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  • What is Aristocracy?
  • (Os.Aristotalisiyye, Fr. Aristotelisme, Aristotelismus, Aristotelianism).
  • Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle’s teachings, traveling


  • Aristotle was the first scientist thinker to criticize the system and to develop his system with this criticism after he collected and systematized all the philosophy before him, and then criticized them by the way of thinking towards the instrument (Yu Organon).


  • He is an expert of various terms used today, from politics to meteorology as well as being the founder of logic science. Encyclopedic genius has affected mankind for two thousand years. This has a long-term impact, rather than the role of Christianity in seeking an intellectual basis and finding in his system what he is seeking, its encyclopedic genius. These two millenniums, which lasted as far as the sun, lasted a very long time, including the scholastic period of the Middle Ages, under the absolute sovereignty of Aristotle. So much so that he has paid off his behavior with his life, which denies his least word.


  • The testimony of his works is considered sufficient for any argument to be proven. During this long history, the fact is that he said and wrote. As “philosopher,” he means “school,” his teaching, “science,” and his system.


  • The Arabs regarded him “the first teacher“. There is almost no science in which the age is not interested in a deep and broad conception of possibilities. The great physics of the 20th century merge with Einstein, thinking “Space and time can not be where there is no essence“. Today’s Gestalt psychology is based on its formality. Today’s mythology is still trying to stand on it.






  • He was born in the town of Stageira (near Thessaloniki) in Khalkidike. His father, Nikomakhos, was a private doctor of King Amyntas of Macedonia. At the age of thirteen he was sent to Athens as a student at the famous Academy of Plato. He studied there for twenty years before Plato’s death. After Plato’s death, Filip, the king of Macedonia, took him to Macedonia for his son, Iskander, to become a teacher. Then our teacher is thirty-three years old. After Alexander became king, Aristotle would return to Athens again and under no strong patronage until Alexander’s death, he would begin his scientific work without fear of any strength. He is now forty-six years old and has a life of thirteen years. In Athens, he builds a school in the Lykeion garden (334 BC). The teaching will be called traveling because he gives lessons by walking around the shady roads of the garden. Under the strongest patronage of Alexander the Great’s world, under the auspices of money, without knowing the distress of money, and without hearing right-left suspicion, a scientific he works in very happy conditions for life. After the death of Alexander the Great, the reactionary powers awaiting the ambush up to that day are immediately coming out of their hometowns, and they are driven out of it by irreligion (” classical crime). Aristotle has to escape from Athens and a year later he dies in the refuge of Euboia Khalkis. Humanity has thus lost the unique knowledge that it has not encountered since its first days and that it has not been able to encounter for a long time. However, this scholar accused of irreligion will keep the religion institution alive for two thousand years.


  • Aristotle is the first in modern sense. The collection of all information before him has separated, categorized, criticized, and attempted to integrate those who were nested. In particular, Prote Filosofia, later called Metaphysics, is a very successful summary of the history of philosophy that came to him from Thales and is the most reliable source. To seek a scientific way of thinking to measure the accuracy of the information they gather and try to pinpoint the rules of correct thinking, he gave the name of the organon, which means the instrument (the instruments of correct thinking). These correct thinking rules of Aristotle were later called logic. The logic, called formal or formal logic (Os. Suru logic), is these rules that Aristotle has identified. When young Aristotle was yet a Plato student in Akademia, he had three views (Yu Theoria) unimaginable to him; Man’s appearance (nature), man’s self-view (man), man’s invisible gaze (supernatural). Aristotle wanted to translate this primal look into the right view by looking for methodological tools: looking at the image from view (deductive “verification”) and looking at what is visible (induction “research”) … However, thought-natural dialectic. Science of that age was far behind the thinking.


  • Aristotle, the philosopher of this century, had to do his own art of reflection. This is the reason for the widespread scientific efforts of various sciences, from physics and physiology to meteorology and economics, compared to the times of the past. Physica, Fisika Akroasis, Peri Uranu, Peri Geneseos Khai Ftboras and also Fairy ta Zoa Historia, Peri Psikhes and so on. is the product of this effort. First Philosophy (Yu, Prote Filosofia) was born from these scientific studies and during these studies. It will no longer be the Idea of ​​Plato as the last and most advanced thought. Because Idea is in the innumerable real forms that appear – not outside the planet as he thinks – and peeled from those forms, and the wife is obtained by removing it from the words. Moreover, Plato implies the essence of these Idea’s objects, so how can the essence be separate from the formal object and out of it? It can not be a selfless form and a formless essence. The misconception of Plato is that it sees the essence that distinguishes real existence from real formal entities. So we have to look at what it looks like (induction, Epagogue Yu), but we have to look at what we see and do not look at it (deduction, Apapoge). Inductively we investigate and find Idea, now we have to put it in the correct place with deduction. Idea (abstract concept) is a tazza. (Os. Jehher), whereas every substance is an internal essence. Such a matter of course can not be Ozdek (Os.) (The compulsory wrongdoing of ancient Greek thought). This essence (Yu Ousia, Aristotle uses it to mean the substance and uses it instead of Idea) (Yu Eidos, Aristotle uses this to mean all of the qualities of the object) takes place. The shape that is the appearance of the object is also not the material. The first subject, Prote hyle, is formless, a form of power (Yu Dynamis, Aristotle uses it to mean it), and a form that makes him (Yusuf Energeia, Aristotle use it literally). Aristotle here presents a very brilliant concept with a unique sensation that transcends ages: Entelekeia (the cause of which is found in itself), is the reason why this formation (Yu Genesis) enacts (Yu Energia) movement (Os movement, Yu Kinesis) ) … Unfortunately, this concept does not deepen in the place where it needs to be fully deepened, as it is, in some places, empty-for example, to oppose the principle of “totally qualitative qualities” that denote democritus’s genius, It turns. It is now a whole research, induction. Such an induction that an infinitely empty field will rise up into the sky and will not be audited again with deduction. However, it is enough to mention Aristotle’s admirable grandeur in the scientific necessity of the age. In the final analysis, there are two concepts left to explain the truth that appears in the hands of Aristotle: Hyle (matter) and Eidos (form). fabric will be shaped like a pant, jacket, curtain, tablecloth. What are these first things? One thing they do not look like in the first place: they are obligatory before they can be without them. Ozdek is in the form of power (Os. Bilkuvve) (Aristotle is a purely materialist appearance with this thought that necessarily prioritizes essence). It will of course be fabric (material) which will be jacketed. The form is that the essence becomes energeia (the truth).


