southern border of this lane, with abundant trees in the Monsoon region of the Central Asian mountains. This is more of a coastal zone.
  • Asian Fauna Properties
  • There are abundant seals, seals, seabirds, polar bears and some seabirds on the North Sea coast. There are a large number of forest animals in Siberian forests such as reindeer, gray bear, wolf, fox, lynx, polar gnats, squirrels. In the steppes there are animals such as antelope, roe deer, horse, camel, field fares, mountain rats, quail, crouches, swallows, and sarcophagus. In the Central Asian desert, animals such as lizards, wild asses and desert owls live.
  • India and China are places where animals are abundant. But unfortunately, hunting without knowledge and without proper care has consumed most of the animal’s offspring, and most of the time it has caused it to become exhausted. Kaplan and panda are among the leading species of descendants. The jackal, the musk cat and the pharaoh fares are common. In India, monkeys, deer, roe deer, Indian rhinoceros, Indian fillets, eagles, peacocks, parrots, pheasants, foxes, cranes, herons, crocodiles, cobra snakes and komodo ejderi are the leading animal species. Monkey varieties fill in tropical regions. In Arabia, aphorisms are famous. The Arabian horse is the best breed of the world for this region, and it is precious.
  • Asian Mines
  • In Asia, which is very rich in terms of mines, all the mines are being extracted from the rare uranium in the world to the most abundant one. Oil in the Arabian Peninsula, Siberia and Tibet Plateau; In Siberia diamond, iron, oil, lead; In the east, gold, iron, manganese; In India, aluminum, mica, manganese, iron; In Pakistan and Afghanistan, chromium is the most important mineral.






Author: wik Date: 3:05 pm

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