America, in the Western Hemisphere, in the area called New World, North America, Central America, South America and related continent and island communities that occurred from the islands. Western languages are generally called Americans. The American word is also used in the meaning of the United States of America (USA), which can lead to the conceptual confusion.
There are several theories about the origin of the American name:
The most admired of these is that it comes from the name of the Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci.
A second theory is derived from the name of Richard Amerike, the financier of John Cabot, the first Western European who came to the scarcity.
Another theory is that this name comes from the name of the “Amerrique” area in Nicaragua.
According to this theory, the word America is derived from the beginning of the 1500’s at the beginning of the year, the result of the journey to the eastern coasts of South America and the name of the Italian sailor and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci who reached the Caribbean. According to the theory, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller derived this name from the Latin word for “Vespucci“, “Americus Vespucius“.
Martin Waldseemüller, who worked on the Latin update of Ptolemy’s “Cosmography” in 1507, proposes the name America (“America“) in “Cosmographiae Introductio” as Vespucci discovered that he discovered the “New World” in the letters “Mundus Novus“.
Although “America” has gained popularity with the spread of Waldseemüller’s work, the inconsistencies in the writings of Vespucci caused many Spanish and Portuguese criticisms. These critics say that Vespucci has made the discoveries of other seafarers look like his own, and with this the idea of the “New World” was skeptical. However, in other countries of Europe, the use of the term “America” for the “new world” and “American” for those living there became widespread. In Spain and Portugal, however, the official term was East Indies.
When Waldseemüller used the name “America” he meant specifically the Antilles discovered by Christopher Columbus and other explorers and the northeastern coasts of South America.
The name “America” was first used on a map by Gerardus Mercator in 1538 to name the entire continent on the Western Hemisphere.
The theory is derived from the name of Richard Amerike from Bristol of England, which financed the journey of John Cabot in the name of “America” in 1497. Cabot became the first Western European to set foot across the continent.
America Population and Area
America occupies 8.3% of the total surface area of the world, 28.4% of the terrestrial surface area. 14% of the world’s population (900 million) lives in America.