  • This is a kinesis (motion) work. Every matter is a dynamics (possibility), a kinesis is needed to make it energeia (real). So it must be such a movement that it must be found before itself and become the first protagonist (Proton kinoun). This first leverent is a form of noesis, a form of noesis (thinking of thought) and a single word of God (Yu theos). Here, Aristotle counts the qualities of the forms in detail with the teachings of the Almighty or the Teacher, reaching to the Almighty: Only eternity is pure conscience, consciousness of consciousness, self-care, self-exertation and others … However, here, an idea is further observed: In the final analysis, the matter is a matter and the same thing (Yu et al., 1986), XII, 3, 8, XII, 10, 8 (Metaphysics, VIII, ). Aristotle, at first glance, comes to this supreme and astonishing thought once again in his own righteous way of thinking, even though it seems to eventually unite with the Platonism of his opposition.
  • Every being, materiality and formality coexist. Because every form is the essence of the form at the higher stage than itself. Yarn is the shape according to the fabric, according to the patches on the back of the cotton or sheep in the field. The fabric is the shape according to the thread to which it is tied, the tie according to the jacket. This mandate is necessarily the result of every being, and in the meantime, of course, the material and form of the supreme being. From this it necessarily comes to the conclusion that even the supreme being has a material aspect. Aristotle insisted that in Metaphysics, the highest level of existence is the essence of being able to avoid this conclusion by adhering to the imperative of the age, after he has spoken to the essence of his own conscience, and after he has spoken of kai e morfe tauto.
  • After entering such speculation, there are intellectual assumptions that can not be proved for reasons: Forms are forms or pure forms are essenceless. In this way, he does not want anything, he does not do anything. It is not that the essence is devolving, the material moves to it because of its longing. It is not the one that really influences, it is this longing that affects. Ozdek is influenced by him because he misses him. He is self-sufficient, looks after himself, and thinks for himself. They do not interfere with objects and people, they do not draw their fate. Fate is drawn with the eagerness of it. So it is not a direct cause, but a cause therefore; direct causes, the essence is therefore caused by the longing of the cause.
  • There are four reasons why each exists. For example, there is a plan to bring the existence of a table to the square (planetary reason, Yu Hyle), constructive (causal reason, Arkhetes geneseos), plan (formal reason, Yu to Toidos) Yu to telos). It can be seen that the three causes outside the material cause are unified in the spirit unity with the idiosyncrasy. The matter and the soul then go round and round in the Aristotelian system. In Aristotle, the soul is identical to the form.


  • The body is the body, the form is the spirit. Spirit is three steps: Plant spirit, animal spirit, human spirit … Each step is the essence of a supernatural. The plants have only a spirit of assimilation and reproduction, the spirit of the animal is determined by the movement-will-sensation and added to the spirit of the plant, and the human soul, which is usable, includes all spirits before it. Plant spirit is the essence of animal form, animal spirit containing plant spirit is the essence of human form. At the base of these steps are the formless matter, top and matterless form. In its first configuration, which has long been realized in its form, it is manifested in four main forms: earth, water, air, fire (four main elements).
  • These four main elements are diversified by displacement and collision, and turn into countless forms, bringing the organic world to the fountain. Aristotle, who is a social entity (Yu Zoon politikon), now wants to determine its place and order in society, as well as politics, ethics, poetics, rhetorika. First he states his personal custom. The purpose of this ceremony is, in accordance with the antiquity tradition, happiness and this happiness is provided with wisdom. Wisdom takes place with thinking and attitude. It is then necessary to distinguish between intellectual and tentative virtues: arete diamoetike and arete etbike … However, attitude must be based on thinking. If a person is a social entity, his or her personal identity will also be formed within the state. The state is like this or that, it is not a matter. What is important is that the state does not develop and develop this nationalistic personality as it should. The competent state is measured by the success of this assignment.
Author: wik Date: 11:57 pm
Philosophy and Religion

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